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Pedro Jaime Martínez (born October 25, 1971) is a Dominican–American[1] former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for five teams from 1992 to 2009, most notably the Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
from 1998 to 2004. From 2002 to 2006 he held the major league record for the highest career winning percentage by a pitcher with at least 200 decisions; with a final record of 219 wins and 100 losses, he retired with the fourth-highest percentage in history, and the highest by a right-hander since the modern pitching era began in 1893.[2] He ended his career with an earned run average (ERA) of 2.93, the sixth-lowest by a pitcher with at least 2,500 innings pitched since 1920. Martínez reached the 3,000 strikeout mark in fewer innings than any pitcher except Randy Johnson, and is the only pitcher to compile over 3,000 strikeouts with fewer than 3,000 innings pitched; his career strikeout rate of 10.04 per 9 innings trails only Johnson (10.61) among pitchers with over 1,500 innings. An eight-time All-Star, Martínez was at his peak in the years from 1997 to 2003, establishing himself as one of the most dominant pitchers in history.[3][4][5][6][7] He won three Cy Young
Cy Young
Awards (1997, 1999, 2000) and was runner-up twice (1998, 2002), posting a cumulative record of 118–36 (.766) with a 2.20 ERA while leading his league in ERA five times and in winning percentage and strikeouts three times each. In 1999 he was runner-up for the American League (AL) Most Valuable Player Award after winning the pitching Triple Crown with a 23–4 record, 2.07 ERA and 313 strikeouts, and – along with Johnson – joined Gaylord Perry
Gaylord Perry
in the rare feat of winning the Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award
in both the American and National Leagues. He is also the record holder for the lowest single-season WHIP in major league history with 0.737, doing so in 2000. Although his performance suffered a steep decline in 2004, he ended the season memorably by helping the Red Sox end a long drought in winning their first World Series title in 86 years. Officially listed at 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m) and 170 pounds (77 kg), Martínez was unusually small for a modern-day power pitcher, and is believed to have been somewhat smaller than his officially listed height and weight.[8] In his early 30s, injuries began to keep him off the field to an increasing extent, with his appearances and success dropping off sharply in his final seasons. Modern sabermetric analysis has strongly highlighted Martínez' achievements; his WHIP is the lowest of any live-ball era starting pitcher, his adjusted ERA+ is the best of any starting pitcher in major league history,[9] and he has the third-highest strikeout-to-walk ratio in modern history. He dominated while pitching most of the time in a hitter-friendly environment and facing some of the toughest competition during the so-called steroid era, which is generally thought to have favored batters.[10][11][12][13] He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2015, his first year of eligibility, joining Juan Marichal
Juan Marichal
as the second Dominican to be enshrined; his number (45) was retired by the Red Sox in a ceremony two days after his Hall induction.[14]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Los Angeles Dodgers 2.2 Montreal Expos 2.3 Boston Red Sox

2.3.1 1998–1999 2.3.2 2000–2004

2.4 New York Mets 2.5 Philadelphia Phillies 2.6 After retirement

3 Memorable games

3.1 Imperfect hit-by-pitch 3.2 Nine perfect innings 3.3 All-Star strikeout streak 3.4 Yankee Stadium one-hitter 3.5 Hitless clincher 3.6 1999 ALCS 3.7 Faceoff vs. Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
on ESPN 3.8 Another close call 3.9 Martínez vs. Zimmer 3.10 Grady Little's visit 3.11 World Series
World Series
debut 3.12 Mets 3.13 Return to Fenway 3.14 Who's Your Daddy?

4 Quotes 5 Pitching style 6 Personal life 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Martínez grew up in the Dominican Republic in the Santo Domingo suburb of Manoguayabo. He was the fifth of six siblings living in a palm wood house with a tin roof and dirt floors. His father, Pablo Jaime Abreu,[note 1] worked odd jobs. His mother, Leopoldina Martínez, worked for traditionally wealthy families, washing their clothes. When Pedro was old enough to work, he held a job as a mechanic.[16] He did not have enough money to afford baseballs, so he improvised with oranges. His older brother, Ramón Martínez, was pitching at a Los Angeles Dodgers
Los Angeles Dodgers
baseball camp in the Dominican Republic. As a young teenager, Martínez carried his brother's bags at the camp. One day at the camp, Ramón Martínez clocked his 14-year-old brother's pitches at between 78 and 80 miles per hour.[17] Martínez debuted professionally with the Tigres del Licey
Tigres del Licey
of the Dominican Winter League
Dominican Winter League
during the 1989-90 season. He then pitched briefly for the Azucareros del Este, before rejoining Licey in 1991-92 in a nine-player transaction that included George Bell, José Offerman and Julio Solano, among others.[18]

Ancestors of Pedro Martínez

8. Otilio Jaime (1880–?)

17. Eusebia Remigio

4. Vicente Jaime Encarnación

9. Virginia Encarnación (1885–?)

19. Dolores Encarnación

2. Paulino Jaime Abréu (1929–2008)

10. Basilio Abreu

5. Julia Abréu Martínez (1906–1973)

11. María Martínez

1. Pedro Jaime Martínez (1971)

24. Francisco Taveras

12. Nicolás Taveras Pérez

25. Paula Pérez

6. Guillermo Taveras Ubiera (1886–?)

13. Cándida Ubiera

3. Leopoldina Martínez Taveras (1945)

7. Inés Martínez García (†1964)

Source: Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía—Hoy[15]

Career[edit] Los Angeles Dodgers[edit] Martínez was originally signed by the Dodgers as an amateur free agent in 1988. After pitching in the Dodgers farm system for several years, he made his MLB debut on September 24, 1992 for the Dodgers against the Cincinnati Reds, working two scoreless innings of relief. He made his first start for the Dodgers on September 30, taking the loss while giving up two runs in a 3–1 loss to the Reds. Although Pedro's brother Ramón, then a star pitcher for the Dodgers, declared that his brother was an even better pitcher than he, the younger Martínez was thought by manager Tommy Lasorda
Tommy Lasorda
too small to be an effective starting pitcher at the MLB level; Lasorda used Pedro Martínez almost exclusively as a relief pitcher.[19] Lasorda was not the first to question Martínez's stature and durability; in the minor leagues, the then-135-pound pitcher was threatened with a $500 fine if he was caught running. Martínez turned in a strong 1993 season as the Dodgers' setup man, going 10–5 with a 2.61 ERA and 119 strikeouts, in 65 games; his 107 innings led all NL relievers.[20] With the Dodgers in need of a second baseman after a contract dispute with Jody Reed, Martínez was traded to the Montreal Expos
Montreal Expos
for Delino DeShields before the 1994 season. Montreal Expos[edit] It was with the Expos that Martínez developed into one of the top pitchers in baseball. Despite possessing a live fastball, he had difficulty maintaining control. It was during a bullpen session that manager Felipe Alou
Felipe Alou
encouraged him to modify his primary grip on the fastball from two fingers to four. The transformation was dramatic: the fastball − already among the fastest in the game − now was thrown with near-impeccable control and break that routinely overwhelmed hitters. On April 13, 1994, Martínez took a perfect game through 7​1⁄3 innings until throwing a brushback pitch at Reggie Sanders that led Sanders to immediately charge the mound, starting a bench-clearing brawl. Martínez ended up with a no-decision in the game, which the Expos eventually won 3–2. On June 3, 1995, Martínez pitched nine perfect innings in a game against the San Diego Padres, before giving up a hit in the bottom of the 10th inning. He was immediately removed from the game, and was the winning pitcher in Montreal's 1–0 victory. [See Memorable Games] In 1996, during a game against the Philadelphia Phillies, Mike Williams attempted to hit Martínez with retaliatory pitches for an earlier hit batter but failed with two consecutive attempts. After the second attempt, Martínez charged the mound, and started a bench-clearing fight. In 1997, Martínez posted a 17–8 record for the Expos, and led the league in half a dozen pitching categories, including a 1.90 ERA, 305 strikeouts and 13 complete games pitched, while becoming the only Expo ever to win the National League
National League
Cy Young
Cy Young
Award. The 13 complete games were tied for the second-highest single-season total in all of baseball since Martínez's career began ( Curt Schilling
Curt Schilling
had 15 in 1998; Chuck Finley
Chuck Finley
and Jack McDowell
Jack McDowell
also reached 13 in a year). However, this 1997 total is by far the highest in Martínez's career, as he only completed more than 5 games in one other season (7, in 2000). Martínez was the first right-handed pitcher to reach 300 strikeouts with an ERA under 2.00 since Walter Johnson
Walter Johnson
in 1912. Boston Red Sox[edit]

Pedro Martínez's number 45 was retired by the Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
in 2015.

