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Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pomorskie Region, or Pomerania
Pomerania
Province[1] (in Polish województwo pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ], in Kashubian Pòmòrsczé wòjewództwò), is a voivodeship, or province, in north-western Poland. It comprises most of Pomerelia
Pomerelia
(the easternmost part of historical Pomerania), as well as an area east of the Vistula
Vistula
River. The western part of the province, around Słupsk, belonged historically to Farther Pomerania, while Pomerelia
Pomerelia
and the eastern bank of the Vistula
Vistula
belonged to the historical region of Prussia. The central parts of the province are also known as Kashubia, named after the Kashubian minority. The provincial capital is Gdańsk. The voivodeship was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg and Słupsk, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It is bordered by West Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
to the west, Greater Poland
Poland
and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeships to the south, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the east, and the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
to the north. It also shares a short land border with Russia
Russia
(Kaliningrad Oblast), on the Vistula
Vistula
Spit. Gdańsk, the regional capital, is one of the three members of the "Tricity" of Sopot, Gdańsk, and Gdynia. The voivodeship also includes the narrow Hel Peninsula
Hel Peninsula
and the Polish half of the Vistula
Vistula
Spit. Other tourist destinations include Sopot, Jurata, Łeba, Władysławowo, Puck, Krynica Morska, Ustka, Jastarnia, Kuźnica, Bytów
Bytów
and many fishing ports and lighthouses. The name Pomerania
Pomerania
comes from the Slavic po morze, which means Land at the Sea.[2]

Contents

1 Cities and towns 2 Administrative division 3 Governors 4 Economy

4.1 Major corporations 4.2 Unemployment

5 Transport 6 Education

6.1 Higher education

7 Protected areas 8 References 9 External links

Cities and towns[edit]

Gdańsk, the capital of Pomeranian Voivodeship

Gdynia, one of Poland's three major seaports

The voivodeship contains 42 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (official 2014 figures).[3]

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
(461.935) Gdynia
Gdynia
(247.792) Słupsk
Słupsk
(93.706) Tczew
Tczew
(60.568) Wejherowo
Wejherowo
(50.310) Starogard Gdański
Starogard Gdański
(48.513) Rumia
Rumia
(47.506) Chojnice
Chojnice
(40,146) Malbork
Malbork
(38.970) Kwidzyn
Kwidzyn
(38.849) Sopot
Sopot
(37.683) Lębork
Lębork
(35.475) Pruszcz Gdański
Pruszcz Gdański
(29.034) Kościerzyna
Kościerzyna
(23.696) Reda (23.343) Bytów
Bytów
(16.828) Ustka
Ustka
(16.158) Kartuzy
Kartuzy
(14.847) Człuchów
Człuchów
(14.311) Puck (11.369) Miastko
Miastko
(10.890) Sztum
Sztum
(10.322) Władysławowo
Władysławowo
(10.175) Czersk
Czersk
(10.046) Nowy Dwór Gdański
Nowy Dwór Gdański
(10.042) Prabuty
Prabuty
(8.782) Pelplin
Pelplin
(8.236) Skarszewy
Skarszewy
(7.087) Gniew
Gniew
(6.861) Żukowo
Żukowo
(6.512) Czarne
Czarne
(6.095) Dzierzgoń
Dzierzgoń
(5.571) Debrzno
Debrzno
(5.218) Brusy
Brusy
(5.051) Nowy Staw
Nowy Staw
(4.328) Jastarnia
Jastarnia
(3.808) Łeba
Łeba
(3.808) Kępice
Kępice
(3.775) Hel (3.613) Skórcz
Skórcz
(3.578) Czarna Woda
Czarna Woda
(2.875) Krynica Morska
Krynica Morska
(1.336)

For populations as of 2004, see List of cities and towns in Pomeranian Voivodeship. Administrative division[edit]

Kartuzy Wejherowo Puck Gdynia Sopot Gdańsk Gdańsk N. Dwór Gd. Lębork Słupsk Słupsk Tczew Malbork Sztum Kwidzyn Kościerzyna Człuchów Chojnice Bytów Starogard Gdański

Słupsk, the largest city in the west of the voivodeship

Tczew, the largest city in the ethnocultural region of Kociewie

Starogard Gdański, the capital of Kociewie

Sopot, a resort and one of the three cities of the Tricity

Malbork
Malbork
Castle, a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site

Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
is divided into 20 counties (powiats): 4 city counties, and 16 land counties. These are further divided into 123 gminas (communes). The counties are listed below in order of decreasing population.

