The Info List - Pravda

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(Russian: Правда, IPA: [ˈpravdə] ( listen), "Truth") is a Russian broadsheet newspaper, formerly the official newspaper of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, when it was one of the most influential papers in the country with a circulation of 11 million.[1] The newspaper began publication on 5 May 1912 in the Russian Empire, but was already extant abroad in January 1911.[2] It emerged as a leading newspaper of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
after the October Revolution. The newspaper was an organ of the Central Committee of the CPSU between 1912 and 1991.[3] After the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1991, Pravda
was sold off by Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin
to a Greek business family, and the paper came under the control of their private company Pravda International.[1][4] In 1996, there was an internal dispute between the owners of Pravda International and some of the Pravda
journalists which led to Pravda splitting into different entities. The Communist Party of the Russian Federation acquired the Pravda
paper, while some of the original Pravda
journalists separated to form Russia's first online paper (and the first online English paper) Pravda.ru, which is not connected to the Communist Party.[4][5] After a legal dispute between the rival parties, the Russian court of arbitration stipulated that both entities would be allowed to continue using the Pravda
name.[6] The Pravda
paper is today run by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, whereas the online Pravda.ru is privately owned and has international editions published in Russian, English, Italian and Portuguese.


1 Origins

1.1 Pre-revolutionary Pravda 1.2 During the 1917 Revolution

2 Soviet period 3 Post-Soviet period 4 Editors-in-chief 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 Further reading 8 External links

Origins[edit] Pre-revolutionary Pravda[edit] Though Pravda
officially began publication on 5 May 1912 (April 22, 1912 OS) which can be found on right site in the image, the anniversary of Karl Marx's birth, its origins trace back to 1903 when it was founded in Moscow
by a wealthy railway engineer, V.A. Kozhevnikov. Pravda
had started publishing in the light of the Russian Revolution of 1905.[7] During its earliest days, Pravda
had no political orientation. Kozhevnikov started it as a journal of arts, literature and social life. Kozhevnikov was soon able to form up a team of young writers including A.A. Bogdanov, N.A Rozhkov, M.N Pokrovsky, I.I Skvortsov-Stepanov, P.P Rumyantsev and M.G. Lunts, who were active contributors on 'social life' section of Pravda. Later they became the editorial board of the journal and in the near future also became the active members of the Bolshevik
faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP).[7] Because of certain quarrels between Kozhevnikov and the editorial board, he had asked them to leave and the Menshevik
faction of the RSDLP took over as Editorial Board. But the relationship between them and Kozhevnikov was also a bitter one.[7] The Ukrainian political party Spilka, which was also a splinter group of the RSDLP, took over the journal as its organ. Leon Trotsky
Leon Trotsky
was invited to edit the paper in 1908 and the paper was finally moved to Vienna
in 1909. By then, the editorial board of Pravda
consisted of hard-line Bolsheviks who sidelined the Spilka leadership soon after it shifted to Vienna.[8] Trotsky had introduced a tabloid format to the newspaper and distanced itself from the intra-party struggles inside the RSDLP. During those days, Pravda
gained a large audience among Russian workers. By 1910 the Central Committee of the RSDLP suggested making Pravda
its official organ. Finally, at the sixth conference of the RSDLP held in Prague
in January 1912, the Menshevik
faction was expelled from the party. The party under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
decided to make Pravda its official mouthpiece. The paper was shifted from Vienna
to St. Petersburg and the first issue under Lenin's leadership was published on 5 May 1912 (April 22, 1912 OS).[9] It was the first time that Pravda
was published as a legal political newspaper. The Central Committee of the RSDLP, workers and individuals such as Maxim Gorky provided financial help to the newspaper. The first issue published on 5 May cost two kopeks and had four pages. It had articles on economic issues, workers movement, and strikes, and also had two proletarian poems. M.E. Egorov was the first editor of St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
and Member of Duma
N.G. Poletaev served as its publisher.[10] Egorov was not a real editor of Pravda
but this position was pseudo in nature. As many as 42 editors had followed Egorov within a span of two years, till 1914. The main task of these editors was to go to jail whenever needed and to save the party from a huge fine.[10] On the publishing side, the party had chosen only those individuals as publishers who were sitting members of Duma
because they had parliamentary immunity. Initially,[when?] it had sold between 40,000 and 60,000 copies.[10] The paper was closed down by tsarist censorship in July 1914. Over the next two years, it changed its name eight times because of police harassment:[11]

Рабочая правда (Rabochaya Pravda, Worker's Truth) Северная правда (Severnaya Pravda
Northern Truth)

First published PRAVDA published on 5 May 1912 (April 22, 1912 OS).

