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The Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland. The first documented Polish monarch was Prince Mieszko I (c. 930–992). The Piasts' royal rule in Poland
Poland
ended in 1370 with the death of king Casimir III the Great. Branches of the Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
continued to rule in the Duchy of Masovia
Masovia
and in the Duchies of Silesia
Duchies of Silesia
until the last male Silesian Piast died in 1675. The Piasts intermarried with several noble lines of Europe, and possessed numerous titles, some within the Holy Roman Empire.

Contents

1 Origin of the name 2 History 3 Coat of arms 4 Piast rulers

4.1 Dukes of the Polans 4.2 Dukes and Kings of Poland 4.3 High Dukes of Poland
Poland
(Fragmentation of the Kingdom) 4.4 Kings of Poland
Poland
(Reunification attempts) 4.5 Kings of Poland
Poland
(Reunited Kingdom)

5 Female Piasts

5.1 Queen consorts

6 Priesthood

6.1 Archbishops 6.2 Bishops

7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Origin of the name[edit] The early dukes and kings of Poland
Poland
are said to have regarded themselves as descendants of the semi-legendary Piast the Wheelwright (Piast Kołodziej), first mentioned in the Cronicae et gesta ducum sive principum Polonorum (Chronicles and deeds of the dukes or princes of the Poles), written c. 1113 by Gallus Anonymus. However, the term "Piast Dynasty" was not applied until the 17th century.[3][4] In a historical work the expression Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
was introduced by the Polish historian Adam Naruszewicz, it is not documented in contemporary sources. No one in over a 1000 years of Polish history bore the first name Piast[5]. History[edit] Main article: History of Poland
Poland
during the Piast dynasty The first "Piasts", probably of Polan descent, appeared around 940 in the territory of Greater Poland
Poland
at the stronghold of Giecz. Shortly afterwards they relocated their residence to Gniezno, where Prince Mieszko I ruled over the Civitas Schinesghe
Civitas Schinesghe
from about 960. The name Polani, from Slavic: pole ("field"), did not appear until 1015. The Piasts temporarily also ruled over Pomerania, Bohemia
Bohemia
and the Lusatias, as well as Ruthenia, and the Hungarian Spiš
Spiš
region in present-day Slovakia. The ruler bore the title of a duke or a king, depending on their position of power. The Polish monarchy had to deal with the expansionist policies of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in the west, resulting in a chequered co-existence, with Piast rulers like Mieszko I, Casimir I the Restorer
Casimir I the Restorer
or Władysław I Herman
Władysław I Herman
trying to protect the Polish state by treaties, oath of allegiances and marriage politics with the Imperial Ottonian and Salian dynasties. The Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty, the Hungarian Arpads and their Anjou successors, the Kievan Rus', later also the State of the Teutonic Order
State of the Teutonic Order
and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
were mighty neighbours. The Piast position was decisively enfeebled by an era of fragmentation following the 1138 Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty. For nearly 150 years, the Polish state shattered into several duchies, with the Piast duke against the formally valid principle of agnatic seniority fighting for the throne at Kraków, the capital of the Lesser Polish Seniorate Province. Numerous dukes like Mieszko III the Old, Władysław III Spindleshanks or Leszek I the White
Leszek I the White
were crowned, only to be overthrown shortly afterwards. The senior branch of the Silesian Piasts, descendants of Bolesław III Krzywousty's eldest son Duke Władysław II the Exile, went separate ways and since the 14th century were vassals of the Bohemian Crown. After the Polish royal line and Piast junior branch had died out in 1370, the Polish crown fell to the Anjou king Louis I of Hungary, son of late King
King
Casimir's sister Elizabeth Piast. The Masovian branch of the Piasts became extinct with the death of Duke
Duke
Janusz III in 1526. The last ruling duke of the Silesian Piasts
Silesian Piasts
was George William of Legnica who died in 1675. His uncle Count August of Legnica, the last male Piast, died in 1679. The last legitimate heir, Duchess Karolina of Legnica-Brieg died in 1707 and is buried in Trzebnica Abbey. Nevertheless, numerous families, like the illegitimate descendants of the Silesian duke Adam Wenceslaus of Cieszyn (1574–1617), link their genealogy to the dynasty. Coat of arms[edit] About 1295, Przemysł II
Przemysł II
used a coat of arms with a white eagle – a symbol later referred to as the Piast coat of arms or as the Piast Eagle.[6] Piast rulers[edit] Piast kings and rulers of Poland
Poland
appear in list form in the following table. For a list of all rulers, see List of Polish monarchs. Dukes of the Polans[edit]

