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The People's Secretariat of Ukraine
Ukraine
was the executive body of the Provisional Central Executive Committee of Soviets in Ukraine. It was formed in Kharkiv
Kharkiv
on December 30, 1917 as a form of the Soviet concept of dual power by the Russian and other local Bolsheviks thus forming the Ukrainian Soviet government and the opposition to the Central Rada and the General Secretariat of Ukraine. The government claimed the same jurisdiction over Ukraine
Ukraine
as the General Secretariat. The Central Executive Committee of Ukraine
Ukraine
that was elected by the First All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets
All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets
canceled the declaration of independence, declared that Ukraine
Ukraine
is in a federal subordination to the Russian SFSR, and called on to fight against the separatists, the Ukrainian Central Rada
Central Rada
and the General Secretariat of Ukraine.

Contents

1 Composition 2 Stalin vs. Skrypnyk 3 Further developments 4 References

Composition[edit] All secretaries were members of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and the newly organized RSDRP(b) - Social-Democracy of Ukraine (RSDRP(b)-SDU) that was established on December 3, 1917 at the regional party congress in Kiev. The new party was directed by its Chief Committee (GK SDU) that was headed by Yevgenia Bosch. The government was elected at the 1st All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets
All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets
in Kharkiv. At first no agreement was reached who would be heading the government, however it was decided that for the time being the chair will belong to the Secretary of Internal Affairs. The following Secretariat was located in Kharkiv
Kharkiv
and after taking Kiev
Kiev
by the Red Army
Red Army
in late January 1918 moved to Kiev.

Secretariat Dec 24 - Mar 17 Notes Mar 17 - April Notes

Internal Affairs Yevgenia Bosch presiding Yevgeniy Neronovich replaced with Yuriy Kotsyubinskiy

Military Commissars Vasiliy Shakhrai replaced with Yuriy Kotsyubynsky
Yuriy Kotsyubynsky
(Jan 12) Yevgeniy Neronovich Yuriy Kotsyubinskiy Vladimir Antonov

Labor Affairs Nikolai Skrypnyk

Ivan Klimenko

Finance Vladimir Aussem

Vladimir Aussem

International Affairs Sergei Bakinsky replaced with Ivan Kulyk Vladimir Zatonskiy (acting) replaced with Nikolai Skrypnyk

Agrarian Affairs Yevgeniy Terletskiy

Yevgeniy Terletskiy

Justice Vladimir Lyuksemburg

Vladimir Lyuksemburg

Education Vladimir Zatonskiy

Vladimir Zatonskiy

Trade / Industry Fyodor Sergeyev

Nikolai Skrypnyk presiding

Office Affairs Ivan Kulyk replaced with Georgiy Lapchinskiy Georgiy Lapchinskiy

Food Supply Ye. Luganovskiy

Ye. Luganovskiy

Transportation Sergei Bakinsky

none

Social Security none

Georgiy Lapchinskiy

On March 4, 1918 some changes took place in the cabinet as Bosch resigned in protest to the Brest-Litovsk Treaty. The same day finally was appointed the first chairman of People's Secretariat Skrypnyk. Skrypnyk was also appointed the Secretary of Trade and Industry. The secretary of Internal Affairs was elected Yevhen Neronovych, Labor Affairs - Ivan Klymenko, Social Security - Georgiy Lapchinsky, Foreign Affairs - Volodymyr Zatonsky
Volodymyr Zatonsky
(temporarily). The Soviet government relocated to Yekaterinoslav and with the advance of the Central Powers to Taganrog
Taganrog
in April 1918. Later also were added Ya. Martyanov (secretary of Postal and Telegraph). On March 7, 1918 the Secretariat of Military Affairs was reformed into the triumvirate as the Petrograd sovnarkom and included Vladimir Antonov and Yevhen Neronovych. Antonov was appointed the Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Ukrainian military. Although the government had its own Secretariat of Internal Affairs the state security was conducted by the All-Russian Extraordinary Committee. Both Bosch and Antonov took orders only from Lenin as the last one performed duties of People's Commissar of Russia and Ukraine. At the Second All Ukrainian Congress of Soviets (see Central Executive Committee of Ukraine) that took place in March 1918 with the advance of the Central Powers armed forces across Ukraine
Ukraine
the People's Commissariat declared Soviet Ukraine
Ukraine
independent from Soviet Russia. However, with the rapid advance of the forces of Central Rada
Central Rada
and Central Powers, the Soviet government withdrew to Taganrog. Stalin vs. Skrypnyk[edit] On April 4, 1918 Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
telegraphed Volodymyr Zatonsky
Volodymyr Zatonsky
with the following:

“ I decisively protest against your policies involving the Don Oblast into the war with Germany. There cannot be and will not be any military union of southern republics and their common currencies. We already provided the Don Revkom with a directive to post a border patrol at their western border and they will execute it. We all here think that Cekuka[1] has to and morally obligated to leave Taganrog and Rostov. Too much playing government and Republic, perhaps, it is enough, time to leave the game. Please, hand the copy of this note to the extraordinary commissar Sergo, Don Revkom, and Cekuka. ”

The next day Zatonsky sent the copy of that notice to the Ukrainian representative in Russia Mykola Skrypnyk. On April 6 Skrypnyk sent his answer to the Sovnarkom
Sovnarkom
and the All Russian Central Executive Committee where he recited Stalin's words. He also mentioned that on April 3 the Sovnarkom
Sovnarkom
accepted the Extraordinary delegation of the Ukrainian Soviet Federation and accepted the decision to recognize the People's Secretariat and the Ukrainian Republic. Further Skrypnyk said, "We have to announce the most decisive protest against the speech of Narkom
Narkom
Stalin. We have to announce that the Central Executive Committee and the People's Secretariat as motive for their actions do not reflect any particular attitudes to whichever Narkom
Narkom
of the Russian Federation, but rather only the will of the toiling masses of Ukraine
Ukraine
that is presented in the declaration of the II All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets. Announcements similar to the one presented by Stalin are directed to undermine the Soviet power in Ukraine
Ukraine
and cannot be perceived by the representative of the Soviet government of neighboring republic. The toiling masses of Ukraine
Ukraine
lead their struggle with their bourgeoisie counterrevolutionary independently from any decisions of whichever Sovnarkom
Sovnarkom
of the Russian Federation, yet the Soviet power right now is undermined by the bayonets of the German troops. And if somebody dares to call the struggle of the Ukrainian toiling masses the game that is time to leave while in actuality the same masses of Ukraine
Ukraine
think otherwise and those delegations that turn to us even from the occupied by Germans territories of Ukraine
Ukraine
confirm that as the same struggle that is led by our forces. The friendly relationship to which the Soviet of People's Commissars of the Russian Federation joined in regards to the Ukrainian Republic request not to allow such announcements aimed to undermine the Soviet power in Ukraine
Ukraine
and directed to the benefits of enemies of the Ukrainian toiling masses. Selected groups and parts of the Russian Federation that fragment away from it (Crimea, Don, etc.) now propose to the Ukrainian People's Republic to create the South Soviet Federation. However the People's Secretariat has always tried to unite for the struggle against the Central Rada
Central Rada
the toiling masses of localities at which that Central Rada has laid its eye and has no intentions to involve in its fight the Russian Federation nor its separate parts. In regards to the request of Narkom
Narkom
Stalin for the People's Secretariat evacuated out of Taganrog, we only underline that Taganrog is part of the Ukrainian People's Republic
Ukrainian People's Republic
and only the population of this territory can decide to which particular Soviet Federation it wish to belong: Russian or Ukrainian. According to the above declared we're asking the government of Russian Federation to make appropriate explanations in regards to the announcement of Narkom
Narkom
Stalin and with that cancel the consequences of his announcement which so adversely may influence the struggly of the Ukrainian toiling masses for socialism. Extraordinary Authorized Embassy of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Federation. Chairman of People's Secretary M.Skrypnyk People's Secretaries Kotsiubynsky, Vrublevsky" Note: The letter is translated from its original copy that can be found in the Ukrainian Central State Archives of the Supreme Bodies of Power. Further developments[edit] On April 18, 1918 it was disbanded and reorganized together with the Central Executive Committee into the Povstanburo (Insurgency Bureau). The bureau consisted of nine members: four were bolsheviks (Andriy Bubnov, Volodymyr Zatonsky, Heorhiy Pyatakov, Mykola Skrypnyk), four - left SRs (Serhiy Mstyslavsky, Opanas Sieverov-Odoyevsky, M.S References[edit]

