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Porirua
Porirua
is a city in the Wellington
Wellington
Region of the North Island
North Island
of New Zealand, and one of the four cities that constitute the Wellington metropolitan area. It almost completely surrounds Porirua Harbour
Porirua Harbour
at the southern end of the Kapiti Coast. Pauatahanui
Pauatahanui
Inlet, the eastern inlet of the harbour, is notable for its world-class estuarine values. The population as of June 2017 was 55,900[1].

Contents

1 History 2 City administration 3 Coat of arms 4 Suburbs

4.1 Eastern Ward 4.2 Northern Ward 4.3 Western Ward

5 Shopping and retail 6 Transport 7 Education 8 Arts and culture 9 Sport and recreation 10 Notable people 11 Sister-city relationships 12 Gallery 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] The name "Porirua" has a Māori origin: it may represent a variant of pari-rua ("two tides"), a reference to the two arms of the Porirua Harbour. In the 19th century the name designated a land-registration district that stretched from Kaiwharawhara
Kaiwharawhara
(or Kaiwara) on the north-west shore of Wellington
Wellington
Harbour northwards to and around Porirua
Porirua
Harbour. The road climbing the hill from Kaiwharawhara
Kaiwharawhara
towards Ngaio and Khandallah
Khandallah
still bears the name "Old Porirua
Porirua
Road". In the 19th century a small European settlement grew up, partly because of the need for a ferry across the harbour. At the time a small Māori settlement already existed. The Wellington
Wellington
and Manawatu Railway Company opened a railway line to Porirua
Porirua
in 1885, linking the city with Wellington. The railway reached Longburn
Longburn
(south of Palmerston North) in 1886 to connect with the Government's lines to Taranaki and Napier. With the acquisition of the company by the government in 1908, the line to Porirua
Porirua
formed part of the North Island
North Island
Main Trunk railway. The railway contributed much to the growth of Plimmerton
Plimmerton
and Paremata
Paremata
by making day-trips to the beaches from Wellington
Wellington
relatively easy. The line through to Porirua was electrified in 1940 following the construction of the Tawa Flat deviation. The 1880s and 1890s saw the establishment of the Porirua
Porirua
Lunatic Asylum on the hill south-west of the village. Following the Mental Defectives Act of 1911, the Asylum became Porirua
Porirua
Mental Hospital. In the late 1940s state planning envisaged Porirua
Porirua
becoming a satellite city of Wellington
Wellington
with state housing. Since then Porirua has grown to a city population approaching 51,000, with state housing no longer in the majority. Major territorial additions to the city occurred in 1973 and 1988 as part of the reduction and eventual abolition of Hutt County. Substantial industrial areas, generally west of the city centre, have evolved. During the 1960s Kodak,[2] UEB Industries and many small businesses opened at Elsdon. During the following decade, Ashley Wallpapers developed the former UEB property and after favourable negotiations with the government, Todd Motors (later Mitsubishi) moved from Petone to Porirua.[3] On 7 June 1976, New Zealand's first McDonald's
McDonald's
restaurant opened in Porirua, on the corner of Cobham Court and Hagley Street. The original restaurant closed on 24 April 2009, and the store relocated to Kenepuru Drive.[4][5] City administration[edit] The area is administered by Porirua
Porirua
City Council and Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council. The name Porirua
Porirua
