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"People's Republic" is a title used by some sovereign states with republican constitutions. The term was initially associated with populist movements in the 19th century such as the German Völkisch movement and the Narodniks
Narodniks
in Russia. A number of the short-lived states created during World War I
World War I
and its aftermath called themselves people's republics. Many of these were in the territory of the former Russian Empire
Russian Empire
which collapsed following the Russian Revolution of 1917. Additional people's republics were created following the Allied victory in World War II. The term has become associated with countries adhering to communism or socialism, although its use is not unique to such states. A number of republics with liberal democratic political systems, such as Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and Algeria, adopted the title after popular wars of independence given its rather generic nature.

Contents

1 Marxist–Leninist People's Republics 2 Non-Marxist–Leninist People's Republics

2.1 Current 2.2 Historical

3 Other uses 4 See also 5 References

Marxist–Leninist People's Republics[edit] Main article: People's democracy (Marxism–Leninism) The Marxist–Leninist concept of people's democracy which developed after World War II
World War II
allowed in theory for a multi-class, multi-party democracy on the pathway to socialism. Countries which had reached this intermediate stage were called people's republics.[1] The communist parties in these countries often governed in coalitions with other progressive parties. Some countries, such as Czechoslovakia, ceased to use the term people's in their official name during the 1960s, replacing it with the term socialist as a mark of their ongoing political development. Albania
Albania
used both terms in its official name from 1976 to 1991. Many of these countries also called themselves socialist states in their constitutions. They did not call themselves communist states because they regarded communism as a level of political development that they had not yet reached. In the West, countries governed by Marxist–Leninists are often referred to as communist states. Following the Revolutions of 1989, the people's republics of Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe
(Poland, Hungary
Hungary
and Bulgaria) and Mongolia
Mongolia
dropped the term people's from their names as it was associated with their former communist governments. They became known simply as republics and adopted liberal democracy as their system of government. The current nominally communist or socialist states that include the words people's republic in their full names:

 People's Republic
Republic
of China
China
(founded 1949) Democratic People's Republic
Republic
of Korea (founded 1948)  Lao People's Democratic Republic
Republic
(founded 1975)

Historical examples include:

People's Republic
Republic
of Albania
Albania
(1946–1976) and Socialist People's Republic
Republic
of Albania
Albania
(1976–1992) People's Republic
Republic
of Angola
Angola
(1975–1992) People's Republic
Republic
of Benin
Benin
(1975–1990) People's Republic
Republic
of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(1946–1990) People's Republic
Republic
of the Congo (1969–1992) Czechoslovak Republic
Republic
(1948–1960) People's Democratic Republic
Republic
of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
(1987–1991) Hungarian People's Republic
Republic
(1949–1989) People's Republic
Republic
of Kampuchea (1979–1989) Mongolian People's Republic
Republic
(1924–1992) People's Republic
Republic
of Mozambique
Mozambique
(1975–1990) Polish People's Republic
Republic
(1952–1989) Romanian People's Republic
Republic
(1947–1965)  Tuvan People's Republic
Republic
(1921–1944) People's Democratic Republic
Republic
of Yemen (1967–1990) Federal People's Republic
Republic
of Yugoslavia (1945–1963) Khorezm People's Soviet Republic
Republic
(1920–1925) Bukharan People's Soviet Republic
Republic
(1920–1925) Ukrainian People's Republic
Republic
of Soviets (1917–1918; united into the Ukrainian Soviet Republic)

Other titles commonly used by Marxist–Leninist and socialist states are democratic republic (e.g. the German Democratic Republic
Republic
or the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
between 1943 and 1946) and socialist republic (e.g. the Socialist Republic
Republic
of Vietnam and the Democratic Socialist Republic
Republic
of Sri Lanka). Non-Marxist–Leninist People's Republics[edit] Founded in socialist ideals, though not necessarily communist: Current[edit]

 People's Democratic Republic
Republic
of Algeria
Algeria
(founded 1962)  People's Republic
Republic
of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
(founded 1971)

Unrecognized

The following separatist movements have declared People's Republics, but have not received diplomatic recognition from the international community:

 Donetsk People's Republic
Republic
(declared 2014)  Luhansk People's Republic
Republic
(declared 2014)

Historical[edit]

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
(1977–2011)  Ukrainian People's Republic
Republic
(1917–1921; succeeded by the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic)  West Ukrainian People's Republic
Republic
(1918–1919; joined the Ukrainian People's Republic)  Belarusian People's Republic
Republic
(1918–1919; unrecognized) Crimean People's Republic
Republic
(1917–1918; unrecognized)  Hungarian People's Republic
Republic
(1918–1919; unrecognized) People's Republic
Republic
of Korea (1945–1946) People's Republic
Republic
of Zanzibar
Zanzibar
(1963-1964)

Other uses[edit] The term "People's Republic" is sometimes used by critics and satirists to describe areas perceived to be dominated by left-wing politics. Some examples are the People's Republic
Republic
of New Jersey,[2] the People’s Republic
Republic
of California,[3] the People's Republic
Republic
of Dublin South-Central,[4] the People's Republic
Republic
of South Yorkshire, the People's Republic
Republic
of Boulder[5] and the People's Republic
Republic
of Madison.[6] See also[edit]

Politics portal

Bolivarianism Democratic republic Islamic republic List of republics List of socialist states Soviet republic (system of government)

References[edit]

Look up people's republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

^ White, Stephen (2002). Communism
Communism
and Its Collapse. Routledge. p. 13. ISBN 9781134694235.  ^ Welcome to the People's Republic
Republic
of New Jersey, Alan Caruba, 28 June 2004, enterstageright.com ^ Roger Hedgecock
Roger Hedgecock
(14 October 2011). "Dispatch From the People's Republic
Republic
of California". Human Events. Townhall Media. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  Michael Levi (4 December 2012). "The People's Republic
Republic
of California". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2 June 2016.  ^ Ciara Treacy (27 February 2016). "Dublin South Central: 'It's the right thing to do' Fianna Fail candidate calls for full recount"".  ^ "Go Local in Boulder". Colorado.com. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Polarisation in the People's Republic
Republic
of Madison (sic) The Economist. June 5, 2012. Acces

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