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The Info List - Peter Ueberroth


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Peter Victor Ueberroth (/ˈjuːbərɒθ/; born September 2, 1937) is an American executive. He served as the sixth Commissioner of Baseball from 1984 to 1989. He was recently the chairman of the United States Olympic Committee; he was replaced by Larry Probst
Larry Probst
in October 2008.[1]

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 Trans International Airlines

2 Sports career

2.1 1984 Olympics 2.2 Baseball commissioner

3 Post-baseball activities 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Early life[edit] Ueberroth was born in Evanston, Illinois, the son of Laura (Larson) and Victor Ueberroth.[2] His father was of German and Austrian descent, and his mother was of Swedish and Irish ancestry.[3] He grew up in northern California. While attending Fremont High School, Ueberroth excelled in football, baseball, and swimming. After graduating from high school, Ueberroth attended San Jose State University on an athletic scholarship. While attending San Jose State he joined Delta Upsilon. He competed in the 1956 United States Olympic water polo trials but failed to make the team. Ueberroth ultimately graduated from San Jose State in 1959 with a degree in business. Trans International Airlines[edit] After college, Ueberroth became a vice president and shareholder in Trans International Airlines
Trans International Airlines
(he was 22 years old at the time). Ueberroth worked at Trans International until 1963, when he founded his own travel company, which would become First Travel Corporation. By the time he sold First Travel in 1980, it was the second largest travel business in North America. Sports career[edit] 1984 Olympics[edit] For five years Ueberroth served as the organizer of the 1984 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles. He was a prominent figure in the games, receiving the Olympic Order
Olympic Order
in gold at its conclusion. Due to the success of the games, he was named Time magazine's Man of the Year in 1984. Under Ueberroth's leadership and management, the first privately financed Olympic Games
Olympic Games
resulted in a surplus of nearly US$250 million. This was subsequently used to support youth and sports activities throughout the United States. Coincidentally, he was born on the day on which the founder of the modern Olympic Games, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, died. Ueberroth created a committee of over 150 members (mostly business people and entrepreneurs) to generate ideas, opportunities and solve problems.[citation needed] His aggressive recruiting of sponsors for the 1984 Olympics is credited as the genesis for the current Olympic sponsorship program. Due to recruiting competitors between the Los Angeles Olympic Committee and the United States Olympic Committee (USOC), after 1984 all Olympics in the US had their local organizing committees enter into recruitment agreements with the USOC to jointly recruit sponsors and share revenues. Baseball commissioner[edit] Ueberroth was elected to succeed Bowie Kuhn
Bowie Kuhn
on March 3, 1984, and took office on October 1 of that year. As a condition of his hiring, Ueberroth increased the commissioner's fining ability from US$5,000 to $250,000.[citation needed] His salary was raised to a reported $450,000, nearly twice what Kuhn was paid. Just as Ueberroth was taking office, the Major League Umpires Union was threatening to strike the postseason. Ueberroth managed to arbitrate the disagreement and had the umpires back to work before the League Championship Series
League Championship Series
were over. The next summer, Ueberroth worked behind the scenes to limit a players' strike to one day before a new labor agreement was worked out with the Players Association. During the course of his stint as commissioner, Ueberroth reinstated two Hall of Famers, Willie Mays
Willie Mays
and Mickey Mantle, who had been banned from working for Major League Baseball by Kuhn because of their associations with gambling casinos. Also, Ueberroth suspended numerous players because of cocaine use, negotiated a $1.8 billion television contract with CBS,[4][5] and initiated the investigation against Pete Rose's betting habits. In 1985, Ueberroth's first full year in office, the League Championship Series
League Championship Series
expanded from a best-of-five series to a best-of-seven series. At his urging, the Chicago Cubs chose to install lights at Wrigley Field
Wrigley Field
rather than reimburse the leagues for lost night-game revenues. Ueberroth then found a new source of income in the form of persuading large corporations to pay for the privilege of having their products endorsed by Major League Baseball. However, Ueberroth, with the assistance of the owners, also facilitated collusion between the owners in violation of the league's collective bargaining agreement with the players. Players entering free agency in the 1985, 1986 and 1987 offseasons were, with few exceptions, prevented from both signing equitable contracts and joining the teams of their choice during this period. The roots of the collusion lay in Ueberroth's first owners' meeting as commissioner, when he called the owners "damned dumb" for being willing to lose money in order to win a World Series. Later, he told the general managers that it was "not smart" to sign long-term contracts.[6] Former Major League Baseball Players Association
Major League Baseball Players Association
president Marvin Miller later described this as "tantamount to fixing, not just games, but entire pennant races, including all post-season series."[7] The MLBPA, under Miller's successor, Don Fehr, filed collusion charges and won each case, resulting in "second look" free agents, and over $280 million in fines.[8] Fay Vincent, who followed Ueberroth's successor in the commissioner's office, laid the crippling labor problems of the early 1990s (including the 1994–95 strike) directly at the feet of Ueberroth and the owners' collusion, holding that the collusion years constituted theft from the players.[9] Under Ueberroth, Major League Baseball enjoyed "increased attendance (record attendance four straight seasons), greater awareness of crowd control and alcohol management within ballparks, a successful and vigilant anti-drug campaign, significant industry-wide improvement in the area of fair employment, and a significantly improved financial picture for the industry. When Ueberroth took office, 21 of the 26 clubs were losing money; in Ueberroth's last full season – 1988 – all clubs either broke even or finished in the black. In 1987, for example, baseball as an industry showed a net profit of $21.3 million, its first profitable year since 1973."[10] Nonetheless, following the announcement of the first of three large awards to the players following the collusion findings, Ueberroth stepped down as commissioner before the start of the 1989 regular season; his contract was to have run through the end of the season. He was succeeded by National League
National League
president A. Bartlett Giamatti.[10] Post-baseball activities[edit] Ueberroth has been a director of The Coca-Cola Company
The Coca-Cola Company
since 1986. Mr. Ueberroth is an investor and chairman of the Contrarian Group, Inc., a business management company, and has held this position since 1989. He is also co-chairman of Pebble Beach Company. He is a director of Hilton Hotels
Hilton Hotels
Corporation and previously served as director of Adecco S.A. from 2004 to 2008. He has served as Chairman of the Board of Aircastle Limited since 2012 and been on the Board since 2006.[11] In 1989, Ueberroth considered purchasing Eastern Air Lines, then crippled by a strike and bankruptcy from Texas Air. However, a management dispute with Texas Air
Texas Air
CEO Frank Lorenzo
Frank Lorenzo
led to the deal falling through.[12] Three years after leaving office, he led the Rebuild Los Angeles project after the 1992 Los Angeles riots.[13] In 1999, Ueberroth, along with Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
and Clint Eastwood, bought the Pebble Beach golf course. Ueberroth ran for Governor of California
Governor of California
in the 2003 California recall election as an independent, though he was a registered Republican. His campaign focused on California's economic and budget crisis, avoiding social issues. With polls indicating only a low level of support, he pulled out of the race on September 9, 2003, though his name still appeared on the ballot and received a small but significant number of votes. He placed 6th in a field of 135 candidates. Ueberroth was chairman of Ambassadors International, Inc. but was replaced by his son, Joseph Ueberroth in April 2006. Ueberroth resigned from the board in November 2008. Ueberroth was also the chairman of the United States Olympic Committee Board of Directors. Ueberroth is a Life Trustee
Trustee
of the University of Southern California.[14] Ueberroth and his wife, Ginny, were two of the founders of Sage Hill School. He additionally served briefly on the school's Athletic Advisory Council.[15] Ueberroth is a Board Member for the Lott IMPACT Trophy, which is named after Pro Football Hall of Fame
Pro Football Hall of Fame
defensive back Ronnie Lott, and is awarded annually to college football's Defensive IMPACT Player of the Year.[16] References[edit]