1998–1999[edit] Approaching free agency, Martínez was traded to the Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
in November 1997 for Carl Pavano
Carl Pavano
and Tony Armas, Jr., and was soon signed to a six-year, $75,000,000 contract (with an option for a seventh at $17 million) by Red Sox general manager Dan Duquette, at the time the largest ever awarded to a pitcher. Martínez paid immediate dividends in 1998, with a 19–7 record, and finishing second in the American League in ERA, WHIP, strikeouts, and the Cy Young
Cy Young
voting. In 1999, Martínez finished 23–4 with a 2.07 ERA and 313 strikeouts (earning the pitching Triple Crown) in 31 games (29 starts), pitching 213⅓ innings. He led the entire major leagues with K/9 and K/BB ratios of 13.20 and 8.46 and his Fielding Independent Pitching (FIP) (a defense independent pitching statistic measuring a pitchers effectiveness to limit walks, homers and hits and accumulate strikeouts) of 1.39 was the lowest in modern major league history and the third lowest in history behind Christy Mathewson
Christy Mathewson
in 1908 and Walter Johnson
Walter Johnson
in 1910 (by comparison the next best FIP in baseball was Randy Johnson's 2.76 and no one else in the American League
American League
had an FIP below 3.20). unanimously winning his second Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award
(this time in the American League), and coming in second in the Most Valuable Player (MVP) ballot.[citation needed][21] The MVP result was controversial, as Martínez received the most first-place votes of any player (8 of 28), but was omitted from the ballot of two sportswriters, New York's George King and Minneapolis' LaVelle Neal. The two writers argued that pitchers were not sufficiently all-around players to be considered. (However, George King had given MVP votes to two pitchers just the season before: Rick Helling and David Wells; King was the only writer to cast a vote for Helling, who had gone 20–7 with a 4.41 ERA and 164 strikeouts.) MVP ballots have ten ranked slots, and sportswriters are traditionally asked to recuse themselves if they feel they cannot vote for a pitcher. "It really made us all look very dumb", said Buster Olney, then a sportswriter for the New York Times. "People were operating under different rules. The question of eligibility is a very basic thing. People were determining eligibility for themselves."[22] The Times does not permit its writers to participate in award voting. Martínez finished second to Texas Rangers catcher Iván Rodríguez, by a margin of 252 points to 239. Rodríguez had been included on all 28 ballots. When asked about the result by WEEI-FM
WEEI-FM
radio in January 2012, Martínez said, "I'm not afraid to say that the way that George King and Mr. LaVelle Neal III went about it was unprofessional."[23]

Martínez in 2004

In 1999, Martínez became just the 9th modern pitcher to have a second 300-strikeout season, along with Nolan Ryan
Nolan Ryan
(6 times), Randy Johnson (third time in 1999, and three more times since), Sandy Koufax
Sandy Koufax
(3 times), Rube Waddell, Walter Johnson, Sam McDowell, J. R. Richard, Steve Carlton, and Curt Schilling; Schilling would later add a third 300-K season. An anomaly in power pitching annals, Martínez is the only 20th-century pitcher to notch 300 strikeouts in a season without being at least six feet tall. Between August 1999 and April 2000, Martínez had ten consecutive starts with 10 or more strikeouts. Only three pitchers have had as many as seven such starts in a row, and one of those was Martínez himself, in April–May 1999. He averaged more than 15 strikeouts per nine innings during his record 10-game streak.[24] During the 1999 season, he set the record for most consecutive innings pitched with a strikeout, with 40. For his career, Martínez has compiled 15 or more strikeouts in a game ten times, which is tied with Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
for the third-most 15-K games in history. ( Nolan Ryan
Nolan Ryan
had 27, and Randy Johnson had 29.) Martínez was named the AL Pitcher
Pitcher
of the Month in April, May, June and September 1999 – 4 times in a single season. Martínez punctuated his dominance in the 1999 All-Star Game start at Fenway Park, when he struck out Barry Larkin, Larry Walker, Sammy Sosa, Mark McGwire and Jeff Bagwell
Jeff Bagwell
in two innings. It was the first time any pitcher struck out the side to start an All-Star Game, and the performance earned Martínez the All-Star Game MVP award. Martínez later said that the 1999 All-Star break was especially memorable for him because he was able to meet the members of the MLB All-Century Team and get an autograph from Ted Williams.[25] Martínez was a focal point of the 1999 playoffs against the Cleveland Indians. Starting the series opener, he was forced out of the game after 4 shutout innings due to a strained back with the Red Sox up 2–0. The Red Sox, however, lost the game 3–2. Boston won the next two games to tie the series, but Martínez was still too injured to start the fifth and final game. However, neither team's starters were effective, and the game became a slugfest, tied at 8–8 at the end of 3 innings. Martínez entered the game as an emergency relief option. Unexpectedly, Martínez neutralized the Cleveland lineup with six no-hit innings for the win. He struck out eight and walked three, despite not being able to throw either his fastball or changeup with any command. Relying totally on his curve, Martínez and the Red Sox won the deciding game 12–8. In the American League
American League
Championship Series, Martínez pitched seven shutout innings to beat Red Sox nemesis Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
and the New York Yankees in Game 3, handing the World Champions their only loss of the 1999 postseason. 2000–2004[edit] Following up 1999, Martínez had perhaps his best year in 2000. Martínez posted an exceptional 1.74 ERA, the AL's lowest since 1978, while winning his third Cy Young
Cy Young
Award. His ERA was about a third of the park-adjusted league ERA (4.97). No other single season by a starting pitcher has had such a large differential. Roger Clemens' 3.70 was the second-lowest ERA in the AL, but was still more than double that of Martínez. Martínez also set a record in the lesser known sabermetric statistic of Weighted Runs allowed per 9 innings pitched (Wtd. RA/9), posting a remarkably low 1.55 Wtd. RA/9. He gave up only 128 hits in 217 innings, for an average of just 5.31 hits allowed per 9 innings pitched: the third lowest mark on record. Martínez's record was 18–6, but could have been even better. In his six losses, Martínez had 60 strikeouts, 8 walks, and 30 hits allowed in 48 innings, with a 2.44 ERA and an 0.79 WHIP, while averaging 8 innings per start. Martínez's ERA in his losing games was less than the leading ERA total in the lower-scoring National League
National League
(Kevin Brown's 2.58). The Yankees' Andy Pettitte
Andy Pettitte
outdueled Martínez twice; Martínez's other four losses were each by one run. Martínez's first loss of the year was a 1–0 complete game in which he had 17 strikeouts and 1 walk. All of Martínez's losses were quality starts, and he pitched 8 or more innings in all but one of his losses. Martínez received 2 runs or fewer of run support in 10 of his starts (over one third of his starts), in which his ERA was a minuscule 1.25 with 4 complete games and 2 shutouts, but his win-loss record was 4–5. Martínez's WHIP in 2000 was 0.74, breaking both the 87-year-old modern Major League record set by Walter Johnson, as well as Guy Hecker's mark of 0.77 in 1882. The American League
American League
slugged just .259 against him. Hitters also had a .167 batting average and .213 on-base percentage, setting two more modern era records. Martínez became the only starting pitcher in history to have more than twice as many strikeouts in a season (284) as hits allowed (128). Martínez also set an American League
American League
record in K/BB, with a ratio of 8.88, surpassing the previous record set by Martínez in 1999 of 8.46. On May 6 of that 2000 season, Martínez struck out 17 Tampa Bay Devil Rays in a 1–0 loss. In his next start six days later, he struck out 15 Baltimore Orioles
Baltimore Orioles
in a 9–0, two-hit victory. The 32 strikeouts tied Luis Tiant's 32-year American League
American League
record for most strikeouts over two games. In the span of 1999 and 2000, Martínez allowed 288 hits and 69 walks in 430 innings, with 597 strikeouts, an 0.83 WHIP, and a 1.90 ERA. Some[6] statisticians believe that in the circumstances — with lefty-friendly Fenway Park
Fenway Park
as his home field, in a league with a designated hitter, during the highest offensive period in baseball history — this performance represents the peak for any pitcher in baseball history. Though he continued his dominance when healthy, carrying a sub-2.00 ERA to the midpoint of the following season, Martínez spent much of 2001 on the disabled list with a rotator cuff injury as the Red Sox slumped to a poor finish. Martínez finished with a 7–3 record, a 2.39 ERA, and 163 strikeouts, but only threw 116 innings. Healthy in 2002, he rebounded to lead the league with a 2.26 ERA, 0.923 WHIP and 239 strikeouts, while going 20–4. However, that season's American League
American League
Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award
narrowly went to 23-game winner Barry Zito
Barry Zito
of the Oakland A's, despite Zito's higher ERA, higher WHIP, fewer strikeouts, and lower winning percentage. Martínez became the first pitcher since the introduction of the Cy Young
Cy Young
Award to lead his league in each of those four statistics, yet not win the award. Martínez's record was 14–4 in 2003. He led the league in ERA for the fifth time with 2.22, also led in WHIP for the fifth time at 1.04, and finished second to league leader Esteban Loaiza
Esteban Loaiza
by a single strikeout. Martínez came in third for the 2003 Cy Young
Cy Young
Award, which went to Toronto's Roy Halladay.

Derek Lowe
Derek Lowe
(left) and Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
at the Red Sox World Series Victory Parade in 2004.