English and Polish names Area (km²) Population (2006) Seat Other towns Total gminas

City counties

Gdańsk 262 456,103

1

Gdynia 136 251,183

1

Słupsk 43.15 98,402

1

Sopot 17.31 39,836

1

Land counties

Wejherowo
Wejherowo
County powiat wejherowski 1,280 181,834 Wejherowo Rumia, Reda 10

Starogard County powiat starogardzki 1,345 121,963 Starogard Gdański Skarszewy, Skórcz, Czarna Woda 13

Tczew
Tczew
County powiat tczewski 698 112,614 Tczew Pelplin, Gniew 6

Kartuzy
Kartuzy
County powiat kartuski 1,120 109,311 Kartuzy Żukowo 8

Słupsk
Słupsk
County powiat słupski 2,304 92,172 Słupsk
Słupsk
* Ustka, Kępice 10

Chojnice
Chojnice
County powiat chojnicki 1,364 91,585 Chojnice Czersk, Brusy 5

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
County powiat gdański 793 85,566 Pruszcz Gdański

8

Kwidzyn
Kwidzyn
County powiat kwidzyński 835 80,704 Kwidzyn Prabuty 6

Bytów
Bytów
County powiat bytowski 2,193 75,313 Bytów Miastko 10

Puck County powiat pucki 578 74,196 Puck Władysławowo, Jastarnia, Hel 7

Kościerzyna
Kościerzyna
County powiat kościerski 1,166 66,778 Kościerzyna

8

Lębork
Lębork
County powiat lęborski 707 63,659 Lębork Łeba 5

Malbork
Malbork
County powiat malborski 495 62,960 Malbork Nowy Staw 6

Człuchów
Człuchów
County powiat człuchowski 1,574 56,797 Człuchów Czarne, Debrzno 7

Sztum
Sztum
County powiat sztumski 731 41,808 Sztum Dzierzgoń 5

Nowy Dwór Gdański
Nowy Dwór Gdański
County powiat nowodworski (pomorski) 653 35,498 Nowy Dwór Gdański Krynica Morska 5

* seat not part of the county

Governors[edit]

Name Period

Tomasz Sowiński 1 January 1999 - 20 October 2001

Jan Ryszard Kurylczyk 20 October 2001 - 26 July 2004

Cezary Dąbrowski 26 July 2004 - 27 January 2006

Piotr Ołowski 27 January 2006 - 26 February 2007

Piotr Karczewski 22 May 2007 - 29 November 2007

Roman Zaborowski 29 November 2007 - 25 October 2011

Ryszard Stachurski 12 December 2011 – 8 December 2015

Dariusz Drelich 8 December 2015 – present

Economy[edit]

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
seaport

Polpharma pharmaceutical company, in Starogard Gdański

Major corporations[edit]

Corporation name Further information Location Kind of activity

Energa Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Power Generator [1] Gdańsk energy supplies

Ergo Hestia [2] Sopot insurance

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Repair Yard[3] Gdańsk repair shipyard

Gdynia
Gdynia
Stocznia [4] Gdynia shipyard

GE Capital
GE Capital
Bank[5] Gdańsk banking

Grupa LOTOS
Grupa LOTOS
[6] Gdańsk petroleum products

Intel
Intel
Technology Poland
Poland
[7] Gdańsk hardware

International Paper
International Paper
Kwidzyn
Kwidzyn
[8] Kwidzyn paper products

Lubiana [9] Łubiana
Łubiana
near Kościerzyna china-ware manufacturer

Philips Consumer Electronics Kwidzyn electronics

Polpharma[10] Starogard Gdański medicines

Prokom Software [11] Gdynia software

Destylarnia Sobieski [12] Starogard Gdański distillery

Elnord [13] Gdańsk energy supplies

LPP [14] Gdańsk designing and distributing clothes

Source:[4]

Unemployment[edit]

Transport[edit]

SKM Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Lech Wałęsa Airport Obwodnica Trójmiejska Autostrada A1 Pomorska Kolej Metropolitalna

Education[edit]

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
University Faculty of Law, in Gdańsk-Przymorze

