HOME
The Info List - Population Matters





Population
Population
Matters, formerly known as the Optimum Population
Population
Trust, is a UK-based charity that addresses population size and its effects on environmental sustainability. It considers population growth as a major contributor to environmental degradation, resource depletion, conflict and involuntary migration and societal problems such as housing scarcity and transport congestion.

Contents

1 History and background 2 Views and aims

2.1 Population 2.2 Development and climate change 2.3 Women’s rights and reproductive health 2.4 Migration 2.5 Ageing and parenthood

3 Activities 4 Organisational structure

4.1 Patrons

5 Criticism 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History and background[edit] Population
Population
Matters was launched as the Optimum Population
Population
Trust following a meeting on 24 July 1991 by the late David Willey and others concerned about population numbers and sustainability. They were impelled to act by the failure of United Kingdom
United Kingdom
governments to respond to a series of recommendations regarding population growth and sustainability.[3] The Optimum Population
Population
Trust prepared analyses and lobbied on issues affected by population growth. It also lobbied developmental and environmental campaigners on the need to incorporate population issues in their thinking. It was granted charitable status on 9 May 2006.[4] Population
Population
Matters was adopted as its campaign name in 2011.[5] Views and aims[edit] Population
Population
Matters aims to achieve a future with decent living standards for all, a healthy and biodiverse environment and a sustainable population size.[6] The charity holds the following policy positions: Population[edit] Population growth
Population growth
increases damage to the environment and depletes natural resources. Therefore, human numbers should be reduced voluntarily to a sustainable level that enables an acceptable quality of life for all.

Given that human activity already exceeds Earth’s capacity to support it, Population
Population
Matters argues that population stabilisation should be strived for without delay.[7] The United Nations projects that global population size could grow by 2.5 billion between 2015 and 2050, which illustrates the urgency of the matter further according to the organisation.[8]

Development and climate change[edit] Population growth
Population growth
increases the number of wealthy carbon emitters and poorer climate change victims and hampers mitigation and adaptation efforts. In 2016, humanity used the sustainable resource output of 1.6 Earths.[9]

Evidence has been presented that less equal affluent countries consume more resources and generate more waste than other affluent countries.[10]Consequently, Population
Population
Matters supports greater income equality. Developed countries are responsible for the majority of resource consumption as well as the associated global environmental degradation. Therefore, the developed world has a responsibility to support developing nations according to the organisation.[11] Population
Population
Matters supports the concept of Contraction and Convergence as conceived by the Global Commons Institute.[12]

Women’s rights and reproductive health[edit] Women’s empowerment and gender equality are essential for reproductive health, economic development and population stabilisation. Population
Population
Matters therefore supports programmes to improve the status of women.

Population
Population
Matters embraces the Sustainable Development Goals
Sustainable Development Goals
that see women’s empowerment as a necessary condition for sustainable development.[13] Comparisons made between developing nations that experienced rapid fertility decline and those that did not found that high fertility increases absolute levels of poverty by slowing economic growth and worsening the distribution of additionally acquired resources.[14] Consequently, the organisation promotes policies improving access to contraceptives.

Migration[edit] Migration often results from conflict, poverty, inequality or population and consumption pressures. Population
Population
Matters calls for fair trade terms and increased foreign aid and knowledge transfer to promote sustainable development, global justice and resilience.

Population
Population
Matters believes that the only just and long-term solution to migration pressure is to address its underlying causes in the countries of origin, such as poverty, lack or over exploitation of resources, climate change and conflict.[15] The organisation believes that developed countries have a moral responsibility to help with this because they contribute to migratory pressures by being both major consumers of resources from developing countries and are the principal source of the causes of climate change.[16]

Ageing and parenthood[edit]

Population
Population
Matters rejects the case that more young people are required to care for an increasing number of elderly. It believes that governments should promote responsible parenthood and limit subsidies to the first two children unless a family is living in poverty. Population
Population
Matters promotes the idea that society should deal with ageing by enabling employment for untrained, underemployed and older people and by optimising the use of technology.[17][18]

