Poitou (French pronunciation: [pwatu]), in Poitevin: Poetou,
was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.
4 In fiction
5 See also
7 External links
The main historical cities are
Poitiers (historical capital city),
Châtellerault (France's kings establishment in Poitou), Niort, La
Roche-sur-Yon, Thouars, and Parthenay.
The region of
Poitou was called Thifalia (or Theiphalia) in the sixth
There is a marshland called the Poitevin
Marsh (French Marais
Poitevin) on the Gulf of Poitou, on the west coast of France, just
La Rochelle and west of Niort.
By the Treaty of
Paris of 1259, King Henry III of England recognized
his loss of continental Plantaganet territory to France (including
Normandy, Maine, Anjou, and Poitou).
During the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries
Poitou was a
Huguenot (French Calvinist) activity among the nobility and
bourgeoisie and was severely impacted by the French Wars of Religion
Many of the Acadians who settled in what is now
Nova Scotia beginning
in 1604, and later in New Brunswick, came from the region of Poitou.
After the Acadians were deported by the British beginning in 1755,
some of them eventually took refuge in Québec. A large portion of
these refugees were also deported to
Louisiana in 1785 and eventually
became known as Cajuns (from Acadians).
After the revocation of the
Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes in 1685, a strong
Counter-Reformation effort was made by the French Roman Catholic
Church; in 1793, this was partially responsible for the
three-year-long open revolt against the French Revolutionary
Government in the Bas-
Poitou (Département of Vendée). Indeed, during
Hundred Days in 1815, the
Vendée stayed loyal to the
Restoration Monarchy of King Louis XVIII and
10,000 troops under
General Lamarque to pacify the region.
As noted by Lampert, "The persistent Huguenots of 17th Century Poitou
and the fiercely Catholic rebellious Royalists of what came be the
Vendée of the late 18th Century had ideologies very different, indeed
diametrically opposed to each other. The common thread connecting both
phenomena is a continuing assertion of a local identity and opposition
to the central government in Paris, whatever its composition and
identity. (...) In the region where
Louis XIII and
Louis XIV had
encountered stiff resistance, the
House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon gained loyal and
militant supporters exactly when it had been overthrown and when a
Bourbon loyalty came to imply a local loyalty in opposition to the new
central government, that of Robespierre."
Large parts of the "Angelique" series of historical novels are set in
17th century Poitou.
Count of Poitiers for a list of the Comtes de Poitou.
Poitou-Charentes for the present-day région including Poitiers.
Poitevin (language), the French regional language spoken in Poitou
(Saintongeais is for Saintonge).
^ Lance Day, Ian McNeil, ed. (1996). Biographical Dictionary of the
History of Technology. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-19399-0.
^ Andre Lampert, "Centralism and Localism in European History" (cited
as an example of "A Persistant [sic?] Localism" in the Introduction)
Historical provinces of France
Flanders and Hainaut
Coordinates: 46°38′55″N 0°14′52″W / 46.6486°N
0.2478°W / 46.6