Martínez went 16–9 in 2004, despite an uncharacteristic 3.90 ERA, as the Red Sox won the American League
American League
wild card berth. He pitched effectively in the playoffs, contributing to the team's first World Series win in 86 years. Martínez again finished second in AL strikeouts, and was fourth in that winter's Cy Young
Cy Young
voting. The seven-year contract he received from the Red Sox had been considered a huge risk in the 1997 offseason, but Martínez had rewarded the team's hopes with two Cy Young
Cy Young
Awards, and six Top-4 finishes. Martínez finished his Red Sox career with a 117–37 record, the highest winning percentage any pitcher has had with any team in baseball history. New York Mets[edit]

Martínez pitching with the Mets

After Boston's World Series
World Series
triumph in 2004, Martínez became a free agent and signed a 4-year, $53 million contract with the New York Mets. In 2005, his first season as a Met, Martínez posted a 15–8 record with a 2.82 ERA, 208 strikeouts, and a league-leading 0.95 WHIP. It was his sixth league WHIP title, and the fifth time that he led the Major Leagues in the category. Opponents batted .204 against him. Martínez started the 2006 season at the top of his game. At the end of May, he was 5–1 with a 2.50 ERA, with 88 strikeouts and 17 walks and 44 hits allowed in 76 innings; Martínez's record was worse than it could have been, with the Mets bullpen costing him two victories. However, during his May 26 start against the Florida Marlins, Martínez was instructed by the umpires to change his undershirt. He slipped in the corridor, injuring his hip, and his promising season curdled. The effect was not immediately apparent; although Martínez lost the Marlins game, his following start was a scintillating 0–0 duel with Arizona's Brandon Webb. But after that, beginning on June 6, Martínez went 4–7 with a 7.10 ERA in a series of spotty starts interrupted twice by stays on the disabled list. A right calf injury plagued him for the last two months of the season. After Martínez was removed from an ineffective September 15 outing, television cameras found him in the Mets dugout, apparently crying.[26] Subsequent MRI exams revealed a torn muscle in Martínez's left calf, and a torn rotator cuff. Martínez underwent surgery which sidelined him for most of the 2007 season.[27]

Martínez with the Mets

On November 3, 2006, Martínez stated that if he could not return to full strength, he might end up retiring after the 2007 season. "It's getting better, and progress is above all what is hoped for", Martínez told the Associated Press. "To go back, I have to recover, I have to be healthy. But if God doesn't want that, then I would have to think about giving it all up." Martínez added, "It's going to be a bitter winter because I am going to have to do a lot of work. The pain I feel was one of the worst I have felt with any injury in my career." But by December 30, 2006, Martínez was more optimistic: "The progress has been excellent. I don't have problems anymore with my reach or flexibility, and so far everything is going very well. The problem has to do with the calcification of the bone that was broken with the tear, and that had to be operated on. You have to let it run its course." Martínez also reported bulking up as part of his recuperative regimen: "I've put on about 10 pounds of muscle, because that's one of our strategies."[28] On September 3, 2007, Martínez returned from the disabled list with his 207th career win, allowing two earned runs in five efficient innings and collecting his 3000th career strikeout, becoming the 15th pitcher to do so. "I thought I was going to have butterflies and like that", said Martínez, "but I guess I'm too old." Martínez's comeback was considered a great success, as the right-hander went 3–1 in five starts with a 2.57 ERA. But his last start was a crucial 3–0 loss to St. Louis in the final week of the 2007 Mets' historic collapse; Martínez provided a good pitching performance (7 IP, 2 ER, 7 H, 1 BB, 8 K) but his teammates failed to score. Martínez became just the fourth pitcher to reach 3,000 strikeouts with fewer than 1,000 walks (in Martínez's case, 701). Ferguson Jenkins, Greg Maddux
Greg Maddux
and Curt Schilling
Curt Schilling
had previously done likewise. Martínez also joined Nolan Ryan
Nolan Ryan
and Randy Johnson
Randy Johnson
to become the third 3,000-strikeout pitcher to have more strikeouts than innings pitched, and is also the first Latin American pitcher to have 3,000 strikeouts. His unexpectedly strong finish in 2007 raised hopes, but 2008 was a lost season for Martínez. He was injured just four innings into his first game of the season, an April 1 no-decision against the Florida Marlins. He later told reporters he'd felt a "pop" in his left leg. Martínez was diagnosed with a strained hamstring[29] and did not return to action for more than two months. Following his return, his fastball typically topped out in the 90–91 mph range,[30] a lower velocity than he'd had during his prime but slightly higher than in recent seasons. Martínez finished the season on a low note, losing all three of his decisions in September en route to a 5–6 record, the first losing record of his career. (Martínez was 0–1 in two appearances in 1992.) His 5.61 ERA and 1.57 WHIP were also Martínez's worst ever, and for the first time in his career, he failed to strike out at least twice as many batters as he walked (87–44). During his four-year Met contract, Martínez was 32–23 in 79 starts, with a 3.88 ERA and a 1.16 WHIP. Philadelphia Phillies[edit]

Martínez with Clearwater Threshers
Clearwater Threshers
on July 26, 2009

A free agent, Martínez did not sign with a major league team during the winter. In March, he joined the Dominican Republic's squad for the 2009 World Baseball Classic, in an attempt to showcase his arm. Martínez pitched six scoreless innings with 6 strikeouts and no walks, but the team was quickly eliminated from the tournament and no MLB contract was forthcoming. In July 2009, Phillies scouts evaluated Martínez in two simulated games against the Phillies DSL team, leading to a one-year, $1-million contract.[31] Martínez told reporters, "I would just like to be the backup. If I could be the backup, that would be a great thing to have—a healthy Pedro behind everybody else, in case something happens. That would be a great feeling to have on a team, eh?"[32]

Martinez pitching during his brief stint with the Phillies in 2009

Replacing Jamie Moyer
Jamie Moyer
as a starter in the Phillies rotation on August 12, Martínez won his 2009 debut. In his return to New York on August 23, Martínez's win against the Mets was preserved by a rare unassisted triple play by second baseman Eric Bruntlett
Eric Bruntlett
in the bottom of the ninth inning. With his win on September 3—his third as a Philadelphia Phillie and his 100th as a National Leaguer—Martínez became the 10th pitcher in history to win at least 100 games in each league.[33][34] On September 13, Martínez pitched eight innings to beat the Mets again, by a final score of 1–0. His 130 pitches were the most he had thrown in a game since the ALDS in October 2003. Philadelphia won each of Martínez's first seven starts, the first time in franchise history that this had occurred with any debuting Phillies pitcher.[35] In the NLCS against the Los Angeles Dodgers, he pitched seven shutout innings while allowing just two hits, but the Philadelphia bullpen faltered in the following inning, costing Martínez the win. Intense media interest preceded Martínez's "return to Yankee Stadium" in Game 2 of the World Series. At the pre-game press conference, he seemed to relish the attention, telling reporters, "When you have 60,000 people chanting your name, waiting for you to throw the ball, you have to consider yourself someone special, someone that really has a purpose out there."[36] Martínez pitched effectively in his second-ever World Series
World Series
start, but left the game in the 7th inning trailing, 2–1, and wound up taking the loss. Before his second start of the Series, Martínez called himself and opposing pitcher Andy Pettitte "old goats", and acknowledged that Red Sox fans were rooting for him: "I know that they don't like the Yankees to win, not even in Nintendo games."[37] However, Martínez allowed 4 runs in 4 innings, falling to 0–2 as the Phillies lost the sixth game and the 2009 World Series
World Series
to the New York Yankees. Following the Series, Martínez announced that he had no intention of retiring,[38] but the 2010 season came and went without his signing with a team. Media reports surfaced that the Phillies had been discussing a deal to bring Martínez back for another half-season,[39] but Martínez's agent announced in July that he would not be pitching at all in 2010, while remaining interested in a 2011 return.[40] In December 2010, Martínez told a reporter for El Día "I'm realizing what it is to be a normal person. ... It's most likely that I don't return to active baseball ... but honestly I don't know if I'll definitively announce my retirement."[41] The pitcher received some initial inquiries during the winter, but did not sign with any team for 2011. On December 4, 2011, he officially announced his retirement. In December 2009, Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
named Martínez as one of the five pitchers in the starting rotation of its MLB All-Decade Team. In February 2011, the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery announced that it had acquired an oil painting of Martínez for its collection.[42] After retirement[edit]

Martínez speaking at the National Baseball Hall of Fame
National Baseball Hall of Fame
in 2015