Activities[edit] Population
Population
Matters campaigns to stabilise population at a sustainable level through encouraging a culture shift towards smaller family sizes worldwide and improving resources for women's empowerment and family planning in lower income countries.[19][20] Over the years, the organization has supported various campaigns, including Caroline Lucas’ Bill to make Personal, Social, Health
Health
and Economic education (PSHE) a statutory requirement in state-funded schools.[21] It also produces material to help its supporters raise awareness of population growth.[22] The charity also runs PopOffsets, a project that offers members of the public the opportunity to offset their carbon emissions by donating towards family planning projects around the world.[23] Other activities include the Population
Population
Matters Overshoot Index, which presents assessments of the extent to which countries and regions of the world are considered to be able to support themselves on the basis of their own renewable resources. It also produces short films, such as “Zombie Overpopulation”.[24][25] Organisational structure[edit] Population
Population
Matters consists of patrons, an advisory council, a board, a team of staff/contractors and volunteers and members. It relies on members and donors for its funding.[26] Patrons[edit] Population
Population
Matters' patrons include prominent and successful public figures such as the broadcaster Sir David Attenborough, the economist Sir Partha Dasgupta, the biologist Professor Paul Ehrlich, the primatologist Dr Jane Goodall, Professor John Guillebaud and the politician Baroness Shreela Flather.[27] Criticism[edit] In 2013, Population
Population
Matters was criticised for advocating that Syrian refugees should not be accommodated in the UK,[28] calling for “zero-net migration” to the UK and for supporting a UK government policy of stopping child benefit and tax credits for third and subsequent children.[28] In 2017, the organisation stopped advocating for these policies, replacing them with a call for a Sustainable Population
Population
Policy.[29] See also[edit]

Environment portal Sustainable development
Sustainable development
portal

Futures studies List of countries by population List of countries by population
List of countries by population
growth rate List of population concern organizations List of sovereign states and dependent territories by birth rate List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density Optimum population Over-consumption Overexploitation Political demography Population
Population
ageing Population
Population
density Population
Population
pyramid Risks to civilization, humans and planet Earth Tragedy of the commons World population Zero population growth

References[edit]

^ "Smaller families". populationmatters.org.  ^ "Consume mindfully". populationmatters.org.  ^ "People & story - Population
Population
Matters". Population
Population
Matters. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Charity overview". Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "UK Web Archive". www.webarchive.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Vision & values - Population
Population
Matters". Population
Population
Matters. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Living Planet Report 2014". wwf.panda.org. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "World Population
Population
Prospects The 2015 Revision" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 1 June 2016.  ^ "World Footprint". Global Footprint Network. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  ^ "Inequality and Environmental Sustainability" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  ^ "The State of Consumption Today Worldwatch Institute". www.worldwatch.org. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ " Contraction and Convergence
Contraction and Convergence
Homepage". www.gci.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Women's Empowerment". UNDP. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ " Population
Population
and Poverty: New Views on an Old Controversy". Guttmacher Institute. 2005-02-02. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Conflict & migration - Population
Population
Matters". Population
Population
Matters. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ Clark, Duncan (2011-04-21). "Which nations are most responsible for climate change?". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ Valenzuela, Dr Rebecca (2015-03-23). "The economics of an ageing population". The Age. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Managing an ageing society" (PDF). Population
Population
Matters. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  ^ "Central London Humanists". Meetup. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ Martin, Roger (2011-10-23). "Why current population growth is costing us the Earth Roger Martin". the Guardian. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "PSHE briefing for MPs Caroline Lucas". www.carolinelucas.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "London's population to grow by a quarter - Population
Population
Matters". Population
Population
Matters. 2016-05-25. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ " PopOffsets > Contact". www.popoffsets.org. Retrieved 2016-06-09.  ^ " Population
Population
Matters — Media Trust". www.mediatrust.org. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Overshoot Index" (PDF). Population
Population
Matters. 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  ^ "People & story - Population
Population
Matters". Population
Population
Matters. Retrieved 2016-06-02.  ^ "Patrons - Population
Population
Matters". Population
Population
Matters. Retrieved 2016-06-09.  ^ a b "The charity which campaigned to ban Syrian refugees from Britain". openDemocracy. 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2016-06-09.  ^ "Sustainable population policy - Population
Population
Matters". Retrieved 13 November 2017. 

External links[edit] Official website

v t e

Global human population

Major topics

Biocapacity Optimum population Overpopulation

Malthusian catastrophe

Population Population
Population
ethics Population
Population
momentum Sustainable development Women's reproductive rights Zero population growth

Biological and related topics

Family planning

Pledge two or fewer

Human population planning

One-child policy Two-child policy

Population
Population
biology Population
Population
decline Population
Population
density

Physiological density

Population
Population
dynamics Population
Population
growth Population
Population
model Population
Population
pyramid Projections of population growth

Human impact on the environment

Deforestation Desalination Desertification Environmental impact

of agriculture of aviation of biodiesel of concrete of electricity generation of the energy industry of fishing of irrigation of mining of off-roading of oil shale industry of palm oil of paper of the petroleum industry of reservoirs of shipping of war

Industrialisation Land degradation Land reclamation Overconsumption Pollution Quarrying Urbanization

Loss of green belts Urban sprawl

Waste Water scarcity

Overdrafting

Population ecology

Carrying capacity Deep ecology Earth's energy budget Food security Habitat destruction I = P × A  × T Malthusian growth model Overshoot (population) World energy consumption World energy resources World3 model

