The Info List - Peter And The Wolf

Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
(Russian: «Пе́тя и волк», tr. "Pétya i volk", IPA: [ˈpʲetʲə i volk]) Op. 67, a 'symphonic fairy tale for children', is a musical composition written by Sergei Prokofiev
Sergei Prokofiev
in 1936. The narrator tells a children's story, while the orchestra illustrates it. It is Prokofiev's most frequently performed work, and one of the most frequently performed works in the entire classical repertoire. It has been recorded many times.


1 Background 2 Plot 3 Performance directions 4 Instrumentation 5 Recordings 6 Adaptations of the work

6.1 Walt Disney, 1946 6.2 British–Polish co-production, 2006 6.3 Others

6.3.1 Up to 1959 6.3.2 1960s 6.3.3 1970s 6.3.4 1980s 6.3.5 1990s 6.3.6 2000s 6.3.7 2010s

7 In copyright law 8 References 9 External links

Background[edit] In 1936, Sergei Prokofiev
Sergei Prokofiev
was commissioned by Natalya Sats, the director of the Central Children's Theatre in Moscow, to write a musical symphony for children. Sats and Prokofiev had become acquainted after he visited her theatre with his sons several times.[1] The intent was to introduce children to the individual instruments of the orchestra. The first draft of the libretto was about a Young Pioneer (the Soviet version of a Boy Scout) called Peter who rights a wrong by challenging an adult. (This was a common theme in propaganda aimed at children in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
at the time.) However, Prokofiev was dissatisfied with the rhyming text produced by Antonina Sakonskaya, a then popular children's author. Prokofiev wrote a new version where Peter captures a wolf. As well as promoting desired Pioneer virtues such as vigilance, bravery and resourcefulness, the plot illustrates Soviet themes such as the stubbornness of the un-Bolshevik older generation (the grandfather) and the triumph of Man (Peter) taming Nature (the wolf).[2] Prokofiev produced a version for the piano in under a week, finishing it on April 15. The orchestration was finished on April 24. The work debuted at a children's concert in the main hall of the Moscow Conservatory with the Moscow Philharmonic on 2 May 1936. However, Sats was ill and the substitute narrator inexperienced, and the performance failed to attract much attention.[1][3][4][5] Later that month a much more successful performance with Sats narrating was given at the Moscow Pioneers Palace. The American premiere took place in March 1938, with Prokofiev himself conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra
at Symphony Hall, Boston with Richard Hale
Richard Hale
narrating. By that time Sats was serving a sentence in the gulag, where she was sent after her lover Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
was shot in June 1937.[6] Plot[edit] Peter, a Young Pioneer,[7][8] lives at his grandfather's home in a forest clearing. One day, Peter goes out into the clearing, leaving the garden gate open, and the duck that lives in the yard takes the opportunity to go swimming in a pond nearby. The duck starts arguing with a little bird ("What kind of bird are you if you can't fly?" – "What kind of bird are you if you can't swim?"). Peter's pet cat stalks them quietly, and the bird—warned by Peter—flies to safety in a tall tree while the duck swims to safety in the middle of the pond. Peter's grandfather scolds him for being outside in the meadow alone ("Suppose a wolf came out of the forest?"), and, when he defies him, saying: "Boys like me are not afraid of wolves", his grandfather takes him back into the house and locks the gate. Soon afterwards "a big, grey wolf" does indeed come out of the forest. The cat quickly climbs into a tree, but the duck, who has jumped out of the pond, is chased, overtaken, and swallowed by the wolf. Peter fetches a rope and climbs over the garden wall into the tree. He asks the bird to fly around the wolf's head to distract it, while he lowers a noose and catches the wolf by its tail. The wolf struggles to get free, but Peter ties the rope to the tree and the noose only gets tighter. Some hunters, who have been tracking the wolf, come out of the forest ready to shoot, but Peter gets them to help him take the wolf to a zoo in a victory parade (the piece was first performed for an audience of Young Pioneers during May Day celebrations) that includes himself, the bird, the hunters leading the wolf, the cat, and grumpy grumbling Grandfather ("What if Peter hadn't caught the wolf? What then?") In the story's ending, the listener is told: "If you listen very carefully, you'll hear the duck quacking inside the wolf's belly, because the wolf in his hurry had swallowed her alive." Performance directions[edit] Prokofiev produced detailed performance notes in both English and Russian for Peter and the Wolf. According to the English version:

Each character of this tale is represented by a corresponding instrument in the orchestra: the bird by a flute, the duck by an oboe, the cat by a clarinet playing staccato in a low register, the grandfather by a bassoon, the wolf by three horns, Peter by the string quartet, the shooting of the hunters by the kettle drums and bass drum. Before an orchestral performance it is desirable to show these instruments to the children and to play on them the corresponding leitmotivs. Thereby, the children learn to distinguish the sonorities of the instruments during the performance of this tale.[9]