Leon Kamenev reading Pravda

Правда Труда ( Pravda
Truda, Labor's Truth) За правду (Za Pravdu, For Truth) Пролетарская правда (Proletarskaya Pravda, Proletarian Truth) Путь правды (Put' Pravdy, The Way of Truth) Рабочий (Rabochy, The Worker) Трудовая правда (Trudovaya Pravda, Labor’s Truth)

During the 1917 Revolution[edit]

16 March 1917: Pravda
reports the declaration of Polish independence.

The overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II
by the February Revolution
February Revolution
of 1917 allowed Pravda
to reopen. The original editors of the newly reincarnated Pravda, Vyacheslav Molotov
Vyacheslav Molotov
and Alexander Shlyapnikov, were opposed to the liberal Russian Provisional Government. However, when Lev Kamenev, Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
and former Duma
deputy Matvei Muranov returned from Siberian exile on March 12, they took over the editorial board – starting with March 15.[12] Under Kamenev's and Stalin's influence, Pravda
took a conciliatory tone towards the Provisional Government—"insofar as it struggles against reaction or counter-revolution"—and called for a unification conference with the internationalist wing of the Mensheviks. On March 14, Kamenev wrote in his first editorial:

What purpose would it serve to speed things up, when things were already taking place at such a rapid pace?[13]

and on 15 March he supported the war effort:

When army faces army, it would be the most insane policy to suggest to one of those armies to lay down its arms and go home. This would not be a policy of peace, but a policy of slavery, which would be rejected with disgust by a free people.[14]

Soviet period[edit]

A delegate at 17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) holding Pravda
newspaper (1934)

A soldier reading Pravda
during the Second World War. October -December 1941-RIAN

Inside Pravda
editorial office.

frontpages from the 1960s.

The offices of the newspaper were transferred to Moscow
on March 3, 1918 when the Soviet capital was moved there. Pravda
became an official publication, or "organ", of the Soviet Communist Party. Pravda
became the conduit for announcing official policy and policy changes and would remain so until 1991. Subscription to Pravda
was mandatory for state run companies, the armed services and other organizations until 1989.[15] Other newspapers existed as organs of other state bodies. For example, Izvestia, which covered foreign relations, was the organ of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, Trud was the organ of the trade union movement, Bednota was distributed to the Red Army
Red Army
and rural peasants. Various derivatives of the name Pravda
were used both for a number of national newspapers ( Komsomolskaya Pravda
Komsomolskaya Pravda
was the organ of the Komsomol
organization, and Pionerskaya Pravda was the organ of the Young Pioneers), and for the regional Communist Party newspapers in many republics and provinces of the USSR, e.g. Kazakhstanskaya Pravda in Kazakhstan, Polyarnaya Pravda
in Murmansk Oblast, Pravda Severa
Pravda Severa
in Arkhangelsk Oblast, or Moskovskaya Pravda in the city of Moscow. Shortly after the October 1917 Revolution, Nikolai Bukharin
Nikolai Bukharin
became the Editor of Pravda.[16] Bukharin's apprenticeship for this position had occurred during the last months of his emigration/exile prior to Bukharin's return to Russia
in April 1917.[17] These months from November 1916 until April 1917 were spent by Bukharin in New York City in the United States. In New York, Bukharin divided his time between the local libraries and his work for Novyj Mir (The New World) a Russian language
Russian language
newspaper serving the Russian speaking community of New York.[18] Bukharin's involvement with Novyj Mir became deeper as time went by. Indeed, from January 1917 until April when he returned to Russia, Bukharin served as de facto Editor of Novyj Mir.Z[18] In the period after the death of Lenin in 1924, Pravda
was to form a power base for Nikolai Bukharin, one of the rival party leaders, who edited the newspaper, which helped him reinforce his reputation as a Marxist
theoretician. Bukharin would continue to serve as Editor of Pravda
until he and Mikhail Tomsky
Mikhail Tomsky
were removed from their responsibilities at Pravda
in February 1929 as part of their downfall as a result of their dispute with Joseph Stalin.[19] A number of places and things in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
were named after Pravda. Among them was the city of Pravdinsk in Gorky Oblast (the home of a paper mill producing much newsprint for Pravda
and other national newspapers), and a number of streets and collective farms. As the names of the main Communist newspaper and the main Soviet newspaper, Pravda
and Izvestia, meant "the truth" and "the news" respectively, a popular saying was "there's no truth in Pravda
and no news in Izvestia".[20] Post-Soviet period[edit] Pravda
was closed down for a brief period on 30 July 1996. Some of Pravda's journalists established their own English language online newspaper known as Pravda
Online.[21] Pravda
is witnessing hard times and the number of its staff members and print run has been significantly reduced. During the Soviet era it was a daily newspaper but today it publishes three times a week.[22][full citation needed] Pravda
still operates from the same headquarters at Pravda
Street from where journalists used to prepare Pravda
every day during the Soviet era. It operates under the leadership of journalist Boris Komotsky. A function was organised by the CPRF on 5 July 2012 to celebrate 100 years since the publication of the first official issue of Pravda.[23] Editors-in-chief[edit]

