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Poitou
Poitou
(French pronunciation: ​[pwatu]), in Poitevin: Poetou, was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Culture 4 In fiction 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit] The main historical cities are Poitiers
Poitiers
(historical capital city), Châtellerault (France's kings establishment in Poitou), Niort, La Roche-sur-Yon, Thouars, and Parthenay. History[edit] The region of Poitou
Poitou
was called Thifalia (or Theiphalia) in the sixth century. There is a marshland called the Poitevin Marsh
Marsh
(French Marais Poitevin) on the Gulf of Poitou, on the west coast of France, just north of La Rochelle
La Rochelle
and west of Niort. By the Treaty of Paris
Paris
of 1259, King Henry III of England recognized his loss of continental Plantaganet territory to France (including Normandy, Maine, Anjou, and Poitou). During the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries Poitou
Poitou
was a hotbed of Huguenot
Huguenot
(French Calvinist) activity among the nobility and bourgeoisie and was severely impacted by the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598). Many of the Acadians who settled in what is now Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
beginning in 1604, and later in New Brunswick, came from the region of Poitou. After the Acadians were deported by the British beginning in 1755, some of them eventually took refuge in Québec. A large portion of these refugees were also deported to Louisiana
Louisiana
in 1785 and eventually became known as Cajuns (from Acadians). After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes
Edict of Nantes
in 1685, a strong Counter-Reformation
Counter-Reformation
effort was made by the French Roman Catholic Church; in 1793, this was partially responsible for the three-year-long open revolt against the French Revolutionary Government in the Bas- Poitou
Poitou
(Département of Vendée). Indeed, during Napoleon’s Hundred Days
Hundred Days
in 1815, the Vendée
Vendée
stayed loyal to the Restoration Monarchy of King Louis XVIII and Napoleon
Napoleon
dispatched 10,000 troops under General Lamarque
General Lamarque
to pacify the region. As noted by Lampert, "The persistent Huguenots of 17th Century Poitou and the fiercely Catholic rebellious Royalists of what came be the Vendée
Vendée
of the late 18th Century had ideologies very different, indeed diametrically opposed to each other. The common thread connecting both phenomena is a continuing assertion of a local identity and opposition to the central government in Paris, whatever its composition and identity. (...) In the region where Louis XIII
Louis XIII
and Louis XIV
Louis XIV
had encountered stiff resistance, the House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
gained loyal and militant supporters exactly when it had been overthrown and when a Bourbon loyalty came to imply a local loyalty in opposition to the new central government, that of Robespierre."[2] Culture[edit] In fiction[edit]

Large parts of the "Angelique" series of historical novels are set in 17th century Poitou.

See also[edit]

Count of Poitiers for a list of the Comtes de Poitou. Poitou-Charentes
Poitou-Charentes
for the present-day région including Poitiers. Poitevin (language), the French regional language spoken in Poitou (Saintongeais is for Saintonge).

References[edit]

^ Lance Day, Ian McNeil, ed. (1996). Biographical Dictionary of the History of Technology. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-19399-0.  ^ Andre Lampert, "Centralism and Localism in European History" (cited as an example of "A Persistant [sic?] Localism" in the Introduction)

External links[edit]

https://web.archive.org/web/20020812063905/http://www.acpo.on.ca/claude/poitou.htm

v t e

Historical provinces of France

Alsace Angoumois Anjou Artois Aunis Auvergne Basse-Navarre Béarn Beaujolais Berry Bourbonnais Brittany Burgundy Champagne Corsica Dauphiné Flanders and Hainaut Foix Forez Franche-Comté Gascony Guyenne Île-de-France Languedoc Limousin Lorraine Lyonnais Maine Marche Montbéliard Mulhouse Nice Nivernais Normandy Orléanais Perche Picardy Poitou Provence Roussillon Saintonge Savoy Touraine Trois-Évêchés Venaissin

Coordinates: 46°38′55″N 0°14′52″W / 46.6486°N 0.2478°W / 46.6

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