Instrumentation[edit] Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
is scored for the following orchestra:[10]

Brass: 3 horns in F, a trumpet in B♭ and a trombone Percussion: timpani, a triangle, a tambourine, cymbals, castanets, a snare drum, and a bass drum Strings: first and second violins, violas, violoncellos, and double basses Woodwinds: a flute, an oboe, a clarinet in A, and a bassoon

Each character in the story has a particular instrument and a musical theme:[11]

Bird: flute

Duck: oboe

Cat: clarinet

Grandfather: bassoon

Wolf: French horns

Hunters: woodwind and trumpet theme, with gunshots on timpani and bass drum

Peter: string instruments (including violin, viola, cello, and double bass)

A performance lasts about 25 minutes.[12] Recordings[edit] According to an article by Jeremy Nicholas of the classical music magazine Gramophone in 2015, the best overall recording of Peter and the Wolf is by the New Philharmonia Orchestra, narrated by Richard Baker and conducted by Raymond Leppard in 1954. Gramophone's best DVD version is the 2006 film by Suzie Templeton; its music is performed, without narrator, by the Philharmonia Orchestra
conducted by Mark Stephenson.[13]

Date Narrator Orchestra Conductor Label Notes

2015 David Tennant The Amazing Keystone Band

Le Chant du Monde

2015 Alice Cooper Bundesjugendorchester Alexander Shelley Deutsche Grammophon

2012 Bramwell Tovey Vancouver Symphony Orchestra Bramwell Tovey

Video on YouTube

2011 Phillip Schofield Orchestre national du Capitole de Toulouse Michel Plasson EMI

2008 Jacqueline du Pré[14] English Chamber Orchestra Daniel Barenboim Deutsche Grammophon

2007 Konrad Czynski "Yadu" London Philharmonic Orchestra Stephen Simon Maestro Classics [15] [16] [17]

2006 Colm Feore Windsor Symphony Orchestra John Morris Russell Windsor Symphony Society This recording has never been released commercially, but is only available via the WSO's website[18] or at the WSO's gift shop.

2005 Willie Rushton London Philharmonic Orchestra Siân Edwards Classics for Pleasure

2003 Mikhail Gorbachev, Bill Clinton, Sophia Loren Russian National Orchestra Kent Nagano PENTATONE PTC 5186011

2003 Antonio Banderas, Sophia Loren Russian National Orchestra Kent Nagano PENTATONE PTC 5186014 In Spanish

2001 Sharon Stone Orchestra
of St. Luke's James Levine Deutsche Grammophon as part of A Classic Tale: Music for Our Children (289 471 171–72, 2001)

2000 Lenny Henry Nouvel Ensemble Instrumental Du Conservatoire National Supérieur De Paris Jacques Pési EMI

2000 David Attenborough BBC Philharmonic Yan Pascal Tortelier BBC Music for BBC Music
BBC Music
Magazine; a free CD came with the June 2000 issue

1997 Anthony Dowell

Ross MacGibbon, director (video)

Film of a ballet performance, starring David Johnson, Layla Harrison, Karan Lingham[19]

1997 Dame Edna Everage Melbourne Symphony Orchestra John Lanchbery Naxos Records

1996 Sir John Gielgud Royal Philharmonic Orchestra Andrea Licata Intersound Recordings

1996 Ben Kingsley London Symphony Orchestra Sir Charles Mackerras Cala Records

1994 Melissa Joan Hart Boston Symphony Orchestra Seiji Ozawa Sony Classical Hart was in her "Clarissa" persona from the Nickelodeon
television series Clarissa Explains It All.

1994 Patrick Stewart Orchestra
of the Opéra National de Lyon Kent Nagano Erato

1994 Sting Chamber Orchestra
of Europe Claudio Abbado Deutsche Grammophon This was used as the soundtrack to the television special Peter and the Wolf: A Prokofiev Fantasy.

1993 Peter Schickele Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Yoel Levi Telarc With a new text by Peter Schickele

1991 Oleg and Gabriel Prokofiev New London Orchestra Ronald Corp Hyperion Records The narrators were the son and grandson of the composer.

1989 Sir John Gielgud Orchestra
of the Academy of London Richard Stamp Virgin Classics Sir John's royalties for this recording were donated to The League of Friends of Charity Heritage, a facility for physically handicapped children.