Lev Kamenev Joseph Stalin Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, (1918–1929) Mikhail S. Olminsky Maximilian Alexandrovich Savelyev, (1928–1930) Lev Z. Mehlis, (1930–1937) Ivan E. Nikitin, (1937–1938) Pyotr Nikolayevich Pospelov, (1940–1949) Mikhail Andreyevich Suslov, (1949–1950) Leonid Fedorovich Ilichev, (1951–1952) Dmitry Trofymovych Shepilov, (1952–1956) Pavel Satyukov, (1956–1964) Aleksei Matveevich Rumyantsev, (1964–1965) Mikhail Vasilyevich Zimyanin, (1965–1976) Victor G. Afanasiev, (1976–1989) Ivan T. Frolov, (1989–1991)

See also[edit]

Kommunistka Iskra Central newspapers of the Soviet Union Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
information dissemination Freedom of the press in Russia Media of Russia People's correspondent Komsomolskaya Pravda Zreniye

Notes and references[edit]

^ a b Specter, Michael (1996-07-31). "Russia's Purveyor of 'Truth', Pravda, Dies After 84 Years". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-10-19.  ^ V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, Progress Publishers Moscow, Volume 17, p.45 ^ Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 242–49 ^ a b " Pravda
Soviet newspaper". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2015-10-19.  ^ "Which Pravda
did John McCain write about Syria for?". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-10-19.  ^ "There is no Pravda. There is Pravda.Ru". English pravda.ru. Retrieved 2015-10-19.  ^ a b c White, James D. (April, 1974). "The first Pravda
and the Russian Marxist
Tradition". Soviet Studies, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 181–204. Accessed 6 October 2012. ^ Corney, Frederick. (September 1985). "Trotskii and the Vienna Pravda, 1908–1912". Canadian Slavonic Papers. Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 248–268. Accessed 6 October 2012. ^ Bassow, Whitman. (February, 1954) "The Pre Revolutionary Pravda
and Tsarist Censorship". American Slavic and East European Review. Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 47–65. Accessed 6 October 2012. ^ a b c Elwood, Carter Ralph. (June 1972) "Lenin and Pravda, 1912–1914". Slavic Review. Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 355–380. Accessed 6 October 2012. ^ See Tony Cliff's Lenin (1975), Chapter 19[full citation needed] ^ Leon Trotsky, History of the Russian Revolution, translated by Max Eastman, Chicago, Haymarket Books, 2008, p. 209 ^ See Marcel Liebman, Leninism under Lenin, London, J. Cape, 1975, ISBN 978-0-224-01072-6 p.123 ^ See E. H. Carr, The Bolshevik
Revolution, London, Macmillan Publishers, 1950, vol. 1, p. 75. ^ See Mark Hooker. The Military Uses of Literature: Fiction and the Armed Forces in the Soviet Union, Westport, CT, Praeger Publishers, 1996, ISBN 978-0-275-95563-2 p.34 ^ Stephen F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik
Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888–1938 (Oxford University Press: London, 1980) p. 43. ^ Stephen F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik
Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888–1938, p. 44. ^ a b Stephen F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik
Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888–1938, p. 43. ^ Stephen F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik
Revolution: A Political Biography, 1888–1938, p. 311. ^ Overholser, Geneva. (May 12, 1987). "The Editorial Notebook; Dear Pravda" New York Times. Accessed 6 October 2012. ^ "Russia's Purveyor of 'Truth', Pravda, Dies After 84 Years". The New York Times. 31 July 1996.  ^ "The Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Communist Party of the Russian Federation
today".  ^ Sharma, Rajendra. (May 13, 2012) " Pravda
at a hundred: Alive and Fighting" People's Democracy (Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)). Loklahar, New Delhi. Vol. XXXVI, No. 19. Accessed 6 October 2012.

