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Philip V (Spanish: Felipe V, French: Philippe, Italian: Filippo; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain
King of Spain
from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favour of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he reassumed the throne upon his son's death, to his own death 9 July 1746. Before his reign, Philip occupied an exalted place in the royal family of France
France
as a grandson of King Louis XIV. His father, Louis, the Grand Dauphin, had the strongest genealogical claim to the throne of Spain
Spain
when it became vacant in 1700. However, since neither the Grand Dauphin nor Philip's older brother, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, could be displaced from their place in the succession to the French throne, the Grand Dauphin's maternal uncle (Philip's granduncle) King Charles II of Spain
Spain
named Philip as his heir in his will. It was well known that the union of France
France
and Spain
Spain
under one monarch would upset the balance of power in Europe, such that other European powers would take steps to prevent it. Indeed, Philip's accession in Spain
Spain
provoked the 14-year War of the Spanish Succession, which continued until the Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht
forbade any future possibility of unifying the French and Spanish thrones. Philip was the first member of the French House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
to rule as king of Spain. The sum of his two reigns, 45 years and 21 days, is the longest in modern Spanish history.

Contents

1 Early years

1.1 Claims to the Spanish throne 1.2 First marriage

2 War of the Spanish Succession

2.1 Second marriage 2.2 Abdication

3 Later reign

3.1 Death

4 Legacy 5 Issue 6 Ancestry 7 Coins 8 Heraldry 9 Notes 10 Further reading

Early years[edit] Philip was born at the Palace of Versailles[1] in France
France
the second son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, the heir apparent to the throne of France, and his wife Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria,[2] Dauphine Victoire. He was a younger brother of Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the father of Louis XV
Louis XV
of France. At birth, Philip was created Duke of Anjou, a traditional title for younger sons in the French royal family. He would be known by this name until he became the king of Spain. Since Philip's older brother, the Duke of Burgundy, was second in line to the French throne after his father, there was little expectation that either he or his younger brother Charles, Duke of Berry, would ever rule over France. Philip lived his first years under the supervision of the royal governess Louise de Prie, and was after that was tutored with his brothers by François Fénelon, Archbishop of Cambrai. The three were also educated by Paul de Beauvilliers. Claims to the Spanish throne[edit]

Proclamation of Philip V as King of Spain
King of Spain
in the Palace of Versailles on November 16, 1700

In 1700 King Charles II of Spain
Charles II of Spain
died childless. His will named as successor the 16-year-old Philip, grandson of Charles' half-sister Maria Theresa, the first wife of Louis XIV.[2] Upon any possible refusal, the crown of Spain
Spain
would be offered next to Philip's younger brother, the Duke of Berry, then to the Archduke Charles of Austria, later Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.[2] Philip had the better genealogical claim to the Spanish throne, because his Spanish grandmother and great-grandmother were older than the ancestors of the Archduke Charles of Austria. However, the Austrian branch claimed that Philip's grandmother had renounced the Spanish throne for herself and her descendants as part of her marriage contract. This was countered by the French branch's claim that it was on the basis of a dowry that had never been paid.[3] After a long Royal Council meeting in France
France
at which the Dauphin spoke up in favour of his son's rights, it was agreed that Philip would ascend the throne, but he would forever renounce his claim to the throne of France
France
for himself and his descendants.[2] The Royal Council decided to accept the provisions of the will of Charles II naming Philip king of Spain, and the Spanish ambassador was called in and introduced to his new king. The ambassador, along with his son, knelt before Philip and made a long speech in Spanish, which Philip did not understand. (Louis XIV, the son and husband of Spanish princesses, did speak Spanish, but Philip learned only later.)[citation needed] First marriage[edit] On 2 November 1701 the almost 18 year old Philip married the 13-year-old Maria Luisa of Savoy, as chosen by his grandfather King Louis XIV, by then an old man of 63. She was the daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and Philip's second cousin Anne Marie d'Orléans, also the parents of the Duchess of Burgundy, Philip's sister-in-law. There was a proxy ceremony at Turin, the capital of the Duchy of Savoy, and another one at Versailles on 11 September.[citation needed] As queen of Spain, Maria Luisa proved very popular with her subjects. She served as regent for her husband on several occasions. Her most successful term was when Philip was away touring his Italian domains for nine months in 1702, when she was just 14 years old. In 1714, she died at the age of 26 from tuberculosis, a devastating emotional blow to her husband.[citation needed] War of the Spanish Succession[edit] Main article: War of the Spanish Succession

Philip V of Spain
Spain
in hunting attire

Philip (right) at the Battle of Villaviciosa

Portrait of Philip V of Spain
Spain
exhibited upside down in the Museum of Almodí (es), Xativa, for having burned the city in 1707.

