Pauravas (Sanskrit: पौरव, Punjabi:ਪੌਰਵਾ/پوورا)
was an ancient kingdom in the northwest Indian subcontinent (present
day Pakistan), dating from at least 890 BC to 322 BC. The history of
Pauravas is contained in
Hindu historical and religious texts.
Dating back to 820 BC.
Porus was king of the Paurava when
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great invaded the
northwest Indian subcontinent.
2 Conquest by foreign powers
3 See also
Pauravas were situated on or near the
Jhelum river, where their
monarchs grew rich and prosperous through trade.
The origin of the
Pauravas royals is quite ancient and pre-dates the
Hindu epic, Mahabharata, which documents and is a main source of much
of its history. The
Hindu kings who descended from the
Chandra ("moon") were called
Chandravanshi (Somavanshi, or "of the
Yayati was a
Chandravanshi king, with Puru and Yadu
as two of his many sons. They were the founders of two main branches
of the Chandravamsha; the Yadus were descendants of Yadu, and Pauravas
were descendants of Puru.
Pauravas had also existed earlier in the Vedic Ages. They were
led by King Sudas, who fought off Persian invaders at the Battle of
the Ten Kings. The Persian kings Darius and
Xerxes claimed suzerainty over many of the Pauravas,
but this claim was loose at best.
In the 8th century BC, the capital Hastinapur, was destroyed by a
severe flood and King Nikasu built a new capital, Kosambi. With the
rise of the
Mahajanapada powers, the state fell into a steady decline
during 5th and 4th centuries BC.
Conquest by foreign powers
Porus was believed to be defeated by
Alexander at the Battle of the
Hydaspes, where the latter reappointed the former as a vassal king
over the region. By 322 BC, the region had been conquered by
Chandragupta Maurya, a young adventurer, who later conquered the Nanda
Empire and founded the Indian
Maurya Empire which was thus far the
largest empire that had existed at Indian subcontinent.
Battle of the Ten Kings
Pauravas a sub-clan of the Indian Kambojas.
^ a b Graham Phillips (31 March 2012).
Alexander The Great. Ebury
Publishing. pp. 129–131. ISBN 978-0-7535-3582-0.
^ a b F.E. Pargiter (1922). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition.
Motilal Banarsidass Publishe. p. 110.
^ a b Anthony Kennedy Warder (1989). Indian Kavya Literature. Motilal
Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-0447-0.
^ Frank L. Holt (24 November 2003).
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great and the
Mystery of the Elephant Medallions. University of California Press.
p. 49. ISBN 978-0-520-23881-7.
^ Warder, A K. "Indian Buddhism". 2001 (4th) Ed.
^ Publications Division. THE GAZETTEER OF INDIA Volume 2. Publications
Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. p. 162.
^ Arthur A. MacDonell (28 March 2014). A History of Sanskrit
Literature (Illustrated). Lulu.com. p. 331.