^ Macur, Juliet (October 2, 2008). "U.S.O.C. Picks Video-Game Executive to Replace Ueberroth". The New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2008.  ^ Burlingame High School Class of 1955 Constituents ^ http://www.docin.com/p-484968931.html (Chinese) Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Joseph Durso, A Billion-Dollar Bid By CBS
CBS
Wins Rights To Baseball Games The New York Times. December 15, 1988. Retrieved March 13, 2008. ^ Mushnick, Phil (1 January 2000). "Crime of the Century: How Peter Ueberroth and Baseball's Money-Hungry Owners Robbed our Children of the National Pastime". New York Post. Retrieved February 22, 2015.  ^ Helyar, John (1994). Lords of the Realm: The Real History of Baseball. New York City: Villard. ISBN 0-345-46524-5.  ^ Anderson, Dave (June 23, 1991). "SPORTS OF THE TIMES; Baseball's Realistic Adversary". New York Times.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-02. Retrieved 2011-11-09.  Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
and Collusion ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2009-10-17.  ^ a b http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/history/mlb_history_people.jsp?story=com_bio_6 ^ Aircastle Ltd (AYR) Reuters. ^ Free Fall, The Needless Destruction Of Eastern Air Lines.  ^ Alonso, Alex A. (1998). Rebuilding Los Angeles: A Lesson of Community Reconstruction (PDF). Los Angeles: University of Southern California.  ^ Board of Trustees Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine., University of Southern California, Retrieved April 13, 2008. ^ "Sage Hill hosts private dedication for gym". Daily Pilot. April 29, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.  ^ Lott Impact Trophy Retrieved December 15, 2011.

