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french: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie
german: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria , house =
Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the s ...
, father =
Albert II of Belgium
Albert II of Belgium
, mother = Paola Ruffo di Calabria , birth_date = , birth_place = Belvédère Castle,
Laeken Laeken () or Laken () is a residential suburb in north-west Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) ( ...
,
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brussel ...
, Belgium , religion =
Roman Catholicism The Catholic Church, often referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide . As the world's old ...
Philippe or Filip (, , nl, Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria, french: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie, german: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria; born 15 April 1960) is
King of the Belgians The Monarchy of Belgium is a Constitutional monarchy, constitutional, Inheritance, hereditary, and popular monarchy of Belgium whose incumbent is titled the ''King'' or ''Queen of the Belgians'' ( nl, Koning(in) der Belgen, french: Roi / Rei ...
. He is the eldest child of
King Albert II
King Albert II
and Queen Paola. He succeeded his father upon the latter's abdication for health reasons on 21 July 2013. He married ''Jonkvrouw'' Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz in 1999, with whom he has four children. Their eldest child, Princess Elisabeth, is first in the succession to the Belgian throne, line of succession.


Early life

Philippe was born on 15 April 1960 during the reign of his uncle, King Baudouin of Belgium. His father, Albert II of Belgium, Prince Albert, Prince of Liège (later King Albert II) was the second son of King Leopold III of Belgium and a younger brother of Baudouin. His mother, Queen Paola of Belgium, Paola, Princess of Liège (later Queen Paola), is a daughter of Italy, Italian aristocrat Fulco Ruffo di Calabria, Fulco VIII, Prince Ruffo di Calabria, 6th Duke of Guardia Lombarda. His mother descends from the French House of La Fayette, and the king is a descendant of Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette and Adrienne de La Fayette, Marie Adrienne Françoise de Noailles. He was born at the Belvédère Castle in
Laeken Laeken () or Laken () is a residential suburb in north-west Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) ( ...
north of
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brussel ...
. He was baptism, baptised one month later at the church of Saint Jacques-sur-Coudenberg in Brussels on 17 May, and named Philippe after his great-great-grandfather Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders. His godparents were his paternal grandfather, Leopold III of Belgium, King Leopold III, and his maternal grandmother, Donna Luisa, Princess Ruffo di Calabria.


Education

From 1978 to 1981, Philippe was educated at the Royal Military Academy (Belgium), Belgian Royal Military Academy in the 118th "Promotion Toutes Armes". On 26 September 1980, he was appointed second lieutenant and took the officer's oath. He continued his education at Trinity College, Oxford, Trinity College, Oxford University, Oxford and he attended graduate school at Stanford University, California, where he graduated in 1985 with an Master of Arts, MA degree in political science. He obtained his fighter pilot's wings and his certificates as a parachutist and a commando. In 1989, he attended a series of special sessions at the Royal Higher Defence Institute. The same year, he was promoted to colonel. In 1993 Baudouin of Belgium, King Baudouin died in Spain, Albert II of Belgium, Albert became the new king, and Philippe became the new heir apparent, titled Duke of Brabant. On 25 March 2001, the prince was appointed to the rank of major-general in the Belgian Land Component, Land Component and the Belgian Air Component, Air Component and to the rank of rear-admiral in the Belgian Naval Component, Naval Component.


Marriage

Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz, daughter of a Walloons, Walloon count of a Belgian nobility, noble family and female line descendant of Poles, Polish szlachta, noble families such as the princes Sapieha and counts Komorowski (Korczak) family, Komorowski, on 4 December 1999 in
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brussel ...
, in a civil ceremony at the Brussels Town Hall and a religious ceremony at the St. Michael and St. Gudula Cathedral, Cathedral of Saint Michel and Saint Gudule in Brussels. They have four children: Princess Elisabeth, Prince Gabriel of Belgium, Prince Gabriel, Prince Emmanuel of Belgium, Prince Emmanuel, and Princess Eléonore of Belgium, Princess Eléonore.