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Chościsko

Latin: Semovit filius Past Ckosisconis, Pazt filius Chosisconisu Duke

9th century 9th century 9th century A legendary ruler of the Polans, father of Piast the Wheelwright Polans (Tribe)

Piast the Wheelwright

Polish: Piast Kołodziej Latin: Past Ckosisconis, Pazt filius Chosisconisu Duke

9th century 9th century 9th century A legendary ruler of the Polans Son of Chościsko, father of Siemowit Founder of the Piast dynasty Piast

Siemowit

Ziemowit Duke

9th century 9th century 9th century A semi-legendary ruler of the Polans, son of Piast the Wheelwright
Piast the Wheelwright
and Rzepicha Piast

Lestek

Leszek, Lestko Duke

9th / 10th centuries 9th / 10th centuries 9th / 10th centuries A semi-legendary ruler of the Polans, son of Siemowit Piast

Siemomysł

Ziemomysł Duke

10th century 10th century 10th century A semi-legendary ruler of the Polans, son of Lestek Piast

Dukes and Kings of Poland[edit]

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Mieszko I of Poland

Duke

ca. 940 – 25 May 992 ca. 960 992 Son of Siemomysł First Christian monarch Misico, dux Wandalorum Piast

Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I the Great Polish: Bolesław I Chrobry
Bolesław I Chrobry
(Wielki)

King

967 – 17 June 1025 Duke: 992 King: 18 April 1025 Duke: 18 April 1025 King: 17 June 1025 Son of Mieszko I and Dobrawa of Bohemia First to be crowned King Regnum Sclavorum, Gothorum sive Polonorum Piast

Mieszko II Lambert

King

ca. 990 – 10/11 May 1034 1025 1031 Son of Bolesław I and Emnilda of Lusatia Piast

Bezprym

Duke

ca. 986 – 1032 1031 1032 Son of Bolesław I and Judith of Hungary
Judith of Hungary
(disputed) Piast

Otto Bolesławowic

Duke

1000 – 1033 1032 1032 Son of Bolesław I and Emnilda Piast

Theodorick

Dytryk Duke

after 992 - after 1032 1032 1032 /1033 Grandson of Mieszko I and Oda of Haldensleben Piast

Mieszko II Lambert

Duke

ca. 990 – 10/11 May 1034 1032 1034 Restored Piast

Bolesław the Forgotten

Polish: Bolesław Zapomniany Duke

before 1016 – 1038 or 1039 1034 1038 /1039 Semi-legendary, existence disputed Piast

Casimir I the Restorer

Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Duke

(1016-06-25)25 June 1016 – 28 November 1058(1058-11-28) (aged 42) 1039 1058 Son of Mieszko II and Richeza of Lotharingia Piast

Bolesław II the Bold

Polish: Bolesław II Szczodry / Śmiały

King

ca. 1041 or 1042 – 2 or 3 April 1081 or 1082 Duke: 1058 King: 1076 Duke: 1076 King: 1079 Son of Kazimierz I and Maria Dobroniega of Kiev Piast