On January 24, 2013, Martínez joined the Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
as a special assistant to general manager Ben Cherington.[43] Martínez was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame
National Baseball Hall of Fame
in January 2015 with 91.1% of the votes. His Hall of Fame plaque will have the cap of the Boston Red Sox. "I cannot be any prouder to take Red Sox Nation to the Hall of Fame with the logo on my plaque", Martínez said in a statement. "I am extremely proud to represent Boston and all of New England with my Hall of Fame career. I'm grateful to all of the teams for which I played, and especially fans, for making this amazing honor come true."[44] In 2015, Martínez was hired by the MLB Network
MLB Network
as a studio analyst and also released an autobiography, Pedro, which he coauthored with Michael Silverman of the Boston Herald.[45][46] Reflecting on his career, he named Barry Bonds, Edgar Martínez, Derek Jeter, Kenny Lofton and Ichiro Suzuki
Ichiro Suzuki
as the most difficult hitters he had to face.[47] On June 22, 2015, it was announced that Martínez' number 45 would be retired by the Red Sox on July 28, two days after his Hall of Fame induction. Red Sox principal owner John Henry stated, "to be elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame upon his first year of eligibility speaks volumes regarding Pedro’s outstanding career, and is a testament to the respect and admiration so many in baseball have for him."[48] On February 1, 2018, Martínez was announced as part of the 2018 Induction Class for the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame. Memorable games[edit] Imperfect hit-by-pitch[edit] On April 13, 1994, in his second start as a Montreal Expo, Martínez lost a perfect game with one out in the eighth inning when he hit Cincinnati's Reggie Sanders
Reggie Sanders
with a pitch. An angered Sanders charged the mound, and threw Martínez to the ground, before both teams cleared the benches and broke up any potential fight. Sanders was later ridiculed in the press for assuming that a pitcher would abandon a perfect game in order to hit a batter intentionally. Martínez allowed a leadoff single in the ninth inning, breaking up his no-hitter, and was removed for reliever John Wetteland
John Wetteland
(who loaded the bases, then allowed two sacrifice flies, thus saddling Martínez with a no-decision).[49] Three years later, in 1997, Martínez had a one-hitter against the Reds; the one hit came in the 5th inning.[50] Nine perfect innings[edit] On June 3, 1995, while pitching for Montreal, he retired the first 27 Padres hitters he faced. However, the score was still tied 0–0 at that point and the game went into extra innings. The Expos scored a run in the top of the 10th, but Martínez surrendered a double to the 28th batter he faced, Bip Roberts. Expos manager Felipe Alou
Felipe Alou
then removed Martínez from the game, bringing in reliever Mel Rojas, who retired the next three batters.[51] Martínez officially recorded neither a perfect game nor a no-hitter. Until 1991, the rules would have judged it differently; however, a rule clarification specified that perfect games, even beyond nine innings, must remain perfect until the game is completed for them to be considered perfect. This retroactively decertified many no-hit games, including Ernie Shore's perfect relief stint in 1917 and Harvey Haddix's legendary 12 perfect innings in 1959 (lost in the 13th). All-Star strikeout streak[edit] Martínez was selected as the starting pitcher for the American League All-Star team in 1999. The game, on July 13, 1999, was at Fenway Park, Martínez's home field. Martínez struck out Barry Larkin, Larry Walker, and Sammy Sosa
Sammy Sosa
consecutively in the first inning. He then struck out Mark McGwire
Mark McGwire
leading off the 2nd, becoming the first pitcher to begin an All-Star game by striking out the first four batters. (The National League's Brad Penny
Brad Penny
matched the feat in 2006.) The next batter, Matt Williams, managed to reach first base from an error by Roberto Alomar. Martínez then proceeded to strike out Jeff Bagwell while Williams was caught stealing. Yankee Stadium one-hitter[edit] Martínez again came close to a perfect game on September 10, 1999, when he beat the New York Yankees, 3–1. He faced just 28 batters while striking out 17 and walking none (Martínez hit the Yankees' first batter, Chuck Knoblauch, but he was then caught stealing). Only a solo home run by Chili Davis
Chili Davis
separated Martínez from a no-hitter. The Davis home run came in the second inning, eliminating any suspense, but this may have been Martínez's most dominant day on the mound.[52] Sportswriter Thomas Boswell called it the best game ever pitched at Yankee Stadium.[53] Martinez not only retired the last 22 batters in a row, but over the last 3 2/3 innings, (11 batters), Martinez threw an incredible 53 consecutive pitches, without allowing a base runner, and without a single ball being put in play. (9 Strikeouts, 2 foul-ball, pop-fly outs.) His 53 consecutive pitch, no base runner/no ball put-in-play performance, is believed to be an MLB record. Hitless clincher[edit] On October 11, 1999, in Game 5 of the ALDS, Charles Nagy
Charles Nagy
started for Cleveland and Bret Saberhagen started for Boston, both on only three days rest. Boston jumped out to a quick two-run lead in the top of the first inning, but Cleveland responded with three runs of their own in the bottom half of the innings. The hitting continued, knocking Saberhagen out of the game in the second inning having allowed five runs, and then Nagy out of the game after only finishing only three innings and allowing eight runs. Going into the fourth inning, manager Jimy Williams
Jimy Williams
opted to replace Derek Lowe
Derek Lowe
with the ailing Pedro Martínez, who had left Game 1 with a back injury. This decision would prove to be wise, as Martínez threw six hitless innings in relief to win and clinch the ALDS.[54] 1999 ALCS[edit] Game 3 of the American League
American League
Championship Series was the long anticipated matchup between Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
and Roger Clemens. The Red Sox scored first. After a leadoff triple by Offerman, Valentin homered to put the Red Sox ahead 2–0. The onslaught continued as the Red Sox scored in all but two innings. Clemens was done in the third inning and the Red Sox would go on to win 13–1 and make the series two games to one. When Clemens was knocked out, Red Sox fans chanted "Where is Roger?" and then a response chant of "In the Shower". Martínez struck out twelve Yankees in seven scoreless innings and allowing just two hits, to beat Red Sox nemesis Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
and the New York Yankees
New York Yankees
in Game 3, handing the World Champions their only loss of the 1999 postseason. Martínez finished 1999 with a streak of seventeen scoreless innings in the playoffs. Faceoff vs. Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
on ESPN[edit] On May 28, 2000, Martínez and Roger Clemens
Roger Clemens
had a dramatic duel on ESPN's "Sunday Night Baseball" telecast. Both pitchers shone, combining to allow only 9 hits and 1 walk while striking out 22. A 0–0 game was finally broken up in the 9th inning by Trot Nixon's home run off Clemens. In the bottom of the ninth, the Yankees loaded the bases against a tiring Martínez, but New York could not score, as Martínez completed the shutout.[55] Another close call[edit] On August 29, 2000, Martínez took a no-hitter into the 9th against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, losing it on a leadoff single by John Flaherty. Martínez had begun the night by hitting the leadoff batter, Gerald Williams, in the hand. Williams started towards first base before charging the mound and knocking down Martínez; in the scrum, Williams was tackled by Boston catcher Jason Varitek. Martínez then retired the next 24 hitters in a row until allowing Flaherty's single, and finished with a one-hitter. He had 13 strikeouts and no walks in the game; the Flaherty single would have broken up a perfect game, if not for the leadoff hit batsman.[56] Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
never threw an official no-hitter. He did however throw a combined perfect game in Spring training earlier that year on March 15, 2000.[57] He has though professed a lack of interest in the matter: "I think my career is more interesting than one game." Martínez vs. Zimmer[edit] In the testy Game 3 of the 2003 ALCS, after allowing single runs in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th innings, Martínez hit Yankees right fielder Karim García near the shoulders with a pitch, sparking a shouting match between Martínez and the New York bench. Directing his attention at Yankees catcher Jorge Posada, Martínez jabbed a finger into the side of his own head, which some, including an enraged Yankee bench coach Don Zimmer, interpreted as a threatened beanball. Emotions remained high in the bottom of the inning, which was led off by Boston slugger Manny Ramírez. Ramírez became irate over a high strike from Roger Clemens, and both benches cleared. During the ensuing commotion, the 72-year-old Zimmer ran on to the field and started straight for Martínez; as he approached Martínez threw Zimmer to the ground.[58] Later, Martínez claimed that he was not indicating that he would hit Posada in the head, but that he would remember what Posada was saying to him.[59] In 2009, Martínez claimed that he regretted the incident but denied being at fault. Zimmer did not give much credence to Pedro's statements.[60] Martínez wrote in 2015 that the altercation with Zimmer was his only regret in his entire career.[61] Grady Little's visit[edit] Martínez was also on the mound for Game 7 of the 2003 ALCS versus the Yankees. With the Red Sox ahead 5–2 at the start of the 8th inning, a tiring Martínez pitched his way into trouble. He was visited on the mound by manager Grady Little, but was left in to pitch, in a controversial non-move. The Yankees tied the score against Martínez in that inning on four successive hits, leading to a dramatic extra-inning, series-ending victory for New York, costing Grady Little his job with the Red Sox as his contract was not renewed.[62] World Series
World Series
debut[edit] After a comparatively lackluster season in 2004 (though still a solid season by general standards), Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
got the win in Game 3 of the World Series. He shut out the St. Louis Cardinals through seven innings, recording his final 14 outs consecutively in what would turn out to be his last game for Boston.[63] Mets[edit] With the Mets, on April 10, 2005, at Turner Field, Martínez outdueled John Smoltz, pitching a two-hit, one-run, complete game en route to his first Mets victory. On August 14, 2005, against the Dodgers, he pitched 7​1⁄3 hitless innings, but ended up losing the no-hitter and the game.[64] Return to Fenway[edit] In June 2006, the Mets played an interleague series against the Red Sox, which was Martínez's first appearance at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
since leaving the team. The Red Sox gave their former ace a two-minute video tribute on June 27, but showed no courtesies to Martínez the following night. In his June 28, 2006 start, Martínez lasted only 3 innings, and was rocked for 8 runs (6 earned) on 7 hits, losing his worst game as a Met just before going onto the disabled list.[65] It was Martínez's only career appearance against the Red Sox, the only Major League team against which he did not record a victory. Who's Your Daddy?[edit] In both the 2004 ALCS
2004 ALCS
and the 2009 World Series, Martínez was greeted with the chant "Who's your daddy?" from New York Yankees
New York Yankees
fans whenever Pedro was pitching due to his statement earlier in the 2004 ALCS saying, "They beat me. They're that good right now. They're that hot. I just tip my hat and call the Yankees my daddy." Quotes[edit]

"I'm not afraid of hitting anyone, because I can put the ball where I want to. I only hit nine guys last year. When I do hit them, it's usually just a nibble. I can nibble their jersey with the ball. That's how much I can control the ball." − Martinez to Sports Illustrated[66]

Pitching style[edit] Martínez's pitching style was atypical as he commanded an arsenal of "out" pitches. His fastball, slider, power curveball, screwball, splitter, and circle changeup were all well above average; combined with his historically excellent control, they proved to be an overpowering package. Martínez threw from a low three-quarters position (nearly sidearm) that hid the ball very well from batters, who have remarked on the difficulty of picking up Martínez's delivery. Additionally, Martínez threw three different types of fastballs - a straight high-velocity four-seam fastball he used to overpower hitters, a two-seamer that ran to his throwing arm side, and a cut fastball that ran away from his throwing arm side - each with the pinpoint control that defined him. Early in his career, Martínez's fastball was consistently clocked in the 95–97 mph range. Using it in combination with his devastating changeup and occasionally mixing in his curveball, he was as dominant a pitcher as the game has ever seen. Sports Illustrated's Joe Posnanski
Joe Posnanski
wrote, "There has never been a pitcher in baseball history—not Walter Johnson, not Lefty Grove, not Sandy Koufax, not Tom Seaver, not Roger Clemens—who was more overwhelming than the young Pedro."[67] As injuries and the aging process took their toll, Martínez made the adjustment to rely more on finesse than power. His fastball settled into the 85–88 mph range, although he was occasionally able to reach 90–91 mph when the need arose. Martínez continued to use a curveball, a circle changeup, and an occasional slider. With his command of the strike zone, he remained an effective strikeout pitcher despite the drop in velocity. Baseball historian Bill James
Bill James
described Martínez as being substantially more effective than his pitching peers due to his variety of pitches, pitch speeds, pinpoint control, and numerous modes of deception.[68][69] Personal life[edit] His son, Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
Jr., signed with the Detroit Tigers
Detroit Tigers
as an international free agent in September 2017.[70] See also[edit]