Foreign trade

On 6 August 1993, the government named Philippe as honorary chairman of the Belgian Foreign Trade Board (BFTB). He succeeded his father, who had been honorary chairman of the BFTB since 1962. On 3 May 2003, Philippe was appointed honorary chairman of the board of the Foreign Trade Agency, replacing the BFTB. In this capacity, Philippe has headed more than 60 economic missions. Upon his accession as seventh King of the Belgians, this role was taken over by his sister Princess Astrid of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este, Princess Astrid.


Accession

King Albert II announced on 3 July 2013 that he would abdicate in favour of Philippe on 21 July 2013. Approximately one hour after King Albert II's abdication, Prince Philippe was sworn in as King of the Belgians. His eldest child, Princess Elisabeth became his heir apparent and is expected to become Belgium's first queen regnant.


Reign

Philippe played a role in forming a coalition government after the 2014 Belgian federal election. Political meetings with the King were moved from the Palace of Laeken to the Royal Palace of Brussels. In May 2019, Philippe met with Vlaams Belang President Tom Van Grieken, the first time the party had received a royal audience. In 2020, Philippe announced regret for the "acts of violence and cruelty" committed in Belgian Congo.


Military ranks

* 26 September 1980 – 21 March 1983: ** Belgian Air Component, Belgian Air Force, second lieutenant ** Belgian Land Component, Belgian Army, second lieutenant ** Belgian Navy, no rank * 21 March 1983 – 1 December 1989: ** Belgian Air Component, Belgian Air Force, Captain (OF-2), captain ** Belgian Land Component, Belgian Army, Captain (OF-2), captain ** Belgian Navy, no rank * 1 December 1989 – 5 April 2001: ** Belgian Air Component, Belgian Air Force, colonel ** Belgian Land Component, Belgian Army, colonel ** Belgian Navy, no rank * 5 April 2001 – 25 March 2010: ** Belgian Air Component, major general ** Belgian Land Component, major general ** Belgian Navy, Belgian Marine Component, divisional admiral * 15 March 2010 – 21 July 2013: ** Belgian Air Component, lieutenant general ** Belgian Land Component, lieutenant general ** Belgian Navy, Belgian Marine Component, vice admiral * Since 21 July 2013 (oath as King): ** Belgian Air Component, general ** Belgian Land Component, general ** Belgian Navy, Belgian Marine Component, admiral


Titles, styles, honours and arms

* 15 April 1960 – 9 August 1993: ''His Royal Highness'' Prince Philippe of Belgium * 9 August 1993 – 21 July 2013: ''His Royal Highness'' The Duke of Brabant * 21 July 2013 – present: ''His Majesty'' The King of the Belgians


National honours


Foreign honours


Arms


nl, Eendracht maakt macht
german: Einigkeit macht stark , other_elements = The whole is placed on a mantle purpure with ermine lining, fringes and tassels or and ensigned with the Royal crown of Belgium. , previous_versions = Previously as monarch, Philippe used the royal coat of arms of Belgium undifferenced.


Ancestry


See also

* Line of succession to the Belgian throne * Prince Philippe Fund


Notes


References


External links


Official biography from the Belgian Royal Family website


(''French'') about Prince Philippe's education and military career. , - , - , - {{DEFAULTSORT:Philippe Of Brabant, Duke, Prince 1960 births 21st-century Belgian monarchs 20th-century Roman Catholics 21st-century Roman Catholics Royal Military Academy (Belgium) alumni Alumni of Trinity College, Oxford Belgian monarchs Members of the Senate (Belgium) Belgian people of Danish descent Belgian people of German descent Belgian people of Italian descent Belgian people of Swedish descent Belgian Roman Catholics Roman Catholic monarchs Dukes of Brabant House of Belgium Living people People from Laeken Princes of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Stanford University alumni Grand Crosses of the Order of Aviz Grand Crosses of the Order of Christ (Portugal) Grand Crosses of the Order of Honour (Greece) Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Grand Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary (civil) Grand Crosses of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland Grand Crosses of the Order of the Condor of the Andes Grand Crosses of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau Knights of the Golden Fleece of Austria Knights of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau Knights of the Holy Sepulchre Knights of Malta Recipients of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali Grand Croix of the Légion d'honneur House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Belgium)