Presidential Council (Libya)
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The Presidential Council ( ar, المجلس الرئاسي, ''al Majlis al Riyasiu'') is a body formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement which was signed on 17 December 2015. The Council carries out the functions of
head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional ch ...
of
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, th ...

Libya
and is to take command of the
Libyan Armed Forces , image = , alt = , caption = , image2 = , alt2 = , caption2 = , motto = , founded = 1951 , current_form = 2014 (Libyan Nationa ...
. The agreement has been unanimously endorsed by the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
Security Council The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and international security, sec ...
which welcomed the formation of the Presidency Council and recognized that the
Government of National Accord The Government of National Accord ( ar, حكومة الوفاق الوطني) was an interim government for Libya that was formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a United Nations–led initiative, signed on 17 December 2015. The ...
is the sole legitimate executive government of Libya.


History

Between 2014 and March 2021, two governments, one in Tripoli and one in Tobruk, have vied for power. The government in Tobruk was recognized by the international community prior to the formation of the Presidential Council.


Skhirat agreement

In October 2015, the UN envoy for Libya, Bernardino León, announced a proposal for the House of Representatives to share power with the rival new GNC government, under a compromise prime minister,
Fayez al-Sarraj Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj ( ar, فائز السراج or ; born 20 February 1960) is a Libyan politician, who served as the Chairman of the Presidential Council (Libya), Presidential Council of Libya and Prime Minister of Libya, prime minister of t ...
. However, the terms of the final proposal were not acceptable to either side, and both rejected it. Nonetheless, the proposal did spark a revised proposal put together by Fayez al-Sarraj and others, which was subsequently supported by the United Nations. On 17 December 2015 members of the House of Representatives and the new General National Congress signed this revised political agreement, generally known as the ''"Libyan Political Agreement"'' or the ''"Skhirat Agreement"''. Under the terms of the agreement, a nine-member Presidency Council and a seventeen-member interim
Government of National Accord The Government of National Accord ( ar, حكومة الوفاق الوطني) was an interim government for Libya that was formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a United Nations–led initiative, signed on 17 December 2015. The ...
would have been formed, with a view to holding new elections within two years. The House of Representatives would have continued to exist as a legislature and an advisory body, to be known as the High Council of State, would have been formed with members nominated by the
New General National Congress The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; ar, المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the legislative authority of Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībīyā), officially the State of L ...
. On 31 December 2015, Chairman of the House of Representatives,
Aguila Saleh Issa Aguila Saleh Issa ( ar, عقيلة صالح عيسى; born January 11, 1944) is a Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībīyā), officially the State of Libya, ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībīyā) is a country in the Maghreb region in Nort ...
declared his support for the Libyan Political Agreement. The Chairman of the Presidential,
Fayez al-Sarraj Fayez Mustafa al-Sarraj ( ar, فائز السراج or ; born 20 February 1960) is a Libyan politician, who served as the Chairman of the Presidential Council (Libya), Presidential Council of Libya and Prime Minister of Libya, prime minister of t ...
(former member of the Tobruk parliament), and seven of the council's other members arrived in Tripoli on 30 March 2016 at the Abu Sittah naval base. The following day, it was reported that the GNA has taken control of the prime ministerial offices and that the rival
National Salvation Government The National Salvation Government ( ar, حكومة الإنقاذ الوطني) was a government body formed by politicians from the General National Congress's blocs that lost the June 2014 elections in Libya. The NSG was led by Khalifa al-Ghaw ...
appointed prime minister Khalifa al-Ghawi had fled to Misrata. On April 5, the National Salvation Government announced that it was resigning, "ceasing operations," and ceding power to the Presidential Council.


Government of National Unity

On 10 March 2021, the House of Representatives met in the central city of
Sirte Sirte (; ar, سِرْت, ), also spelled ''Sirt'', ''Surt'', ''Sert'' or ''Syrte'', is a city in Libya. It is located south of the Gulf of Sirte, between Tripoli and Benghazi. It is famously known for its battles, Demographics of Libya, ethni ...

Sirte
to formally approve the formation of a
Government of National Unity#REDIRECT National unity government {{Redirect category shell, 1= {{R from other capitalisation ...
led by
Mohamed al-Menfi Mohamed Yunus al-Menfi ( ar, محمد يونس المنفي; born 1976) is a Libyan diplomat and politician from Tobruk. On 5 February 2021, he was chosen as the president of the Libyan Presidential Council at the Libyan Political Dialogue For ...
as chairman of the Presidential Council and
Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh Abdul Hamid Mohammed Dbeibeh or Dabaiba ( ar, عبد الحميد الدبيبة), born 1959, is a Libyan politician and businessman from the Western city of Misrata. On 5 February 2021, he was designated as the transitional prime minister of t ...
as Prime Minister.


Structure

The Presidential Council is led by a Chairman supported by Vice-Chairmen representative of the historical regions of Libya.Article 1.3 of the
Libyan Political Agreement The Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) ( ar, مجلس النواب, translit=Majlis al-Nuwaab, translation=Council of Deputies) is the legislature of Libya resulting from the 2014 Libyan parliamentary election, which had an 18% turnout. In la ...
. 2015.
Any decision taken by the Council must be approved unanimously by the Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen.


List of Members


March 2021-present

A new Presidential Council was approved by the
House of representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...
on 10 March 2021, following an agreement reached at the
Libyan Political Dialogue Forum The Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF) is an intra-Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībiyā), is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Me ...
under
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
mediation:


March 2016-March 2021

Between March 2016 and March 2021, the members of the council were:


See also

*
Cabinet of Libya The Cabinet of Libya serves as the leadership for the executive branch of the government of Libya The Politics of Libya is in an uncertain state due to the collapse of the History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in 2011 a ...
*
House of Representatives (Libya) The Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) ( ar, مجلس النواب, translit=Majlis al-Nuwaab, translation=Council of Deputies) is the legislature of Libya resulting from the 2014 Libyan parliamentary election, which had an 18% turnout. In la ...
*
High Council of State (Libya) The High Council of State, ( ar, المجلس الأعلى للدولة, ''al majlis al'aelaa lildawla''), is an advisory body for Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībīyā), officially the State of Libya, ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat L ...


References


External links


Chairman of the Presidential Council - Official Facebook profile
{{DEFAULTSORT:Politics Of Libya Government of Libya Politics of Libya Collective heads of state