Further reading[edit]

Brooks, Jeffrey. Thank You, Comrade Stalin!: Soviet Public Culture from Revolution to Cold War
Cold War
(Princeton Up, 2001) on the language of Pravda
and Izvestia Cookson, Matthew (October 11, 2003). The spark that lit a revolution. Socialist Worker, p. 7. Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 242–49 Pöppel, Ludmila. "The rhetoric of Pravda
editorials: A diachronic study of a political genre." (Stockholm U. 2007). online

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pravda.

Newspaper Some articles published in Pravda
in the 1920s 100 Years of Pravda
Video Clip

v t e

History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union


Congress Conference General Secretary Politburo Secretariat Orgburo Central Committee Control Commission Auditing Commission Komsomol Young Pioneers Pravda


1st (1898) 2nd (1903) 3rd (1905) 4th (1906) 5th (1907) 6th (1917) 7th (1918) 8th (1919) 9th (1920) 10th (1921) 11th (1922) 12th (1923) 13th (1924) 14th (1925) 15th (1927) 16th (1930) 17th (1934) 18th (1939) 19th (1952) 20th (1956) 21st (1959) 22nd (1961) 23rd (1966) 24th (1971) 25th (1976) 26th (1981) 27th (1986) 28th (1990)


1st (1905) 2nd (1906) 3rd (August 1907) 4th (November 1907) 5th (1908) 6th (1912) 7th (1917) 8th (1919) 9th (1920) 10th (May 1921) 11th (December 1921) 12th (1922) 13th (1924) 14th (1925) 15th (1926) 16th (1929) 17th (1932) 18th (1941) 19th (1988)

Party leadership

Party leaders

Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
(1912–1924) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1929–1953) Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
(1953–1964) Leonid Brezhnev
Leonid Brezhnev
(1964–1982) Yuri Andropov
Yuri Andropov
(1982–1984) Konstantin Chernenko
Konstantin Chernenko
(1984–1985) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev


Aug.–Oct. 1917 Oct.–Dec. 1917 6th (1917–18) 7th (1918–19) 8th (1919–20) 9th (1920–21) 10th (1921–22) 11th (1922–23) 12th (1923–24) 13th (1924–25) 14th (1926–27) 15th (1927–30) 16th (1930–34) 17th (1934–39) 18th (1939–52) 19th (1952–56) 20th–21st (1956–61) 22nd (1961–66) 23rd (1966–71) 24th (1971–76) 25th (1976–81) 26th (1981–86) 27th (1986–90) 28th (1990–91)


6th (1917–18) 7th (1918–19) 8th (1919–20) 9th (1920–21) 10th (1921–22) 11th (1922–23) 12th (1923–24) 13th (1924–25) 14th (1926–27) 15th (1927–30) 16th (1930–34) 17th (1934–39) 18th (1939–52) 19th (1952–56) 20th–21st (1956–61) 22nd (1961–66) 23rd (1966–71) 24th (1971–76) 25th (1976–81) 26th (1981–86) 27th (1986–90) 28th (1990–91)


7th (Jan.–Mar. 1919) 8th (1919–20) 9th (1920–21) 10th (1921–22) 11th (1922–23) 12th (1923–24) 13th (1924–26) 14th (1926–27) 15th (1927–30) 16th (1930–34) 17th (1934–39) 18th (1939–52)