The actions of Louis XIV
Louis XIV
heightened the fears of the English, the Dutch and the Austrians, among others. In February 1701, Louis XIV caused the Parlement
Parlement
of Paris (a court) to register a decree that if Philip's elder brother, the Petit Dauphin Louis, died without an heir, then Philip would surrender the throne of Spain
Spain
for the succession to the throne of France, ensuring dynastic continuity in Europe's greatest land power. However, a second act of the French king "justified a hostile interpretation": pursuant to a treaty with Spain, Louis occupied several towns in the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
(modern Belgium and Nord-Pas-de-Calais). This was the spark that ignited the powder keg created by the unresolved issues of the War of the League of Augsburg (1689–97) and the acceptance of the Spanish inheritance by Louis XIV for his grandson. Almost immediately the War of the Spanish Succession
War of the Spanish Succession
began. Concern among other European powers that Spain
Spain
and France
France
united under a single Bourbon monarch would upset the balance of power pitted powerful France
France
and weak Spain
Spain
against the Grand Alliance of England, the Netherlands and Austria.[4] Inside Spain, the Crown of Castile
Crown of Castile
supported Philip of France. On the other hand, the majority of the nobility of the Crown of Aragon supported Charles of Austria, son of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and claimant to the Spanish throne by right of his grandmother Maria Anna of Spain. Charles was even hailed as King of Aragon under the name Charles III. The war was centred in Spain
Spain
and west-central Europe (especially the Low Countries), with other important fighting in Germany and Italy. Prince Eugene of Savoy
Prince Eugene of Savoy
and the Duke of Marlborough distinguished themselves as military commanders in the Low Countries. In colonial North America, the conflict became known to the English colonists who fought against French and Spanish forces as Queen Anne's War. Over the course of the fighting, some 400,000 people were killed.[5] It was with this war as a backdrop that, beginning in 1707, Philip issued the Nueva Planta decrees, which centralized Spanish rule under the Castilian political and administrative model and in the process abolished the charters of all independently administered kingdoms within Spain—most notably the Crown of Aragon, which was supporting Charles VI in the conflict—except for the Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Navarre
and the rest of the Basque region, who had supported Philip in the war for the Spanish throne, and retained their semi-autonomous self-government. The policy of centralization had as model the French State under Louis XIV and was strongly supported by politicians such as Joseph de Solís and the Sardinian-born political philosopher Vicente Bacallar.[6] At one point in 1712 Philip was offered the choice of renouncing the throne of Spain
Spain
so that he could be made heir of France, but he refused. Philip decided to relinquish his right of succession to France
France
under one condition: the introduction of semi-Salic law in Spain. Under this law, the succession to the Spanish crown was limited to his entire male line before it could pass to any female, a condition of his renunciation made clear to the allies during the preliminaries of the Treaties of Utrecht. It was not until this was successfully accomplished (10 May 1713) that Spain
Spain
and Great Britain made their own peace terms at the second Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht
(annexing the new law to the Treaty). By the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht
that concluded the war, Spain
Spain
was forced to cede Menorca
Menorca
and Gibraltar
Gibraltar
to Great Britain; the Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, and Sardinia
Sardinia
to the Austrian Habsburgs; and Sicily
Sicily
and parts of Milan
Milan
to Savoy.[7] These losses greatly diminished the Spanish Empire in Europe, which had already been in decline. Throughout his reign, Philip sought to reverse the decline of Spanish power. Trying to overturn the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, he attempted to re-establish Spanish claims in Italy, triggering the War of the Quadruple Alliance
War of the Quadruple Alliance
(1718-1720) in which Spain
Spain
fought a coalition of four major powers. Phillip V was forced to sue for peace. Second marriage[edit] Shortly after the death of Queen Maria Luisa in 1714, the King decided to marry again. His second wife was Elisabeth of Parma, daughter of Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma, and Dorothea Sophie of the Palatinate. At the age of 22, on 24 December 1714, she was married to the 31 year old Philip by proxy in Parma. The marriage was arranged by Cardinal Alberoni, with the concurrence of the Princesse des Ursins, the Camarera mayor de Palacio
Camarera mayor de Palacio
("chief of the household") of the king of Spain. Abdication[edit]