Władysław I Herman

Duke

ca. 1044 – 4 June 1102 1079 1102 Son of Kazimierz I and Maria Dobroniega Piast

Zbigniew

Zbygniew Duke

ca. 1073 – 8 July 1113 1102 1107 Son of Władysław I and Przecława of Prawdzic coat of arms (disputed) First jointly with Władysław I 1098-1102 Piast

Bolesław III Wrymouth

Polish: Bolesław III Krzywousty Duke

(1086-08-20)20 August 1086 – 28 October 1138(1138-10-28) (aged 52) 1107 1138 Son of Władysław I and Judith of Bohemia First jointly with Władysław 1098-1102 Introduced senioral principle Piast

High Dukes of Poland
Poland
(Fragmentation of the Kingdom)[edit]

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Władysław II the Exile

Polish: Władysław II Wygnaniec High Duke Supreme Prince

1105 – 30 May 1159 1138 1146 Son of Bolesław III and Zbyslava of Kiev Also Duke
Duke
of Silesia Exiled by his brothers Piast

Bolesław IV the Curly

Polish: Bolesław Kędzierzawy High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1125 – 5 January 1173 1146 1173 Son of Bolesław III and Salomea of Berg Also Duke
Duke
of Masovia Piast

Mieszko III the Old

Polish: Mieszko III Stary High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1127 – 13 March 1202 1173 1177 Son of Bolesław III and Salomea Also Duke
Duke
of Greater Poland Piast

Casimir II the Just

Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1138 – 5 May 1194 1177 1190 Son of Bolesław III and Salomea Also Duke
Duke
of Wiślica and Sandomierz Piast

Mieszko III the Old

Polish: Mieszko III Stary High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1127 – 13 March 1202 1190 1190 Restored Piast

Casimir II the Just

Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1138 – 5 May 1194 1190 1194 Restored Piast

Leszek I the White

Polish: Leszek Biały High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1186 – 24 November 1227 1194 1198 Son of Casimir II and Helen of Znojmo Also Duke
Duke
of Sandomierz Piast

Mieszko III the Old

Polish: Mieszko III Stary High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1127 – 13 March 1202 1198 1199 Restored Piast

Leszek I the White

Polish: Leszek Biały High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1186 – 24 November 1227 1199 1199 Restored Piast

Mieszko III the Old

Polish: Mieszko III Stary High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1127 – 13 March 1202 1199 1202 Restored Piast

Władysław III Spindleshanks

Polish: Władysław III Laskonogi High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1161/66 – 3 November 1231 1202 1202 Son of Mieszko III and Eudoxia of Kiev Also Duke
Duke
of Greater Poland Piast

Leszek I the White

Polish: Leszek Biały High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1186 – 24 November 1227 1202 1210 Restored Piast

Mieszko IV Tanglefoot

Polish: Mieszko I Plątonogi High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1130 – 16 May 1211 1210 1211 Son of Władysław II and Agnes of Babenberg Also Duke
Duke
of Silesia Piast

Leszek I the White

Polish: Leszek Biały High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1186 – 24 November 1227 1211 1225 Restored Piast

Henryk I the Bearded

Polish: Henryk I Brodaty High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1165 – 19 March 1238 1225 1225 Grandson of Władysław II, son of Bolesław I the Tall
Bolesław I the Tall
and Krystyna Also Duke
Duke
of Silesia Piast

Leszek I the White

Polish: Leszek Biały High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1186 – 24 November 1227 1225 1227 Restored Assassinated Piast

Władysław III Spindleshanks

Polish: Władysław III Laskonogi High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1161/66 – 3 November 1231 1227 1229 Restored Piast

Konrad I of Masovia

Polish: Konrad I Mazowiecki High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1187/88 – 31 August 1247 1229 1232 Son of Kazimierz II and Helen of Znojmo Also Duke
Duke
of Masovia Piast

Henryk I the Bearded

Polish: Henryk I Brodaty High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1165 – 19 March 1238 1232 1238 Restored Piast