1989 Christopher Lee English String Orchestra Sir Yehudi Menuhin Nimbus Records

1989 Sir Peter Ustinov Philharmonia Orchestra Philip Ellis Cirrus Classics CRS CD 105[20]

1989 Jonathan Winters Philharmonia Orchestra Efrem Kurtz Angel Records Winters also narrated the Saint-Saëns/ Ogden Nash
Ogden Nash
The Carnival of the Animals

1987 Paul Hogan Orchestre de Paris Igor Markevitch EMI It retained the traditional plot but transferred the locale to the Australian Outback. This recording was withdrawn soon after its release because of unflattering portrayals of Australia's aboriginal people and is now considered "out of print".

1987 Lina Prokofiev (Sergei Prokofiev's widow) Royal Scottish National Orchestra Neeme Järvi Chandos Records

1986 Itzhak Perlman Israel Philharmonic Orchestra Zubin Mehta EMI

1984 William F. Buckley, Jr. Orchestra
of Radio/TV Luxembourg Leopold Hager Proarte Digital Records

1984 Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
/ Terry Wogan Boston Pops Orchestra John Williams Philips The American release (412 559–2) was narrated by Dudley Moore, while the UK release (412 556–2) featured Terry Wogan
Terry Wogan
as narrator

1980 Tom Seaver Cincinnati Pops Orchestra Erich Kunzel MMG

1979 Carol Channing Cincinnati Pops Orchestra Erich Kunzel Caedmon Records TC-1623

1977 Cyril Ritchard Philadelphia Orchestra Eugene Ormandy Columbia Records
Columbia Records
ML 5183

1978 David Bowie Philadelphia Orchestra Eugene Ormandy RCA Red Seal Bowie's recording reached number 136 on the US Pop Albums chart.

1975 Karlheinz Böhm Vienna Philharmonic
Vienna Philharmonic
Orchestra Karl Böhm Deutsche Grammophon

1974 Will Geer English Chamber Orchestra Johannes Somary Vanguard Records VSO-30033

1973 Mia Farrow London Symphony Orchestra André Previn EMI
ASD 2935

1972 Rob Reiner studio orchestra Jerry Yester United Artists Records
United Artists Records
UAS-5646 Contemporary version by Carl Gottlieb
Carl Gottlieb
and Rob Reiner; never released on CD

1972 George Raft London Festival Orchestra Stanley Black Phase 4 Stereo SPC-21084 In this version, the story is reformulated as a gangster tale in the style of the Hollywood films that Raft had once acted in.

1971 Richard Baker New Philharmonia Orchestra Raymond Leppard EMI

1970 Sir Ralph Richardson London Symphony Orchestra Sir Malcolm Sargent Decca Records Volume 5 of The World of the Great Classics series. This version is praised in various editions of The Stereo Record Guide as the finest recording and narration of the work ever made.

1968 Kyu Sakamoto The Philharmonia orchestra Herbert von Karajan Angel Records Narration in Japanese.

1966 Richard Attenborough Philharmonia of Hamburg Hans-Jurgen Walter Columbia Records

1965 Sean Connery Royal Philharmonic Orchestra Antal Doráti Phase 4 Stereo

1965 Lorne Greene London Symphony Orchestra Sir Malcolm Sargent RCA Victor

1960s Garry Moore Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra
of London Artur Rodziński Whitehall WHS20040.[21] The reverse side of this 12-inch LP record also features The Carnival of the Animals by Saint-Saëns with Garry Moore
Garry Moore
(narrator), Josef and Grete Dichler (duopianists), and the Vienna State Opera
Vienna State Opera
Orchestra conducted by Hermann Scherchen.

1960 Leonard Bernstein New York Philharmonic Leonard Bernstein Columbia Records The popularity of the group's televised Young People's Concerts made this an auspicious release

1960 Captain Kangaroo Stadium Symphony Orchestra
of New York Leopold Stokowski Everest Records SDBR-3043

1960 Beatrice Lillie London Symphony Orchestra Skitch Henderson Decca Records

1959 José Ferrer Vienna State Opera
Vienna State Opera
Orchestra Sir Eugene Goossens Kapp Records Narrated in Spanish and English

1959 Michael Flanders Philharmonia Orchestra Efrem Kurtz EMI

1957 Boris Karloff Vienna State Opera
Vienna State Opera
Orchestra Mario Rossi Vanguard Records

1956 Peter Ustinov Philharmonia Orchestra Herbert von Karajan Angel Records

1955 Arthur Godfrey Andre Kostelanetz's Orchestra Andre Kostelanetz Columbia Records mono recording; has never been issued on CD