^ Cekuka was the name for the Ukrainian Central Executive Committee with intention to differentiate it from the Russian counterpart.

v t e

Government of Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
before 1938

Chairman of VUTsVK

Yefim Medvedev Vladimir Zatonskiy Grigory Petrovsky

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Ukrainian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
(1918–1938)

Georgy Pyatakov Serafima Hopner Emmanuil Kviring Stanislav Kosior Rafail Farbman Nikolai Nikolayev Vyacheslav Molotov Feliks Kon Dmitry Manuilsky Lazar Kaganovich Nikita Khrushchev

People's Secretariat / Sovnarkom

Evgenia Bosh Nikolai Skripnik Georgy Pyatakov Fyodor Sergeyev Christian Rakovsky Vlas Chubar Panas Lyubchenko Mikhail Bondarenko Demian Korotchenko

International Representatives (until 1923)

Yuriy Kotsiubynsky
Yuriy Kotsiubynsky
(Austria) Waldemar Aussem (Germany) Mikhail Levitskiy (Czechoslovakia) Mikhail Frunze
Mikhail Frunze
(Turkey) Mieczislaw Loganowski/Oleksandr Shumsky (Poland) Yevgeniy Terletskiy (Baltics)

v t e

All Cabinets of Ukraine*

Ukrainian People's Republic (1917–20)

First Vynnychenko government (1917) Second Vynnychenko Government (1917-18) Holubovych government (1918) Vasylenko government (1918) Lyzohub government (1918) Gerbel government (1918) Chekhivsky government (1919) Ostapenko government (1919) Martos government (1919) Mazepa government (1920) Prokopovych government (1920) Livytskyi government (1920)

Ukrainian SSR (1917–91)

People's Secretariat (1917–18) Provisional Workers-Peasants Government of Ukraine
Government of Ukraine
(1918–19) All-Ukrainian Revolutionary Committee (1919–20) Council of People's Commissars
Council of People's Commissars
(1919–46) Khrushchev government (1944–47) Second Korotchenko government (1948–54) First Kalchenko government (1954–57) Second Kalchenko government (1957–61) First Shcherbytsky government (1961–63) Kazanets government (1963–65) Second Shcherbytsky government (1965–68) Third Shcherbytsky government (1968–72) First Lyashko government (1972–76) Second Lyashko government (1976–81) Third Lyashko government (1981–86) First Masol government (1987–90)

Ukraine (1991–present)

Fokin government
Fokin government
(1990–92) Kuchma government
Kuchma government
(1992–93) Second Masol government
Second Masol government
(1994–95) Marchuk government (1995–96) Lazarenko government (1996–97) Pustovoitenko government (1997–99) Yushchenko government (1999–2001) Kinakh government (2001–02) First Yanukovych government
First Yanukovych government
(2002–04) First Tymoshenko government
First Tymoshenko government
(2005) Yekhanurov government (2005–06) Second Yanukovych government
Second Yanukovych government
(2006–07) Second Tymoshenko government
Second Tymoshenko government
(2007–10) First Azarov government
First Azarov government
(2010–12) Second Azarov government
Second Azarov government
(2012–14) First Yatsenyuk government
First Yatsenyuk government
(2014) Second Yatsenyuk government
Second Yatsenyuk government
(2014–16) Groysman government
Groysman government
(2016–present)

*Acting cabinets

.