A breech loading miquelet musket with a reusable cartridge, used by Philip V, made by A. Tienza, Madrid, circa 1715

On 14 January 1724, Philip abdicated the throne to his eldest son, the seventeen-year-old Louis, for reasons still subject to debate. One theory suggests that Philip V, who exhibited many elements of mental instability during his reign, did not wish to reign due to his increasing mental decline.[8] A second theory puts the abdication in context of the Bourbon dynasty. The French royal family recently had lost many legitimate agnates to diseases. Indeed, Philip V's abdication occurred just over a month after the death of the Duke of Orléans, who had been regent for Louis XV
Louis XV
of France. The lack of an heir made another continental war of succession a possibility. Philip V was a legitimate descendant of Louis XIV, but matters were complicated by the Treaty of Utrecht, which forbade a union of the French and Spanish crowns. The theory supposes that Philip V hoped that by abdicating the Spanish crown he could circumvent the Treaty and succeed to the French throne.[citation needed] In any case, Louis died on 31 August 1724 in Madrid
Madrid
of smallpox, having reigned only seven months and leaving no issue. Philip was forced to return to the Spanish throne as his younger son, the later Ferdinand VI, was not yet of age. Later reign[edit]

Tomb of Philip V and Elizabeth Farnese in the Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity, in the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso (Segovia).

Philip helped his Bourbon relatives to make territorial gains in the War of the Polish Succession
War of the Polish Succession
and the War of the Austrian Succession
War of the Austrian Succession
by reconquering Naples
Naples
and Sicily
Sicily
from Austria and Oran
Oran
from the Ottomans. Finally, at the end of his reign Spanish forces also successfully defended their American territories from a large British invasion during the War of Jenkins' Ear
War of Jenkins' Ear
(1739–1748). During Philip's reign, Spain
Spain
began to recover from the stagnation it had suffered during the twilight of the Spanish Habsburg
Habsburg
dynasty. Although the population of Spain
Spain
grew, the financial and taxation systems were archaic and the treasury ran deficits. The king employed thousands of highly paid retainers at his palaces—not to rule the country but to look after the royal family. The army and bureaucracy went months without pay and only the shipments of silver from the New World kept the system going. Spain
Spain
suspended payments on its debt in 1739—effectively declaring bankruptcy.[9] Death[edit] Philip was afflicted by fits of manic depression and increasingly fell victim to a deep melancholia.[10] His second wife, Elizabeth Farnese, completely dominated her passive husband. She bore him further sons, including another successor, Charles III of Spain.[10] Beginning in August 1737 his affliction was eased by the castrato singer Farinelli, who, became the "Musico de Camara of Their Majesties." Farinelli
Farinelli
would sing eight or nine arias for the king and queen every night, usually with a trio of musicians.[2] Philip died on 9 July 1746 in El Escorial, in Madrid, but was buried in his favorite Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, near Segovia.[2] Ferdinand VI of Spain, his son by his first queen Maria Luisa of Savoy, succeeded him. Legacy[edit] Historians have not been kind to the king. Lynch says Philip V advanced the government only marginally over that of his predecessors and was more of a liability than the incapacitated Charles II. When a conflict came up between the interests of Spain
Spain
and France, he usually favored France. However Philip did make some reforms in government, and strengthened the central authorities relative to the provinces. Merit became more important, although most senior positions still went to the landed aristocracy. Below the elite level, the inefficiency and corruption that had existed under Charles II was as widespread as ever. The reforms started by Philip V culminated in much more important reforms of Charles III.[11] The economy, on the whole, improved over the previous half-century, with greater productivity, and fewer famines and epidemics.[12] To commemorate the indignities the city of Xàtiva
Xàtiva
suffered after Philip's victory in the Battle of Almansa
Battle of Almansa
in the War of the Spanish Succession, in which he ordered the city to be burned and renamed San Felipe, the portrait of the monarch hangs upside down in the local museum of L'Almodí.[13] In addition, after the death of the last legitimate male descendant of Philip V's elder brother Louis, Henri, Count of Chambord, in 1883, all remaining legitimate agnatic descendants of Louis XIV
Louis XIV
were henceforth descended from Philip V. Issue[edit] Philip married his double-second cousin Maria Luisa of Savoy
Maria Luisa of Savoy
(17 September 1688 – 14 February 1714) on 3 November 1701[2] and they had 4 sons:

Louis I of Spain
Louis I of Spain
(25 August 1707 – 31 August 1724). Wife - Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans. Philip (2 July 1709 – 18 July 1709). Philip (7 June 1712 – 29 December 1719). Ferdinand VI of Spain
Ferdinand VI of Spain
(23 September 1713 – 10 August 1759). Wife - Barbara of Portugal.

He married Elisabeth Farnese
Elisabeth Farnese
(25 October 1692 – 11 July 1766) on 24 December 1714,[14] they had 6 children:

Charles III of Spain
Spain
(20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788). Wife - Maria Amalia of Saxony. Mariana Victoria (31 March 1718 – 15 January 1781), Queen of Portugal as wife of King Joseph. Philip (15 March 1720 – 18 July 1765), Duke of Parma
Parma
and founder of the line of House of Bourbon-Parma. Wife - Louise Élisabeth of France. Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
Raphaela (11 June 1726 – 22 July 1746), wife of Louis, Dauphin of France. Louis (25 July 1727 – 7 August 1785), known as the Cardinal-Infante. Was Archbishop of Toledo, Primate of Spain
Spain
and Cardinal since 1735. In 1754, renounced his ecclesiastical titles and became Count of Chinchón. In 1776, he married morganatically María Teresa de Vallabriga and had issue, but without royal titles. Maria Antonietta (17 November 1729 – 19 September 1785), wife of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia.

Family of Philip V in 1743

"The Family of Philip V of Spain
Spain
1743"; (L-R) Mariana Victoria, Princess of Brazil; Barbara, Princess of Asturias; Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias; King Philip V; Luis, Count of Chinchón; Elisabeth of Parma; Infante Philip; Princess Louise Élisabeth of France; Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela; Infanta Maria Antonietta; Maria Amalia, Queen of Naples
Naples
and Sicily; Charles, King of Naples
Naples
and Sicily. The two children in the foreground are Princess Maria Isabella Anne of Naples and Sicily
Sicily
and Infanta Isabella of Spain
Spain
(daughter of the future Duke of Parma)

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Philip V of Spain

16. Henry IV of France

8. Louis XIII of France

17. Marie de' Medici

4. Louis XIV
Louis XIV
of France

18. Philip III of Spain

9. Anne of Austria

19. Margaret of Austria

2. Louis, Dauphin of France

20. Philip III of Spain
Spain
(= 18)

10. Philip IV of Spain

21. Margaret of Austria (= 19)

5. Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
of Austria

22. Henry IV of France
France
(= 16)

11. Elisabeth of France

23. Marie de' Medici
Marie de' Medici
(= 17)

1. Philip V of Spain

24. William V, Duke of Bavaria

12. Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria

25. Renata of Lorraine

6. Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria

26. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

13. Maria Anna of Austria

27. Maria Anna of Bavaria

3. Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria

28. Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy

14. Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy

29. Catherine Michelle of Austria

7. Henriette Adelaide of Savoy

30. Henry IV of France
France
(= 16, 22)

15. Christine of France

31. Marie de' Medici
Marie de' Medici
(= 17, 23)

Coins[edit]

1 Escudo as Philip IV of Sardinia

8 Escudos, Seville

Half escudo gold coin of Philip V, 1743

8 Escudos, Lima 1710

8 Reales Mexico

2 Reales Segovia

2 Reales Segovia

Heraldry[edit]

Heraldry of Philip V of Spain

Coat of arms as King of Spain (Common Version)[15]

Ornamented Version[16]

Coat of arms as King of Naples (1700-1713)[17]

Coat of arms as King of Sicily (1700-1713)[18]

Coat of arms as Duke of Milan (1700-1706)[19]

