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The 3,000 personnel Peruvian Naval Infantry
Peruvian Naval Infantry
(Spanish: Infantería de Marina del Perú - IMAP) includes an amphibious brigade of three battalions and local security units with two transport ships (one used as a training ship), four tank landing ships, and about forty Portuguese Chaimite armored personnel carriers. Since 1982 IMAP detachments have been deployed, under Peruvian Army command, in counter-insurgency capacities in Ayacucho and Huancavelica departments. The Fuerza de Infantería de Marina (Naval Infantry Force) falls under the Comandancia General de Operaciones del Pacífico (Pacific Operations General Command).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Founding 1.2 War of the Pacific 1.3 Modernization 1.4 Counterterrorism

2 Organization 3 Equipment

3.1 Weapons 3.2 Vehicles

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] Founding[edit] Following the creation of the Peruvian Navy
Peruvian Navy
on 23 October 1821, the Commander General of the Navy, Jorge Martín Guise, requested a garrison of 38 troops to be stationed at Balcarce and Belgrano. The formal request was made on 6 November 1821 to the Minister of War and Navy, creating the Navy Battalion. The Navy Brigade was later formed after another battalion was formed and on 2 June 1823, the brigade attacked the Spanish in Arica, successfully taking the city. During the War of the Confederation, the Navy Brigade fought in the Siege of Talcahuano
Talcahuano
on 23 November 1837. In 1847, President Ramón Castilla reorganized the Peruvian Navy, creating six companies of the naval infantry.[1] War of the Pacific[edit] During the War of the Pacific, the Marine Garrison Battalion
Battalion
under the direction of the Commander General of the Navy was created on 10 January 1880 with a force of 600 men. The Marines
Marines
participated in the Battle of Miraflores
Battle of Miraflores
on 15 January 1881 with 524 Marines
Marines
led by Juan Fanning and Guardia Chalaca. Both of the commanders were killed along with nearly all Marines, with the infamous shout of Fanning becoming a motto of the Peruvian Marines, "¡Adelante marina, marina adelante!" or "Forward Marine, Marine forward!".[1] Modernization[edit]

BAP Paita, ( USS LST-512
USS LST-512
in image), one of Peru's first amphibious warfare ships purchased during its modernization.

The Marines
Marines
were received an update on 2 February 1919 when the Battalion
Battalion
of the Navy was organized into two companies of riflemen, one section of machine gunners and another section of servicemen, commanded by corvette captain Héctor Mercado. The Peruvian Navy
Peruvian Navy
in charge of defending the oil port of Talara
Talara
then allied itself with the United States, patrolling the continent and the Panama Canal. On 9 June 1943, President Manuel Prado
Manuel Prado
decreed the creation of the Infantería de Marina as part of the Naval Coast Defense Force. Through the 1950s and into the 1960s, multiple amphibious warfare ships and weapons were purchased. The Naval Station of Ancon was created on October 8, 1971 with the Amphibious Command Company headquartered there a year later providing logistical information to better organize amphibious operations.[1] Counterterrorism[edit] Further information: Terrorism in Peru

Peruvian Ministry of Defense and military personnel commemorating the operation in 2013.

Following over a decade of an authoritarian government in Peru, elections were held in 1980. Leftist armed groups arose, such as the Shining Path
Shining Path
and later the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement
(MRTA). The Marines
Marines
began counterterrorist operations against such groups stationed in the Ayacucho Region
Ayacucho Region
from 1985 to 1991, creating Task Force 90, later expanding to Ucayali, Huánuco and Loreto. In 1995, Marines
Marines
also participated in the brief the Cenepa War, a brief territorial conflict with Ecuador.[1] On 17 December 1996, hundreds of diplomats, businessmen, as well as government and military officers were taken hostage by the MRTA at the Japanese ambassadors residence, initiating the Japanese embassy hostage crisis. Over the year, some hostages were released, though 72 hostages remained. Peruvian Marines
Marines
were then involved in a hostage rescue operation, Operation Chavín de Huántar, named after the Chavín de Huantar
Chavín de Huantar
archaeological site due to the tunnels dug by troops to access the ambassadors compound. The operation resulted in two commandos and one hostage dead while all fourteen militants were killed.[1] Operation Chavín de Huánta is regarded as one of the most successful hostage rescue operations in history.[2][3][4] Organization[edit]

Peruvian marines of various specialities.