1953 Victor Jory unknown Vicky Kosen Peter Pan Records mono recording; has never been issued on CD

1953 Alec Guinness Boston Pops Orchestra Arthur Fiedler RCA Victor

1950 Milton Cross Mario Janero, piano

Musicraft Records 4 78-rpm discs

1950 Eleanor Roosevelt Boston Symphony Orchestra Serge Koussevitzky RCA Victor mono recording

1949 Frank Phillips London Philharmonic Orchestra Nikolai Malko Decca LX 3003[22] Frank Phillips was a well-known BBC Radio
BBC Radio

1946 Sterling Holloway

Disney originally made for an episode in the 1946 film Make Mine Music

1941 Basil Rathbone All-American Orchestra Leopold Stokowski Columbia Masterworks Restored from original Masterworks set M-477 by Bob Varney[23]

1939 Richard Hale Boston Symphony Orchestra Serge Koussevitzky RCA Victor

Adaptations of the work[edit] Walt Disney, 1946[edit] Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
(1946 film)

Disney's 1946 animated short

Prokofiev, while touring the West in 1938, visited Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and met Walt Disney. Prokofiev performed the piano version of Peter and the Wolf for "le papa de Mickey Mouse", as Prokofiev described him in a letter to his sons. Disney was impressed, and considered adding an animated version of Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
to Fantasia, which was to be released in 1940. Due to World War II, these plans fell through, and it was not until 1946 that Disney released his adaptation of Peter and the Wolf narrated by Sterling Holloway. It is not known if Prokofiev, by that point behind the Iron Curtain, was aware of this.[24] It was released theatrically as a segment of Make Mine Music, then reissued the next year, accompanying a reissue of Fantasia (as a short subject before the film), then separately on home video in the 1990s.[25] This version makes several changes to the original story. For example:

During the character introduction, the pets are given names: "Sasha" the bird, "Sonia" the duck, and "Ivan" the cat. As the cartoon begins, Peter and his friends already know there is a wolf nearby and are preparing to catch him. The hunters get names in a later part of the story: "Misha", "Yasha", and "Vladimir". Peter daydreams of hunting and catching the wolf, and for that purpose exits the garden carrying a wooden pop gun. At the end, in a reversal of the original (and to make the story more child-friendly), the narrator reveals that the duck Sonia has not been eaten by the wolf. Earlier in the film, the wolf is shown chasing Sonia, who hides in an old tree's hollow trunk. The wolf attacks out of view and returns in view with some of her feathers in his mouth, licking his jaws. Peter, Ivan, and Sasha assume Sonia has been eaten. After the wolf has been caught, Sasha is shown mourning Sonia. She comes out of the tree trunk at that point, and they are happily reunited.

In 1957, for one of his television programs, Disney recalled how Prokofiev himself visited the Disney studio, eventually inspiring the making of this animated version. Disney used pianist Ingolf Dahl, who resembled Prokofiev, to re-create how the composer sat at a piano and played the themes from the score.[26][27] British–Polish co-production, 2006[edit] In 2006, Suzie Templeton and Hugh Welchman
Hugh Welchman
directed and produced respectively, a stop-motion animated adaptation, Peter & the Wolf. It is unusual in its lack of any dialogue or narration, the story being told only in images and sound and interrupted by sustained periods of silence. The soundtrack is performed by the Philharmonia Orchestra, and the film received its premiere with a live accompaniment in the Royal Albert Hall.[28] The film won the Annecy Cristal and the Audience Award at the 2007 Annecy International Animated Film Festival,[29] and won the 2008 Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.[30] This version makes some changes to the original Prokofiev story; for example:

Peter bumps into one of the "hunters" (teenage bullies in this telling) who throws him in a rubbish bin and aims at him with his rifle to scare him; the second hunter watches without interfering (thus, a dislike towards the hunter/bullies is immediately created). Because of a broken wing, the bird has trouble flying and takes Peter's balloon to help it get aloft. After Peter has captured the wolf in a net, the hunter gets him in his rifle's telescopic sight coincidentally, but just before shooting, the second hunter stumbles, falls on him and makes him miss the shot. The caged wolf is brought into the village on a cart where Peter's grandfather tries to sell it. The hunter comes to the container and sticks his rifle in to intimidate the animal (as he did with Peter earlier on). At that time Peter throws the net on the hunter, who becomes tangled in it. Before the grandfather has made a deal, Peter unlocks the cart after looking into the eyes of the wolf. They walk side by side through the awestruck crowd and then the freed wolf runs off in the direction of the silver moon shining over the forest.


