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Pranhita is the largest tributary of Godavari River
Godavari River
covering about 34%[4] of its drainage basin conveying the combined waters of the Penganga River, Wardha River
Wardha River
and Wainganga
Wainganga
River.By virtue of its extensive network of tributaries, the river drains all of Vidarbha region in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
as well as the southern slopes of the Satpura Ranges. It flows along the border of Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
district in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Adilabad
Adilabad
district in Telangana. The Pranhita sub-basin is the 7th largest in India,[5] measuring about 1,09,078 km2 making it larger than the individual basins of significant rivers like the Narmada and Cauvery.

Contents

1 Origin 2 Course 3 Dams 4 Uses 5 References

Origin[edit]

Wardha river at Pulgaon

Wainganga
Wainganga
River in Bhandara City

The Pranhita begins at the confluence of 2 extensive rivers - the Wardha (catchment area: 46,237 km2) and the Wainganga
Wainganga
(catchment area:49,677 km2).This junction lies on the border between the states of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Telangana
Telangana
near Kouthala(near Sirpur kagaznagar). Right at the onset, the river enjoys a wide river bed. Course[edit] The river follows a short course of 113 km strictly adhering to the boundary between Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
district in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Adilabad district in Telangana.The direction of flow is southward unlike most rivers of the Deccan Plateau. Along its course the river is flanked by thick forests and harbors a rich biodiversity of flora and fauna. After completing its short journey the river empties itself into the Godavari River
Godavari River
at Kaleswaram. Dams[edit] The river does not have any dams built on it so far.But a water project to construct a barrage is currently underway.This project envisioned at an estimated cost of Rs.38,500 crore is known as the Pranahita Chevella lift irrigation scheme
Pranahita Chevella lift irrigation scheme
and a joint project between the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Telangana.[6] Uses[edit] The River is used for water transport between Sironcha(MH) and Kaleswaram(TS). It is also a part of the 12 rivers in the Pushkaram
Pushkaram
list which is a festival in Hindu traditions. References[edit]

^ "District Gadchiroli
Gadchiroli
- Rivers & Dams". Gadchiroli.gov.in. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-15. Retrieved 2015-10-12.  ^ "Villagers near Pranahita project the least informed". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.  ^ "Integrated Hydrological Databook (Non-Classified River Basins)" (PDF). Central Water Commission. March 2012. Retrieved 2015-10-12.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2015-10-12.  ^ "Submergence, irrigation issues continue to dog Pranahita project". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Madhya Pradesh

Rivers

Betwa Chambal Dhasan Gambhir Jamni Kali Sindh Kanhan Katni Ken Kwari Mahi Narmada Pahuj Parbati Pench Purna Shipra Sindh Son Sunar Tamsa or Tons Tapti Tawa Wainganga Wardha

Lakes

Bhimkund Bhoj Wetland Tawa Reservoir Bhojtal Yashwant Sagar

Waterfalls

Bahuti Chachai Gatha Keoti Pandav Purwa Rajat Prapat Raneh

Dams

Bansagar Bargi Bhadbhada Gandhi Sagar Indirasagar Madikheda Omkareshwar Rajghat Tigra

Related topics

Godavari basin Narmada basin Son basin

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Uttar Pradesh Chhattisgarh Maharashtra Gujarat Rajasthan

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Maharashtra

Rivers

Adan Banganga Bhima Bindusara Dahisar Daman Ganga Darna Dnyanganga Girna Godavari Gomai Indravati Indrayani Kadva Karha Kolar Koyna Krishna Kundali Kundalika Mithi Mula Mula-Mutha Mutha Narmada Nira Oshiwara Painganga Panchganga Panzara Patalganga Pavana Poisar Pranahita Purna (Tapti tributary) Purna (Godavari tributary) Savitri Shahanur Shivana Sindphana Tansa Tapti Tasso Ulhas Vaan Vashishti Wainganga Wardha

Waterfalls

Kune Devkund Pandavgad Thoseghar Lingmala Dugarwadi Vihigaon Dhobi Marleshwar Amboli Ghat Baneshwar Randha Sahasrakund

Lakes

Gorewada Khindsi Lonar crater Rankala Salim Ali Shivaji/Shivsagar Talao Pali Upvan Venna Talwat Hidkal Bhigwan Mahakali Sandhur

Dams

Bhandardara Bhatghar Bhushi Chaskaman Dhom Hetwane Itiadoh Kanher Jayakwadi Khadakwasla Kolkewadi Koyna Mulshi Navegaon Nilwande Panshet Pawna Susri Tansa Temghar Tilari Totladoh Ujjani Vaitarna Varasgaon Veer Vihar Yeldari Waghur Walwan

Related topics

Godavari basin Narmada basin Krishna basin

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Gujarat Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Andhra Pradesh Karnataka