Brigada de Infanteria de Marina

1st Naval Infantry Battalion
Battalion
- Ancón 2nd Naval Infantry Battalion
Battalion
- Ancón Amphibious Support Group Fire support Group Commando
Commando
Grouping Engineers Unit

Other units

3rd Naval Infantry Battalion
Battalion
- Tumbes 4th Naval Infantry Battalion
Battalion
- Puno 1st Jungle Naval Infantry Battalion
Battalion
- Iquitos 2nd Jungle Naval Infantry Battalion
Battalion
- Pucallpa Naval Infantry Detachment Litoral Sur - Mollendo Special
Special
Forces Espíritus Negros and Fuerza Delta, based on the American Delta Force
Delta Force
and US Army Rangers.

Equipment[edit] Weapons[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Details

Assault rifles

Daewoo K2

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  South Korea

IMI G

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  Israel Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces[5]

Carbon 15

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  United States Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces

FN F2000

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  Belgium Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces.[6]

IMI Tavor

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  Israel Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces[7]

Carabina SAR-21

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  Singapore Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces[7]

MicroGail

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  Israel Standard issue[7]

Sub-machine guns

Heckler & Koch HK21

9 x 19mm Parabellum  Germany Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces

IMI Uzi

9 x 19mm Parabellum  Israel Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces[8]

FN P90

5.7 x 28 mm  Belgium Used by Marine Special
Special
Forces[7]

Machine guns

M60

7.62 × 51 mm NATO  United States

FN Minimi

7.62 × 51 mm NATO  Belgium [9]

Ultimax 100

5.56 × 45 mm NATO  Singapore

Grenade launchers

Milkor MGL

40 × 46mm grenade  South Africa [10]

Vehicles[edit]

Name Image Type Quantity Origin Details

Armoured vehicles

LAV‑II

APC 32  Canada All 32 delivered to the Amphibious Expeditionary Brigade (BEA) of the Marines
Marines
in mid-2016.[11]

BMR-600

APC 25  Spain

Bravia Chaimite

APC 20  Portugal

Utility vehicles

Asanave V1

Utility vehicle 500+  Peru

Asanave V3

Utility vehicle 150  Peru

Can-Am Commander Max

Off-road vehicle

 Canada

RAM MK3

Armoured light vehicle 7  Israel Purchased in 2016[12]

Vatt Wolf

Off-road vehicle 210  Peru

See also[edit]

Marines Peruvian Navy

References[edit]

^ a b c d e "Comandancia de Fuerzas de Infanteria - Marina de Guerra del Perú". www.marina.mil.pe. Marina de Guerra del Perú. Retrieved 29 December 2016.  ^ "Top 10 most daring rescue missions in history". The Richest. Retrieved 2016-09-22.  ^ "Top 10 greatest hostage rescue operations of all time". Exploredia. Retrieved 2016-02-08.  ^ "The World's Most Successful Hostage Rescue". youtube.com. Retrieved 2013-04-03.  ^ ":.DintelGID. Fotografías Desfile Militar día Nacional del Perú, 2007". 25 May 2009. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2017.  ^ "PLAYAS DE HUACHO FUERON ESCENARIO DE GRAN DESEMBARCO ANFIBIO EN EL MARCO DE OPERACIÓN UNITAS 2017".  ^ a b c d "www.portierramaryaire.com • Ver Tema - Marina de Guerra del Perú". www.portierramaryaire.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 June 2017.  ^ ":.DintelGID. Fotografías Desfile Militar día Nacional del Perú, 2007". 25 May 2009. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2017.  ^ "轻武器大杂烩:秘鲁军队阅兵式枪的种类可真不少!_陆军版_三军论坛_军事论坛_新浪网". club.mil.news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 5 January 2017.  ^ "Reclamo a la adquisición de Armamento para las Fuerzas Especiales de la Marina de Guerra del Perú-noticia defensa.com". Defensa.com. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.  ^ "GDLS culmina las entregas de LAV II a la Infantería de Marina peruana-noticia defensa.com". Defensa.com. 19 August 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ "La Marina de Perú adquiere siete blindados RAM MK3 de IAI - Noticias Infodefensa América". Infodefensa.com (in Spanish). 21 January 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Official Peruvian Navy
Peruvian Navy
Website The Peruvian Navy: the XIX Century Maritime Campaigns — a series of articles covering the history of the 19th century Peruvian Navy
Peruvian Navy
by Juan del Campo. Marine Link article with pics

v t e

Peruvian Armed Forces

Peruvian Army Peruvian Navy Peruvian Naval Infantry

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