2007 Toronto, Canada production

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Up to 1959[edit]

In 1958, a videotaped television special entitled Art Carney
Art Carney
Meets Peter and the Wolf, with Art Carney
Art Carney
as main entertainer, along with the Bil Baird
Bil Baird
Marionettes, was presented by the American Broadcasting Company, and was successful enough to have been repeated twice. The show had an original storyline in which Carney interacted with some talking marionette animals, notably the wolf, who was the troublemaker of the group. This first half was presented as a musical, with adapted music from Lieutenant Kijé and other Prokofiev works which had special English lyrics fitted into them. The program then segued into a complete performance of Peter and the Wolf, played exactly as written by the composer, and "mimed" by both "human" and "animal" marionettes. The conclusion of the program again featured Carney interacting with the animal marionettes. The show was nominated for three Emmy Awards.


Circa 1960, Hans Conried
Hans Conried
recorded the narration with a Dixieland musical band. Since there is no oboe in a Dixieland
band, the part of the duck was played by a saxophone.[31] The Clyde Valley Stompers recorded a jazz version on Parlophone Records (45-R 4928) in 1962, which registered on the popular music charts of the time.[32] Allan Sherman
Allan Sherman
parodied the work in the album Peter and the Commissar (1964), made with Arthur Fiedler
Arthur Fiedler
and the Boston Pops Orchestra.[33] In 1966, Hammond organ
Hammond organ
player "The Incredible Jimmy Smith" performed an improvisation without narration based on the original themes and arranged by Oliver Nelson.[34] In 1969, American-Canadian filmmaker Caroline Leaf used sand animation to adapt the work in Sand or Peter and the Wolf, her first film.


The Rock Peter and the Wolf is an album by Jack Lancaster and Robin Lumley released in 1975. Performers on the album include Jack Lancaster, Robin Lumley, Gary Brooker, Bill Bruford, Phil Collins, Julie Driscoll, Stephane Grappelli, Jon Hiseman, Brian Eno, Alvin Lee, Gary Moore, Cozy Powell, Manfred Mann, Keith Tippett, Viv Stanshall, and the English Chorale.


The 1983 film A Christmas Story
A Christmas Story
features music from Peter and the Wolf prominently during scenes of the character Scott Farkus bullying other characters. The surname Farkus is a variation of farkas, which is Hungarian for "wolf". Justin Locke wrote a 1985 sequel to the story, using the original score. Peter VS. the Wolf is the Wolf's trial, where he defends himself against the charge of "Duckicide in the first degree, with one gulp." The original music is presented as evidence, but then the Wolf calls individual musicians to the stand and cross-examines them. It requires five actors for a stage presentation.[35] In 1985, Arnie Zane
Arnie Zane
choreographed a punk music ballet version of Peter and the Wolf.[36] In 1988, "Weird Al" Yankovic
"Weird Al" Yankovic
and Wendy Carlos
Wendy Carlos
produced a comedic version, using a synthesized orchestra and many additions to the story and music (e.g., Peter captures the wolf using his grandfather's dental floss, leading to the moral of the story: "Oral hygiene is very important").[37] In 1989, in an episode of the Muppet Babies entitled, "Skeeter and the Wolf", Skeeter fills in for Peter, Gonzo is the bird, Scooter is the cat, Fozzie is the duck, Nanny is the grandparent, and Kermit and Piggy are the hunters.


A 1990 episode of Tiny Toon Adventures
Tiny Toon Adventures
titled "Buster and the Wolverine" featured Elmyra Duff
Elmyra Duff
providing narration for a story wherein Buster Bunny and his friends, represented with musical instruments, combat an evil "wolverine". In this episode, the characters' instruments are: Buster Bunny, a trumpet; Babs Bunny, a harp; Furrball, a violin; Sweetie, a flute; Hamton J. Pig, a tuba; Plucky Duck, a bike horn (later, bagpipes, then an organ, and finally a synthesizer); and the wolverine, drums.[38] Peter Schickele (aka P. D. Q. Bach), wrote an alternate, comedic text for the score entitled Sneaky Pete and the Wolf, converting the story into a Western, including a showdown between Sneaky Pete and the gunslinger El Lobo (which never happens due to some local boys' giving El Lobo a hotfoot and sticking a paper airplane in his eye, and Sneaky Pete's girlfriend Laura rendering El Lobo unconscious with a vacuum cleaner). It was recorded with the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Yoel Levi, in 1993.[39] In the 1993 Simpsons episode "Krusty Gets Kancelled", guest star Hugh Hefner plays a portion of Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
on wine glasses. In 1995, a 60-minute television film was made with a mix of live-action, animation, and characters from the story designed by Chuck Jones.[40] The film featured Kirstie Alley
Kirstie Alley
(as the narrator), Lloyd Bridges
Lloyd Bridges
(as the grandfather), and Ross Malinger (as Peter), in a live-action "wraparound" segment. The version debuted on ABC on 8 December 1995. This version keeps the duck-friendly ending by having the swallowed duck pop out of the wolf's mouth alive, well, and dancing as the wolf is being captured. The wolf, described as "not a ballet fan", grabs the duck again before being forced to drop him by the hunters. As the story ends, Peter finds the duck crouching at the pond's edge, shivering and frightened because of his terrible experience, and Peter reassures it that he will always be there to protect it. This version even places the bird as a mother, with six eggs that hatch near the ending. The music for this version was performed by the RCA Victor
RCA Victor
Symphony Orchestra
conducted by George Daugherty. The version received a 1996 Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Children's Program and received a second Emmy nomination for Daugherty, for Outstanding Music Direction. Daugherty (also one of the writers) and Janis Diamond received a Writers Guild of America Award nomination for the script. The production received a Gold Hugo and Silver Hugo at Chicago International Film Festival. During September 1996, Coldcut
(a duo of scratch/mix DJs from south London) released a scratch version of the main theme, included on the track "More Beats + Pieces", from their album Let Us Play!.[41] Matthew Hart choreographed Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
for television in 1997, performed by the dancers of the Royal Ballet School
Royal Ballet School
and narrated by Sir Anthony Dowell (who also danced the role of "The Grandfather").[19]