Henryk II the Pious

Polish: Henryk II Pobożny High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1196 – 9 April 1241 1238 1241 Son of Henry I and Saint Hedwig of Andechs
Hedwig of Andechs
(Saint Hedwig of Silesia) Also Duke
Duke
of Wroclaw and Greater Poland Fell at Battle of Legnica Piast

Bolesław II Rogatka

Bolesław II the Horned High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1220 – 1225 1241 1241 Son of Henry II and Anne of Bohemia Also Duke
Duke
of Silesia Piast

Konrad I of Masovia

Polish: Konrad I Mazowiecki High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1187/88 – 31 August 1247 1241 1243 Restored Piast

Bolesław V the Chaste

Polish: Bolesław Wstydliwy High Duke Supreme Prince

21 June 1226 – 7 December 1279 1243 1279 Son of Leszek the White
Leszek the White
and Grzymislawa of Luck Piast

Leszek II the Black

Polish: Leszek Czarny High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1241 – 30 September 1288 1279 1288 Paternal grandson of Konrad I of Masovia Maternal grandson of Henry II Son of Casimir I of Kuyavia
Kuyavia
and Constance of Wrocław Piast

Bolesław II of Masovia

Boleslaw II of Płock High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1251 – 20 April 1313 1288 1288 Grandson of Konrad I of Masovia Duke
Duke
of Masovia Piast

Henryk IV Probus

Polish: Henryk IV Prawy High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1257/58 – 23 June 1290 1288 1289 Paternal grandson of Henryk II Maternal grandson of Konrad I Son of Henry III the White
Henry III the White
and Judyta of Masovia Duke
Duke
of Lower Silesia Piast

Bolesław II of Masovia

Boleslaw II of Płock High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1251 – 20 April 1313 1289 1289 Restored Piast

Władysław I the Elbow-high

Polish: Władysław I Łokietek High Duke Supreme Prince

1261 – 2 March 1333 1289 1289 Grandson of Konrad I of Masovia Son of Kazimierz I of Kujawia and Euphrosyne of Opole Piast

Henryk IV Probus

Polish: Henryk IV Prawy High Duke Supreme Prince

ca. 1257/58 – 23 June 1290 1289 1290 Restored Piast

Kings of Poland
Poland
(Reunification attempts)[edit]

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Przemysł II

Premyslas, Premislaus

King

(1257-10-14)14 October 1257 – 8 February 1296(1296-02-08) (aged 38) High Duke: 1290 King: 1295 High Duke: 1291 King: 1296 Grandson of Henryk II Son of Przemysł I
Przemysł I
and Elisabeth of Wrocław Also Duke
Duke
of Poznań, Greater Poland
Poland
and Pomerania Piast

Kings of Poland
Poland
(Reunited Kingdom)[edit]

Name Lifespan Reign start Reign end Notes Family Image

Władysław I the Elbow-high

Polish: Władysław I Łokietek

King

1261 – 2 March 1333 1320 1333 Restored Re-united the Kingdom of Poland Piast

Casimir III the Great

Polish: Kazimierz III Wielki

King

(1310-04-30)30 April 1310 – 5 November 1370(1370-11-05) (aged 60) 1333 1370 Son of Władysław I the Elbow-high
Władysław I the Elbow-high
and Jadwiga of Kalisz Regarded as one of the greatest Polish monarchs Piast

Female Piasts[edit] Queen consorts[edit]

Denar Princes Polonie, 11th century (in the times of Bolesław I Chrobry), one of the most famous coins in the history of Polish coinage.

