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Petro Mykolayovych Symonenko (Ukrainian: Петро́ Микола́йович Симоне́нко; born 1 August 1952) is a Ukrainian politician and the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine. Symonenko was the Communist Party's candidate in the 1999 and 2004, 2010[10][nb 1] and until his withdrawal, the 2014 presidential election.[12][13]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Stance on Holodomor

2 Notes 3 References

Biography[edit]

In the Kremlin
Kremlin
in 2002 with Vladimir Putin.

Symonenko was born in Donetsk. He became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1978, and worked as a party functionary in 1980s. He has been the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine
Communist Party of Ukraine
since 1993. He is also the Chairman of the Communist Party Faction in the Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
(parliament).[14] Symonenko has been a Ukrainian delegate to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. From 1994 to 1996 he was a member of the Ukrainian parliament's Constitution Commission. He was a candidate in the 1999 presidential election, receiving 22.24% of the votes in the first round and taking second place. In the second round he won 37.8% of the votes, losing to Leonid Kuchma. His election program had classic communist content. In late 2002 Viktor Yushchenko
Viktor Yushchenko
(Our Ukraine), Oleksandr Moroz (Socialist Party of Ukraine), Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko
( Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko
Bloc) and Symonenko issued a joint statement concerning "the beginning of a state revolution in Ukraine". The communist left the alliance, Symonenko was against a single candidate from the alliance in the Ukrainian presidential election 2004, but the other three parties remained allies[15] (until July 2006).[16] Symonenko's support sharply declined at the time of the 2004 presidential election. Symonenko received 5% of the votes and came in fourth place, unable to get into the controversial runoff which caused the Orange Revolution. Symonenko was re-elected to the Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
in the September 2007 parliamentary election.[17] At the opening of the new parliament's first session on 23 November 2007, he was re-elected as Chairman of the Communist Party faction.[14] During the 2010 presidential election he was the candidate of the Bloc of Left and Center-left Forces,[10][18][19][20][21] receiving 3.54% of the votes.[22] In the 2012 parliamentary election he was (re)-elected into parliament.[23] In the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election
2014 Ukrainian presidential election
initially he ran as a candidate of his party on a federalization-platform that should have eventually led to a "parliamentary system without the institution of the presidency at all".[12] But he withdrew from the race on 16 May.[13] He stated he withdrew "to save Ukraine
Ukraine
from arbitrariness, which takes place today" and said about the elections itself "in our opinion they will be illegitimate".[13] Later the same day, Symonenko's car was attacked by a mob with baseball bats and Molotov cocktails as he left a TV interview. He was uninjured in the incident.[24] In the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election
2014 Ukrainian presidential election
he received 1.51% of the vote.[25] Stance on Holodomor[edit] On 28 November 2006, the Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
(Ukrainian Parliament) narrowly passed a law defining the Holodomor
Holodomor
as a deliberate act of genocide and made public denial illegal. Commenting in 2007, Symonenko said he "does not believe there was any deliberate starvation at all," and accused President Viktor Yushchenko
Viktor Yushchenko
of "using the famine to stir up hatred." In response, Yushchenko declared he wants "a new law criminalising Holodomor
Holodomor
denial."[26] Notes[edit]

^ Technically in the 2010 presidential election he was the candidate of the Bloc of Left and Center-left Forces of which the Communist Party of Ukraine
Ukraine
was a part of.[10][11]

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petro Symonenko.

