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The Order of Pope
Pope
Pius IX (Italian: Ordine di Pio IX), also referred as the Pian Order (Italian: Ordine Piano), is a papal order of knighthood founded on 17 June 1847 by Pope
Pope
Pius IX.[1] Since November 1993, it has been granted to women. Founded by Pope
Pope
Pius IV in 1560, the awarding of the order fell into disuse and was re-instituted by Pope
Pope
Pius IX as a continuation in 1847. The highest rank awarded by the Pope
Pope
is the gold Collar of the Order, awarded to heads of state on the occasion of official visits to the Holy See. The Grand Cross
Grand Cross
is the highest Papal award given to lay men and women, often given to Ambassadors accredited to the Holy See
Holy See
after two years in post as well as exceptional Catholics in the wider world for particular services, mainly in the international field and for outstanding deeds for Church and society. The next rank is that of Knight (and now Dame) Commander, to whom the Star
Star
(the same as worn by the Grand Crosses) may be given as a higher distinction. The lowest rank is that of Knight or Dame. It is awarded to Catholics and non-Catholics and, on occasion, to non-Christians.

Contents

1 Order of Classes 2 Insignia and uniform 3 Notable members

3.1 Royal houses and nobility 3.2 Politicians 3.3 Diplomats to the Holy See

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Order of Classes[edit]

1893 artistic sketch of the medal.

The Order comprises five classes:

Knight with the Collar: who wear a gold chain around their shoulders which is decorated with the papal tiara and two doves, and on the breast a large badge. It is the highest active papal decoration, and is reserved for heads of state. Knight / Dame Grand Cross
Grand Cross
(GCPO): who wear a wide dark blue silk ribbon (sash) bordered with red which extends saltire-wise from the left shoulder to the right side where the star of the order is suspended by a rosette, and on the breast a large diamond-studded badge. It is commonly awarded to the ambassadors accredited to the Holy See. Knight / Dame Commander with Star
Star
(KC*PO / DC*PO): who in addition to the star wear a badge of smaller design than that of Knights of the Great Ribbon
Ribbon
on the breast Knight / Dame Commander (KCPO / DCPO): who wear the decoration at the neck Knight / Dame (KPO / DPO): who wear the star on the left breast

Pope
Pope
Pius IV, founded the first Pian Order in 1560.

Pope
Pope
Pius IX, re-instituted the Pian Order under his Papal name and pontificate in 1847.

Knight/Dame

Commander

Grand Officer

Grand Cross

Knight Grand Cross
Grand Cross
with Collar

Insignia and uniform[edit] The decoration is a regular octagram made of blue enamel, the spaces between the rays filled with gold flames. On the white medallion in the center the name of the founder surrounded by the words Virtuti et Merito ("Virtue and Merit") is engraved. The reverse side is the same save for the substitution of Anno 1847 for Pius IX. The rarely worn official uniform consists of an elaborately embroidered dark blue evening coat with golden epaulettes, white trousers, and a white-plumed bicorne. Knights with the Collar wear a gold decorated chain around the neck, and a star on the left side of the breast; Knights Grand Cross
Grand Cross
wear a sash and a star on the left side of the breast; Commanders wear a cross around the neck; and Knights wear a smaller cross on the left breast of the uniform: Notable members[edit] Royal houses and nobility[edit]

Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia King Juan Carlos I of Spain, first and only honorary canon of the Basilica of Saint Mary Major Albert II, King of the Belgians Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden, with Collar. Marie Joseph Charles, 6th Duke d'Ursel Miles Stapleton Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal, Premier Duke of England Fra Andrew Bertie, Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta Jean-Pierre Mazery, Grand Chancellor of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg Count Herman van Rompuy, former Prime minister - with Collar. Count Charles Woeste, Minister Count Charles de Broqueville, former Prime minister.

The Pian medal belonging to the 21st President of Brazil
President of Brazil
Juscelino Kubitschek, unrestored and on display on his memorial

Politicians[edit]

Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, former President of Greece Diosdado Macapagal, former President of the Philippines Jacques Chirac, former President of France Juscelino Kubitschek, former President of Brazil Carlos Menem, former President of Argentina Demetris Christofias, former President of Cyprus Władysław Grabski, former Prime Minister of Poland George Papandreou, former Prime Minister of Greece Virgil C. Dechant, former vice-president for the Vatican Bank & Supreme Knight
Supreme Knight
of the Knights of Columbus Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, current President of Portugal

Diplomats to the Holy See[edit]

Ambassador of the Republic of China to the Holy See
Holy See
wearing sash and star of the Order of Pius IX.