In 2001, National Public Radio
National Public Radio
produced Peter and the Wolf: A Special Report, which treats the familiar plot as if it were a developing news story. Robert Siegel, Linda Wertheimer, Ann Taylor, and Steve Inskeep of NPR's All Things Considered
All Things Considered
report on the event against a performance of the score by the Virginia Symphony Orchestra
conducted by JoAnn Falletta.[42] Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
produced a version with Sesame Street
Sesame Street
characters in 2000, as told by way of a trip to a Boston Pops Orchestra
concert. Dubbed as "Elmo's Musical Adventure", the story unfolds inside Baby Bear's imagination as he attends a performance with Papa Bear, conducted by Keith Lockhart. In the story, Peter is played by Elmo, the cat by Oscar the Grouch, the duck by Telly Monster, the bird by Zoe, the grandfather by Big Bird, and the hunters by the Two-Headed Monster. Each character is followed around by a soloist playing that character's instrument, but Telly Monster's "Duck" quits the story after learning the wolf eats the duck. (He returns as one of the hunters later.) In February 2004, ex-president Bill Clinton, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
won a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for Children for narrating the album Peter and the Wolf/Wolf Tracks. This recording was performed by the Russian National Orchestra
conducted by Kent Nagano
Kent Nagano
and included Ms. Loren narrating Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
and Clinton narrating The Wolf and Peter by Jean-Pascal Beintus, which is also a narrated orchestral piece, but the story is told from the perspective of the wolf and has the theme of letting animals live in peace.[43] In 2004, Russian model Tatiana Sorokko
Tatiana Sorokko
performed with the Russian National Orchestra
on tour in the United States.[44][citation needed] In 2004, the Shirim Klezmer Orchestra
recorded a klezmer version of Peter and the Wolf, called Pincus and the Pig: A Klezmer Tale. The recording was narrated by Maurice Sendak
Maurice Sendak
and featured his illustrations.[45] In 2005, theatre organist Jelani Eddington performed and recorded with narrator George Woods the only existing theatre organ adaptation of Peter and the Wolf.[46] Psy-trance artist Eliad Grundland released a musical interpretation of the work, as Space Buddha, titled "Land of The Wolves", on his album Full Circle (2006).[47] In 2006, Neil Tobin
Neil Tobin
produced a Halloween-themed narrative called Peter and the Werewolf with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, John Lanchbery conducting.[48][citation needed] In 2009, an Angelina Ballerina: The Next Steps episode named "Angelina's Musical Day", Angelina and her friends do a school play of Peter and the Wolf. In 2009, musical group Project Trio released their second studio album, Brooklyn, on which a modernized version of the story was recorded. All three members narrate.[49]


In 2010, Denver musicians Munly and the Lupercalians released Petr & the Wulf, an alternative take on the original story. Told from the different perspectives of all the characters: Grandfater, Petr, Scarewulf, Cat, Bird, The Three Hunters, Duk, and Wulf. Released on the Alternative Tentacles
Alternative Tentacles
label.[50] In 2012, ITV used a version of the main theme as the title music for their coverage of the European Football Championships, because Prokofiev was born in present-day Ukraine, one of the host countries.[51] In 2013, filmmaker Wes Hurley premiered his short film Peter and the Wolf – a graphic adult version of the story featuring Peter as a gay werewolf-hunter and imagery inspired by Tom of Finland.[52][53] In 2015, a recording done on the Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Concert Hall organ, arranged by Josh Perschbacher, and narrated by Michael Barone (host of the radio program Pipedreams from American Public Media)[54] In 2015, the New England Jazz Ensemble (with the Wallingford Symphony Orchestra) debuted pianist Walter Gwardyak's jazz arrangement of Peter and the Wolf for big band. It is set to be recorded in summer of 2015. Narration written and performed by vocalist Giacomo Gates.[55]

