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| insignia = | insigniasize = | insigniacaption = | flag = Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939, 1945-1960).svg | flagsize = | flagborder = | flagcaption = Standard of the President (1918–1960) | image = Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk 1925.PNG | imagesize = | imagecaption = Longest serving
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
14 November 1918 – 14 December 1935 | alt = | incumbent = | acting = | incumbentsince = | department = | style = His Excellency | type = | status = | abbreviation = | member_of = | reports_to = | residence = Prague Castle
Bratislava Castle
| seat = | nominator = | appointer = Federal Assembly | appointer_qualified = | termlength = | termlength_qualified = | constituting_instrument = | precursor = | formation = 14 November 1918 | first = Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk | last = Václav Havel | abolished = 20 July 1992 | succession = President of the Czech Republic
President of Slovakia | unofficial_names = | deputy = | salary = | website = The President of Czechoslovakia ( cs|Prezident Československa, sk|Prezident Česko-Slovenska) was the head of state of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic on 1 January 1993. In periods when the presidency was vacant, most presidential duties were assumed by the Prime Minister. However, the Czechoslovak Constitutions never defined anything like a post of acting president. The second section lists the leaders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) from 1948 to 1989. The post was titled as Chairman from 1948 to 1953, First Secretary from 1953 to 1971, and General Secretary from 1971 to 1989. After the 1948 coup d'état, the KSČ's leader was the country's ''de facto'' chief executive. However, three party leaders (Klement Gottwald, Antonín Novotný and Gustáv Husák) also served as president at some point in their tenures. The last living former President of Czechoslovakia, Václav Havel, died in 2011. As of , there is one living former General Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia: Karel Urbánek.


Presidents of Czechoslovakia (1918–1992)

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General Secretaries of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (1948–1989)

Except for the final office-holder, the leader of the KSČ was ''de facto'' the most powerful person in the country during this period. Title: Chairman (1948–1953) and First Secretary (1953–1971).

Timeline

ImageSize = width:900 height:auto barincrement:12 PlotArea = top:10 bottom:50 right:130 left:20 AlignBars = late DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy Period = from:14/11/1917 till:31/12/1992 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:5 start:1918 Colors = id:ind value:rgb(0.8,0.8,0.8) BarData = barset:PM PlotData= width:5 align:left fontsize:S shift:(5,-4) anchor:till barset:PM from: 14/11/1918 till: 14/12/1935 color:black text:"Masaryk" fontsize:10 from: 18/12/1935 till: 05/10/1938 color:pink text:"Beneš" fontsize:10 from: 30/11/1938 till: 15/03/1939 color:black text:"Hácha" fontsize:10 from: 04/04/1945 till: 07/06/1948 color:pink text:"Beneš" fontsize:10 from: 14/06/1948 till: 14/03/1953 color:red text:"Gottwald" fontsize:10 from: 21/03/1953 till: 13/11/1957 color:red text:"Zápotocký" fontsize:10 from: 19/11/1957 till: 22/03/1968 color:red text:"Novotný" fontsize:10 from: 30/03/1968 till: 28/05/1975 color:red text:"Svoboda" fontsize:10 from: 29/05/1975 till: 10/12/1989 color:red text:"Husák" fontsize:10 from: 29/12/1989 till: 20/07/1992 color:blue text:"Havel" fontsize:10

Presidential Standards

File:Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1918-1939, 1945-1960).svg|1918–1939, 1945–1960 File:Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1960–1990).svg|1960–1990 File:Flag of the President of Czechoslovakia (1990–1992).svg|1990–1992

See also

* List of rulers of Czechs ** List of Bohemian monarchs ** List of rulers of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia ** List of prime ministers of Czechoslovakia ** President of the Czech Republic *** List of presidents of the Czech Republic ** Prime Minister of the Czech Republic *** List of prime ministers of the Czech Republic ** President of Slovakia ** Prime Minister of Slovakia

References

{{DEFAULTSORT:List of presidents Of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia Category:Lists of political office-holders in Czechoslovakia Presidents Presidents