was first applied to a council in 1961 when Makara County, to the west of Wellington, was abolished, the mostly rural western part becoming the Makara Ward of Hutt County and the rapidly growing eastern urban portion (including Titahi Bay) becoming the Borough of Porirua. Four years later the population was officially estimated at over the 20,000 threshold then necessary for Porirua
Porirua
to be declared a city. On 1 April 1973 large areas to the north-east (and a few elsewhere) were transferred to the city from Hutt County by popular vote. Mana Island was added to the city at the same time. In 1988 a further addition was the Horokiri riding of the about-to-be-abolished county, containing most of the new Whitby
Whitby
suburb and substantial rural areas. The city and its council have remained (with changes of personnel and ward boundaries) into the 21st century despite proposals to change the name to "Mana" and several small movements for amalgamation with Wellington. Coat of arms[edit] The City has a Coat of Arms and the Blazon
Blazon
is: Vert two Piles Barry wavy of ten Argent and Azure and for the Crest on a Wreath of the Colours in front of a Lymphad proper Sail set Pennon flying Gules Flags flying Azure a Whale proper. Supporters: on the dexter side a Private Soldier of the 58th Regiment of Foot in the uniform of the early Nineteenth Century and on the sinister side a Maori Warrior both proper. Translation of the Blazon. The shield is the most important part and is first described. “Vert” means green so that is the base colour of the shield. Then the objects on the shield are described. A “Pile” is V shaped object and there are two of them. “Barry” means the piles are divided into an even number of lines in this case ten. The lines are “wavy” like the sea and are alternatively coloured silver (“Argent”) and blue (“Azure”.) Silver is usually depicted as white. The crest is the part above the shield, excluding the helmet. The wreath is twist of cloth and the colours are those already mentioned vis white and green. A “Lymphad” is a sailing ship and “proper” means it is shown in its natural colours. The sail is set for sailing and a “Pennon” is the long flag flying from the mast and being “gules” it is red. The smaller flags are blue (“azure”) and are also flying. In front of the ship is a whale and again “proper” means it is shown in its natural colours. The Supporters are the men on either side of the shield. The dexter side is the right from the shield carrier’s point of view but to the left for an observer. They are as described in the blazon and are too are depicted in their natural colours. Neither the mantelling nor the motto are normally part of the blazon. However the motto of "Mo Te Katoa Nga mahi" may be translated as "All That is Done is For the Benefit of All". Suburbs[edit] Porirua
Porirua
is largely formed around the arms of the Porirua Harbour
Porirua Harbour
and the coastline facing out to Cook Strait and the north-eastern parts of the South Island. Most of the populated areas of Porirua
Porirua
are coastal: Camborne, Karehana Bay, Mana, Onepoto, Papakowhai, Paremata, Pauatahanui, Plimmerton, Pukerua Bay, Takapuwahia, Titahi Bay
Titahi Bay
and Whitby
Whitby
all have direct access to coastal parks and recreation reserves. Several suburbs without direct coastal access, including Aotea, Ascot Park and Ranui Heights, have substantial portions with good views over the harbour. Elsdon, formerly known as Prosser Block,[6] lost access to the harbour as a result of reclamation work, especially during the 1960s. Much of the existing city centre, north of Parumoana Street and east of Titahi Bay
Titahi Bay
Road, was built upon this landfill.[7] The following suburbs include, by ward: Eastern Ward[edit]

