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Philippe Douste-Blazy
Philippe Douste-Blazy
(born 1 January 1953) is a United Nations official and former French centre-right politician. He has been Under-Secretary-General, Special
Special
Adviser on Innovative Financing for Development in the United Nations
United Nations
since 2008 and chairman of UNITAID since 2006. He previously served as French Minister for Health (1993–1995 and 2004–2005), Minister of Culture (1995–1997) and as Foreign Minister in the cabinet of Dominique de Villepin
Dominique de Villepin
(2005–2007). He was mayor of Lourdes
Lourdes
1989–2000 and mayor of Toulouse
Toulouse
2001–2004. Originally a member of the Centre of Social Democrats (CDS), the Christian Democrat component of the Union for French Democracy
Union for French Democracy
(UDF) party, he later joined the Union for a Popular Movement. A cardiologist of profession he became Professor at Toulouse
Toulouse
Sciences University in 1988.

Contents

1 Early years 2 Political career

2.1 Early beginnings 2.2 Member of the European Parliament, 1989–1993 2.3 Minister of Health, 1993–1995 2.4 Minister of Culture, 1995–1997 2.5 Mayor of Toulouse, 2001–2004 2.6 Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2005–2007

3 United Nations 4 Political functions 5 Other activities 6 Recognition 7 References 8 External links

Early years[edit] Born in Lourdes
Lourdes
in the Hautes-Pyrénées, Douste-Blazy studied medicine in Toulouse, where he had his first job in 1976. He then worked as a cardiologist in Lourdes
Lourdes
and Toulouse, namely in Purpan's hospital from 1986. He then joined the French Society of Cardiology. He became Professor of Medicine at Toulouse
Toulouse
Sciences University in 1988. Since 2016, he has also been a visiting Professor at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Political career[edit] Early beginnings[edit] A member of the Centre of Social Democrats (CDS), the Christian Democrat component of the Union for French Democracy
Union for French Democracy
(UDF), Douste-Blazy entered politics in March 1989, being elected mayor of Lourdes. He was also elected national director of the association of research against elevations of cholesterol. Member of the European Parliament, 1989–1993[edit] In the 1989 European elections, Douste-Blazy was elected Member of the European Parliament
European Parliament
in June of the same year. He was then a member of the European People's Party. During his time in parliament, Douste-Blazy served on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection. In addition to his committee assignments, he was a member of the parliament’s delegation to the Joint Assembly of the Agreement between the African, Caribbean and Pacific States (ACP countries) and the European Economic Community. Minister of Health, 1993–1995[edit] Elected deputy for Hautes-Pyrénées
Hautes-Pyrénées
département in March 1993, Douste-Blazy was appointed to the cabinet of Edouard Balladur
Edouard Balladur
as Minister-Delegate (a junior minister) at the Ministry for Health. In May 1994, in his capacity as minister, Douste-Blazy visited Rwanda and refugee camps in neighboring Tanzania
Tanzania
to witness the consequences of the genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi
Tutsi
by members of Rwanda’s Hutu majority government.[1] During his time in office, France
France
approved a bill which prohibited postmenopausal pregnancy, which Douste-Blazy said was "...immoral as well as dangerous to the health of mother and child." Douste-Blazy stayed at the ministry until the 1995 presidential election. In March 1994, he was elected at Hautes-Pyrénées's General Council. He became general secretary of the CDS in December and Government's spokesman one month later. Minister of Culture, 1995–1997[edit] In May 1995, after the election of Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
as President of France, a candidacy he was backing, Douste-Blazy was nominated Minister of Culture. In June, he was also re-elected Mayor of Lourdes then, five months later, elected general secretary of Democratic Force, the party which replaced the CDS . In June 1997, the overwhelming defeat of the Presidential Majority during legislative election made him lose his position as Minister of Culture, but he remained deputy of Hautes-Pyrénées
Hautes-Pyrénées
and became president of the UDF parliamentary group at the French National Assembly. During the election campaign he was badly hurt when a mentally unstable man stabbed him in the back as he was campaigning in Lourdes. It turned out that the Minister's assailant was an Albanian refugee who had already tried to attack Mr Douste-Blazy in 1992. At the head of the centerist parliamentary group, he was often opposed to the UDF party leader François Bayrou. Indeed, while this one advocated the emancipation of the UDF towards its Gaullist allies, Douste-Blazy proposed the union of the right-wing parties behind President Chirac. Mayor of Toulouse, 2001–2004[edit] Seeking one of the country's most important municipal seats,[2] Douste-Blazy narrowly won the election for Mayor of Toulouse
Toulouse
in 2001, which saw the left making its best showing in decades. Once in office, he had to deal with a reinvigorated political opposition, as well as with the dramatic explosion of the AZF plant in late 2001. Douste-Blazy supported Jacques Chirac
Jacques Chirac
in the two rounds of the 2002 presidential election, in spite of the candidacy of François Bayrou. Consequently, he participated to the unification of some right-wing groups in the Union for a Popular Movement
Union for a Popular Movement