Main building, Gdańsk
Gdańsk
University of Technology

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Medical University

Gdynia
Gdynia
Maritime Academy

Higher education[edit]

Name Location Students in thousands

total of which women

Total - 97.9 55.3

Uniwersytet Gdański ( Gdańsk
Gdańsk
University) Tricity 29.3 19.4

Politechnika Gdańska ( Gdańsk
Gdańsk
University of Technology) Gdańsk 17.6 5.9

Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku (Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk) Słupsk 8.1 6.0

Akademia Medyczna w Gdańsku (Medical University of Gdańsk) Gdańsk 4.2 3.1

Akademia Wychowanie Fizycznego i Sportu w Gdańsku ( Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Sports Academy) Gdańsk 4.1 1.9

Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Gdańsku ( Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Academy of Fine Arts) Gdańsk 0.9 0.7

Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte (Polish Naval Academy) Gdynia . .

Akademia Morska w Gdyni ( Gdynia
Gdynia
Maritime Academy) Gdynia . .

Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne ( Gdańsk
Gdańsk
Seminary) Gdańsk . .

Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku ( Stanisław Moniuszko
Stanisław Moniuszko
Academy of Music, in Gdańsk) Gdańsk . .

Data as of 31 November 2005, source http://www.stat.gov.pl

Protected areas[edit]

Dunes, Słowiński National Park

Protected areas in Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
include two National Parks and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Słowiński National Park
National Park
(a UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve) Tuchola Forest National Park Coastal Landscape Park Iława Lake District Landscape Park
Iława Lake District Landscape Park
(partly in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship) Kashubian Landscape Park Słupia
Słupia
Valley Landscape Park Tricity Landscape Park Tuchola Landscape Park
Tuchola Landscape Park
(partly in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship) Vistula Spit
Vistula Spit
Landscape Park Wdydze Landscape Park Zaborski Landscape Park

References[edit]

^ Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006. ^ Der Name Pommern (po morze) ist slawischer Herkunft und bedeutet so viel wie „Land am Meer“. (Pommersches Landesmuseum, German) ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080505094648/http://www.stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/PUBL_ludnosc_stan_struktura_teryt_1pol_2007.pdf ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Information about Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
- official website (pl, en, ru) Economy brochure (en) The Pomorskie Voivodeship. The Greatest Tourist Attractions - Brochure (en) Pomerania
Pomerania
Development Agency Co. (en)

Places adjacent to Pomeranian Voivodeship

Baltic Sea Gotland and Kalmar,  Sweden  Kaliningrad Oblast,  Russia

 West Pomeranian Voivodeship

 Pomeranian Voivodeship

 Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship

 Greater Poland
Poland
and  Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeships

v t e

Counties of Pomeranian Voivodeship

City counties

Gdańsk
Gdańsk
(capital) Gdynia Słupsk Sopot

Land counties

Bytów Chojnice Człuchów Gdańsk Kartuzy Kościerzyna Kwidzyn Lębork Malbork Nowy Dwór Gdański Puck Słupsk Starogard Sztum Tczew Wejherowo

v t e

Voivodeships of Poland

Greater Poland Kuyavian-Pomeranian Lesser Poland Łódź Lower Silesian Lublin Lubusz Masovian Opole Podkarpackie Podlaskie Pomeranian Silesian Świętokrzyskie Warmian-Masurian West Pomeranian

v t e

Geography of Pomerania

Regions

Current

Western Pomerania West Pomeranian Voivodeship Pomerelia

Kashubia Pomorskie

Pomerania
Pomerania
euroregion

Former

Farther Pomerania Circipania Lauenburg and Bütow Land Lands of Schlawe and Stolp

Administration

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern West Pomeranian Voivodeship Pomeranian Voivodeship Złotów County

Towns

Lists

List of towns in Vorpommern List of towns in Farther Pomerania List of placenames in the Province of Pomerania

A–H I–P Q–Z

Largest

>100,000

Tricity

Gdańsk Gdynia Sopot

Szczecin Koszalin

>50,000

Słupsk Stargard Stralsund Greifswald

Islands

Greifswalder Oie Hiddensee Rügen Ummanz Usedom Vilm Wolin

Peninsulae

Fischland-Darß-Zingst Jasmund Hela Mönchgut Wittow

Rivers

Dziwna Grabowa Ina Łeba Oder Parsęta Peene Peenestrom Randow Recknitz Rega Ryck Słupia Świna Tollense Trebel Uecker Vistula Wieprza

