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A people is any plurality of persons considered as a whole. Used in politics and law it is a term to refer to the collective or community of an ethnic group, a nation, to the public or common people, common mass of people of a polity. As such it is a concept of human rights law, international law as well as constitutional law, particularly used for claims of popular sovereignty.


Concepts


Legal

Chapter One, Article One of the Charter of the United Nations states that "peoples" have the right to self-determination. Though the mere status as peoples and the right to self-determination, as for example in the case of Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous peoples (''peoples'', as in all peoples of indigenous people, not merely all indigenous persons as in ''indigenous people''), does not automatically provide for independence, independent sovereignty. Particularly through international Indigenous peoples rights, it was defined what a people constitutes (e.g. shared culture etc.).


Constitutional

Both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire used the Latin term ''SPQR, Senatus Populusque Romanus'', (the Senate and People of Rome). This term was fixed abbreviated (SPQR) to Roman legionary standards, and even after the Roman Emperors achieved a state of total personal Autocracy, autarchy, they continued to wield their power in the name of the Senate and People of Rome. The term People's Republic, used since late modernity, is a name used by sovereign state, states, which particularly identify constitutionally with a form of socialism.


Judicial

In criminal law, in certain jurisdictions, criminal prosecutions are brought in the name of ''the People''. Several U.S. states, including California, Illinois, and New York (state), New York, use this style. Citations outside the jurisdictions in question usually substitute the name of the state for the words "the People" in the case captions. Four states — Massachusetts, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky — refer to themselves as ''the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth'' in case captions and legal process. Other states, such as Indiana, typically refer to themselves as ''the State'' in case captions and legal process. Outside the United States, criminal trials in Republic of Ireland, Ireland and the Philippines are prosecuted in the name of the people of their respective states. The political theory underlying this format is that criminal prosecutions are brought in the name of the sovereignty, sovereign; thus, in these U.S. states, the "people" are judged to be the sovereign, even as in the United Kingdom and other dependencies of the British monarchy, British Crown, criminal prosecutions are typically brought in the name of the Crown. "The people" identifies the entire body of the citizens of a jurisdiction invested with political power or gathered for political purposes.''Black's Law Dictionary'', 5th ed., "People".


See also

* Civitas * Clan * Collective * Community * Kinship * Tribe * List of contemporary ethnic groups * List of indigenous peoples * Volk * National identity * Nationality * Public * Republic * Republicanism * Democracy * People's republic * Populism


References

{{authority control People, Humans de:Staatsvolk