Świętosława, daughter of Mieszko I of Poland, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and England, mother of Cnut the Great, King
King
of all England, Denmark and Norway Świętosława
Świętosława
of Poland, daughter of Casimir I the Restorer, Queen consort of Bohemia Richeza of Poland, Queen of Sweden, daughter of Bolesław III Wrymouth, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Sweden, mother of Canute V of Denmark, King of Denmark and Sophia of Minsk, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Denmark Richeza of Poland, Queen of Castile, daughter of Władysław II the Exile, Queen consort
Queen consort
of León and Galicia, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Castile, Empress of All Spains Salomea of Poland, daughter of Leszek I the White, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Halych Fenenna of Kuyavia, daughter of Ziemomysł of Kuyavia, Queen consort of Hungary Elizabeth Richeza of Poland, daughter of Przemysł II, Queen consort of Poland
Poland
and Bohemia Viola of Cieszyn, daughter of Mieszko I, Duke
Duke
of Cieszyn, Queen consort of Hungary, Bohemia
Bohemia
and Poland Maria of Bytom, daughter of Casimir of Bytom, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Hungary Beatrice of Silesia, daughter of Bolko I the Strict, Queen of the Romans Hedwig of Kalisz, daughter of Bolesław the Pious, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Poland, mother of Casimir III the Great
Casimir III the Great
King
King
of Poland
Poland
and Elizabeth of Poland
Poland
Queen consort
Queen consort
of Hungary Elizabeth of Poland, daughter of Władysław I the Elbow-high, Queen consort of Hungary, mother of Louis I, King
King
of Poland, Hungary and Croatia and Charles I of Hungary, King
King
of Hungary and Croatia Anna of Świdnica, daughter of Henry II, Duke
Duke
of Świdnica, Queen consort of Germany, of Bohemia
Bohemia
and Holy Roman Empress, mother of Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia, King
King
of the Romans and of Bohemia Hedwig of Sagan, daughter of Henry V of Iron, Queen consort
Queen consort
of Poland

Priesthood[edit]

Poland
Poland
in the times of the Piast dynasty
Piast dynasty
(992-1025)

Archbishops[edit]

Bolesław of Toszek – Archbishop of Esztergom Władysław of Wroclaw
Władysław of Wroclaw
– Archbishop of Salzburg

Bishops[edit]

Jarosław of Opole – Bishop of Wrocław Mieszko of Bytom – Bishop of Nitra
Nitra
and of Veszprém Henry of Masovia
Masovia
– Bishop of Płock Jan Kropidło
Jan Kropidło
– Bishop of Poznań, Włocławek, Kamień and Chełmno, Archbishop of Gniezno
Gniezno
(only formally) Wenceslaus II of Legnica
Wenceslaus II of Legnica
– Bishop of Lebus and of Wrocław Henry VIII of Legnica – Bishop of Wrocław Konrad IV the Older
Konrad IV the Older
– Bishop of Wrocław Alexander of Mazovia – Bishop of Trento Casimir III of Płock – Bishop of Płock

See also[edit]

Kings of Poland
Poland
family tree List of Polish rulers Dukes of Silesia
Dukes of Silesia
and Silesian Piasts Dukes of Masovia Dukes of Greater Poland Dukes of Teschen Dukes of Leczyca Dukes of Sieradz Category:House of Piast Wawel

References[edit]

^ A. Małecki, Studya heraldyczne [Heraldic Studies], vol. I, Lwów 1890, pp. 268-285; M. L. Wójcik, Ród Gryfitów do końca XIII wieku. Pochodzenie — genealogia — rozsiedlenie, Historia CVII, Wrocław 1993, p. 39. ^ Rodowód książąt pomorskich Edward Rymar Książnica Pomorska, 2005, page 53 ^ Encyklopedia Powszechna PWN Warsaw 1975 vol. III p. 505 ^ "Piast Dynasty". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 30 March 2011. The name Piast was not applied to the dynasty until the 17th century.  ^ [1] No actual person bore the name Piast ^ Górczyk, Wojciech, "Półksiężyc, orzeł, lew i smok. Uwagi o godłach napieczętnych Piastów" http://histmag.org/?id=3057&act=ac

External links[edit]