Central Control Commission

9th (1920–21) 10th (1921–22) 11th (1922–23) 12th (1923–24) 13th (1924–25) 14th (1926–27) 15th (1927–30) 16th (1930–34) 17th (1934–39) 18th (1939–52) 19th (1952–56) 20th–21st (1956–61) 22nd (1961–66) 23rd (1966–71) 24th (1971–76) 25th (1976–81) 26th (1981–86) 27th (1986–90) 28th (1990–91)

Central Committee

1st (1898–1903) 2nd (1903–05) 3rd (1905–06) 4th (1906–07) 5th (1907–12) 6th (1912–17) 7th (Apr.–Aug. 1917) 8th (1917–18) 9th (1918–19) 10th (1919–20) 11th (1920–21) 12th (1921–22) 13th (1922–23) 14th (1923–24) 15th (1924–25) 16th (1926–27) 17th (1927–30) 18th (1930–34) 19th (1934–39) 20th (1939–41) 21st (1941–52) 19th (1952–56) 20th (1956–61) 22nd (1961–66) 23rd (1966–71) 24th (1971–76) 25th (1976–81) 26th (1981–86) 27th (1986–90) 28th (1990–91)

Central Auditing Commission

8th–9th (1919–21) 10th–12th (1921–24) 13th (1924–25) 14th (1926–27) 15th (1927–30) 16th (1930–34) 17th (1934–39) 18th (1939–52) 19th (1952–56) 20th–21st (1956–61) 22nd (1961–66) 23rd (1966–71) 24th (1971–76) 25th (1976–81) 26th (1981–86) 27th (1986–90)

Departments of the Central Committee

Administrative Organs Agriculture Chemical Industry Construction Culture Defence Industry Foreign Cadres General Heavy Industry Information International Light- and Food Industry Machine Industry Organisational-party Work Planning and Financial Organs Political Administration of the Ministry of Defence Propaganda Science and Education Trade and Consumers' Services Transportation-Communications

Republican branches

Armenia Azerbaijan Byelorussia Bukhara Estonia Georgia Karelo-Finland Kazakhstan Khorezm Kirghizia Latvia Lithuania Moldavia Russian SFSR Tajikistan Transcaucasia Turkestan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan

See also

General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia League of Russian Revolutionary Social Democracy Abroad League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class Siberian Social-Democratic Union Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania Union of Russian Social Democrats Abroad

v t e

National media in the former Eastern Bloc


Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
information dissemination Broadcasting in the Soviet Union Mass media in Communist Czechoslovakia


Central newspapers of the Soviet Union Pravda
(Russian SFSR) Zvyazda
(Belarus) Rabotnichesko Delo (Bulgaria) Rudé právo
Rudé právo
(Czechoslovakia) Pravda
(Slovakia) Laiko Vima
Laiko Vima
(Albania) Mladá fronta DNES
Mladá fronta DNES
(Czechoslovakia) Neues Deutschland
Neues Deutschland
(East Germany) Rahva Hääl
Rahva Hääl
(Estonia) Neuvosto-Karjala (Karelia) Sovetskaya Latviya
Sovetskaya Latviya
(Latvia) Czerwony Sztandar (Lithuania) Tiesa (Lithuania) Zëri i Popullit
Zëri i Popullit
(Albania) Népszabadság
(Hungary) Esti Budapest
Esti Budapest
(Hungary) Trybuna Ludu
Trybuna Ludu
(Poland) Scînteia
(Romania) Komsomolskaya Pravda
Komsomolskaya Pravda
(Russian SFSR) Pionerskaya Pravda (Russian SFSR) Trud (Russian SFSR) Borba (Yugoslavia)


ČST (Czechoslovakia) DFF (East Germany) DFF2 (East Germany) ETV (Estonian SSR) LTV1 (Latvian SSR) Lietuvos Televizija (Lithuanian SSR) Televizioni Shqiptar (Albania) Bulgarian National Television Efir 2
Efir 2
(Bulgaria) m1 (Hungary) m2 (Hungary) TVP1
(Poland) TVP2
(Poland) TVR1 (Romania) TVR2 (Romania) AzTV (Azerbaijani SSR) Soviet Central Television
Soviet Central Television
(Russian SFSR) Soviet TV Channel 1 (Russian SFSR) Moscow
Channel (Russian SFSR) Leningrad Television (Russian SFSR) Belarus Television (Byelorussian SSR) Canalul 1 (Moldavian SSR) UT1 (Ukrainian SSR) First Channel (Georgian SSR) Armenia 1
Armenia 1
(Armenian SSR)