In copyright law[edit] In 2012, the US Supreme Court's decision in Golan v. Holder
Golan v. Holder
restored copyright protection in the United States to numerous foreign works that had entered the public domain. Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
was frequently cited by the parties and amici, as well as by the Court's opinion and by the press, as an example of a well-known work that would be removed from the public domain by the decision.[56] References[edit]

^ a b Robinson, Harlow (10 November 1985). "PROKOFIEV'S 'PETER AND THE WOLF' is 50 YEARS OLD". The New York Times.  ^ Morrison, Simon. The People's Artist: Prokofiev's Soviet Years. Oxford University Press. p. 51. ISBN 9780199830985.  ^ McSmith, Andy. Fear and the Muse Kept Watch: The Russian Masters from Akhmatova and Pasternak to Shostakovich and Eisenstein Under Stalin. New Press, The. p. 229. ISBN 9781620970799.  ^ "Boston Symphony Orchestra
concert program, Subscription Series, Season 57 (1937-1938), Week 20 :: BSO Program Books". cdm15982.contentdm.oclc.org.  ^ Prokofiev, Sergei (2000); Prokofieva, Rose (translator) (1960). Shlifstein, S, ed. Autobiography, Articles, Reminiscences. The Minerva Group, Inc. p. 89. ISBN 0-89875-149-7.  ^ "Performance History Search". archives.bso.org.  ^ "Snaring a fresh audience using a cautionary tale" by Elissa Blake, The Sydney Morning Herald, 23 August 2013 ^ Morrison, Simon (2008). The People's Artist : Prokofiev's Soviet Years. Oxford University Press. p. 46. ISBN 9780199720514.  ^ Morrison, Simon. The People's Artist: Prokofiev's Soviet Years. Oxford University Press. p. 52. ISBN 9780199830985.  ^ "Scores - Prokofiev, Sergei - Prokofiev, Sergei / Peter and the Wolf, Op. 67 – Score and Parts - ID: 2444". New York Philharmonic Orchestra
Archives. Retrieved June 2, 2014.  ^ Estrella, Espie. "'Peter and the Wolf': Characters and Instruments". About.com. Retrieved June 2, 2014.  ^ " New York Philharmonic
New York Philharmonic
Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein, Prokofiev, Tchaikovsky – Peter And The Wolf / Nutcracker Suite". Discogs. Retrieved June 2, 2014.  ^ "Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
– which recording is best?" by Jeremy Nicholas, Gramophone, 14 January 2015 ^ http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2009/Mar09/du_Pre_Peter_4800475.htm ^ https://www.amazon.com/Peter-Wolf-London-Philharmonic-Orchestra/dp/B000RO8Q3W ^ https://www.maestroclassics.com/peter-and-the-wolf.html ^ https://www.allmusic.com/album/release/stories-in-music-peter-amp-the-wolf-mr0002135815 ^ http://www.windsorsymphony.com/concerts/wsogifts.html ^ a b Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
(TV 1997) on IMDb ^ Prokofiev, Saint-Saens, L Mozart, Peter Ustinov, Nicholas Walker, Laura O'Gorman, The Philharmonia, Philip Ellis – Peter and the Wolf, Carnival of the Animals, Toy Symphony, discogs.com ^ Review by T.H., Gramophone, June 1961, p. 31 ^ Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
at Discogs
(list of releases) ^ "Peter and the Wolf, Op. 67. audio recording". Columbia Masterworks Records, Internet Archive. July 1941.  ^ Bartig, Kevin. Composing for the Red Screen: Prokofiev and Soviet Film. Oxford University Press. p. 61. ISBN 9780199967605.  ^ "The Big Cartoon Database: Make Mine Music". Bcdb.com. 20 April 1946. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ "1957 Disney TV introduction". Peter and the Wolf. 1957.  ^ Linick, Anthony (2008). The Lives of Ingolf Dahl. Author House. p. 294.  ^ Breakthru Films ^ Annecy 2008 Festival, 2007 Award Winning Films. Annecy.org. Retrieved on 1 July 2011. ^ "Oscars 2008: Winners". 25 February 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2008.  ^ "Obiturary: Kenny Davern, 71, Leading Jazz Clarinet
Player". The New York Sun. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ "The Geoff Boxell Home Page". Geoffboxell.tripod.com. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ "Peter and the Commissar". Artist Direct. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008.  ^ Allmusic.com ^ "Peter VS. the Wolf". Justin Locke Productions. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ Banes, Sally (1987). Terpsichore in Sneakers: Post-Modern Dance. Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 978-0-8195-6160-2.  ^ "Wendy Carlos' official website". Wendycarlos.com. Retrieved 1 July 2011.  ^ " Tiny Toon Adventures
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peter and the Wolf.

