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Praga
Praga
is a district of Warsaw, Poland. It is located on the east bank of the river Vistula. First mentioned in 1432, until 1791 it formed a separate town with its own city charter.

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative division 3 Tourist attractions 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The historical Praga
Praga
was a small settlement located at the eastern bank of the Vistula
Vistula
river, directly opposite the towns of Old Warsaw and Mariensztat, both being parts of Warsaw
Warsaw
now. First mentioned in 1432, it derived its name from the Polish verb prażyć, meaning to burn or to roast, as it occupied a forested area that was burnt out to make place for the village.[citation needed] Separated from Warsaw
Warsaw
by a wide river, it developed independently of the nearby city, and on February 10, 1648 king Władysław IV of Poland
Poland
granted Praga
Praga
with a city charter. However, as it was mostly a suburb and most buildings were wooden, the town was repeatedly destroyed by fires, floods and foreign armies. Currently the only surviving historical monument from that epoch is the Church of Our Lady of Loreto. Although there were numerous attempts to build a permanent bridge across the river, none succeeded and Praga
Praga
remained a separate entity well into the 18th century. Communication between the capital and Praga
Praga
was maintained by privately run ferries and, in the winter, over the ice. Finally, in 1791, during the reign of Stanisław August Poniatowski, Praga
Praga
was attached to Warsaw
Warsaw
as a borough. The Battle of Praga, or Battle of Warsaw
Warsaw
of 1794, was a Russian assault during the Kościuszko Uprising
Kościuszko Uprising
in 1794. It was followed by a massacre in which over 20,000 inhabitants of the Praga
Praga
district lost their lives. Unlike the western parts of Warsaw, Praga
Praga
remained relatively untouched during World War II
World War II
and in the postwar period of reconstruction, the capital was home to many ministries and public facilities. A Soviet War Memorial is located here.[1][dead link] Because of the traditional separate status of Praga, there are two Catholic dioceses in Warsaw: Archdiocese of Warsaw[2] with St. John's Cathedral and Diocese of Warsaw-Praga[3] with St. Florian's Cathedral. The district experienced a revival following the end of Communism in 1989, as young artists moved into many of the former factory buildings, drawing crowds in search of something different from the old town. In 2011 the local Monument to Brotherhood in Arms
Monument to Brotherhood in Arms
was taken down; in 2015 this decision was made permanent. Administrative division[edit] Currently Praga
Praga
is administratively divided into:

Praga-Północ
Praga-Północ
( Praga
Praga
North) Praga-Południe
Praga-Południe
( Praga
Praga
South)

Praga-Południe
Praga-Południe
and Praga-Północ
Praga-Północ
include neighborhoods of:

Saska Kępa Grochów Szmulowizna Gocław Kamionek

In the wider sense, all areas of Warsaw
Warsaw
located on the right bank of Vistula
Vistula
are also known under the collective term of Praga. Besides historical Praga, they include:

Białołęka Rembertów Targówek Wawer Wesoła

Tourist attractions[edit]

Praga
Praga
Park Museum of Praga Neon Museum in Warsaw

References[edit]

^ http://www.inyourpocket.com/poland/warsaw/sightseeing/praga/Soviet-War-Memorial_18425 ^ "Archdiocese of Warszawa Warsaw
Warsaw
". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 2010-08-07.  ^ "Diocese of Warszawa-Praga". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 

External links[edit] Media related to Praga
Praga
at Wikimedia Commons

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Districts of Warsaw

Bemowo Białołęka Bielany Mokotów Ochota Praga

Północ Południe

Rembertów Śródmieście Targówek Ursus Ursynów Wawer Wesoła Wilanów Włochy Wola Żoliborz

Coordinates: 52°15′07″N 21°03′03″E / 52.25198°N 21.05083°E /

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