Further reading[edit]

"Hardball: Nancy Collins Quizzes Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth". New York: 52–57, 61. June 9, 1986. 

External links[edit]

Time Magazine Person of the Year, 1984 PETER V. UEBERROTH by A. D. Suehsdorf at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived May 20, 2001) Peter Ueberroth's campaign contributions " Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
for Governor".  Appearances on C-SPAN

Sporting positions

Preceded by Konstantin Chernenko President of Organizing Committee for Summer Olympic Games 1984 Succeeded by Roh Tae-woo

v t e

Presidents of the United States Olympic Committee

Albert Spalding
Albert Spalding
(1900–1904) David R. Francis
David R. Francis
(1904–1906) Caspar Whitney
Caspar Whitney
(1906–1910) Frederic B. Pratt
Frederic B. Pratt
(1910–1912) Robert M. Thompson (1912–1920) Gustavus T. Kirby (1920–1924) Robert M. Thompson (1924–1926) William C. Prout (1926–1927) Henry G. Lapham (interim 1927) Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
(1927–1928) Avery Brundage
Avery Brundage
(1928–1953) Tug Wilson (1953–1965) Doug Roby
Doug Roby
(1965–1968) Franklin Orth (1969–1970) Clifford H. Buck (interim 1970, elected 1970–1973) Philip O. Krumm (1973–1977) Robert Kane (1977–1981) William E. Simon
William E. Simon
(1981–1985) John B. Kelly Jr. (1985) Robert Helmick (interim 1985, elected 1985–1991) Bill Hybl (interim 1991–1992) LeRoy T. Walker
LeRoy T. Walker
(1992–1996) Bill Hybl (1996–1999) Sandra Baldwin (2000–2002) Marty Mankamyer (interim 2002, elected 2002–2003) William C. Martin (interim 2003–2004) Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
(2004–2008) Larry Probst
Larry Probst
(2008–present)

v t e

Commissioners of Major League Baseball

Kenesaw Mountain Landis
Kenesaw Mountain Landis
(1920–1944) Happy Chandler
Happy Chandler
(1945–1951) Ford Frick
Ford Frick
(1951–1965) William Eckert
William Eckert
(1965–1968) Bowie Kuhn
Bowie Kuhn
(1969–1984) Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
(1984–1989) Bart Giamatti (1989) Fay Vincent
Fay Vincent
(1989–1992) Bud Selig
Bud Selig
(1992–2015) Rob Manfred
Rob Manfred
(2015– )

Book:Commissioners of Major League Baseball Category:Major League Baseball commissioners Portal:Baseball

v t e

Time Persons of the Year

1927–1950

Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh
(1927) Walter Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
(1928) Owen D. Young
Owen D. Young
(1929) Mohandas Gandhi (1930) Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval
(1931) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1932) Hugh S. Johnson
Hugh S. Johnson
(1933) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1934) Haile Selassie
Haile Selassie
(1935) Wallis Simpson
Wallis Simpson
(1936) Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
/ Soong Mei-ling
Soong Mei-ling
(1937) Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
(1938) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1939) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1940) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1941) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1942) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1943) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1944) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) James F. Byrnes
James F. Byrnes
(1946) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1947) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1948) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1949) The American Fighting-Man (1950)

1951–1975

Mohammed Mosaddeq (1951) Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(1952) Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer
(1953) John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles
(1954) Harlow Curtice
Harlow Curtice
(1955) Hungarian Freedom Fighters (1956) Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
(1957) Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
(1958) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1959) U.S. Scientists: George Beadle / Charles Draper / John Enders / Donald A. Glaser / Joshua Lederberg
Joshua Lederberg
/ Willard Libby
Willard Libby
/ Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
/ Edward Purcell / Isidor Rabi / Emilio Segrè
Emilio Segrè
/ William Shockley
William Shockley
/ Edward Teller / Charles Townes / James Van Allen
James Van Allen
/ Robert Woodward (1960) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(1961) Pope John XXIII
Pope John XXIII
(1962) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(1963) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1964) William Westmoreland
William Westmoreland
(1965) The Generation Twenty-Five and Under (1966) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1967) The Apollo 8
Apollo 8
Astronauts: William Anders
William Anders
/ Frank Borman
Frank Borman
/ Jim Lovell (1968) The Middle Americans (1969) Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
(1970) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1971) Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
/ Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1972) John Sirica
John Sirica
(1973) King Faisal (1974) American Women: Susan Brownmiller / Kathleen Byerly
Kathleen Byerly
/ Alison Cheek / Jill Conway / Betty Ford
Betty Ford
/ Ella Grasso / Carla Hills / Barbara Jordan / Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Susie Sharp / Carol Sutton / Addie Wyatt (1975)