Aotea Ascot Park Cannons Creek Ranui[8]

Porirua
Porirua
East Ranui Heights

Waitangirua

Northern Ward[edit]

Camborne Golden Gate – a local name for the eastern part of Paremata Hongoeka Bay – a Ngāti Toa
Ngāti Toa
settlement Judgeford – a rural locality Karehana Bay Mana Papakowhai
Papakowhai
– a locality where kowhai trees are prominent on headlands Paremata
Paremata
– probably named after Sydney's Parramatta Pauatahanui Plimmerton
Plimmerton
– named for a director of the railway company Pukerua Bay
Pukerua Bay
– where film-maker Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
grew up Whitby
Whitby
– street names commemorate James Cook Paekakiriki Bay

Western Ward[edit]

Porirua
Porirua
Central – Porirua's central business district Elsdon – named after writer Elsdon Best Kenepuru – industrial area south-west of the centre, adjoining Linden Takapuwahia – a Ngāti Toa
Ngāti Toa
settlement Titahi Bay
Titahi Bay
– where pro golfer Michael Campbell
Michael Campbell
grew up Onepoto Mana Island

Shopping and retail[edit] North City Shopping Centre is Porirua's largest indoor shopping complex. The two-level mall first opened in 1990 and was refurbished in 2004. With over 90 stores, the centre includes Wellington's first Kmart Department store which opened in 1992. The second was later built in neighbouring city Lower Hutt, specifically, Petone, Lower Hutt. This store opened much later in 2017. Transport[edit] State Highway 1 passes north-south through the middle of the city, linking Porirua
Porirua
southwards to Wellington
Wellington
and northwards to the Kapiti Coast and the bulk of the North Island. Porirua
Porirua
is the northern terminus of the Johnsonville- Porirua
Porirua
motorway (opened progressively from 1950), which forms part of State Highway 1. State Highway 58 links Paremata
Paremata
via Whitby
Whitby
and Pauatahanui
Pauatahanui
with Haywards
Haywards
in the Hutt Valley to the east. The Ara Harakeke is a pathway that runs alongside SH1 and the Taupo Swamp, north of Plimmerton. The first section was opened in 2002.[9] Porirua
Porirua
City Council won a Cycle Friendly Award for this project from the Cycling Advocates' Network
Cycling Advocates' Network
in 2003. The North Island
North Island
Main Trunk railway line passes through Porirua, mostly close to State Highway 1, with six stations including the main Porirua Railway Station
Porirua Railway Station
inside the city and one on the Wellington
Wellington
City border. Kapiti Line
Kapiti Line
suburban passenger trains run between Wellington and Waikanae
Waikanae
(generally half-hourly except at peak periods), and the Overlander long-distance train between Auckland
Auckland
and Wellington
Wellington
calls southbound but not northbound. The nearest airports are Wellington
Wellington
Airport to the south (the closest), and Paraparaumu Airport
Paraparaumu Airport
to the north. Ferry services ran between Paremata
Paremata
and Picton for short periods but appeared unable to compete with Wellington-based services despite the shorter distance. Education[edit]

Police College chalets above the Aotea Lagoon, with Colonial Knob on the skyline above the city centre (obscured) and Elsdon and Takapuwahia

The Royal New Zealand Police College, where all the country's police recruits receive some 19 weeks' training, is at Papakowhai. Just up the road from Aotea Lagoon
Aotea Lagoon
is Aotea College, the secondary school closest to the northern suburbs. Other colleges include Mana College and Bishop Viard College near the city centre and to the east, Porirua
Porirua
College. Tertiary education is provided by Whitireia Polytechnic, which has its main campus north of the city centre. Arts and culture[edit] The local culture, history and artists are represented at the Pataka Museum of Arts & Cultures located conveniently next to the public library.[10] The indie rock radio station andHow.FM broadcasts locally at 107.5 FM from the suburb of Papakowhai. Sport and recreation[edit] As early as 1883, Porirua
Porirua
began to hold regular horse racing events on the harbour's Southern beach. Towards the end of a meeting, competing riders would also have to combat the incoming tide. The Porirua
Porirua
Jockey Club was quickly established with Mr W. Jillett the first secretary and local butcher, John Rod, the treasurer. Joshua Prosser built stables on his nearby property 'Prosser Block' (now Elsdon) and became a notable trainer of Dominion race-horses.[11] The beach now lies beneath Porirua
Porirua
city centre. Porirua
Porirua
is home to the powerful Northern United RFC, the current Wellington
Wellington
regional champions, and the smaller Paremata-Plimmerton RFC. Both clubs play in the Wellington
Wellington
Rugby Football Union club rugby competition. Porirua
Porirua
is also home to the three-time Chatham Cup
Chatham Cup
winning Capital Football team Western Suburbs FC. Well known as a dominant force in New Zealand club football, and for producing many former and current All Whites, they were officially recognised as Porirua
Porirua
City's 2006 Team of the Year for their Chatham Cup
Chatham Cup
Grand Final triumph over Auckland's Eastern Suburbs. Watersports, fishing and other boating activities are popular in the area, well served by a large marina in Mana and Sea Scouts, yachting, power-boating, rowing, and water-skiing clubs. The harbour entrance from Plimmerton
Plimmerton
or Mana is popular with experienced windsurfers and kitesurfers[12] while beginners find the shallow enclosed waters of the Pauatahanui
Pauatahanui
arm of the harbour a forgiving environment in which to develop their skills.[13] Aotea Lagoon
Aotea Lagoon
is a popular recreational area on the south-eastern shore of the Porirua
Porirua
Inlet. Porirua
Porirua
was the host of the 2010 Oceania Handball Championship. Australia
Australia
won the tournament from hosts New Zealand. The Cook Islands finished third. Notable people[edit] Notable councillors of Porirua
Porirua
have included:

Whitford Brown
Whitford Brown
(first mayor) Ken Douglas
Ken Douglas
(trade unionist) Ken Gray (All Black) Gary McCormick (media personality) Helen Smith (first member of the Values Party
Values Party
to be elected to local government) Duncan Paia'aua (Pah-ee-ah-ow-ah) (Rugby Union Player) Tutu Wineera (kaumatua of the Ngāti Toa
Ngāti Toa
iwi)

Other prominent residents have included:

Aaradhna (R&B singer) Rob Arnold (singer) Alistair Campbell, poet Michael Campbell
Michael Campbell
(golfer) Jerry Collins
Jerry Collins
(All Black) Tamati Ellison (All Black) Craig Garner (cricketer) Vince Mellars
Vince Mellars
(rugby league player) Frank Moore (politician) Heremaia Ngata (All White football player) Paul Rauhihi
Paul Rauhihi
(rugby league player) Mike Riddell (writer) Emmett Skilton (film and television actor) PJ Solomon (rugby internationalist for Scotland) Rodney So'oialo
Rodney So'oialo
(All Black) Ramon Te Wake (transgender presenter and singer-songwriter) TJ Perenara
TJ Perenara
(All Black and Hurricanes Vice-Captain)

Sister-city relationships[edit]

Blacktown, Australia Yangzhou, China Whitby, United Kingdom Nishio, Aichi, Japan[14]

Gallery[edit]

Late afternoon view; Hongoeka Bay and Titahi Bay
Titahi Bay
near top left; Ranui Heights and Kenepuru mid-to-bottom right

See also[edit]

Fort Parramatta

References[edit]

^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ http://cyleow.blogspot.com.au/2012/03/kodak-moment-at-porirua.html ^ http://www.pcc.govt.nz/About-Porirua/Porirua-s-heritage/Porirua-s-suburbs/Porirua-City-Centre--Elsdon-and-Takapuwahia/Historic-site--Todd-Park ^ "Case Study – McDonalds". Archived from the original on 24 November 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007.  ^ Simon Lord. " McDonald's
McDonald's
– The Myth & The Magic". Retrieved 26 November 2007.  ^ Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
Leader, Volume XII, Number 43, 10 November 1955 ^ http://www.pcc.govt.nz/About-Porirua/Porirua-s-heritage/Porirua-s-suburbs/Porirua-City-Centre--Elsdon-and-Takapuwahia/Historic-Photos-of-Porirua-City-Centre ^ http://www.pcc.govt.nz/Community/Community-Projects/Village-Planning-Programme/Ranui#suburb ^ http://www.mountainbike.co.nz/politics/caw/ww_0502.html Cycle Aware Wellington
Wellington
newsletter; accessed 2 January 2010 ^ "Pataka Museum of Art and Cultures". NZ museums. Retrieved 9 December 2014.  ^ Evening Post, 1918, http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19180810.2.103 ^ "Plimmerton, at Wellington
Wellington
Windsurfing
Windsurfing
Association". Archived from the original on 22 February 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2008.  ^ " Porirua Harbour
Porirua Harbour
at Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council website". Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2008.  ^ " Wellington
Wellington
Region Sister Cities". Archived from the original on 23 August 2007. Retrieved 5 November 2007. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Porirua.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Porirua.

Porirua
Porirua
City New Zealand Online Porirua
Porirua
City Council Community engagement website – Porirua
Porirua
City Council A history of Porirua
Porirua
Hospital Porirua
Porirua
Urban Area Community Profile from Statistics NZ

v t e

Territorial authorities of New Zealand

Cities

North Island

Auckland Hamilton Tauranga Napier Palmerston North Porirua Upper Hutt Lower Hutt Wellington

South Island

Nelson Christchurch Dunedin Invercargill

Districts

North Island

Far North Whangarei Kaipara Thames-Coromandel Hauraki Waikato Matamata-Piako Waipa South Waikato Otorohanga Rotorua Waitomo Taupo Western Bay of Plenty Whakatane Kawerau Opotiki Gisborne Wairoa Hastings Central Hawke's Bay New Plymouth Stratford South Taranaki Ruapehu Whanganui Rangitikei Manawatu Tararua Horowhenua Kapiti Coast Masterton Carterton South Wairarapa

South Island

Tasman Marlborough Buller Grey Westland Kaikoura Hurunui Waimakariri Selwyn Ashburton Timaru Mackenzie Waimate Waitaki Queenstown-Lakes Central Otago Clutha Gore Southland

Other

Chatham Islands

Authorities in italics are unitary authorities

v t e

The Overlander
The Overlander
passenger train stops ( North Island
North Island
Main Trunk line)

Auckland
Auckland
(Britomart) Middlemore Papakura Pukekohe Hamilton Otorohanga Te Kuiti Taumarunui National Park Ohakune Taihape Marton Feilding Palmerston North Levin Paraparaumu Porirua Wellington

Coordinates: 41°08′S 174°51′E / 41.133°S 174.850°E / -41.133; 174.850

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 168610282 LCCN: n80131

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