Lakes

Lake Dąbie Lake Gardno Kummerower See Lake Łebsko Lake Miedwie

Bays, lagoons

Bay of Gdańsk Bay of Greifswald Bay of Pomerania Szczecin
Szczecin
Lagoon

National parks

Western Pomerania
Pomerania
Lagoon Area National Park Jasmund
Jasmund
National Park Lower Oder
Oder
Valley National Park Wolin
Wolin
National Park Słowiński National Park

v t e

History of Pomerania

10,000 BC – 600 AD 600–1100 1100–1300 1300–1500 1500–1806 1806–1933 1933–1945 1945–present

Administrative

Western Pomerania Farther Pomerania (before 1945)

Billung March Northern March Principality of Rügen Duchy of Pomerania

House of Pomerania List of Dukes Cammin Gützkow Schlawe-Stolp Lauenburg-Bütow Partitions Pomerania-Stolp

Swedish Pomerania Brandenburgian Pomerania
Pomerania
(Draheim) Province of Pomerania
Pomerania
1815–1945

Neumark Köslin Region Stettin Region Stralsund
Stralsund
Region Posen-West Prussia
Posen-West Prussia
Region List of placenames

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Zachodniopomorskie (after 1945)

Szczecin
Szczecin
Voivodeship Koszalin
Koszalin
Voivodeship Słupsk
Słupsk
Voivodeship West Pomeranian Voivodeship

Pomerelia
Pomerelia
(Kashubia)

Medieval duchies (Samborides) State of the Teutonic Order Royal Prussia
Royal Prussia
( Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
1466–1772) Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
1807–1814 West Prussia Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
1919–1939 (Polish Corridor) Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
1920–1939 Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia Pomeranian Voivodeship

Ecclesiastical

Roman Catholic

Historical

Conversion of Pomerania Diocese of Kolberg (Congress of Gniezno) Diocese of Cammin Diocese of Culm Diocese of Roskilde Diocese of Włocławek (Leslau) Prelature of Schneidemühl

Extant

Archdiocese of Berlin Archdiocese of Szczecin-Kamień Diocese of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg Diocese of Pelplin

Protestant

Protestant Reformation Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland Pentecostal Church in Poland Evangelical State Church in Prussia
Evangelical State Church in Prussia
(extinct) Pomeranian Evangelical Church
Pomeranian Evangelical Church
(extinct)

Demography

Archaeological cultures

Hamburg Maglemosian Ertebølle-Ellerbek Linear Pottery Funnelbeaker Havelland Corded Ware Comb Ceramic Nordic Bronze Age Lusatian Jastorf Pomeranian Oksywie Wielbark Gustow Dębczyn (Denzin)

Peoples

Gepids Goths Lemovii Rugii Vidivarii Vistula
Vistula
Veneti Slavic Pomeranians Prissani Rani Ukrani Veleti Lutici Velunzani German Pomeranians Kashubians Poles Slovincians

Major demographic events

Migration Period Ostsiedlung WWII flight and expulsion of Germans Post-WWII settlement of Poles
Poles
and Ukrainians

Languages and dialects

West Germanic

Low German

Low Prussian Central Pomeranian Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch East Pomeranian West Pomeranian

Standard German

West Slavic

Polabian Polish Pomeranian

Kashubian Slovincian

Treaties

1200–1500

Kremmen (1236) Landin (1250) Kępno (1282) Soldin (1309) Templin (1317) Stralsund
Stralsund
(1354) Stralsund
Stralsund
(1370) Thorn (1411) Soldin (1466) Thorn (1466) Prenzlau (1448 / 1472 / 1479) Pyritz (1493)

1500–1700

Grimnitz (1529) Stettin (1570) Franzburg (1627) Stettin (1630) Westphalia (1648) Stettin (1653) Labiau (1656) Wehlau and Bromberg (1657) Oliva (1660) Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1679) Lund (1679)

1700–present

Stockholm (1719 / 1720) Frederiksborg (1720) Kiel (1814) Vienna (1815) Versailles (1919) Potsdam (1945)

Coordinates: 54°11′43″N 18°00′59″E / 54.19528°N 18.01639°E / 54.19528; 18.01639

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 245411093 LCCN: n82001815 GN

.