Rundfunk der DDR Berliner Rundfunk
Berliner Rundfunk
(East Germany) Deutschlandsender
(East Germany) Radio DDR 1
Radio DDR 1
(East Germany) Radio DDR 2
Radio DDR 2
(East Germany) DT64 (East Germany) Radio Berlin International Eesti Raadio (Estonian SSR) Latvijas Radio
Latvijas Radio
1 (Latvian SSR) Lietuvos radijas (Lithuanian SSR) Radio Tirana (Albania) Radio Bulgaria Horizont (Bulgaria) Magyar Rádió (Hungary) Kossuth Rádió (Hungary) Radio Polonia Program 1 Polskiego Radia (Poland) Radio România Actualităţi (Romania) Radio România Cultural (Romania) Radio3Net (Romania) Radio Moscow
(Russian SFSR) Public Radio of the Armenian SSR Radio Belarus (Byelorussian SSR) Radio Georgia (Georgian SSR)


TASS (Russian SFSR wire service) RIA Novosti
RIA Novosti
(Russian SFSR press agency) Gosteleradio (Russian SFSR TV/Radio) Belarusian Telegraph Agency (Byelorussian SSR wire service) ELTA
(Lithuanian SSR wire service) Soviet Information Bureau

v t e

Cold War

USA USSR ANZUS NATO Non-Aligned Movement SEATO Warsaw Pact Cold War
Cold War


Morgenthau Plan Hukbalahap Rebellion Dekemvriana Percentages Agreement Yalta Conference Guerrilla war in the Baltic states

Forest Brothers Operation Priboi Operation Jungle Occupation of the Baltic states

Cursed soldiers Operation Unthinkable Operation Downfall Potsdam Conference Gouzenko Affair Division of Korea Operation Masterdom Operation Beleaguer Operation Blacklist Forty Iran crisis of 1946 Greek Civil War Baruch Plan Corfu Channel incident Turkish Straits crisis Restatement of Policy on Germany First Indochina War Truman Doctrine Asian Relations Conference May 1947 Crises Marshall Plan Comecon 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état Tito–Stalin Split Berlin Blockade Western betrayal Iron Curtain Eastern Bloc Western Bloc Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
(Second round) Malayan Emergency Albanian Subversion


Papua conflict Bamboo Curtain Korean War McCarthyism Egyptian Revolution of 1952 1953 Iranian coup d'état Uprising of 1953 in East Germany Dirty War
Dirty War
(Mexico) Bricker Amendment 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état Partition of Vietnam Vietnam War First Taiwan Strait Crisis Geneva Summit (1955) Bandung Conference Poznań 1956 protests Hungarian Revolution of 1956 Suez Crisis "We will bury you" Operation Gladio Arab Cold War

Syrian Crisis of 1957 1958 Lebanon crisis Iraqi 14 July Revolution

Sputnik crisis Second Taiwan Strait Crisis 1959 Tibetan uprising Cuban Revolution Kitchen Debate Sino-Soviet split


Congo Crisis 1960 U-2 incident Bay of Pigs Invasion 1960 Turkish coup d'état Soviet–Albanian split Berlin Crisis of 1961 Berlin Wall Portuguese Colonial War

Angolan War of Independence Guinea-Bissau War of Independence Mozambican War of Independence