Biography portal Baseball portal Dominican Republic portal

List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
career wins leaders Triple Crown List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
annual ERA leaders List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
annual strikeout leaders List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
annual wins leaders List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
career hit batsmen leaders List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
pitchers who have struck out three batters on nine pitches 3,000 strikeout club List of Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
career strikeout leaders Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
titles leaders

Notes[edit]

^ His father, Pablo Jaime Abreu, is first-cousin of folk merengue musician Cheché Abreu.[15]

References[edit]

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Pitcher
of Our Lifetime". Bleacher Report.  ^ JAY JAFFE (January 9, 2014). "JAWS and the 2014 Hall of Fame ballot: An early look at the new names for 2015". Sports Illustrated.  ^ David Schoenfield (September 22, 2014). "Top 20 pitcher seasons in 50 years". ESPN.  ^ a b Joe Posnanski
Joe Posnanski
(Mar 27, 2014). "One game, one pitcher … who do you choose?". NBC Sports.  ^ KIRK MINIHANE (July 7, 2014). "Supreme Ace of All-Time? Pedro Martinez Still Best Despite Clayton Kershaw's Dominance with Dodgers". weei.com.  ^ Andriesen, David (2003). "Getting to the height of the matter: some executives believe the taller the pitcher, the better: often a player's size will dictate how teams make decisions regarding draft selections Baseball Digest Find Articles at BNET.com". Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2010 – via Findarticles.com.  ^ Career Leaders & Records for Adjusted ERA+, Baseball-Reference.com  ^ BEN LINDBERGH (September 16, 2014). "Dear Clayton; Love, Pedro". Grantland.  ^ SAL BAXAMUSA (March 19, 2007). "Moving Beyond ERA+". The Hardball Times.  ^ Joe Posnanski
Joe Posnanski
(May 12, 2014). "If the Devil ever gives me one pitcher to play for my soul …". NBC Sports.  ^ CLIFF CORCORAN (April 28, 2014). "Albert Pujols, Pedro Martinez lead all-time Dominican Republic team". Sports Illustrated.  ^ "Remembering The Flair Of #45: Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
To Honor Pedro Martinez". NPR.org.  ^ a b Díaz Jáquez, Leonardo; Jáquez Torres, Mario Julio (24 July 2015). "Genealogía del inmortal Pedro Martínez" (in Spanish). Hoy. Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ Macur, Juliet (December 23, 2004). "The fields of Pedro's dreams". The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2014.  ^ Grossfeld, Stan (August 9, 2013). "Pedro Martinez building hope in the Dominican". The Boston Globe. Retrieved December 7, 2014.  ^ Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
Jugó brevemente con los Tigres del Licey
Tigres del Licey
en los años del 1990 al 1996 (Spanish). Listin Diario. Retrieved on February 9, 2016. ^ Pedro Martinez Biography. JockBio. Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ "baseball-reference.com". 2014.  ^ "1999 Awards Voting Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.  ^ Acee, Kevin (2000). "A MATTER OF OPINION: Voters Disagree on MVP Criteria". Baseball Digest. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2010 – via Findarticles.com.  ^ Rohrbach, Ben. (August 24, 2000) Full Count » Pedro Martinez on The Big Show: Of MVP and Cy Young
Cy Young
snubs, the Steroid Era, and Boston's everlasting place in his heart. Fullcount.weei.com. Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ Beamer, John (August 20, 2007) Who is/was better: Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
or Johan Santana? The Hardball Times ^ Pedro Martinez [@45PedroMartinez] (April 29, 2015). "99 All Star Break was memorable for me because I saw the all Century players. At the end Ted Williams
Ted Williams
autographed a program dedicated to me" (Tweet). Retrieved April 30, 2015 – via Twitter.  ^ Curry, Jack (September 16, 2006) Tears Shed by Martínez Are Not of Joy. New York Times ^ Marty Noble (September 30, 2006). "Martínez shelved until next summer". MLB.  ^ Marty Noble (December 31, 2006). "Bulked up Pedro aiming for midseason". MLB.  ^ " Hamstring
Hamstring
strain sends Pedro to DL.". Newyork.mets.mlb.com (May 24, 2013). Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ "Pedro Martinez Biography". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 21, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ Pedro signs one-year deal with Phillies. Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ Pedro Martinez throws first bullpen session since joining Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
– ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (July 18, 2009). Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ Society For American Baseball Research Baseball Records Committee. (PDF) . Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ "Pedro Martinez Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ ESPN.com (September 13, 2009). "Baseball Tonight Clubhouse: Rockies search for wins, not respect". ESPN. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ Silverman, Mike (October 29, 2009). "'Influential' Pedro Martinez holds court". Boston Herald. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Pedro: 'I consider myself a Bostonian'". WEEI.com. November 3, 2009. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ Morosi, Jon Paul. Pedro 'absolutely' intends to pitch entire '10 season Archived November 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., FOX Sports. Published November 16, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2009. ^ " Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
speak to Pedro Martinez about possible comeback". ESPN. June 16, 2010. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Agent: Pedro Martinez will not pitch in 2010, not retiring". ESPN. January 1, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ Nicholson, Ben. (December 15, 2010) Pedro Martinez Is "Most Likely" Finished: MLB Rumors. MLBTradeRumors.com. Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ National Portrait Gallery Presents Portrait of Pedro Martinez. Newsdesk.si.edu (March 29, 2011). Retrieved on December 21, 2013. ^ "Pedro Martinez re-joins Red Sox as Special
Special
Assistant to the General Manager" (Press release). Red Sox. Retrieved January 24, 2013.  ^ ESPN.com news services (January 22, 2015). "Pedro Martinez opts for Red Sox logo". ESPN.com.  ^ Finn, Chad (March 25, 2015). "Pedro Martinez hired by MLB Network
MLB Network
as analyst". Boston Globe. Retrieved 7 May 2015.  ^ Nowlin, Bill (May 5, 2015). "'Pedro' by Pedro Martinez and Michael Silverman". Boston Globe. Retrieved 7 May 2015.  ^ DeMartino, Joe (May 7, 2015). "Here are the five toughest hitters Pedro Martinez ever had to face". ESPN. Retrieved 7 May 2015.  ^ Mastrodonato, Jason (June 22, 2015). "Red Sox to retire Pedro Martinez's No. 45 at Fenway Park
Fenway Park
on July 28". Boston Herald.  ^ "April 13, 1994 Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
at Montreal Expos
Montreal Expos
Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. April 13, 1994. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "July 13, 1997 Montreal Expos
Montreal Expos
at Cincinnati Reds
Cincinnati Reds
Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. July 13, 1997. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com.  ^ "Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com.  ^ Boswell, Thomas (October 17, 1999). "In Boston, Martínez Exhibits a Mound of Courage". Washington Post.  ^ "Box Score". Retrosheet.org.  ^ "May 28, 2000 Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
at New York Yankees
New York Yankees
Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. May 28, 2000. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "August 29, 2000 Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
at Tampa Bay Devil Rays
Tampa Bay Devil Rays
Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. August 29, 2000. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Archives - Philly.com". articles.philly.com.  ^ "ALCS Gm3: Tempers flare, benches clear in Fenway after this dirty attack on an old man. (Martinze/Zimmer incident at 1:10 into video)". YouTube/MLB. April 13, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2013.  ^ "Retrosheet Boxscore: New York Yankees
New York Yankees
4, Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
3". Retrosheet. October 11, 2003. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Zimmer combative, apologetic". ESPN. October 29, 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "Pedro Martinez: Pushing Don Zimmer
Don Zimmer
'my only regret' in entire career". Sports Illustrated. April 29, 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.  ^ "Retrosheet Boxscore: New York Yankees
New York Yankees
6, Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
5". Retrosheet. October 16, 2003. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "Retrosheet Boxscore: Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
4, St. Louis Cardinals 1". Retrosheet. October 26, 2004. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "August 14, 2005 New York Mets
New York Mets
at Los Angeles Dodgers
Los Angeles Dodgers
Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. August 14, 2005. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ "June 28, 2006 New York Mets
New York Mets
at Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. June 28, 2006. Retrieved July 22, 2010.  ^ Wright, P. J. (June 7, 2016). "Jose Fernandez is challenging one of Pedro Martinez's historic records". Boston.com. Retrieved June 8, 2016.  ^ "My NFL predictions, more (cont.)". CNN. September 9, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2010.  ^ James, Bill (2015-05-19). " Pitcher
Pitcher
Wave Patterns". https://www.billjamesonline.com.  External link in website= (help); Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Sports, Fox. "When Pedro Martinez was the best of all time". FOX Sports. Retrieved 2016-09-11.  ^ http://www.espn.com/mlb/story/_/id/20840483/detroit-tigers-sign-prospect-pedro-martinez-jr-son-baseball-hall-famer-pedro-martinez

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
(baseball).

Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)

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Links to related articles

Preceded by Roger Clemens American League
American League
Pitching Triple Crown 1999 Succeeded by Johan Santana

Preceded by David Wells American League
American League
All-Star Game Starting Pitcher 1999 Succeeded by David Wells

Preceded by Roger Clemens CC Sabathia AL hits per nine innings 1999–2000 2002–2003 Succeeded by CC Sabathia Johan Santana

Preceded by Al Leiter NL hits per nine innings 1997 Succeeded by Kerry Wood

v t e

Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
2004 World Series
World Series
champions

3 Pokey Reese 7 Trot Nixon 11 Bill Mueller 12 Mark Bellhorn 13 Doug Mientkiewicz 15 Kevin Millar 18 Johnny Damon 19 Gabe Kapler 20 Kevin Youkilis 24 Manny Ramirez
Manny Ramirez
( World Series
World Series
MVP) 26 Ramiro Mendoza 28 Doug Mirabelli 29 Keith Foulke 30 Curt Leskanic 31 Dave Roberts 32 Derek Lowe 33 Jason Varitek 34 David Ortiz
David Ortiz
(ALCS MVP) 36 Mike Myers 38 Curt Schilling 43 Alan Embree 44 Orlando Cabrera 45 Pedro Martínez 49 Tim Wakefield 50 Mike Timlin 61 Bronson Arroyo

Manager 47 Terry Francona

Coaches Bench Coach 2 Brad Mills Hitting Coach 22 Ron Jackson First Base Coach 35 Lynn Jones Third Base Coach 41 Dale Sveum Interim First Base Coach 44 Bill Haselman Pitching Coach 17 Dave Wallace Bullpen
Bullpen
Coach 54 Euclides Rojas Bullpen
Bullpen
Catcher
Catcher
60 Dana LeVangie

Regular season American League
American League
Division Series American League
American League
Championship Series

v t e

Dominican Republic roster – 2009 World Baseball Classic
2009 World Baseball Classic
– 9th place

2 Hanley Ramírez 3 Willy Taveras 7 José Reyes 10 Miguel Tejada 11 José Guillén 14 Fernando Tatís 15 Nelson Cruz 16 Willy Aybar 18 Moisés Alou 20 Julio Mañón 21 Miguel Olivo 23 José Bautista 24 Robinson Canó 25 Juan Brito 33 Alberto Castillo 34 David Ortiz 36 Edinson Vólquez 38 Ubaldo Jiménez 43 Dámaso Marte 44 Pedro Viola 45 Pedro Martínez 46 Johnny Cueto 49 Carlos Mármol 51 Julián Tavárez 53 Rafael Pérez 57 Odalis Pérez 58 Tony Peña 66 José Arredondo

Manager 17 Felipe Alou Coach 55 Luis Pujols Coach 32 Mario Soto Coach 6 Junior Noboa Coach 4 Alfredo Griffin Coach 19 Luis Silverio Coach 31 Ramon Henderson

v t e

3,000 strikeout club

Nolan Ryan Randy Johnson Roger Clemens Steve Carlton Bert Blyleven Tom Seaver Don Sutton Gaylord Perry Walter Johnson Greg Maddux Phil Niekro Ferguson Jenkins Pedro Martínez Bob Gibson Curt Schilling John Smoltz

Book:3,000 strikeout club

v t e

National League
National League
Cy Young
Cy Young
Award

1967: McCormick 1968: Gibson 1969: Seaver 1970: Gibson 1971: Jenkins 1972: Carlton 1973: Seaver 1974: Marshall 1975: Seaver 1976: Jones 1977: Carlton 1978: Perry 1979: Sutter 1980: Carlton 1981: Valenzuela 1982: Carlton 1983: Denny 1984: Sutcliffe 1985: Gooden 1986: Scott 1987: Bedrosian 1988: Hershiser 1989: Davis 1990: Drabek 1991: Glavine 1992: Maddux 1993: Maddux 1994: Maddux 1995: Maddux 1996: Smoltz 1997: Martínez 1998: Glavine 1999: Johnson 2000: Johnson 2001: Johnson 2002: Johnson 2003: Gagné 2004: Clemens 2005: Carpenter 2006: Webb 2007: Peavy 2008: Lincecum 2009: Lincecum 2010: Halladay 2011: Kershaw 2012: Dickey 2013: Kershaw 2014: Kershaw 2015: Arrieta 2016: Scherzer 2017: Scherzer

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American League
American League
Cy Young
Cy Young
Award

1967: Lonborg 1968: McLain 1969: Cuellar & McLain 1970: J. Perry 1971: Blue 1972: G. Perry 1973: Palmer 1974: Hunter 1975: Palmer 1976: Palmer 1977: Lyle 1978: Guidry 1979: Flanagan 1980: Stone 1981: Fingers 1982: Vuckovich 1983: Hoyt 1984: Hernández 1985: Saberhagen 1986: Clemens 1987: Clemens 1988: Viola 1989: Saberhagen 1990: Welch 1991: Clemens 1992: Eckersley 1993: McDowell 1994: Cone 1995: Johnson 1996: Hentgen 1997: Clemens 1998: Clemens 1999: Martínez 2000: Martínez 2001: Clemens 2002: Zito 2003: Halladay 2004: Santana 2005: Colón 2006: Santana 2007: Sabathia 2008: Lee 2009: Greinke 2010: Hernández 2011: Verlander 2012: Price 2013: Scherzer 2014: Kluber 2015: Keuchel 2016: Porcello 2017: Kluber

v t e

Major League Baseball All-Star Game
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
MVP Award

1962: Wills 1962: Wagner 1963: Mays 1964: Callison 1965: Marichal 1966: B. Robinson 1967: Pérez 1968: Mays 1969: McCovey 1970: Yastrzemski 1971: F. Robinson 1972: Morgan 1973: Bonds 1974: Garvey 1975: Madlock & Matlack 1976: Foster 1977: Sutton 1978: Garvey 1979: Parker 1980: Griffey Sr. 1981: Carter 1982: Concepción 1983: Lynn 1984: Carter 1985: Hoyt 1986: Clemens 1987: Raines 1988: Steinbach 1989: Jackson 1990: Franco 1991: Ripken Jr. 1992: Griffey Jr. 1993: Puckett 1994: McGriff 1995: Conine 1996: Piazza 1997: Alomar Jr. 1998: Alomar 1999: Martínez 2000: Jeter 2001: Ripken Jr. 2003: Anderson 2004: Soriano 2005: Tejada 2006: Young 2007: Suzuki 2008: Drew 2009: Crawford 2010: McCann 2011: Fielder 2012: Cabrera 2013: Rivera 2014: Trout 2015: Trout 2016: Hosmer 2017: Canó

v t e

Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
Latino Legends Team

Catcher

Iván Rodríguez

Infielders

Rod Carew Edgar Martínez Albert Pujols Alex Rodriguez

Outfielders

Roberto Clemente Vladimir Guerrero Manny Ramirez

Starting pitchers

Juan Marichal Pedro Martínez Fernando Valenzuela

Relief pitcher

Mariano Rivera

v t e

Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
pitchers who have won the Triple Crown

Grover Cleveland Alexander Tommy Bond Steve Carlton John Clarkson Roger Clemens Bob Feller Lefty Gomez Dwight Gooden Lefty Grove Guy Hecker Randy Johnson Walter Johnson Tim Keefe Clayton Kershaw Sandy Koufax Pedro Martínez Christy Mathewson Hal Newhouser Jake Peavy Charles Radbourn Amos Rusie Johan Santana Dazzy Vance Hippo Vaughn Justin Verlander Rube Waddell Bucky Walters Cy Young

v t e

American League
American League
season wins leaders

1901: Young 1902: Young 1903: Young 1904: Chesbro 1905: Waddell 1906: Orth 1907: Joss & White 1908: Walsh 1909: Mullin 1910: Coombs 1911: Coombs 1912: S. J. Wood 1913: Johnson 1914: Johnson 1915: Johnson 1916: Johnson 1917: Cicotte 1918: Johnson 1919: Cicotte 1920: Bagby 1921: Mays & Shocker 1922: Rommel 1923: Uhle 1924: Johnson 1925: Lyons & Rommel 1926: Uhle 1927: W. Hoyt & Lyons 1928: Grove & Pipgras 1929: Earnshaw 1930: Grove 1931: Grove 1932: Crowder 1933: Crowder & Grove 1934: Gomez 1935: Ferrell 1936: Bridges 1937: Gomez 1938: Ruffing 1939: Feller 1940: Feller 1941: Feller 1942: Hughson 1943: Chandler & Trout 1944: Newhouser 1945: Newhouser 1946: Feller & Newhouser 1947: Feller 1948: Newhouser 1949: Parnell 1950: Lemon 1951: Feller 1952: Shantz 1953: Porterfield 1954: Lemon & Wynn 1955: Ford, Lemon & Sullivan 1956: Lary 1957: Bunning & Pierce 1958: Turley 1959: Wynn 1960: Estrada & J. Perry 1961: Ford 1962: Terry 1963: Ford 1964: Chance & Peters 1965: Grant 1966: Kaat 1967: Lonborg & Wilson 1968: McLain 1969: McLain 1970: Cuellar, McNally & J. Perry 1971: Lolich 1972: G. Perry & W. Wood 1973: W. Wood 1974: Hunter & Jenkins 1975: Hunter & Palmer 1976: Palmer 1977: Goltz, Leonard & Palmer 1978: Guidry 1979: Flanagan 1980: Stone 1981: D. Martínez, McCatty, Morris & Vuckovich 1982: L. Hoyt 1983: L. Hoyt 1984: Boddicker 1985: Guidry 1986: Clemens 1987: Clemens & Stewart 1988: Viola 1989: Saberhagen 1990: Welch 1991: Erickson & Gullickson 1992: Brown & Morris 1993: McDowell 1994: Key 1995: Mussina 1996: Pettitte 1997: Clemens 1998: Clemens, Cone & Helling 1999: P. Martínez 2000: Hudson & Wells 2001: Mulder 2002: Zito 2003: Halladay 2004: Schilling 2005: Colón 2006: Santana & Wang 2007: Beckett 2008: Lee 2009: Hernández, Sabathia & Verlander 2010: Sabathia 2011: Verlander 2012: Price & Weaver 2013: Scherzer 2014: Kluber, Scherzer & Weaver 2015: Keuchel 2016: Porcello 2017: Carrasco, Kluber & Vargas