Mercedes Arrastia Tuason, Philippine Ambassador to the Holy See
Holy See
and Magistral Dame of the Knights of the Order of Malta Khétévane Bagration de Moukhrani, Georgian Ambassador to the Holy See Daniel Ramada Piendibene, former Uruguayan Ambassador to the Holy See and Grand Cross
Grand Cross
pro Merito Melitensi. William A. Wilson, former United States Ambassador to the Holy See Frank Shakespeare, former United States Ambassador to the Holy See Thomas Patrick Melady, former United States Ambassador to the Holy See Raymond Flynn, former Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, Ambassador to the Holy See Lindy Boggs, former Member of Congress and Ambassador to the Holy See Peter K. Murphy[citation needed] Joseph V. Reed[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Papal Orders of Knighthood

References[edit]

^ a b c  Rock, P.M.J. (1913). "Pontifical Decorations". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  access-date= requires url= (help)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of Pope
Pope
Pius IX.

Association of Papal Orders in Great Britain Association of Papal Orders in Great Britain of Pius IX, Saint Gregory and Saint Sylvester: The Pontifical Order of Pius IX The Knights of Christ's Mercy: Order of Pius IX National Association of Papal Honorees: Roll of US Members of the Order of Pius IX

v t e

Orders, decorations, and medals of the Holy See

Orders of the Holy See

Supreme Order of Christ Order of the Golden Spur Order of Pope
Pope
Pius IX Order of St. Gregory the Great Order of Saint Sylvester

Orders under protection of the Holy See (with distinctions)

Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
( Order pro merito Melitensi, Medal of the Order pro Merito Melitensi) Order of the Holy Sepulchre
Order of the Holy Sepulchre
( Palm of Jerusalem, Pilgrim Shell, Cross of Merit) Teutonic Order
Teutonic Order
( Honorary Knights)

Other distinctions

Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice Benemerenti medal Golden Rose Jerusalem Pilgrim's Cross

Defunct/dormant distinctions (1870, 1954, 1977)

Order of Saint John of the Lateran Order of Saint Cecilia (1870) Order of the Moor (1870) Order of Saint Sylvester
Order of Saint Sylvester
and the Militia Aurata (1905) Advocates of Saint Peter (1909) Blessed sword and hat
Blessed sword and hat
(1823) Medal of Military Merit Fidei et Virtuti Pro Petri Sede Lauretan Cross (middle part of the 20th Century) Papal Lateran Cross
Papal Lateran Cross
(1977)

See also

Papal Household Swiss Guard Other Catholic orders of chivaly Catholic ecclesiastical decorations

Pope
Pope
portal Vatican City portal Catholicism portal

v t e

Orders of the Italian States before unification (1871)

Kingdom of Sardinia

Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus Military Order of Savoy Civil Order of Savoy

Republic of Genoa

Military Order of Saint George (Red-coloured cross)

Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia (Austrian orders)

Order of the Golden Fleece Order of Saint Stephen
Order of Saint Stephen
of Hungary Military Order of Maria Theresa Order of the Iron Crown Order of Leopold Order of Franz Joseph Order of the Starry Cross Order of Elizabeth and Theresa

Republic of Venice

Order of Saint Mark Company of the Hose Order of the Golden Stole

Duchy of Lucca

Order of Saint George for Military Merit Order of Saint Louis for Civil Merit

Duchy of Parma

Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George Order of Saint Louis for Civil Merit

Duchy of Modena and Reggio

Order of the Eagle of Este Cross of Seniority of Service

Grand Duchy of Tuscany

Order of Saint Stephen Order of Saint Joseph Order of the Civil and Military Merit

Papal States

Holy See

Supreme Order of Christ Order of the Golden Spur Order of Pope
Pope
Pius IX Order of Saint Gregory the Great Order of Saint Sylvester

Protected by the Holy See

Order of the Holy Sepulchre Teutonic Order

See also

Sovereign Military Order of Malta

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

Order of Saint Januarius Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit Royal Order of the Two-Sicilies Order of Saint George and Reunion Royal Order of Francis I

See also: Template:Italian orders, decor

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