Dukes of Kraków, Princes of Poland, Collier's

v t e

Monarchs of Poland

Piast dynasty

Siemowit Lestek Siemomysł Mieszko I Bolesław I the Brave Bezprym Mieszko II Lambert (Bolesław the Forgotten) Casimir I the Restorer Bolesław II the Generous Władysław I Herman Zbigniew Bolesław III Wrymouth

Fragmentation period

Supreme Princes

Władysław II the Exile Bolesław IV the Curly Mieszko III the Old Casimir II the Just Leszek the White Władysław III Spindleshanks Władysław Odonic Mieszko IV Tanglefoot Konrad I Henry the Bearded Henry II the Pious Bolesław V the Chaste Leszek II the Black Henryk IV Probus Przemysł II

See also

Dukes of Silesia Dukes of Greater Poland Dukes of Little Poland Dukes of Masovia Dukes of Cuyavia Dukes of Sieradz-Łęczyca Dukes of Gdańsk Pomerania Dukes of Pomerania

Přemyslid dynasty

Wenceslaus II Wenceslaus III

Restored Piast dynasty

Władysław I the Elbow-high Casimir III the Great

Capet-Anjou dynasty

Louis I the Hungarian Jadwiga

Jagiellonian dynasty

Władysław II Jagiełło Władysław III of Varna Casimir IV John I Albert Alexander Sigismund I the Old Sigismund II Augustus

Elective monarchy

Henry of Valois Anna Jagiellon Stephen Báthory Sigismund III Vasa Władysław IV Vasa John II Casimir Vasa Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki John III Sobieski August II the Strong Stanisław I August III the Saxon Stanisław August Poniatowski

Italics indicates monarchs of questioned historicity or entirely legendary.

v t e

Royal houses of Europe

Nordic countries

Denmark

Knýtlinga Fairhair Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Finland

Bjelbo Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov

Norway

Fairhair Knýtlinga Hardrada Gille Sverre Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Sweden

Munsö Stenkil Sverker Eric Bjelbo Estridsen Mecklenburg Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Vasa Palatinate-Zweibrücken Hesse-Kassel Holstein-Gottorp Bernadotte

Iceland

Fairhair Bjelbo Estridsen Griffins Palatinate-Neumarkt Bonde Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Britain and Ireland

England

Mercia Wuffing Kent Sussex Essex Bernicia Deira Northumbria Uí Ímair Wessex Knýtlinga Normandy Angevin Plantagenet Lancaster York Tudor

Scotland

Fergus Óengus Strathclyde Mann and the Isles Alpin Northumbria Bernicia Uí Ímair Galloway Dunkeld Sverre Balliol Bruce Stuart

Wales

Dinefwr Aberffraw Gwynedd Mathrafal Cunedda Tudor

Ireland

Ulaid Dál Riata Érainn Corcu Loígde Laigin Connachta Uí Néill Ó Gallchobhair Ó Domhnail Ó Néill Ó Máel Sechlainn Mac Murchada Ó Briain Mac Lochlainn Ó Conchobhair

Gaelic Ireland

Laigin Síl Conairi Ulaid Dáirine Osraige Cruthin Dál nAraidi Connachta Uí Fiachrach Uí Briúin Uí Néill Síl nÁedo Sláine Clann Cholmáin Eóganachta Chaisil Glendamnach Raithlind Uí Dúnlainge Uí Ímair
Uí Ímair
(Norse) Uí Ceinnselaig Dál gCais Ó Briain Mac Carthaig Ó Conchobhair Ó Ruairc De Burgh (Norman) FitzGerald (Norman) Ó Domhnaill Ó Néill