Literature

A Modest Proposal Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc. An Essay on the Principle of Population "How Much Land Does a Man Need?" Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth Population
Population
Control: Real Costs, Illusory Benefits The Limits to Growth The Population
Population
Bomb The Skeptical Environmentalist The Ultimate Resource

Publications

Population
Population
and Environment Population
Population
and Development Review

Lists

Population
Population
and housing censuses by country Metropolitan areas by population Population
Population
milestone babies

Events and organizations

7 Billion Actions International Conference on Population
Population
and Development Population
Population
Action International Population
Population
Connection Population
Population
Matters Population
Population
Research Institute United Nations Population
Population
Fund Voluntary Human Extinction
Extinction
Movement World Population
Population
Day World Population
Population
Foundation

Related topics

Classic Maya collapse Fertility and intelligence Green Revolution Holocene extinction Migration

Commons Human overpopulation Human activities with impact on the environment Human migration

v t e

Human impact on the environment

General

Anthropocene Environmental issues

List of issues

Human impact Impact assessment Planetary boundaries

Causes

Agriculture

fishing irrigation meat production palm oil

Energy industry

biofuels biodiesel coal electricity generation nuclear power oil shale petroleum reservoirs wind power

Genetic pollution Industrialization Land use Manufacturing

cleaning agents concrete plastics nanotechnology paint paper pesticides pharmaceuticals and personal care

Mining Overdrafting Overexploitation Overpopulation Particulates Pollution Quarrying Reservoirs Tourism Transport

aviation roads shipping

Urbanization

urban sprawl

war

Effects

Biodiversity
Biodiversity
threats

Biodiversity
Biodiversity
loss

Climate change

Global warming Runaway climate change

Coral reefs Deforestation Defaunation Desertification Ecocide Erosion Environmental degradation Freshwater cycle Habitat destruction Holocene extinction Nitrogen cycle Land degradation Land surface effects on climate Loss of green belts Phosphorus cycle Ocean acidification Ozone depletion Resource depletion Water degradation Water scarcity

Mitigation

Birth control Cleaner production Climate change
Climate change
mitigation Climate engineering Ecological engineering Environmental engineering Environmental mitigation Industrial ecology Mitigation banking Organic farming Reforestation

urban

Restoration ecology Sustainable consumption Waste
Waste
minimization

  Commons   Category by country assessment mitigation

v t e

Lists of countries by population statistics

Global

Current population Current population (United Nations)

(Sub-)Continents

Africa Asia Europe North America

Caribbean

Oceania South America

Intercontinental

Americas Arab world Commonwealth of Nations Eurasia European Union Islands Latin America Middle East

Cities/urban regions

National capitals Cities proper Metropolitan areas Urban areas Megacities Megalopolises

Past and future

Past population (United Nations) Past and future population 1 1000 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 1907 1939 1989 2000 2005 2010 Future population

Population
Population
density

Current density Current real density based on food growing capacity

Growth indicators

Population growth
Population growth
rate Natural increase Birth rate Mortality rate Fertility rate

Other demographics

Age at first marriage Divorce rate Ethnic and cultural diversity level Foreign-born population Immigrant population Linguistic diversity Median age Net migration rate Number of households Sex ratio Urban population Urbanization

Health

Antiviral medications for pandemic influenza HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate Infant and under-five mortality rates Life expectancy Percentage suffering from undernourishment Health
Health
expenditure covered by government Suicide rate Total health expenditure per capita Body Mass Index (BMI)

Education and innovation

Bloomberg Innovation Index Education Index International Innovation Index Innovation Union Scoreboard Literacy rate Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies Progress in International Reading Literacy Study Student skills Tertiary education attainment Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study Women's average years in school World Intellectual Property Indicators

Economic

Development aid given

Official Development Assistance received

Employment rate Irrigated land area Human Development Index

by country inequality-adjusted

Human Poverty Index Imports Income equality Job security Labour force Number of millionaires (US dollars) Number of billionaires (US dollars) Percentage living in poverty Public sector Sen social welfare function Unemployment rate

List of international rankings List of top international rankings by country Lists by country

v t e

Sustainability

Principles

Anthropocene Earth system governance Ecological modernization Environmental governance Environmentalism Global catastrophic risk Human impact on the environment Planetary boundaries Social sustainability Stewardship Sustainable development

Consumption

Anthropization Anti-consumerism Earth Overshoot Day Ecological footprint Ethical Over-consumption Simple living Sustainability
Sustainability
advertising Sustainability
Sustainability
brand Sustainability
Sustainability
marketing myopia Sustainable Systemic change resistance Tragedy of the commons

Population

Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth

Technology

Appropriate Environmental Sustainable

Biodiversity

Biosecurity Biosphere Conservation biology Deep ecology Endangered species Holocene extinction Invasive species