1976–2000

Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(1976) Anwar Sadat
Anwar Sadat
(1977) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1978) Ayatollah Khomeini (1979) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1980) Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
(1981) The Computer (1982) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
/ Yuri Andropov
Yuri Andropov
(1983) Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
(1984) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1985) Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
(1986) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1987) The Endangered Earth (1988) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1989) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1990) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1991) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(1992) The Peacemakers: Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
/ F. W. de Klerk
F. W. de Klerk
/ Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
/ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1993) Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
(1994) Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
(1995) David Ho
David Ho
(1996) Andrew Grove
Andrew Grove
(1997) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
/ Ken Starr
Ken Starr
(1998) Jeffrey P. Bezos (1999) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2000)

2001–present

Rudolph Giuliani (2001) The Whistleblowers: Cynthia Cooper / Coleen Rowley
Coleen Rowley
/ Sherron Watkins (2002) The American Soldier (2003) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2004) The Good Samaritans: Bono
Bono
/ Bill Gates
Bill Gates
/ Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
(2005) You (2006) Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
(2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2008) Ben Bernanke
Ben Bernanke
(2009) Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
(2010) The Protester (2011) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2012) Pope Francis
Pope Francis
(2013) Ebola Fighters: Dr. Jerry Brown / Dr. Kent Brantly
Kent Brantly
/ Ella Watson-Stryker / Foday Gollah / Salome Karwah
Salome Karwah
(2014) Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(2015) Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(2016) The Silence Breakers (2017)

Book

v t e

Sporting News Sportsman/Pro Athlete of the Year

1968: Denny McLain 1969: Tom Seaver 1970: John Wooden 1971: Lee Trevino 1972: Charlie Finley 1973: O. J. Simpson 1974: Lou Brock 1975: Archie Griffin 1976: Larry O'Brien 1977: Steve Cauthen 1978: Ron Guidry 1979: Willie Stargell 1980: George Brett 1981: Wayne Gretzky 1982: Whitey Herzog 1983: Bowie Kuhn 1984: Peter Ueberroth 1985: Pete Rose 1986: Larry Bird 1987: None 1988: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1989: Joe Montana 1990: Nolan Ryan 1991: Michael Jordan 1992: Mike Krzyzewski 1993: Cito Gaston
Cito Gaston
& Pat Gillick 1994: Emmitt Smith 1995: Cal Ripken Jr. 1996: Joe Torre 1997: Mark McGwire 1998: Mark McGwire
Mark McGwire
& Sammy Sosa 1999: New York Yankees 2000: Marshall Faulk
Marshall Faulk
& Kurt Warner 2001: Curt Schilling 2002: Tyrone Willingham 2003: Dick Vermeil
Dick Vermeil
& Jack McKeon 2004: Tom Brady 2005: Matt Leinart 2006: Dwyane Wade 2007: Tom Brady 2008: Eli Manning 2009: Mariano Rivera 2010: Roy Halladay 2011: Aaron Rodgers 2012: LeBron James

v t e

Theodore Roosevelt Award winners

1967: Eisenhower 1968: Saltonstall 1969: White 1970: Hovde 1971: Kraft Jr. 1972: Holland 1973: Bradley 1974: Owens 1975: Ford 1976: Hamilton 1977: Bradley 1978: Zornow 1979: Chandler 1980: Cooley 1981: Linkletter 1982: Cosby 1983: Palmer 1984: Lawrence 1985: Fleming 1986: Bush 1987: Zable 1988: Not presented 1989: Ebert 1990: Reagan 1991: Gibson 1992: Kemp 1993: Alexander 1994: Johnson 1995: Mathias 1996: Wooden 1997: Payne 1998: Dole 1999: Richardson 2000: Staubach 2001: Cohen 2002: Shriver 2003: de Varona 2004: Page 2005: Ride 2006: Kraft 2007: Tagliabue 2008: Glenn 2009: Albright 2010: Mitchell 2011: Dunwoody 2012: Allen 2013: Dungy 2014: Mills 2015: Jackson 2016: Ueberroth 2017: Brooke-Marciniak

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 26047771 LCCN: n85220453 ISNI: 0000 0001 1610 3723 NDL: 00459

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