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Pleiku
Pleiku
is a city in central Vietnam, located in that nation's central highland region. It is the capital of the Gia Lai Province; Many years ago, it was inhabited primarily by the Bahnar and Jarai ethnic groups, sometimes known as the Montagnards or Degar. But now, it is inhabited primarily by Kinh ethnic group. The town is the centre of the urban district of Pleiku
Pleiku
which covers an area of 261 km². As of 2003 the district had a population of 186,763.[2] The city sits at the junction of several national roads—National Route 14 to Kon Tum in the north and Buôn Ma Thuột
Buôn Ma Thuột
in the south and National Route 19 to Stœng Trêng
Stœng Trêng
in Cambodia
Cambodia
in the west (via Ratanakiri Province) and to Bình Định Province
Bình Định Province
in the east. The city is home to the Hoàng Anh Gia Lai football club. Pleiku
Pleiku
is served by Pleiku
Pleiku
Airport in the near outskirts of the city.

Contents

1 History

1.1 First Indochina War 1.2 Second Indochina War

2 Climate 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] First Indochina War[edit] At the end of the First Indochina War, in June 1954, the French Army Groupe Mobile 100 was ordered to fall back from An Khê to Pleiku
Pleiku
and then to reopen Route Coloniale 14 between Pleiku
Pleiku
and Buôn Ma Thuột. This led to the last battle of the war: the Battle of Mang Yang Pass Second Indochina War[edit]

T' Nung Lake in outskirt of Pleiku

Pleiku
Pleiku
Square in Pleiku

Minh Thanh Pagoda in Pleiku

Pleiku
Pleiku
was strategically important during the Vietnam
Vietnam
War because it was the primary terminus of the military supply logistics corridor extending westwards along Highway 19 from the coastal population center and port facilities of Qui Nhơn. Additionally, its central location on the plateau, between Kon Tum
Kon Tum
in the north, Buôn Ma Thuột to the south, and the North Vietnamese Army's base areas inside Cambodia
Cambodia
to the west made Pleiku
Pleiku
the main center of defense of the entire highland region of the Republic of Vietnam. This was obvious to both sides; the United States
United States
established an armed presence very early in the conflict at Camp Holloway, and the Việt Cộng attack on this base in early 1965 was one of the key escalating events that brought U.S. troops into the conflict.[3]On 15 June 1972, Cathay Pacific Flight 700Z, operating a Convair 880
Convair 880
(VR-HFZ) from Bangkok to Hong Kong, disintegrated and crashed while the aircraft was flying at 29,000 feet (8,800 m) over Pleiku, Vietnam
Vietnam
after a bomb exploded in a suitcase placed under a seat in the cabin, killing all 81 people on board. Main article: Ho Chi Minh Campaign After the fall of Buôn Ma Thuột
Buôn Ma Thuột
to a major North Vietnamese assault in early 1975, and the resulting insecurity of National Route 19 leading from Qui Nhơn, the president, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, ordered the hasty evacuation of Pleiku. The military operation to attempt the withdrawal of ARVN forces, down the poorly maintained tertiary road LTL-7B through Ayun Pa
Ayun Pa
to Tuy Hòa, led to a catastrophe in which over 100,000 evacuees from Pleiku
Pleiku
and Kon Tum
Kon Tum
were killed or left stranded without support.[citation needed] Climate[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2016)

References[edit]

^ Pleiku, Sheet L7014 6636-IV, Defense Mapping Agency, Washington, 1965. ^ "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved 13 March 2009.  ^ Karnow, Stanley. Vietnam: A History, New York: Penguin Books, (1984), p. 428, ISBN 0670842184

Coordinates: 13°59′N 108°00′E / 13.983°N 108.000°E / 13.983; 108.000

v t e

Cities in Vietnam
Vietnam

Centrally-controlled municipalities

Special-class

Hanoi Ho Chi Minh

1st-class

Cần Thơ Da Nang Hai Phong

Provincial cities

1st-class

Biên Hòa Buôn Ma Thuột Da Lat Hạ Long Huế My Tho Nam Định Nha Trang Qui Nhơn Thái Nguyên Thanh Hóa Việt Trì Vinh Vũng Tàu

2nd-class

Bà Rịa Bạc Liêu Bắc Giang Bắc Ninh Cà Mau Cẩm Phả Châu Đốc Đồng Hới Hải Dương Lào Cai Long Xuyên Ninh Bình Phan Rang-Tháp Chàm Phan Thiết Pleiku Quảng Ngãi Rạch Giá Tam Kỳ Thái Bình Thủ Dầu Một Trà Vinh Tuy Hòa Uông Bí Vĩnh Yên

3rd-class

Bắc Cạn Bảo Lộc Bến Tre Cam Ranh Cao Bằng Cao Lãnh Điện Biên Phủ Đông Hà Đồng Hới Hà Giang Hà Tĩnh Hòa Bình Hội An Hưng Yên Kon Tum Lạng Sơn Móng Cái Phủ Lý Sóc Trăng Sơn La Tân An Tuyên Quang Vị Thanh Vĩnh Long Yên Bái

v t e

Districts of Central Highlands (Tây Nguyên)

Đắk Lắk Province

Buôn Ma Thuột Buôn Đôn Buôn Hồ Cư Kuin Cư M'gar Ea Súp Krông Ana Krông Bông Krông Buk Krông Năng Krông Pắk Lắk M'Đrăk

Đắk Nông Province

Gia Nghĩa Cư Jút Đăk Mil Đăk Glong Đăk R'Lấp Đăk Song Krông Nô Tuy Đức

Gia Lai Province

Pleiku An Khê Ayun Pa Chư Păh Chư Pưh Chư Prông Chư Sê Đắk Đoa Đắk Pơ Đức Cơ Ia Grai Ia Pa K'Bang Kông Chro Krông Pa Mang Yang Phú Thiện

Kon Tum
Kon Tum
Province

Kon Tum Đắk Glei Đắk Hà Đắk Tô Kon Plông Kon Rẫy Ngọc Hồi Sa Thầy Tu Mơ Rông

Lâm Đồng Province

Da Lat Bảo Lộc Bảo Lâm Cát Tiên Đạ Huoai Đạ Tẻh Đam Rông Đơn Dương Đức Trọng Lạc Dương Lâm Hà

External links[edit]

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46146153026705250642 GND: 4705338-0 BNF: cb1247

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