A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field
of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at
all length and time scales in the physical universe. [1][2] Physicists
generally are interested in the root or ultimate causes of phenomena,
and usually frame their understanding in mathematical terms.
Physicists work across a wide range of research fields, spanning all
length scales: from sub-atomic and particle physics, to molecular
length scales of chemical and biological interest, to cosmological
length scales encompassing the
Contents 1 History 2 Education 3 Honors and awards 4 Careers 5 Professional Certification 5.1 United Kingdom 5.2 Canada 5.3 South Africa 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links History[edit] Main article: History of physics In an 18th-century experiment in "natural philosophy" (later to be
called "physics") English scientist
The study and practice of physics is based on an intellectual ladder
of discoveries and insights from ancient times to the present. Many
mathematical and physical ideas used today found their earliest
expression in ancient Greek culture (for example by Euclid, Thales of
Miletus,
Students observing a demonstration at a laser physics institute A standard undergraduate physics curriculum consists of classical
mechanics, electricity and magnetism, non-relativistic quantum
mechanics, optics, and statistical mechanics and
thermodynamics.[8][9][10]
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
Institute of
References[edit] ^ a b Rosen, Joe (2009). Encyclopedia of Physics. Infobase Publishing.
p. 247.
^ MERRIAM-WEBSTER DICTIONARY - Simple Definition of physicist: a
scientist who studies or is a specialist in physics
^ "Industrial Physicists: Primarily specializing in Physics" (PDF).
American Institute for Physics. October 2016.
^ "Industrial Physicists: Primarily specializing in Engineering"
(PDF). American Institute for Physics. October 2016.
^ "Industrial Physicists: Primarily specializing outside of STEM
sectors" (PDF). American Institute for Physics. October 2016.
^ Cahan, David, ed. (2003). From Natural Philosophy to the Sciences:
Writing the History of Nineteenth-Century Science. Chicago: University
of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226089282.
^ Donald S. L. Cardwell, James Joule: A Biography, Manchester
University Press - 1989, page 18
^ Wachter, Armin; Hoeber, Henning (2006). Compendium of Theoretical
Physics. New York, NY: Springer. ISBN 0-387-25799-3.
^ Krey, Uwe; Owen, Anthony (2007). Basic Theoretical Physics : A
concise overview (1st ed.). Berlin: Springer.
ISBN 978-3-540-36804-5.
^ Kompaneyets, A. S. (2012).
Further reading[edit] Whitten, Barbara L.; Foster, Suzanne R.; Duncombe, Margaret L. (2003).
"What works for women in physics?".
External links[edit] Look up physicist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. How to become a GOOD Theoretical Physicist, Utrecht University
Physicists and Astronomers; US Bureau of Labor Statistics,
Occupational Outlook Handbook, Physicists and Astronomers
v t e Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Physics 1901–1925 1901 Röntgen 1902 Lorentz / Zeeman 1903 Becquerel / P. Curie / M. Curie 1904 Rayleigh 1905 Lenard 1906 J. J. Thomson 1907 Michelson 1908 Lippmann 1909 Marconi / Braun 1910 Van der Waals 1911 Wien 1912 Dalén 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes 1914 Laue 1915 W. L. Bragg / W. H. Bragg 1916 1917 Barkla 1918 Planck 1919 Stark 1920 Guillaume 1921 Einstein 1922 N. Bohr 1923 Millikan 1924 M. Siegbahn 1925 Franck / Hertz 1926–1950 1926 Perrin 1927 Compton / C. Wilson 1928 O. Richardson 1929 De Broglie 1930 Raman 1931 1932 Heisenberg 1933 Schrödinger / Dirac 1934 1935 Chadwick 1936 Hess / C. D. Anderson 1937 Davisson / G. P. Thomson 1938 Fermi 1939 Lawrence 1940 1941 1942 1943 Stern 1944 Rabi 1945 Pauli 1946 Bridgman 1947 Appleton 1948 Blackett 1949 Yukawa 1950 Powell 1951–1975 1951 Cockcroft / Walton 1952 Bloch / Purcell 1953 Zernike 1954 Born / Bothe 1955 Lamb / Kusch 1956 Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain 1957 C. N. Yang / T. D. Lee 1958 Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm 1959 Segrè / Chamberlain 1960 Glaser 1961 Hofstadter / Mössbauer 1962 Landau 1963 Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen 1964 Townes / Basov / Prokhorov 1965 Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman 1966 Kastler 1967 Bethe 1968 Alvarez 1969 Gell-Mann 1970 Alfvén / Néel 1971 Gabor 1972 Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer 1973 Esaki / Giaever / Josephson 1974 Ryle / Hewish 1975 A. Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater 1976–2000 1976 Richter / Ting 1977 P. W. Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck 1978 Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson 1979 Glashow / Salam / Weinberg 1980 Cronin / Fitch 1981 Bloembergen / Schawlow / K. Siegbahn 1982 K. Wilson 1983 Chandrasekhar / Fowler 1984 Rubbia / Van der Meer 1985 von Klitzing 1986 Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer 1987 Bednorz / Müller 1988 Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger 1989 Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul 1990 Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor 1991 de Gennes 1992 Charpak 1993 Hulse / J. Taylor 1994 Brockhouse / Shull 1995 Perl / Reines 1996 D. Lee / Osheroff / R. Richardson 1997 Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips 1998 Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui 1999 't Hooft / Veltman 2000 Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby 2001– present 2001 Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman 2002 Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi 2003 Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett 2004 Gross / Politzer / Wilczek 2005 Glauber / Hall / Hänsch 2006 Mather / Smoot 2007 Fert / Grünberg 2008 Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa 2009 Kao / Boyle / Smith 2010 Geim / Novoselov 2011 Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt 2012 Wineland / Haroche 2013 Englert / Higgs 2014 Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura 2015 Kajita / McDonald 2016 Thouless / Haldane / Kosterlitz 2017 Weiss / Barish / Thorne v t e Branches of physics Divisions Applied Experimental Theoretical Energy Motion Thermodynamics Mechanics Classical Ballistics Lagrangian Hamiltonian Continuum Celestial Statistical Solid Fluid Quantum Waves Fields Gravitation Electromagnetism Optics Geometrical Physical Nonlinear Quantum Quantum field theory Relativity Special General By speciality Accelerator Acoustics Astrophysics Nuclear Stellar Heliophysics Solar Space Astroparticle Atomic–molecular–optical (AMO) Communication Computational Condensed matter Mesoscopic Solid-state Soft Digital Engineering Material Mathematical Molecular Nuclear Particle Phenomenology Plasma Polymer Statistical
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