Peter and the Wolf: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) Gramophone: Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
– which recording is best? A list of the instruments and the story Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
in Brooklyn (December 2008) Breakthrough Films' claymation adaptation (2006) at the Wayback Machine (archived 9 May 2008) Michael Biel: "The Recordings of Peter and the Wolf" in Three Oranges, No. 12: November 2006, Serge Prokofiev Foundation; retrieved 23 May 2009.

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Sergei Prokofiev


The Giant Maddalena The Gambler The Love for Three Oranges The Fiery Angel Semyon Kotko Betrothal in a Monastery War and Peace The Story of a Real Man


Ala i Lolli Chout Trapeze Le pas d'acier The Prodigal Son On the Dnieper Romeo and Juliet (Montagues and Capulets) Cinderella The Tale of the Stone Flower


Symphony No. 1 in D major ("Classical") Symphony No. 2 in D minor (orig & rev) Symphony No. 3 in C minor Symphony No. 4 in C major (orig & rev) Symphony No. 5 in B♭ major Symphony No. 6 in E♭ minor Symphony No. 7 in C♯ minor



Piano Concerto No. 1 in D♭ major Piano Concerto No. 2 in G minor Piano Concerto No. 3 in C major Piano Concerto No. 4 in B♭ major (left-hand) Piano Concerto No. 5 in G major Piano Concerto No. 6 (unfinished)


Concerto No. 1 in D major Violin
Concerto No. 2 in G minor Cello
Concerto in E minor Symphony-Concerto for Cello
in E minor Cello
Concertino in G minor (unfinished)


Suites (3) from Romeo and Juliet Suites (3) from Cinderella Suites (4) from The Tale of the Stone Flower Scythian Suite
Scythian Suite
from Ala i Lolli Suite from Chout Suite from The Love for Three Oranges Suite from The Fiery Angel Suite from Le pas d'acier Suite from The Prodigal Son Suite from The Gambler Suite from On the Dnieper Suite from Lieutenant Kijé Suite from Semyon Kotko Sinfonietta in A major (orig & rev) Summer Night Symphonic Song Russian Overture The Year 1941 Peter and the Wolf Pushkin Waltzes Waltz Suite

Film music

Alexander Nevsky Ivan the Terrible Lieutenant Kijé

Vocal music

Alexander Nevsky Cantata for 20th Anniv of October Revolution Flourish, Mighty Land Seven, They Are Seven Songs of Our Days Zdravitsa

Chamber music

Overture on Hebrew Themes Quintet in G minor String Quartet No. 1 String Quartet No. 2 Violin
Sonata No. 1 Violin
Sonata No. 2 Flute
Sonata in D major Cello
Sonata in C major Sonata for Two Violins in C major Sonata for Solo Violin Sonata for Solo Cello
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Piano music


Piano Sonata No. 1 in F minor Piano Sonata No. 2 in D minor Piano Sonata No. 3 in A minor Piano Sonata No. 4 in C minor Piano Sonata No. 5 in C major (orig & rev) Piano Sonata No. 6 in A major Piano Sonata No. 7 in B♭ major ("Stalingrad") Piano Sonata No. 8 in B♭ major Piano Sonata No. 9 in C major Piano Sonata No. 10 (unfinished) Piano Sonata No. 11 (unrealized)


Toccata in D minor Visions fugitives Tales of an Old Grandmother March and Scherzo from The Love for Three Oranges Three Pieces from War and Peace Ten Pieces from Romeo and Juliet Three Pieces & Six Pieces & Ten Pieces from Cinderella

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List of compositions by Sergei Prokofiev Ballets Russes Sergei Diaghilev George Balanchine Sviatoslav Richter Mstislav Rostropovich Nikolai Myaskovsky Neoclassicism Prokofiev (crater)

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Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf


Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
(1946) Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf


The Rock Peter and the Wolf (1975) David Bowie
David Bowie
Narrates Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
(1978) Wolf Tracks and Peter and the Wolf
Wolf Tracks and Peter and the Wolf
(2005) Petr & the Wulf (2010)


Peter and the Wolf
Peter and the Wolf
(1988 parody album) Ohrenbär Once Upon a Time Big Bad Wolf
Big Bad Wolf

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 265883445 GND: 300121628 BNF: cb1391