Lesser coat of arms of King of Spains

Lesser coat of arms as King of Galicia

Great ornamented version with coat of arms of Navarre

Notes[edit]

^ The New International Encyclopædia, p.14. Published by Dodd, Mead and Company, 1903. ^ a b c d e f g Kamen, Henry. "Philip V of Spain: The King who Reigned Twice", Published by Yale University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-300-08718-7 ^ Durant, Will. "The Age of Louis XIV", p.699. Simon and Schuster, New York, 1963. ^ John B. Wolf, The Emergence of the Great Powers: 1685–1715 (1962) ^ Matthew White. "Statistics of Wars, Oppressions and Atrocities of the Eighteenth Century". Users.erols.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22.  ^ Enrico Bogliolo, Tradizione e innovazione nel pensiero politico di Vincenzo Bacallar, Turin, 1987, passim (in Italian). ^ J. S. Bromley, ed. The New Cambridge Modern History, Vol. 6: The Rise of Great Britain and Russia, 1688-1715/25 (1970) ch 13–14 ^ p358, E.N. Williams, The Penguin Dictionary of English and European History ^ John Lynch, Bourbon Spain
Spain
1700–1808 (1989) pp 109–113 ^ a b "Joan's Mad Monarchs Series". Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. Retrieved 2009-09-20.  ^ Lynch (1989) pp 67- 115 ^ Earl J. Hamilton, "Money and Economic Recovery in Spain
Spain
under the First Bourbon, 1701–1746," Journal of Modern History Vol. 15, No. 3 (Sep., 1943), pp. 192–206 in JSTOR ^ Harris, Mary N., Sights and insights: interactive images of Europe and the wider world, (Pisa University Press, 1990), 203."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2007-04-01.  ^ Kamen, Henry. "Philip V of Spain: The King who Reigned Twice", p.97. Yale University Press, 2001. ISBN 0300087187 ^ "Fernando VI, Rey de España (1713-1759)". Ex-Libris Database (in Spanish). Royal Library of Spain. Retrieved 18 March 2013.  ^ Avilés, José de Avilés, Marquis of (1780). Ciencia heroyca, reducida a las leyes heráldicas del blasón, Madrid: J. Ibarra, (Madrid: Bitácora, 1992). T. 2, p. 162-166. ISBN 84-465-0006-X. ^ Rauso, Francesco di. "Le monete delle due Sicilie: Coniate nella zecca di Napoli" [The coin of the Two Sicilies, Mint of Naples
Naples
coins]. Brigantino - Il Portale del Sud (in Italian). Retrieved 26 July 2014.  ^ "Filippo V di Borbone, 1700-1713" [Philip V of Bourbon, 1700-1713]. Rhinocoin. Retrieved 23 July 2014.  ^ "Filippo V di Borbone, 1700-1713" [Philip V of Bourbon, 1700-1713]. Rhinocoin. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Philip V of Spain.

Armstrong, Edward (1892). Elizabeth Farnese: "The Termagant of Spain". London: Longmans, Green, and Co.  Kamen, Henry (2001). Philip V of Spain: The King Who Reigned Twice. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08718-7.  Lynch, John. Bourbon Spain
Spain
1700–1808 (1989) Petrie, Sir Charles (1958). The Spanish Royal House. London: Geoffrey Bles. 

Philip V of Spain House of Bourbon Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty Born: 19 December 1683 Died: 9 July 1746

Regnal titles

Preceded by Charles the Bewitched King of Naples
Naples
and Sardinia; Duke of Brabant, Limburg, Lothier, and Milan; Count of Flanders
Count of Flanders
and Hainaut 1700–1714 Succeeded by Charles VI & V

Duke of Luxembourg Count of Namur 1700–1712 Succeeded by Maximilian II Emanuel

King of Sicily 1700–1713 Succeeded by Victor Amadeus

King of Spain 1700–1724 Succeeded by Louis

Preceded by Louis King of Spain 1724–1746 Succeeded by Ferdinand VI

French royalty

Preceded by Louis Francis Duke of Anjou 1683–1700 Succeeded by Louis

v t e

Princes of France

The first generation are the children of Henri IV; these males held the rank of Son of France
France
or Grand son of France;