Energy

Carbon footprint Climate change
Climate change
mitigation Conservation Descent Efficiency Emissions trading Fossil-fuel phase-out Peak oil Renewable Energy poverty

Food

Forest gardening Local Permaculture Security Sustainable agriculture Sustainable fishery Urban horticulture

Water

Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed

Accountability

Sustainability
Sustainability
accounting Sustainability
Sustainability
measurement Sustainability
Sustainability
metrics and indices Sustainability
Sustainability
reporting Standards and certification Sustainable yield

Applications

Advertising Architecture Art Business City College programs Community Design Ecovillage Education for Sustainable Development Fashion Gardening Geopark Green marketing Industries Landscape architecture Living Low-impact development Sustainable market Organizations Packaging Practices Procurement Tourism Transport Urban drainage systems Urban infrastructure Urbanism

Management

Environmental Fisheries Forest Materials Natural resource Planetary Waste

Agreements

UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm 1972) Brundtlandt Commission Report (1983) Our Common Future
Our Common Future
(1987) Earth Summit
Earth Summit
(1992) Rio Declaration on Environment and Development Agenda 21
Agenda 21
(1992) Convention on Biological Diversity
Convention on Biological Diversity
(1992) ICPD Programme of Action (1994) Earth Charter Lisbon Principles UN Millennium Declaration (2000) Earth Summit
Earth Summit
2002 (Rio+10, Johannesburg) United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
(Rio+20, 2012) Sustainable Development Goals

Category Lists Outline Portal Science Studies Degrees

v t e

Hierarchy of life

Biosphere > Ecosystem > Biocoenosis > Population > Organism > Organ system > Organ > Tissue > Cell > Organelle > Biomolecular complex > Macromolecule > Biomolecule

v t e

Global catastrophic risks

Future of the Earth Ultimate fate of the universe

Technological

Grey goo Kinetic bombardment Mutual assured destruction

Dead Hand Doomsday device

Synthetic intelligence
Synthetic intelligence
/ Artificial intelligence

Existential risk from artificial intelligence

See Template

AI takeover

Technological singularity Transhumanism

Sociological

Malthusian catastrophe New World Order (conspiracy theory) Nuclear holocaust

winter famine cobalt

Societal collapse World War III

Ecological

Climate change

Extinction
Extinction
risk from global warming

Runaway climate change

Global terrestrial stilling Ice age Ecocide Human impact on the environment

See Template

Ozone depletion Cascade effect

Earth Overshoot Day

Overexploitation Overpopulation

Human overpopulation

Biological

Extinction

Extinction
Extinction
event Human extinction Genetic erosion Genetic pollution

Dysgenics Pandemic

Biological agent

Transhumanism

Physical

Big Crunch Big Rip Coronal mass ejection Gamma-ray burst Hypercane Impact event

Asteroid Comet Potentially hazardous object

Rogue planet Solar flare Supervolcano

winter

Mythological

Eschatology

Buddhist Christian Hindu Islamic Jewish Norse Zoroastrian

2011 end times prediction 2012 phenomenon Apocalypse Armageddon Blood moon prophecy Book of Revelation Doomsday Clock End time Last Judgment List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events Nibiru cataclysm Rapture Revelation 12 sign prophecy Third Temple Year 2000 problem

Fiction

Alien invasion Apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction

List of apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction

Disaster films

List of disaster films

List of fictional doomsday devices Zombie apocalypse

Categories Apocalypticism Future problems Hazards Risk analysis Doomsday scenarios

v t e

Extinction

Phenomena

Background extinction rate Coextinction De-extinction Ecological extinction Extinct in the wild Functional extinction Genetic pollution Lazarus taxon Local extinction Pseudoextinction

Models

Extinction
Extinction
vortex

Causes

Genetic erosion Habitat destruction Human overpopulation Muller's ratchet Mutational meltdown Overexploitation

Theories & concepts

Extinction
Extinction
debt Extinction
Extinction
risk from global warming Extinction
Extinction
threshold Field of Bullets Hypothetical species Latent extinction risk

Major extinction events

Ordovician–Silurian Late Devonian Permian–Triassic Triassic–Jurassic Cretaceous–Paleogene Holocene

Timeline

Other extinction events

Great Oxygenation End-Ediacaran End-Botomian Dresbachian Cambrian–Ordovician Ireviken Mulde Lau Carboniferous Olson's End-Capitanian Carnian Pluvial Toarcian End- Jurassic
Jurassic
or Tithonian Aptian Cenomanian-Turonian Eocene–Oligocene Middle Miocene Pliocene–Pleistocene Quaternary

Extinct species

Lists of extinct species

Lists of extinct animals List of extinct plants

IUCN Red List extinct species

Organizations

International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Species Survival Commission Voluntary Human Extinction
Extinction
Movement

See also

Decline in amphibian populations Human extinction

Category     Portal     WikiProject   &#

.