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National League
National League
season ERA leaders

1876: Bradley 1877: Bond 1878: Ward 1879: Bond 1880: Keefe 1881: Wiedman 1882: Corcoran 1883: J. McCormick 1884: Radbourn 1885: Keefe 1886: Boyle 1887: Casey 1888: Keefe 1889: Clarkson 1890: Rhines 1891: Ewing 1892: Young 1893: Breitenstein 1894: Rusie 1895: Maul 1896: Rhines 1897: Rusie 1898: Griffith 1899: Willis 1900: Waddell 1901: Tannehill 1902: Taylor 1903: Leever 1904: McGinnity 1905: Mathewson 1906: M. Brown 1907: Pfiester 1908: Mathewson 1909: Mathewson 1910: Cole 1911: Mathewson 1912: Tesreau 1913: Mathewson 1914: Doak 1915: Alexander 1916: Alexander 1917: Anderson 1918: Vaughn 1919: Alexander 1920: Alexander 1921: Doak 1922: Douglas 1923: Luque 1924: Vance 1925: Luque 1926: Kremer 1927: Kremer 1928: Vance 1929: Walker 1930: Vance 1931: Walker 1932: Warneke 1933: Hubbell 1934: Hubbell 1935: Blanton 1936: Hubbell 1937: Turner 1938: Lee 1939: Walters 1940: Walters 1941: Riddle 1942: Cooper 1943: Lanier 1944: Heusser 1945: Prim 1946: Pollet 1947: Spahn 1948: Brecheen 1949: Koslo 1950: Maglie 1951: Nichols, Jr. 1952: Wilhelm 1953: Spahn 1954: Antonelli 1955: Friend 1956: Burdette 1957: Podres 1958: Miller 1959: S. Jones 1960: M. McCormick 1961: Spahn 1962: Koufax 1963: Koufax 1964: Koufax 1965: Koufax 1966: Koufax 1967: Niekro 1968: Gibson 1969: Marichal 1970: Seaver 1971: Seaver 1972: Carlton 1973: Seaver 1974: Capra 1975: R. Jones 1976: Denny 1977: Candelaria 1978: Swan 1979: Richard 1980: Sutton 1981: Ryan 1982: Rogers 1983: Hammaker 1984: Peña 1985: Gooden 1986: Scott 1987: Ryan 1988: Magrane 1989: Garrelts 1990: Darwin 1991: D. Martínez 1992: Swift 1993: Maddux 1994: Maddux 1995: Maddux 1996: K. Brown 1997: P. Martínez 1998: Maddux 1999: R. Johnson 2000: K. Brown 2001: R. Johnson 2002: R. Johnson 2003: Schmidt 2004: Peavy 2005: Clemens 2006: Oswalt 2007: Peavy 2008: Santana 2009: Carpenter 2010: J. Johnson 2011: Kershaw 2012: Kershaw 2013: Kershaw 2014: Kershaw 2015: Greinke 2016: Hendricks 2017: Kershaw

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American League
American League
season ERA leaders

1901: Young 1902: Siever 1903: E. Moore 1904: Joss 1905: Waddell 1906: White 1907: Walsh 1908: Joss 1909: Krause 1910: Walsh 1911: Gregg 1912: W. Johnson 1913: W. Johnson 1914: Leonard 1915: Wood 1916: Ruth 1917: Cicotte 1918: W. Johnson 1919: W. Johnson 1920: Shawkey 1921: Faber 1922: Faber 1923: Coveleski 1924: W. Johnson 1925: Coveleski 1926: Grove 1927: W. Moore 1928: Braxton 1929: Grove 1930: Grove 1931: Grove 1932: Grove 1933: Harder 1934: Gomez 1935: Grove 1936: Grove 1937: Gomez 1938: Grove 1939: Grove 1940: Feller 1941: T. Lee 1942: Lyons 1943: Chandler 1944: Trout 1945: Newhouser 1946: Newhouser 1947: Haynes 1948: Bearden 1949: Garcia 1950: Wynn 1951: Rogovin 1952: Reynolds 1953: Lopat 1954: Garcia 1955: Pierce 1956: Ford 1957: Shantz 1958: Ford 1959: Wilhelm 1960: Baumann 1961: Donovan 1962: Aguirre 1963: Peters 1964: Chance 1965: McDowell 1966: Peters 1967: Horlen 1968: Tiant 1969: Bosman 1970: Seguí 1971: Blue 1972: Tiant 1973: Palmer 1974: Hunter 1975: Palmer 1976: Fidrych 1977: Tanana 1978: Guidry 1979: Guidry 1980: May 1981: Stewart 1982: Sutcliffe 1983: Honeycutt 1984: Boddicker 1985: Stieb 1986: Clemens 1987: Key 1988: Anderson 1989: Saberhagen 1990: Clemens 1991: Clemens 1992: Clemens 1993: Appier 1994: Ontiveros 1995: R. Johnson 1996: Guzmán 1997: Clemens 1998: Clemens 1999: Martínez 2000: Martínez 2001: García 2002: Martínez 2003: Martínez 2004: Santana 2005: Millwood 2006: Santana 2007: Lackey 2008: C. Lee 2009: Greinke 2010: Hernández 2011: Verlander 2012: Price 2013: An. Sánchez 2014: Hernández 2015: Price 2016: Aa. Sanchez 2017: Kluber

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American League
American League
season strikeout leaders

1901: Young 1902: Waddell 1903: Waddell 1904: Waddell 1905: Waddell 1906: Waddell 1907: Waddell 1908: Walsh 1909: Smith 1910: W. Johnson 1911: Walsh 1912: W. Johnson 1913: W. Johnson 1914: W. Johnson 1915: W. Johnson 1916: W. Johnson 1917: W. Johnson 1918: W. Johnson 1919: W. Johnson 1920: Coveleski 1921: W. Johnson 1922: Shocker 1923: W. Johnson 1924: W. Johnson 1925: Grove 1926: Grove 1927: Grove 1928: Grove 1929: Grove 1930: Grove 1931: Grove 1932: Ruffing 1933: Gomez 1934: Gomez 1935: Bridges 1936: Bridges 1937: Gomez 1938: Feller 1939: Feller 1940: Feller 1941: Feller 1942: Hughson & Newsom 1943: Reynolds 1944: Newhouser 1945: Newhouser 1946: Feller 1947: Feller 1948: Feller 1949: Trucks 1950: Lemon 1951: Raschi 1952: Reynolds 1953: Pierce 1954: Turley 1955: Score 1956: Score 1957: Wynn 1958: Wynn 1959: Bunning 1960: Bunning 1961: Pascual 1962: Pascual 1963: Pascual 1964: Downing 1965: McDowell 1966: McDowell 1967: Lonborg 1968: McDowell 1969: McDowell 1970: McDowell 1971: Lolich 1972: Ryan 1973: Ryan 1974: Ryan 1975: Tanana 1976: Ryan 1977: Ryan 1978: Ryan 1979: Ryan 1980: Barker 1981: Barker 1982: Bannister 1983: Morris 1984: Langston 1985: Blyleven 1986: Langston 1987: Langston 1988: Clemens 1989: Ryan 1990: Ryan 1991: Clemens 1992: R. Johnson 1993: R. Johnson 1994: R. Johnson 1995: R. Johnson 1996: Clemens 1997: Clemens 1998: Clemens 1999: Martínez 2000: Martínez 2001: Nomo 2002: Martínez 2003: Loaiza 2004: Santana 2005: Santana 2006: Santana 2007: Kazmir 2008: Burnett 2009: Verlander 2010: Weaver 2011: Verlander 2012: Verlander 2013: Darvish 2014: Price 2015: Sale 2016: Verlander 2017: Sale

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Baseball America Major League Player of the Year Award

1998: Mark McGwire 1999: Pedro Martínez 2000: Alex Rodriguez 2001: Barry Bonds 2002: Alex Rodriguez 2003: Barry Bonds 2004: Barry Bonds 2005: Albert Pujols 2006: Johan Santana 2007: Alex Rodriguez 2008: CC Sabathia 2009: Joe Mauer 2010: Roy Halladay 2011: Matt Kemp 2012: Mike Trout 2013: Mike Trout 2014: Clayton Kershaw 2015: Bryce Harper 2016: Mike Trout 2017: José Altuve

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Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
Opening Day starting pitchers

Ivy Andrews Frank Arellanes Jim Bagby Josh Beckett Oil Can Boyd Tom Brewer Clay Buchholz Rex Cecil Eddie Cicotte Roger Clemens Ray Collins Ray Culp Bill Dinneen Joe Dobson Dennis Eckersley Howard Ehmke Dick Ellsworth Alex Ferguson Wes Ferrell Tom Gordon Lefty Grove Charley Hall Slim Harriss Tex Hughson Bruce Hurst Ferguson Jenkins Sad Sam Jones Win Kellum Jon Lester Jim Lonborg Danny MacFayden Pedro Martínez Daisuke Matsuzaka Carl Mays Bill Monbouquette Wilcy Moore Dick Newsome Mel Parnell Marty Pattin Gary Peters Rick Porcello David Price Jack Quinn Gordon Rhodes Red Ruffing Allen Russell Babe Ruth Chris Sale Curt Schilling Don Schwall Aaron Sele Ernie Shore Bob Stanley Tom Sturdivant Frank Sullivan Luis Tiant Yank Terry Mike Torrez David Wells Bill Wight Earl Wilson George Winter Smoky Joe Wood Cy Young

