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Pauravas
Pauravas
(Sanskrit: पौरव, Punjabi:ਪੌਰਵਾ/پوورا) was an ancient kingdom in the northwest Indian subcontinent (present day Pakistan), dating from at least 890 BC to 322 BC. The history of the Pauravas
Pauravas
is contained in Hindu
Hindu
historical and religious texts. Dating back to 820 BC. Porus
Porus
was king of the Paurava when Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
invaded the northwest Indian subcontinent.

Contents

1 History 2 Conquest by foreign powers 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The Pauravas
Pauravas
were situated on or near the Jhelum
Jhelum
river,[1] where their monarchs grew rich and prosperous through trade.[citation needed] The origin of the Pauravas
Pauravas
royals is quite ancient and pre-dates the Hindu
Hindu
epic, Mahabharata, which documents and is a main source of much of its history.[2] The Hindu
Hindu
kings who descended from the Hindu
Hindu
God Chandra
Chandra
("moon") were called Chandravanshi (Somavanshi, or "of the Lunar dynasty"). Yayati
Yayati
was a Chandravanshi king, with Puru and Yadu as two of his many sons. They were the founders of two main branches of the Chandravamsha; the Yadus were descendants of Yadu, and Pauravas were descendants of Puru.[2][3] The Pauravas
Pauravas
had also existed earlier in the Vedic Ages.[3] They were led by King Sudas, who fought off Persian invaders at the Battle of the Ten Kings.[citation needed] The Persian kings Darius and Xerxes[citation needed] claimed suzerainty over many of the Pauravas, but this claim was loose at best.[4] In the 8th century BC, the capital Hastinapur, was destroyed by a severe flood and King Nikasu built a new capital, Kosambi. With the rise of the Mahajanapada
Mahajanapada
powers, the state fell into a steady decline during 5th and 4th centuries BC.[5][6] Conquest by foreign powers[edit] Porus
Porus
was believed to be defeated by Alexander
Alexander
at the Battle of the Hydaspes, where the latter reappointed the former as a vassal king over the region.[1] By 322 BC, the region had been conquered by Chandragupta Maurya, a young adventurer, who later conquered the Nanda Empire and founded the Indian Maurya Empire
Maurya Empire
which was thus far the largest empire that had existed at Indian subcontinent.[7] See also[edit]

India
India
portal

Battle of the Ten Kings Pauravas
Pauravas
a sub-clan of the Indian Kambojas. Hindustan Shurasena

References[edit]

^ a b Graham Phillips (31 March 2012). Alexander
Alexander
The Great. Ebury Publishing. pp. 129–131. ISBN 978-0-7535-3582-0.  ^ a b F.E. Pargiter (1922). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe. p. 110. ISBN 978-81-208-1487-5.  ^ a b Anthony Kennedy Warder (1989). Indian Kavya Literature. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-0447-0.  ^ Frank L. Holt (24 November 2003). Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions. University of California Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-520-23881-7.  ^ Warder, A K. "Indian Buddhism". 2001 (4th) Ed.  ^ Publications Division. THE GAZETTEER OF INDIA Volume 2. Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. p. 162. ISBN 978-81-230-2265-9.  ^ Arthur A. MacDonell (28 March 2014). A History of Sanskrit Literature (Illustrated). Lulu.com. p. 331. ISBN 978-1-304-98

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