Petone (/pɛˈtoʊni/, Māori: Pito-one) is a large suburb of Lower
Hutt, in the
Wellington Region of New Zealand's North Island. It is
located at the southern end of the Hutt Valley, on the northern shore
Wellington Harbour. The name, from the Māori Pito-one, means "end
of the sand beach".
Petone was first settled by Europeans in 1840, making it one of the
oldest settlements in the
Wellington Region. It became a borough in
1888, and merged with Hutt City in 1989.
2 State housing
3 Notable features
Petone Rotary Fair
6 See also
Petone was the first European settlement in the
Wellington region and
retains many historical buildings and landmarks.
A substantial Maori pa (fortified settlement) was already established
at Pito-one close to the beach when the first European settlers
arrived in the region. The first European settlers in large numbers
arrived on 22 January 1840, on the ship Aurora carrying 25 married
couples, 36 single persons and 40 children. The locality was described
as, "sandy beach, which is about two miles long ... bounded on either
side by wooded hills from 300 to 400 feet in height. It was covered in
high forest to within a mile and a half of the beach, when swamps full
of flax and a belt of sand hummocks intervened." The Maori from the
nearby pa came to meet them, one passenger's diary recording, "the
venerable old chief Te Puni ... together with sons and endless
relatives and a pa full of natives who were delighted to greet us with
'Kapai-te-Pakeha' and other expressions of greeting". A beach
settlement of small wooden houses and tents was established, which was
initially called Britannia. The earliest European settlers found life
hard. Nevertheless, the settlement grew: the population of "Pito-one
and Hutt" in 1845 was given as 649, compared to, "Town of Wellington"
of 2,667. In 1850 the Maori pa at Pito-one was described as, "the
largest and best fortified within the District of
Wellington ... their
cultivations of kumara and maize look well and the residents, in point
of comfort and wealth, are better off than any of the Port Nicholson
natives ... total population 136." There was horse racing at Pito-one
Beach on 20 October 1842, attracting a crowd of five or six hundred
people from Wellington.
The site for the principal settlement in the area was later designated
as Thorndon around the shores of what is now the city of Wellington,
New Zealand's capital.
Petone gained borough status in 1888.
For much of the 20th century,
Petone was a thriving, largely
working-class town and the location of several large industrial sites,
including two car assembly plants, a meat processing plant, a wool
processing plant, a tobacco processing plant, a soap factory and a
toothpaste factory. The majority of these closed in the 1970s and
1980s, resulting in gradual economic decline.
Lower Hutt as a result of the local government reform
The suburb has since enjoyed renewed economic growth, using its early
European heritage as a draw for tourists and gaining many cafes and
It is home of the
Petone Rugby Club which has been one of the world's
leading clubs since 1885.
Some of New Zealand's first
State housing was constructed in
1906, with some of the original houses remaining in good condition.
The local tourist office provides a guide showing where these houses
The Te Puna Wai Ora (Spring of Life) in Buick Street provides pure
untreated artesian (underground pressured) water from taps. The water
originates from the Hutt River at the Taitā Gorge and is safe to
drink in its natural form as it has been naturally filtered through
the alluvial gravels and sands of the Hutt Valley over several years.
It is free, highly valued and consumers travel long distances to
collect the water for drinking purposes.
Petone Community Library (Te Kete Wananga) access via Jackson Street.
Petone Settlers Museum, housed in the
Wellington Provincial Centennial
Memorial on the
Honiana Te Puni-kokopu
Honiana Te Puni-kokopu New Zealand Wars memorial in the Te Puni Street
urūpa (burial ground).
Petone Rotary Fair
Scenes from the
Petone Rotary Fair
Petone Rotary Fair is a notable local event, held annually since
1992, that draws people from all over the greater
Wellington region to
Jackson Street, Petone's main thoroughfare, which is closed off to
The purpose of the fair is not only to raise the profile of
provide an enjoyable day out, but to raise money for charity. The fair
consists of various stalls selling everything from plants, artwork,
jewellery, CDs & DVDs, cosmetics, food and drink, etc., as well as
musicians, carnival rides, and displays from various organisations
such as the New Zealand Fire Service.
Petone has three schools
Petone Central School is a state full primary (Year 1–8) school in
central Petone, and has 69 students as of February 2018.
Sacred Heart School is a state-integrated Catholic full primary (Year
1–8) school in central Petone, and has 149 students as of February
Wilford School is a state full primary (Year 1–8) school in
northeastern Petone, and has 311 students as of February 2018.
Petone College closed in 1998,
Hutt Valley High School in
Lower Hutt has been the nearest state secondary school to
The main campus of the
Wellington Institute of Technology (Weltec) is
located in Petone.
New Zealand portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petone.
^ Combined population of
Petone Central, Esplanade and Wilford area
units. "2013 Census map - QuickStats about a place". Statistics New
Zealand. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
^ Te Ara: The encyclopaedia of New Zealand - Hutt Valley - south
Retrieved: 13 January 2009
^ "First European settlers arrive in Wellington". 22 October
^ "Early Wellington" compiled by Louis E. Ward, Whitcomb and Tombs Ltd
^ Hutt City - Petone's Artesian Water Archived 2010-05-13 at the
Wayback Machine. Retrieved: 5 April 2012
^ "Honiana Te Puni NZ Wars memorial". NZ History. Ministry for Culture
and Heritage. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
^ a b c "Directory of Schools - as at 14 March 2018". New Zealand
Ministry of Education. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
Coordinates: 41°13′30.00″S 174°52′40.80″E /
41.2250000°S 174.8780000°E / -41.22