(UMP) and appeared as a possible Prime Minister. However, once re-elected, President Chirac choose Jean-Pierre Raffarin
Jean-Pierre Raffarin
and Philippe Douste-Blazy
Philippe Douste-Blazy
refused to resign from its mayoralty to be minister. The same year, he changed of constituency and was elected deputy for Haute-Garonne
Haute-Garonne
département. After the electoral crash of the UMP in the 2004 regional election, Douste-Blazy left its function in Toulouse
Toulouse
and returned at the Ministry of Health. His predecessor Jean-François Mattéi was discredited due to his behaviour during the Summer 2003 heatwave crisis. He was the instigator of a new reform of medical insurances. Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2005–2007[edit] In a government reshuffle following the rejection of the European constitution in 29 May 2005's referendum, Douste-Blazy replaced Michel Barnier[3] and became Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin. In his capacity as minister, Douste-Blazy summoned Iran's ambassador to France
France
in October 2005, demanding an explanation for President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
's public call for Israel to be "wiped off the map."[4] He announced France’s support for the Israeli separation barrier on 25 October 2006.[5] In November 2006, he summoned Israel's ambassador to Paris, Daniel Shek to express "serious concern" about violations of a ceasefire that ended the 33-day war between Israel and Hezbollah guerrillas.[6] During his time in office, France
France
played a central role in international attempts to end the bloodshed in the 2006 Lebanon War.[7] In October 2006, the French National Assembly, despite Douste-Blazy’s opposition,[8] passed a bill which if approved by the Senate and would make Armenian Genocide
Genocide
denial a crime.[9] Douste-Blazy left the position with the departure of Jacques Chirac from the Presidency in May 2007. He did not run for a new parliamentary term in the 2007 elections. On 6 November 2007, Douste-Blazy was among the guests invited to the state dinner hosted by President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in honor of President Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
at the White House.[10] United Nations[edit] While serving as foreign minister of France, Douste-Blazy became chairman of the Executive Board of UNITAID, the International Drug Purchase Facility hosted by the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
which France co-founded in 2006. On 19 February 2008, Douste-Blazy was appointed by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
Ban Ki-moon
as Special
Special
Adviser on Innovative Financing for Development, with the rank of UN Under-Secretary-General. He is also the chairman of the board of the Millennium Foundation for Innovate Finance for Health. His main responsibilities as the Special
Special
Adviser include promoting UNITAID
UNITAID
and other sources of innovative financing for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals
Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs), advising the United Nations Secretary-General on innovative financing solutions to the implementation of the Monterrey consensus, coordinating with the High-Level Group on the MDGs, and liaising with various UN and non-UN related institutions, such as the main Bretton Woods institutions, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development-Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC), the United Nations
United Nations
Development Group and the Millennium Communication Campaign.[11] Douste-Blazy was also in charge of organizing the first World Conference of Non-Governmental Donors, with a special focus on the financing for development provided by citizens, local and regional authorities, foundations, non-governmental organizations, economic and social representatives, faith groups and the private sector. It is hoped that these innovative sources of funding could compensate the insufficient official development assistance in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Ahead of the 2012 presidential elections, Douste-Blazy announced in January 2012 that he no longer supported Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
and instead was lending his support to centrist candidate François Bayrou.[12] Political functions[edit] Governmental functions Minister of Health and government's spokesman : 1993–1995. Minister of Culture and government's spokesman : 1995–1997. Minister of Solidarity, Health and Family : 2004–2005. Minister of Foreign Affairs : 2005–2007. Electoral mandates European Parliament Member of European Parliament : 1989–1993 (Became minister in 1993 and elected in parliamentary elections in March 1993). National Assembly of France President of the group of Union for French Democracy : 1998–2002. Member of the National Assembly of France
France
for Hautes-Pyrénées : Elected in March 1993 but he became minister / 1997–2001 (Resignation). Elected in 1993, reelected in 1997. Member of the National Assembly of France
France
for Haute-Garonne : 2001–2004 (Became minister in 2004). Elected in 2001, reelected in 2002. General Council General councillor of Hautes-Pyrénées : 1994–2001. Municipal Council Mayor of Toulouse : 2001–2004. Deputy-mayor of Toulouse : 2004–2008. Municipal councillor of Toulouse : 2001–2008. Mayor of Lourdes : 1989–2000 (Resignation). Reelected in 1995. Municipal councillor of Lourdes : 1989–2001. Reelected in 1995. Urban community Council President of the Urban community of Greater Toulouse : 2001–2008. Member of the Urban community of Greater Toulouse : 2001–2008. Political functions General secretary of the Union for a Popular Movement : 2002–2004. Other activities[edit]