^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the II convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the III convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the IV convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the V convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the VI convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014.  ^ Leader of Communist Party Symonenko got married second time, UNIAN (28 September 2009) ^ a b Chief communist of Ukraine
Ukraine
has extramarital affair! Archived 2010-02-08 at the Wayback Machine., MIGnews (February 2, 2009) ^ Biography Archived 2009-11-07 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrainian Parliament ^ a b c Bloc of left and center-left forces to nominate CPU Leader for Ukraine's president, Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(October 3, 2009) ^ Four parties unite to participate in presidential election, Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(September 14, 2009) ^ a b Leader of Communist party stands for step-by-step transition to federation followed by elimination of post of president, Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(8 April 2014) ^ a b c Communist leader Symonenko withdraws his candidacy from presidential race, Kyiv Post
Kyiv Post
(16 May 2014) ^ a b "Opening of the First Session of The Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine of the 6th Convocation", Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
website, 23 November 2007. ^ Understanding Ukrainian Politics: Power, Politics, and Institutional Design by Paul D'Anieri, M.E. Sharpe, 2006, ISBN 978-0-7656-1811-5, page 117 ^ Ukraine
Ukraine
coalition born in chaos, BBC News
BBC News
(July 11, 2006) ^ "The Makeup of the New Verkhovna Rada" Archived 2008-03-17 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda, November 5, 2007. ^ Spravedlyvist Party backs Communist leader as single candidate from left political forces at president election, Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(October 10, 2009) ^ (in Ukrainian) Союз Лівих Сил підтримав кандидатуру Петра Симоненко[permanent dead link], Union of Leftists (October 16, 2009) ^ (in Ukrainian) Події за темами: XXII з’їзд Соціал-демократичної партії України(о), UNIAN (October 17, 2009) ^ Social-Democratic Party supports Symonenko as single candidate for president post from left political forces, Kyiv Post
Kyiv Post
(October 17, 2009) ^ (in Ukrainian) ЦВК оприлюднила офіційні результати 1-го туру виборів, Gazeta.ua (January 25, 2010) ^ (in Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda
Ukrayinska Pravda
(11 November 2012) ^ http://lenta.ru/news/2014/05/16/simonenko/ ^ "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC". Radio Ukraine
Ukraine
International. 29 May 2014. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014.  (in Russian) Results election of Ukrainian president, Телеграф (29 May 2014) ^ Laura Sheeter, " Ukraine
Ukraine
remembers famine horror", BBC News, 24 November 2007

v t e

Candidates in the 1999 Ukrainian presidential election

Winner

Leonid Kuchma

Lost in runoff

Petro Symonenko

Other candidates

Oleksandr Moroz Nataliya Vitrenko Yevhen Marchuk Yuriy Kostenko Hennadiy Udovenko Vasyl Onopenko Oleksandr Rzhavskyy Yuriy Karmazin Vitaliy Kononov Oleksandr Bazyliuk Mykola Haber

Withdrew

Volodymyr Oliynyk Oleksandr Tkachenko

Disqualified

Hennadiy Balashov Ivan Bilas Hryhoriy Novodvorsky Mykhailo Pavlovsky

v t e

Candidates in the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election

Winner

Viktor Yushchenko

Lost in runoff

Viktor Yanukovych

Other candidates

Oleksandr Moroz Petro Symonenko Nataliya Vitrenko Anatoliy Kinakh Oleksandr Yakovenko Oleksandr Omelchenko Leonid Chernovetskyi Dmytro Korchynsky Andriy Chornovil Mykola Hrabar Mykhailo Brodskyy Yuriy Zbitnyev Serhiy Komisarenko Vasyl Volha Bohdan Boyko Oleksandr Rzhavskyy Mykola Rohozhynskyy Vladyslav Kryvobokov Oleksandr Bazylyuk Ihor Dushyn Roman Kozak Volodymyr Nechyporuk

Withdrew

Hryhoriy Chernysh Vitaliy Kononov

See also

Orange Revolution Timeline of the Orange Revolution

v t e

Candidates in the 2010 Ukrainian presidential election

Winner

Viktor Yanukovych

Lost in runoff

Yulia Tymoshenko

Other candidates

Serhiy Tihipko Arseniy Yatsenyuk Viktor Yushchenko Petro Symonenko Volodymyr Lytvyn Oleh Tyahnybok Anatoliy Hrytsenko Inna Bohoslovska Oleksandr Moroz Yuriy Kostenko Liudmyla Suprun Vasyl Protyvsikh Oleksandr Pabat Serhiy Ratushniak Mykhailo Brodskyy Oleh Riabokon

v t e

Candidates in the 2014 Ukrainian presidential election

Winner

Petro Poroshenko

Other candidates

Yulia Tymoshenko Oleh Lyashko Anatoliy Hrytsenko Serhiy Tihipko Mykhailo Dobkin Vadim Rabinovich Olha Bohomolets Petro Symonenko Oleh Tyahnybok Dmytro Yarosh Andriy Hrynenko Valeriy Konovalyuk Yuriy Boyko Mykola Malomuzh Renat Kuzmin Vasyl Kuybida Oleksandr Klymenko Vasyl Tsushko Volodymyr Saranov Zoran Shkiryak

Withdrew

Natalia Korolevska Oleg Tsaryov

See also

Euromaidan Timeline of the Euromaidan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 81715559 LCCN: n2002104819 GND: 137537638 SUDO

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