1st generation

Louis XIII Nicolas Henri, Duke of Orléans* Gaston, Duke of Orléans*

2nd generation

Louis XIV Philippe, Duke of Orléans Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois*

3rd generation

Louis, Dauphin of France Philippe Charles, Duke of Anjou* Louis François, Duke of Anjou* Philippe Charles, Duke of Valois* Alexandre Louis, Duke of Valois* Philippe, Duke of Orléans

4th generation

Louis, Duke of Burgundy King Felipe of Spain Charles, Duke of Berry*

5th generation

Louis, Duke of Brittany* Louis, Duke of Brittany* Louis XV

6th generation

Louis, Dauphin of France Philippe, Duke of Anjou*

7th generation

Louis, Duke of Burgundy* Xavier, Duke of Aquitaine* Louis XVI* Louis XVIII* Charles X

8th generation

Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France* Louis XVII* Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
(Louis XIX)* Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry

9th generation

Henri, Count of Chambord
Henri, Count of Chambord
(Henry V)*

* died without surviving issue

v t e

Dukes of Anjou

Hereditary Dukes

Louis I Louis II Louis III René I Charles IV

Appanage of Anjou

Louise Henri François Gaston Philippe Philippe Charles Louis François Philippe Louis Philippe Louis

Courtesy title

Jaime Alfonso Carlos Jaime Alfonso

Current claimants

Charles Philippe Louis

v t e

Monarchs of Spain

Charles I Philip II Philip III Philip IV Charles II Philip V Louis I Philip V Ferdinand VI Charles III Charles IV Ferdinand VII Joseph I Ferdinand VII Isabel II Amadeo I Alfonso XII Alfonso XIII Juan Carlos I Felipe VI

v t e

Monarchs of Luxembourg

County of Luxemburg
County of Luxemburg
(963–1354)

Elder House of Luxembourg (963–1136)

Siegfried (963–998) Henry I (998–1026) Henry II (1026–1047) Giselbert (1047–1059) Conrad I (1059–1086) Henry III (1086–1096) William I (1096–1131) Conrad II (1131–1136)

House of Namur (1136–1189)

Henry IV (1136–1189)

House of Hohenstaufen (1196–1197)

Otto (1196–1197)

House of Namur (1197–1247)

Ermesinde (1197–1247), with Theobald (1197–1214), and then Waleran (1214–1226)

House of Limburg (1247–1354)

Henry V (1247–1281) Henry VI (1281–1288) Henry VII (1288–1313) John I (1313–1346) Charles I (1346–1353) Wenceslaus I (1353–1354)

Duchy of Luxemburg
Duchy of Luxemburg
(1354–1794)

House of Limburg (1354–1443)

Wenceslaus I (1354–1383) Wenceslaus II (1383–1388) Jobst (1388–1411) Elisabeth (1411–1443) with Anthony (1411–1415), and then John II (1418–1425)

House of Valois-Burgundy (1443–1482)

Philip I (1443–1467) Charles II (1467–1477) Mary I (1477–1482) and Maximilian I (1477–1482)

House of Habsburg (1482–1700)

Philip II (1482–1506) Charles III (1506–1556) Philip III (1556–1598) Isabella Clara Eugenia
Isabella Clara Eugenia
(1598–1621) and Albert (1598–1621) Philip IV (1621–1665) Charles IV (1665–1700)

House of Bourbon (1700–1712)

Philip V (1700–1712)

House of Wittelsbach (1712–1713)

Maximilian II (1712–1713)

House of Habsburg (1713–1780)

Charles V (1713–1740) Mary II (1740–1780)

House of Habsburg-Lorraine (1780–1794)

Joseph (1780–1790) Leopold (1790–1792) Francis (1792–1794)

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
(since 1815)

House of Orange-Nassau (1815–1890)

William I (1815–1840) William II (1840–1849) William III (1849–1890)

House of Nassau-Weilburg (1890–present)

Adolphe (1890–1905) William IV (1905–1912) Marie-Adélaïde (1912–1919) Charlotte (1919–1964) Jean (1964–2000) Henri (since 2000)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 87644221 LCCN: n82029229 ISNI: 0000 0001 2142 5778 GND: 119186640 SELIBR: 211352 SUDOC: 031295495 BNF: cb12253823d (data) ULAN: 500122373 BNE: XX1068133 SN

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