GBCHealth, Member of the Board of Directors[13] Innovative Finance Foundation (IFF), Member of the Advisory Board[14] International Consortium on Anti-Virals (ICAV), Member of the Board of Directors[15]

Recognition[edit]

2011 – Clinton Global Citizen Award of the Clinton Foundation[16]

References[edit]

^ Stephen Kinzer (May 25, 1994), European Leaders Reluctant to Send Troops to Rwanda
Rwanda
New York Times. ^ Peggy Hollinger (June 4, 2005), Douste-Blazy: savvy French politician with ruthless streak[permanent dead link] Financial Times. ^ Martin Banks (June 22, 2005), Doctor on call European Voice. ^ Claude Salhani (October 27, 2005), Politics & Policies: Iran
Iran
a clear danger United Press International. ^ French FM changes his opinion on Israeli separation barrier Archived 9 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine. EJP ^ Molly Moore (November 10, 2006), French Forces Almost Fired On Israeli Jets Washington Post. ^ Adam Jones (August 7, 2006), Diplomacy over Lebanon boosts political fortunes of French leaders[permanent dead link] Financial Times. ^ (in French) Proceedings of the French National Assembly, 18 May 2006, first sitting ^ (in French) Legislative file from the French National Assembly ^ Guest List for the Social Dinner in Honor of His Excellency Nicolas Sarkozy President of the French Republic Office of the First Lady of the United States, press release of November 6, 2007. ^ Global Health Innovators Huffington Post ^ Leigh Thomas (January 8, 2012), Sarkozy gains ground on Socialist rival: poll Reuters. ^ Board of Directors GBCHealth, New York. ^ Members of the Advisory Board Innovative Finance Foundation (IFF), Geneva. ^ Board of Directors International Consortium on Anti-Virals (ICAV), Toronto. ^ President Clinton to Honor Recipients of the Fifth Annual Clinton Global Citizen Awards Clinton Foundation, press release of September 22, 2011.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philippe Douste-Blazy.

Official Facebook profile of Philippe Douste-Blazy Official Linkedin profile of Philippe Douste-Blazy Official Quora profile of Philippe Douste-Blazy Official Twitter account of Philippe Douste-Blazy Philippe Douste-Blazy
Philippe Douste-Blazy
in Interview with 99FACES.tv - How 1 USD per Plane Ticket can Provide Global Health Official website of Unitaid

Political offices

Preceded by Jacques Toubon Minister of Culture 1995–1997 Succeeded by Catherine Trautmann

Preceded by Jean-François Mattéi Minister of Health 2004–2005 Succeeded by Xavier Bertrand

