Contents 1 Biography 1.1 Work 1.2 Death 2 Assessment of his work 3 See also 4 Notes 4.1 Books referenced 5 Further reading 6 External links Biography[edit]
Fermat was born in the first decade of the 17th century in
Beaumont-de-Lomagne, France—the late 15th-century mansion where
Fermat was born is now a museum. He was from Gascony, where his
father, Dominique Fermat, was a wealthy leather merchant, and served
three one-year terms as one of the four consuls of
Beaumont-de-Lomagne. His mother was Claire de Long.[4] Pierre had one
brother and two sisters and was almost certainly brought up in the
town of his birth. There is little evidence concerning his school
education, but it was probably at the
Monument to Fermat in Beaumont-de-Lomagne Bust in the Salle des Illustres in Capitole de Toulouse He attended the
Pierre de Fermat Fermat was the first person known to have evaluated the integral of
general power functions. With his method, he was able to reduce this
evaluation to the sum of geometric series.[13] The resulting formula
was helpful to Newton, and then Leibniz, when they independently
developed the fundamental theorem of calculus.[citation needed]
In number theory, Fermat studied Pell's equation, perfect numbers,
amicable numbers and what would later become Fermat numbers. It was
while researching perfect numbers that he discovered Fermat's little
theorem. He invented a factorization method—Fermat's factorization
method—as well as the proof technique of infinite descent, which he
used to prove
Place of burial of
Death[edit]
Together with René Descartes, Fermat was one of the two leading
mathematicians of the first half of the 17th century. According to
Peter L. Bernstein, in his book Against the Gods, Fermat "was a
mathematician of rare power. He was an independent inventor of
analytic geometry, he contributed to the early development of
calculus, he did research on the weight of the earth, and he worked on
light refraction and optics. In the course of what turned out to be an
extended correspondence with Pascal, he made a significant
contribution to the theory of probability. But Fermat's crowning
achievement was in the theory of numbers."[20]
Regarding Fermat's work in analysis,
Diagonal form Euler's theorem List of things named after Pierre de Fermat Listing of the works of Alexandre Falguière Notes[edit] ^ a b When was
Books referenced[edit] Weil, André (1984). Number Theory: An approach through history From Hammurapi to Legendre. Birkhäuser. ISBN 0-8176-3141-0. Further reading[edit] Barner, Klaus. "
External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pierre de Fermat. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Pierre de Fermat
Fermat's Achievements
Fermat's Fallibility at MathPages
The Correspondence of
v t e Infinitesimals History Adequality Leibniz's notation Integral symbol Criticism of non-standard analysis The Analyst The Method of Mechanical Theorems Cavalieri's principle Method of indivisibles Related branches Non-standard analysis
Non-standard calculus
Formalizations Differentials Hyperreal numbers Dual numbers Surreal numbers Individual concepts Standard part function
Transfer principle
Hyperinteger
Increment theorem
Monad
Internal set
Levi-Civita field
Hyperfinite set
Scientists Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Abraham Robinson Pierre de Fermat Augustin-Louis Cauchy Leonhard Euler Textbooks Analyse des Infiniment Petits Elementary Calculus Cours d'Analyse
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