Cuban Missile Crisis Sino-Indian War Communist insurgency in Sarawak Iraqi Ramadan Revolution Eritrean War of Independence Sand War North Yemen Civil War Aden Emergency 1963 Syrian coup d'état Vietnam War Shifta War Guatemalan Civil War Colombian conflict Nicaraguan Revolution 1964 Brazilian coup d'état Dominican Civil War South African Border War Transition to the New Order Domino theory ASEAN Declaration Laotian Civil War 1966 Syrian coup d'état Argentine Revolution Korean DMZ conflict Greek military junta of 1967–74 Years of Lead (Italy) USS Pueblo incident Six-Day War War of Attrition Dhofar Rebellion Al-Wadiah War Protests of 1968 French May Tlatelolco massacre Cultural Revolution Prague
Spring 1968 Polish political crisis Communist insurgency in Malaysia Invasion of Czechoslovakia Iraqi Ba'athist Revolution Goulash Communism Sino-Soviet border conflict CPP–NPA–NDF rebellion Corrective Move


Détente Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Black September
Black September
in Jordan Corrective Movement (Syria) Cambodian Civil War Koza riot Realpolitik Ping-pong diplomacy Ugandan-Tanzanian War 1971 Turkish military memorandum Corrective Revolution (Egypt) Four Power Agreement on Berlin Bangladesh Liberation War 1972 Nixon visit to China North Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972 Yemenite War of 1972 NDF Rebellion Eritrean Civil Wars 1973 Chilean coup d'état Yom Kippur War 1973 oil crisis Carnation Revolution Spanish transition Metapolitefsi Strategic Arms Limitation Talks Rhodesian Bush War Angolan Civil War Mozambican Civil War Oromo conflict Ogaden War Ethiopian Civil War Lebanese Civil War Sino-Albanian split Cambodian–Vietnamese War Sino-Vietnamese War Operation Condor Dirty War
Dirty War
(Argentina) 1976 Argentine coup d'état Korean Air Lines Flight 902 Yemenite War of 1979 Grand Mosque seizure Iranian Revolution Saur Revolution New Jewel Movement 1979 Herat uprising Seven Days to the River Rhine Struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union


Soviet–Afghan War 1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics boycotts 1980 Turkish coup d'état Peruvian conflict Casamance conflict Ugandan Bush War Lord's Resistance Army insurgency Eritrean Civil Wars 1982 Ethiopian–Somali Border War Ndogboyosoi War United States
United States
invasion of Grenada Able Archer 83 Star Wars Iran–Iraq War Somali Rebellion 1986 Black Sea incident 1988 Black Sea bumping incident South Yemen Civil War Bougainville Civil War 8888 Uprising Solidarity

Soviet reaction

Contras Central American crisis RYAN Korean Air Lines Flight 007 People Power Revolution Glasnost Perestroika Nagorno-Karabakh War Afghan Civil War United States
United States
invasion of Panama 1988 Polish strikes Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 Revolutions of 1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall Velvet Revolution Romanian Revolution Peaceful Revolution Die Wende


Mongolian Revolution of 1990 German reunification Yemeni unification Fall of communism in Albania Breakup of Yugoslavia Dissolution of the Soviet Union Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

Frozen conflicts

Abkhazia China-Taiwan Korea Nagorno-Karabakh South Ossetia Transnistria Sino-Indian border dispute North Borneo dispute

Foreign policy

Truman Doctrine Containment Eisenhower Doctrine Domino theory Hallstein Doctrine Kennedy Doctrine Peaceful coexistence Ostpolitik Johnson Doctrine Brezhnev Doctrine Nixon Doctrine Ulbricht Doctrine Carter Doctrine Reagan Doctrine Rollback Sovereignty of Puerto Rico during the Cold War



Chicago school Keynesianism Monetarism Neoclassical economics Reaganomics Supply-side economics Thatcherism


Marxism–Leninism Castroism Eurocommunism Guevarism Hoxhaism Juche Maoism Trotskyism Naxalism Stalinism Titoism


Fascism Islamism Liberal democracy Social democracy Third-Worldism White supremacy Apartheid


ASEAN CIA Comecon EEC KGB MI6 Non-Aligned Movement SAARC Safari Club Stasi


Active measures Crusade for Freedom Izvestia Pravda Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Red Scare TASS Voice of America Voice of Russia


Arms race Nuclear arms race Space Race

See also

Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War Soviet espionage in the United States Soviet Union– United States
United States
relations USSR–USA summits Russian espionage in the United States American espionage in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and Russian Federation Russia– NATO
relations Brinkmanship CIA and the Cultural Cold War Cold War
Cold War

Category Commons Portal Timeline List of conflicts

Soviet Union
Soviet Union