Preceded by Michel Barnier Minister of Foreign Affairs 2005–2007 Succeeded by Bernard Kouchner

v t e

Ministers of Culture of France

André Malraux
André Malraux
(1959) Edmond Michelet (1969) André Bettencourt
André Bettencourt
(1970) Jacques Duhamel (1971) Maurice Druon
Maurice Druon
(1973) Alain Peyrefitte
Alain Peyrefitte
(1974) Michel Guy (1974) Françoise Giroud
Françoise Giroud
(1976) Michel d'Ornano
Michel d'Ornano
(1977) Jean-Philippe Lecat (1978) Michel d'Ornano
Michel d'Ornano
(1981) Jack Lang (1981) François Léotard
François Léotard
(1986) Jack Lang (1988) Jacques Toubon (1993) Philippe Douste-Blazy
Philippe Douste-Blazy
(1995) Catherine Trautmann
Catherine Trautmann
(1997) Catherine Tasca
Catherine Tasca
(2000) Jean-Jacques Aillagon
Jean-Jacques Aillagon
(2002) Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres
Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres
(2004) Christine Albanel
Christine Albanel
(2007) Frédéric Mitterrand
Frédéric Mitterrand
(2009) Aurélie Filippetti
Aurélie Filippetti
(2012) Fleur Pellerin
Fleur Pellerin
(2014) Audrey Azoulay
Audrey Azoulay
(2016) Françoise Nyssen
Françoise Nyssen
(2017)

v t e

Foreign Ministers of France

Ancien Régime

Revol Villeroy A. J. Richelieu Sillery R. Phélypeaux Bouthillier Chavigny Brienne Lionne Pomponne Croissy Torcy Huxelles Dubois Morville Chauvelin Chaillou Noailles Argenson Puisieulx Saint-Contest Rouillé Bernis E. Choiseul C. Choiseul E. Choiseul L. Phélypeaux Aiguillon Bertin Vergennes Montmorin Vauguyon Montmorin Lessart Dumouriez Naillac Chambonas Dubouchage Sainte-Croix

First Republic

Lebrun-Tondu Deforgues Goujon Herman Delacroix Talleyrand Reinhard Talleyrand

First Empire

Talleyrand Champagny Bassano Caulaincourt

First Restoration

Laforest Talleyrand

Hundred Days

Caulaincourt Bignon

Second Restoration

Talleyrand A. E. Richelieu Dessolles Pasquier M. Montmorency Chateaubriand Damas La Ferronays Montmorency-Laval Portalis Polignac Mortemart

July Monarchy

Bignon Jourdan Molé Maison Sébastiani V. Broglie Rigny Bresson Rigny V. Broglie Thiers Molé Montebello Soult Thiers Guizot

Second Republic

Lamartine Bastide Bedeau Bastide Drouyn de Lhuys Tocqueville Rayneval La Hitte Drouyn de Lhuys Brénier Baroche Turgot Drouyn de Lhuys

Second Empire

Drouyn de Lhuys Walewski Baroche Thouvenel Drouyn de Lhuys La Valette Moustier La Valette La Tour Auvergne Daru Ollivier Gramont La Tour d'Auvergne

Third Republic

Favre Rémusat A. Broglie Decazes Banneville Waddington Freycinet Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire Gambetta Freycinet Duclerc Fallières Challemel-Lacour Ferry Freycinet Flourens Goblet Spuller Ribot Develle Casimir-Perier Hanotaux Berthelot Bourgeois Hanotaux Delcassé Rouvier Bourgeois Pichon Cruppi Selves Poincaré Jonnart Pichon Doumergue Bourgeois Viviani Doumergue Delcassé Viviani Briand Ribot Barthou Pichon Millerand Leygues Briand Poincaré Lefebvre Herriot Briand Herriot Briand Laval Tardieu Herriot Paul-Boncour Daladier Barthou Laval Flandin Delbos Paul-Boncour Bonnet Daladier Reynaud Daladier Reynaud Baudouin

Vichy France

Baudouin Laval Flandin Darlan Laval

Provisional Government

Bidault Blum

Fourth Republic

Bidault Schuman Bidault Mendès France Faure Pinay Pineau Pleven Couve de Murville

Fifth Republic

Couve de Murville Debré Schumann Bettencourt Jobert Sauvagnargues Guiringaud François-Poncet Cheysson Dumas Raimond Dumas Juppé Charette Védrine Villepin Barnier Douste-Blazy Kouchner Alliot-Marie Juppé Fabius Ayrault Le Drian

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 55963195 LCCN: n2001106790 ISNI: 0000 0000 9595 3197 GND: 1115092510 SUDOC: 030872693 BNF: cb12220127h (data) BIBS

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