The Info List - Peace Of Zsitvatorok

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The Peace of Zsitvatorok
Peace of Zsitvatorok
(or Treaty of Sitvatorok) was a peace treaty which ended the Fifteen Years' War between the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the Habsburg Monarchy
Habsburg Monarchy
on 11 November 1606. The treaty was part of a system of peace treaties which put an end to the anti-Habsburg uprising of Stephen Bocskay
Stephen Bocskay
(1604–1606). The treaty was negotiated between 24 October and 11 November 1606 ad Situa Torock, at the former mouth of the Žitava River
Žitava River
(Hungarian: Zsitva), which flows into the Danube
in Royal Hungary
Royal Hungary
(today part of Slovakia).[1] This location would later become the small settlement of Žitavská Tôňa (Hungarian: Zsitvatorok), a part of the municipality of Radvaň nad Dunajom
Radvaň nad Dunajom
(Hungarian: Dunaradvány). The peace was signed for a term of 20 years and has been interpreted in different ways by diplomatic historians. Differences between the Ottoman Turkish and the Hungarian texts of the treaty encouraged different interpretations, e.g. the Hungarians offered 200,000 florins as a once-and-for-all tribute (instead of the annual tributes of 30,000 guldens given before the war), whereas the Ottoman text foresaw that the payment was to be repeated after three years. The treaty prohibited Ottoman looting campaigns into the territory of Royal Hungary, and stipulated that Hungarian settlements under Ottoman rule could collect taxes themselves by means of village judges. The Ottomans also acknowledged the tax-free privilege of nobles. However, the Ottomans never really complied with these terms. The treaty was signed by Sultan Ahmed I
Ahmed I
and Archduke Matthias of Austria on behalf of the Holy Roman Empire. On 9 December, Matthias's brother the Emperor Rudolf II ratified the treaty.[1] The Ottomans' inability to penetrate further into Habsburg territory (Royal Hungary) during the long war was one of their first geopolitical defeats. However, the Treaty stabilized conditions on the Habsburg-Ottoman frontier for half a century for the benefit of both parties. The Habsburgs would face serious domestic opposition during the following years. and the Ottomans, apart from internal rebellion, had open conflicts in other parts of their frontiers ( Poland
and Iran). At Zsitvatorok, for the first time, the Ottoman sultan recognized the equality of status of the Holy Roman Emperor by titling him Padishah, which was the sultan's own title. Before this, the Holy Roman Emperor was regarded as mere kıral (king) of Vienna in Ottoman diplomacy. The next European ruler to be conceded this level of respect was Catherine the Great of Russia in the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca
Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca
of 1774.[2][3] References[edit]

^ a b Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571, Volume IV: The Sixteenth Century from Julius III to Pius V (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1984), p. 1097, n. 191. ^ Bernard Lewis, What Went Wrong?: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response (Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 12 and 164, n. 3. In the Russian treaty, the title was Padischag (in Italian). ^ Mehmet Sinan Birdal, The Holy Roman Empire and the Ottomans: From Global Imperial Power to Absolutist States (I. B. Tauris, 2011), p. 6.

Further reading[edit]

Beyerle, Gustav. "The Compromise at Zsitvatorok". Archivum Ottomanicum, 6 (1980), pp. 5–53.

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Treaties of Hungary

9–10th century (age of Magyars)

Legend of the white horse (894)

1000–1301 (Árpád dynasty)

Personal union of Hungary and Croatia (1102) Hungarian–Byzantine Treaties (1153–1167) Treaty of Pressburg (1271)

1302–1526 (Middle ages to Tripartition)

Treaty of Enns (1336) Hungarian–Lithuanian Treaty (1351) Hungarian–Neapolitan Treaty (1352) Treaty of Zara
Treaty of Zara
(1358) Treaty of Lubowla
Treaty of Lubowla
(1412) Peace of Szeged
Peace of Szeged
(1444) Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt
Peace Treaty of Wiener Neustadt
(1463) Treaty of Ófalu
Treaty of Ófalu
(1474) Treaty of Brno (1478) Treaty of Piotrków (1479) Peace of Olomouc
Peace of Olomouc
(1479) Treaty of Pressburg (1491) First Congress of Vienna
First Congress of Vienna

Dual reign, Ottoman vassalship, reconquest and Napoleonic Wars (1526–1848)

Franco-Hungarian alliance
Franco-Hungarian alliance
(1526) Treaty of Nagyvárad
Treaty of Nagyvárad
(1538) Treaty of Gyalu
Treaty of Gyalu
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Treaty of Szatmár

1526-1848 ( Royal Hungary
Royal Hungary
to Independence)

Truce of Adrianople (1547) Treaty of Adrianople (1568) Treaty of Vienna (1606) Peace of Zsitvatorok
Peace of Zsitvatorok
(1606) Peace of Vasvár
Peace of Vasvár
(1664) Holy League (1684) Treaty of Karlowitz
Treaty of Karlowitz
(1699) Treaty of Passarowitz
Treaty of Passarowitz
(1718) Pragmatic Sanction (1723) Treaty of Belgrade
Treaty of Belgrade
(1739) Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) First Partition of Poland
(1772) Treaty of Sistova
Treaty of Sistova
(1791) Treaty of Campo Formio
Treaty of Campo Formio
(1797) Treaty of Schönbrunn
Treaty of Schönbrunn
(1809) Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna

(1570–1711) (Principality of Transylvania)

Peace of Nikolsburg
Peace of Nikolsburg
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Austria-Hungary to the end of World War I
World War I

Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
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League of the Three Emperors
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Reichstadt Agreement
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Boxer Protocol
(1901) Treaty of London (1913) Armistice of Focșani (1917) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Ukraine (1918) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918) Treaty of Bucharest (1918) Armistice of Villa Giusti
Armistice of Villa Giusti
(1918) Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon
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Covenant of the League of Nations

Modern age (1922–)

Treaties of the Kingdom of Hungary (1922–46) Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 Treaties of the Hungarian People's Republic (1949–89) Treaties of the Third Republic of Hungary (1989–)

v t e

Treaties of the Ottoman Empire

Rise (1299–1453)

Gallipoli Selymbria Venetian peace treaty (1419) Szeged

Classical Age (1453–1566)

Constantinople (1454) Constantinople (1479) Constantinople (1533) Franco-Ottoman Adrianople (1547) Amasya

Transformation (1566-1703)

Adrianople (1568) Constantinople (1590) Zitvatorok Nasuh Pasha Busza Serav Khotin Zuhab Vasvár Buczacz Żurawno Bakhchisaray Karlowitz (1699) Constantinople (1700)

Old Regime (1703-1789)

Pruth Passarowitz Constantinople (1724) Ahmet Pasha Constantinople (1736) Belgrade Niš Kerden Kuçük Kaynarca Aynalıkavak

Modernization (1789–1908)

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Fall (1908–1922)

Ouchy London (1913) Constantinople (1913) Athens Anglo-Ottoman Convention Brest-Litovsk (Ukraine) Brest-Litovsk (Russia) Trebizond Erzincan Ba