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New York Mets
New York Mets
Opening Day starting pitchers

Don Cardwell Bartolo Colón David Cone Roger Craig Jack Fisher Dillon Gee Tom Glavine Dwight Gooden Mike Hampton Pete Harnisch Matt Harvey Al Jackson Bobby Jones Randy Jones Jerry Koosman Al Leiter Pedro Martínez Jon Niese Bob Ojeda Mike Pelfrey Johan Santana Tom Seaver Craig Swan Noah Syndergaard Mike Torrez Pat Zachry

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Philadelphia Phillies
Philadelphia Phillies
Hall of Famers

Inducted as a Phillie

Grover Cleveland Alexander Richie Ashburn Dave Bancroft Jim Bunning Steve Carlton Ed Delahanty Billy Hamilton Chuck Klein Robin Roberts Mike Schmidt Sam Thompson

Inductees who played for the Phillies

Sparky Anderson Chief Bender Dan Brouthers Roger Connor Hugh Duffy Johnny Evers Elmer Flick Jimmie Foxx Billy Hamilton Ferguson Jenkins Hughie Jennings Tim Keefe Nap Lajoie Pedro Martínez Tommy McCarthy Joe Morgan Kid Nichols Tony Pérez Eppa Rixey Ryne Sandberg Casey Stengel Lloyd Waner Hack Wilson

Phillies' managers

Bucky Harris Harry Wright

Phillies' executives

Herb Pennock Pat Gillick

Frick Award

By Saam Harry Kalas

Spink Award

Allen Lewis (Philadelphia Inquirer) Ray Kelly (Philadelphia Bulletin) Bus Saidt (The Trentonian and Trenton Times) Bill Conlin (Philadelphia Daily News)

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Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
on TBS

Related programs

Braves TBS Baseball (broadcasters) CBS Sports Spectacular

Related articles

Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
on cable television Television contracts

Music

"I Love This Town" (2007-2008) "We Weren't Born to Follow" (2009) "Born Free" (2010) "Written in the Stars" (2011) "Land of Hope and Dreams" (2012) "Do or Die" (2013) "Play Ball" (2014) "Heavy Is the Head" (2015) "The Line" (2017)

Commentators

ALCS ALDS NLCS NLDS

Key figures

Brian Anderson Chip Caray Matt Devlin Ernie Johnson Jr. Don Orsillo Steve Physioc Ted Robinson Victor Rojas Dick Stockton Matt Vasgersian

Color commentators

Bob Brenly Ron Darling Dennis Eckersley Tony Gwynn Buck Martinez Harold Reynolds Cal Ripken Jr. Joe Simpson Michele Mary Smith John Smoltz Steve Stone

Studio hosts

Marc Fein Keith Olbermann Casey Stern Matt Winer

Studio analysts

Dusty Baker Mark DeRosa Todd Frazier Curtis Granderson Dirk Hayhurst Pedro Martínez Jimmy Rollins Gary Sheffield Frank Thomas Shane Victorino David Wells

Field reporters

David Aldridge Sam Ryan Craig Sager Lauren Shehadi Tom Verducci

Lore televised by Turner

Regular season lore

Civil Rights Game

Postseason lore

"The Bug Game" (2007) Roy Halladay's postseason no-hitter (2010) "Infield Fly Game" (2012) "The Illegal Slide Game" (2015)

Tie-breaker games

2007 NL Wild Card 2008 AL Central 2009 AL Central 2013 AL Wild Card

AL Championship Series

2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020

NL Championship Series

2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021

AL Division Series

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2016 2018 2020

NL Division Series

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021

AL Wild Card Game

2012 2013 2014 2016 2018 2020

NL Wild Card Game

2012 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021

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MLB Network

Current personalities

Greg Amsinger Scott Braun Eric Byrnes Sean Casey Fran Charles Bob Costas Ron Darling Ryan Dempster Mark DeRosa Robert Flores Cliff Floyd Peter Gammons Joe Girardi Jon Heyman Jim Kaat Brian Kenny Al Leiter Mike Lowell Joe Magrane Pedro Martínez Kevin Millar Jon Morosi Kelly Nash Dan O'Dowd Carlos Peña Dan Plesac Harold Reynolds Billy Ripken Chris Rose Ken Rosenthal Chris Russo Lauren Shehadi Joel Sherman John Smoltz Jim Thome Dave Valle Matt Vasgersian Tom Verducci Heidi Watney Preston Wilson Matt Yallof

Former personalities

Larry Bowa Tony Clark Joey Cora Ahmed Fareed Kristina Fitzpatrick Tim Flannery Ron Gant Darryl Hamilton John Hart Clint Hurdle Lisa Kerney Trenni Kusnierek Barry Larkin Hazel Mae Alanna Rizzo Victor Rojas Sam Ryan Paul Severino Mike Sweeney Mitch Williams

Programming

Baseball's Seasons The Club Hot Stove Intentional Talk MLB Network
MLB Network
Showcase MLB Tonight Quick Pitch Thursday Night Baseball

Miscellaneous

MLB Network
MLB Network
Radio List of personalities List of awards and nominations

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Baseball Hall of Fame Class of 2015

BBWAA Vote

Craig Biggio
Craig Biggio
(82.7%) Randy Johnson
Randy Johnson
(97.3%) Pedro Martínez
Pedro Martínez
(91.7%) John Smoltz
John Smoltz
(82.9%)

Veterans Committee

None

J. G. Taylor Spink Award

Tom Gage

Ford C. Frick Award

Dick Enberg

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Members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Pitchers

Alexander Bender Blyleven M. Brown R. Brown Bunning Carlton Chesbro Clarkson Cooper Coveleski Cummings Day Dean Dihigo Drysdale Eckersley Faber Feller Fingers Ford B. Foster Galvin B. Gibson Glavine Gomez Gossage Grimes Grove Haines Hoffman Hoyt Hubbell Hunter Jenkins R. Johnson W. Johnson Joss Keefe Koufax Lemon Lyons Maddux Marichal Marquard Martínez Mathewson McGinnity Méndez Morris Newhouser Nichols Niekro Paige Palmer Pennock Perry Plank Radbourn Rixey Roberts Rogan Ruffing Rusie Ryan Seaver H. Smith Smoltz Spahn Sutter Sutton Vance Waddell Walsh Welch Wilhelm J. Williams Willis Wynn Young

Catchers

Bench Berra Bresnahan Campanella Carter Cochrane Dickey Ewing Ferrell Fisk J. Gibson Hartnett Lombardi Mackey Piazza Rodríguez Santop Schalk

First basemen

Anson Bagwell Beckley Bottomley Brouthers Cepeda Chance Connor Foxx Gehrig Greenberg G. Kelly Killebrew Leonard McCovey Mize Murray Pérez Sisler Suttles Taylor Terry Thomas Thome

Second basemen

Alomar Biggio Carew E. Collins Doerr Evers Fox Frisch Gehringer Gordon Grant Herman Hornsby Lajoie Lazzeri Mazeroski McPhee Morgan J. Robinson Sandberg Schoendienst

Third basemen

Baker Boggs Brett J. Collins Dandridge J. Johnson Jones Kell Lindstrom Mathews Molitor B. Robinson Santo Schmidt Traynor J. Wilson D. White

Shortstops

Aparicio Appling Bancroft Banks Boudreau Cronin Davis T. Jackson Jennings Larkin Lloyd Maranville Reese Ripken Jr. Rizzuto Sewell O. Smith Tinker Trammell Vaughan Wagner Wallace Ward Wells Yount

Outfielders

Aaron Ashburn Averill Bell Brock W. Brown Burkett Carey Charleston Clarke Clemente Cobb Combs Crawford Cuyler Dawson Delahanty DiMaggio Doby Duffy Flick Goslin Griffey Jr. Guerrero Gwynn Hafey Hamilton Heilmann Henderson Hill Hooper Irvin R. Jackson Kaline Keeler Kelley K. Kelly Kiner Klein Mantle Manush Mays T. McCarthy Medwick Musial O'Rourke Ott Puckett Raines J. Rice S. Rice F. Robinson Roush Ruth Simmons Slaughter Snider Speaker Stargell Stearnes Thompson Torriente L. Waner P. Waner Wheat B. Williams T. Williams H. Wilson Winfield Yastrzemski Youngs

Managers

Alston Anderson Cox Durocher Hanlon Harris Herzog Huggins La Russa Lasorda López Mack J. McCarthy McGraw McKechnie W. Robinson Selee Southworth Stengel Torre Weaver D. Williams

Executives / pioneers

Barrow Bulkeley Cartwright Chadwick Chandler Comiskey Dreyfuss R. Foster Frick Giles Gillick Griffith Harridge Hulbert B. Johnson Kuhn Landis La. MacPhail Le. MacPhail Manley O'Malley Pompez Posey Rickey Ruppert Schuerholz Selig Spalding Veeck Weiss S. White Wilkinson G. Wright H. Wright Yawkey

Umpires

Barlick Chylak Conlan Connolly Evans Harvey Hubbard Klem McGowan O'Day

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Boston Red Sox
Boston Red Sox
retired numbers

1 Bobby Doerr 4 Joe Cronin 6 Johnny Pesky 8 Carl Yastrzemski 9 Ted Williams 14 Jim Rice 26 Wade Boggs 27 Carlton Fisk 34 David Ortiz 45 Pedro Martínez

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 222641614 LCCN: n98092590 SUDO

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