Great Britain

Stuart Orange-Nassau Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Windsor

Eastern Europe

Albania

Angevin Progon Arianiti Thopia Kastrioti Dukagjini Wied Zogu Ottoman Savoy

Armenia2

Orontid Artaxiad Arsacid Bagratid Artsruni Rubenids Hethumids Lusignan Savoy

Bosnia

Boričević Kulinić Kotromanić Kosača Ottoman Habsburg-Lorraine

Bulgaria

Dulo Krum Cometopuli Asen Smilets Terter Shishman Sratsimir Battenberg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Croatia

Trpimirović Domagojević Svačić Ottoman Luxembourg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine Bonaparte Savoy (disputed)

Cyprus2

Plantagenet Lusignan Ottoman Savoy

Georgia1

Pharnavazid Artaxiad Arsacid Ottoman Chosroid Bagrationi

Greece

Argead Macedonian Doukas Komnenos Angelos Laskaris Palaiologos Ottoman Wittelsbach Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

Lithuania

Mindaugas Gediminids Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov

Moldavia

Dragoș (Drăgoșești) Rossetti Bogdan-Muşat Movilești Drăculeşti Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Racoviță Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Basarab

Montenegro

Vojislavljević Balšić Ottoman Crnojević Petrović-Njegoš

Romania

House of Basarab Rossetti Bogdan-Mușat Movilești Drăculești Ghica Cantacuzene Cantemirești Romanov Racoviță Ottoman Mavrocordato Ypsilantis Soutzos Mourousi Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Romania/Royal family

Russia1

Rurik Borjigin Godunov Shuysky Vasa Romanov

Serbia

Vlastimirović Vukanović Nemanjić Lazarević Mrnjavčević Dejanović Branković Ottoman Obrenović Karađorđević

Turkey1

Ottoman

Ukraine

Rurikids Piast Gediminids Olshanski Olelkovich Giray Romanov Habsburg-Lorraine

1 Transcontinental country. 2 Entirely in Southwest Asia
Asia
but having socio-political connections with Europe.

Western Europe

Belgium

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

France

Merovingian Carolingian Capet Valois Bourbon Bonaparte Orléans

Italy

Aleramici Appiani Bonaparte Bourbon-Parma Bourbon-Two Sicilies Carolingian Della Rovere Este Farnese Flavian Gonzaga Grimaldi Habsburg Julio-Claudian Malatesta Malaspina Medici Montefeltro Nerva–Antonine Ordelaffi Orsini Palaiologos Pallavicini Savoy Severan Sforza Visconti

Luxembourg

Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Bourbon-Parma

Monaco

Grimaldi

Netherlands

Bonaparte Orange-Nassau (Mecklenburg) (Lippe) (Amsberg)

Portugal

Vímara Peres Burgundy Aviz Habsburg Spanish Braganza

Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Spain

Asturias Barcelona Jiménez Burgundy Champagne Capet Évreux Trastámara Habsburg Bourbon

Bonaparte Savoy

Central Europe

Austria

Babenberg Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Bohemia

Přemyslid Piast Luxembourg Jagiellon Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Germany

Ascania Carolingian Conradines Ottonian Luitpolding Salian Süpplingenburg Hohenstaufen Welf Habsburg Hanover Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Nassau Luxembourg Wittelsbach Schwarzburg Brunswick-Lüneburg House of Pomerania Hohenzollern Württemberg Oldenburg Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Orange-Nassau Nassau-Weilburg Mecklenburg Vasa Palatine Zweibrücken Hesse Holstein-Gottorp Romanov Bonaparte Wettin Lippe Zähringen

Hungary

Árpád Přemyslid Wittelsbach Angevin Luxembourg Hunyadi Jagiellon Szapolyai Ottoman Habsburg Habsburg-Lorraine

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Poland

Piast Přemyslid Samborides Griffins Jagiellon Valois Báthory Vasa Wiśniowiecki Sobieski Wettin Leszczyński Poniatowski

After partitions:

Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Kingdom of Poland Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Wettin Duchy of Warsaw Lefebvre Duchy of Gdańsk Hohenzollern Duchy of Poznań

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 72189298 GN

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