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Telangana

Rivers

Godavari Krishna Maner Pranhita Munneru Manjira Musi Palar Tungabhadra Bhima Penganga Wardha Dindi Taliperu

Waterfalls

Kuntala Bogatha Pochera Mallela Theertham Paarakaphi Savatula Gundam Sirnapally Gayatri

Lakes

Bhadrakali Himayat Sagar Hussain Sagar Lotus Pond Osman Sagar Pakhal Palair Ramappa Shamirpet Saroornagar Laknavaram Ramanthapur Kapra Safilguda Ramakrishnapuram Edulabad Waddepally

Dams

Nagarjuna Sagar Srisailam Sriram Sagar Nizam Sagar Singur Jurala Lower Manair Dam

LMD

Pulichinthala Yellampalli Rajolibanda Dam Icchampally Manjira

Related topics

Godavari basin Krishna basin

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh Karnataka Maharashtra Odisha Tamil Nadu

v t e

Godavari basin

Rivers

Major tributaries

Godavari Pranhita Indravati Sabari Manjira Manair Wardha Wainganga Penganga

Minor tributaries

Pravara Kinnerasani Purna Sileru Sindphana Taliperu

Sub-tributaries

Adan Banganga Bindusara Darna Kadva Kanhan Kolar Nasardi Pench Purna Shivana

Dams, barrages

Jayakwadi Dam Majalgaon Dam Kaleshwaram
Kaleshwaram
Lift Irrigation Project Sriram Sagar Project Nizam Sagar Upper Wardha Dam Singur Reservoir Neher water system Dowleswaram Barrage Balimela Reservoir Devadula lift irrigation scheme Upper Dudhana Dam Godavari River
Godavari River
Basin Irrigation Projects Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project

Geographical features / regions

Marathwada Vidarbha Coastal Andhra Konaseema Deccan Plateau Western Ghats Eastern Ghats

Riparian districts

Maharashtra

Nashik Ahmednagar Aurangabad Parbhani Nanded Gadchiroli Beed Amravati Bhandara Gondia Chandrapur Wardha Nagpur Yavatmal Washim Buldhana Hingoli

Madhya Pradesh

Balaghat Seoni Betul Chhindwara

Odisha

Kalahandi Koraput Malkangiri

Chhattisgarh

Bastar Bijapur

Karnataka

Bidar

Telangana

Medak Sangareddy Siddipet Nizamabad Kamareddy Adilabad Nirmal Mancherial Komaram Bheem Asifabad Karimnagar Jagtial Peddapalli Rajanna Sircilla Warangal
Warangal
Urban Warangal
Warangal
rural Jayashankar Bhupalpally Jangaon Mahabubabad Bhadradri Kothagudem Khammam

Andhra Pradesh

West Godavari East Godavari Vishakapatnam

Cities

Nashik Nagpur Nanded Rajahmundry Warangal Koraput Bastar Bidar

Languages / people

Indo-Aryan languages Marathi Bhili Khandeshi Andh Banjari Odia Bhunjia Hindi Dravidian languages Kolami Goni Telugu Kannadiga Duruwa Multani Urdu

Coalfields

Godavari Valley Coalfield Wardha Valley Coalfield Kamptee Coalfield Pench Kanhan Coalfield

Oil / gas fields

Krishna Godavari Basin Ravva oil field

Industries

Khaparkheda Thermal Power Station Koradi Thermal Power Station Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station Wardha Warora Power Plant Lanco Vidarbha
Vidarbha
Power Plant Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Dhariwal Power Station Rattan India
India
Nashik
Nashik
Thermal Power Station Kothagudem Thermal Power Station Kakatiya Thermal Power Station Parli Thermal Power Station NTPC Ramagundam NTPC Mauda Super Thermal Power Station Ramagundam B Thermal Power Station Tiroda Thermal Power Station Butibori Power Project Heavy Water Plant at Manuguru Waluj MIDC Shendra MIDC Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Ballarpur Industries HAL Sunabeda NALCO Damanjodi

Transport

NH 5 National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering) NH 7 Godavari Bridge Old Godavari Bridge Godavari Arch Bridge Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section Bilaspur– Nagpur
Nagpur
section Nagpur–Hyderabad line

Pollution concerns, River basin's sustainable productivity & ecology

Algal bloom
Algal bloom
in reservoirs High alkalinity of river water in the river basin upstream of Pochampadu dam Frequent floods in tail end area of the river basin Alkali salts / high pH water run off from ash / red mud dumps of coal fired power stations / bauxite ore enrichment Excessive silting of reservoirs due to deforestation and mining activities

Related topics

Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal

Other basins

Mahanadi–Brahmani–Baitarani Damodar Kosi Narmada Son K

.