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Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (née Pauline May Betz, August 6, 1919 – May 31, 2011[1]) was an American professional tennis player. She won five Grand Slam singles titles and was the runner-up on three other occasions. Jack Kramer
Jack Kramer
has called her the second best female tennis player he ever saw, behind Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Awards and honors

3 Grand Slam finals

3.1 Singles (5 titles, 3 runners-up) 3.2 Doubles: 7 (7 runner-ups) 3.3 Mixed Doubles: 3 (1 title, 2 runner-ups)

4 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 5 Personal life 6 Records 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] Betz attended Los Angeles High School
Los Angeles High School
and learned her tennis from Dick Skeen. She continued her tennis and education at Rollins College (graduating in 1943),[3][4][5][6] where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. Betz earned an MA in economics from Columbia University.[7][8] Career[edit] Betz won the first of her four singles titles at the U.S. Championships in 1942, saving a match point in the semifinals against Margaret Osborne while trailing 3–5 in the final set.[9] The following year, she won the Tri-State tournament in Cincinnati, Ohio, defeating Catherine Wolf in the final 6–0, 6–2 without losing a point in the first set,[9] a "golden set". She won the Wimbledon singles title in 1946, the only time she entered the tournament, without losing a set.[9] At the 1946 French Championships, held that year after Wimbledon, she lost the final in three sets to Margaret Osborne after failing to convert two match points.[10] Her amateur career ended in 1947 when the USLTA revoked her amateur status for exploring the possibilities of turning professional.[9][11][12][13] Betz played two professional tours of matches against Sarah Palfrey Cooke
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
(1947) and Gussie Moran (1951).[10] According to John Olliff
John Olliff
of The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
and The Daily Mail, Addie was ranked World No. 1 in 1946 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945).[10] She was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States
United States
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association from 1939 through 1946. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1942 through 1944 and in 1946.[14] Awards and honors[edit] On September 2, 1946 Betz appeared on the cover of TIME magazine.[15][16] Betz was inducted into the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame in 1965.[9] In 1995 she was inducted in the ITA Women's Collegiate Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame.[7] The Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie Tennis Center at Cabin John Regional Park in Potomac, Maryland
Potomac, Maryland
was renamed in her honor on May 1, 2008. Addie, Albert Ritzenberg, and Stanly Hoffberger founded the center in 1972.[17] Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles (5 titles, 3 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score

Runner-up 1941 U.S. Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke 5–7, 2–6

Winner 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Louise Brough 4–6, 6–1, 6–4

Winner 1943 U.S. Championships (2) Grass Louise Brough 6–3, 5–7, 6–3

Winner 1944 U.S. Championships (3) Grass Margaret Osborne 6–3, 8–6

Runner-up 1945 U.S. Championships Grass Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke 6–3, 6–8, 4–6

Winner 1946 Wimbledon Grass Louise Brough 6–2, 6–4

Runner-up 1946 French Championships Clay Margaret Osborne 6–2, 6–8, 5–7

Winner 1946 U.S. Championships (4) Grass Doris Hart 11–9, 6–3

Doubles: 7 (7 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Runner-up 1941 U.S. Championships Grass Dorothy Bundy Sarah Palfrey Margaret Osborne 6–3, 1–6, 4–6

Runner-up 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Doris Hart Louise Brough Margaret Osborne 6–2, 5–7, 0–6

Runner-up 1943 U.S. Championships Grass Doris Hart Louise Brough Margaret Osborne 4–6, 3–6

Runner-up 1944 U.S. Championships Grass Doris Hart Louise Brough Margaret Osborne 6–4, 4–6, 3–6

Runner-up 1945 U.S. Championships Grass Doris Hart Louise Brough Margaret Osborne 3–6, 3–6

Runner-up 1946 Wimbledon Grass Doris Hart Louise Brough Margaret Osborne 3–6, 6–2, 3–6

Runner-up 1946 French Championships Clay Doris Hart Louise Brough Margaret Osborne 4–6, 6–0, 1–6

Mixed Doubles: 3 (1 title, 2 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Runner-up 1941 U.S. Championships Grass Bobby Riggs Sarah Palfrey Jack Kramer 6–4, 4–6, 4–6

Runner-up 1943 U.S. Championships Grass Pancho Segura Margaret Osborne Bill Talbert 8–10, 4–6

Winner 1946 French Championships Clay Budge Patty Dorothy Bundy Tom Brown 7–5, 9–7

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Tournament 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 Career SR

Australian Championships A A NH NH NH NH NH A 0 / 0

French Championships A NH R R R R A F 0 / 1

Wimbledon A NH NH NH NH NH NH W 1 / 1

U.S. Championships 1R QF F W W W F W 4 / 8

SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 1 2 / 3 5 / 10

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played. 1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon. Personal life[edit] In 1949 Betz published an autobiography titled Wings on my Tennis Shoes.[18][16] That same year she married Bob Addie, a sportswriter for the Washington Times-Herald and Washington Post.[1][9] The couple had five children, including poet and novelist Kim Addonizio, Rusty, Gary, Jon and Rick.[1][12] Her granddaughter Aya Cash
Aya Cash
is an actress. Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie died in her sleep on May 31, 2011, aged 91.[1] Records[edit]

Tournament Year Record accomplished Player tied

Tri-State tournament 1943 Achieved a Golden Set[19] Tine Scheuer-Larsen (1995)

Yaroslava Shvedova
Yaroslava Shvedova
(2012)

See also[edit]

Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Robin Finn (June 2, 2011). " Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie, a Dominant Tennis
Tennis
Champion, Dies at 91". The New York Times.  ^ Female players & the 1950–51 Pauline Betz-Gussy Moran tour ^ "ITA Women's Hall of Fame..." ITA Women's Hall of Fame McCormack-Nagelsen Tennis
Tennis
Center, William & Mary College. Archived from the original on August 23, 2010. Retrieved October 6, 2010.  ^ " Rollins College
Rollins College
Athletics Hall of Fame". Rollins College
Rollins College
Athletics Department. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved October 6, 2010.  ^ " Rollins College
Rollins College
Women's Tennis: Small School With A Big Tradition". Sports Then and Now. Retrieved October 6, 2010.  ^ "Tennis-Women's: Tradition". Rollins College
Rollins College
Athletics Department. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2010.  ^ a b " Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie". Intercollegiate Tennis
Tennis
Association (ITA).  ^ Harold Parrott (September 7, 1943). "Hunt, blocked by Riggs, emulates dad as champion". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 11 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ a b c d e f Pauline May Betz profile (Addie), tennisfame.com; accessed November 25, 2016. ^ a b c Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins
Bud Collins
History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.  ^ "Pauline Betz". The Telegraph. June 5, 2011.  ^ a b Richard Evans (20 June 2011). " Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
obituary". The Guardian.  ^ "Betz undecided on future plans". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. AP. April 10, 1947. p. 13.  ^ United States
United States
Tennis
Tennis
Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA
USTA
Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H.O. Zimman, Inc. pp. 260–1.  ^ "Pauline Betz". TIME.  ^ a b Martin Childs (June 17, 2011). "Pauline Betz: Grand slam-winning tennis player banned for merely considering turning professional". The Independent.  ^ " Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie". Sidwell Friends School. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016.  ^ "Wings on my tennis shoes". www.worldcat.org. Worldcat.  ^ Politiken, 10 May 1995, 1st Section, p.10

External links[edit]

Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame

v t e

Women's tennis players who won two or more Grand Slam singles titles in one calendar year

Four wins

1953: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker 1970: Margaret Court 1988: Steffi Graf

Three wins

1928: Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
(FO&WI&US) 1929: Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
(FO&WI&US) 1962: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1965: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI&US) 1969: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(FO&WI&US) 1973: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1983: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI&US) 1984: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI&US) 1989: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(AO&WI&US) 1991: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1992: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1993: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1995: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1996: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(AO&WI&US) 2002: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&WI&US) 2015: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&FO&WI)

Two wins

1925: Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
(FO&WI) 1927: Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
(WI&US) 1930: Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
(FO&WI) 1931: Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
(FO&WI) 1932: Helen Wills Moody
Helen Wills Moody
(FO&WI) 1939: Alice Marble
Alice Marble
(WI&US) 1946: Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (WI&US) 1949: Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
(FO&US) 1950: Louise Bough Clapp (AO&WI) 1952: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (WI&US) 1954: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (FO&WI) 1956: Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
(WI&US) 1957: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1958: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1959: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1960: Darlene Hard (FO&US) 1963: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI) 1964: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO) 1964: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1967: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(WI&US) 1968: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(AO&WI) 1971: Evonne Goolagong Cawley
Evonne Goolagong Cawley
(FO&WI) 1974: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&WI) 1975: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1976: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(WI&US) 1980: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1982: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI) 1982: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(AO&US) 1985: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI) 1986: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1987: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1994: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(FO&US) 2000: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2001: Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(AO&FO) 2001: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2003: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2003: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2006: Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(AO&WI) 2007: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2009: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2010: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2012: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(WI&US) 2013: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&US) 2016: Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(AO&US)

AO=Australian Open, FO=French Open, WI=Wimbledon, US=US Open

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon ladies' singles champions

(1884) Maud Watson (1885) Maud Watson (1886) Blanche Bingley (1887) Lottie Dod (1888) Lottie Dod (1889) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1890) Lena Rice (1891) Lottie Dod (1892) Lottie Dod (1893) Lottie Dod (1894) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1895) Charlotte Cooper (1896) Charlotte Cooper (1897) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1898) Charlotte Cooper (1899) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1900) Blanche Bingley
Blanche Bingley
Hillyard (1901) Charlotte Sterry (1902) Muriel Robb (1903) Dorothea Douglass (1904) Dorothea Douglass (1905) May Sutton (1906) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1907) May Sutton (1908) Charlotte Sterry (1909) Dora Boothby (1910) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1912) Dorethea Lambert Chambers (1913) Ethel Thomson Larcombe (1914) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1915) Dorothea Lambert Chambers (1915-18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Suzanne Lenglen (1920) Suzanne Lenglen (1921) Suzanne Lenglen (1922) Suzanne Lenglen (1923) Suzanne Lenglen (1924) Kathleen McKane (1925) Suzanne Lenglen (1926) Kathleen McKane Godfree (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1931) Cilly Aussem (1932) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1933) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1934) Dorothy Round (1935) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1936) Helen Jacobs (1937) Dorothy Round (1938) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1939) Alice Marble (1940–45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Pauline Addie (1947) Margaret Osborne (1948) Louise Brough (1949) Louise Brough (1950) Louise Brough (1951) Doris Hart (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Maureen Connolly (1955) Louise Brough (1956) Shirley Fry (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Maria Bueno (1961) Angela Mortimer (1962) Karen Hantze Susman (1963) Margaret Smith (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Smith (1966) Billie Jean King (1967) Billie Jean King

v t e

U.S. National Championships women's singles champions

(1887) Ellen Hansell (1888) Bertha Townsend (1889) Bertha Townsend (1890) Ellen Roosevelt (1891) Mabel Cahill (1892) Mabel Cahill (1893) Aline Terry (1894) Helen Hellwig (1895) Juliette Atkinson (1896) Elisabeth Moore (1897) Juliette Atkinson (1898) Juliette Atkinson (1899) Marion Jones (1900) Myrtle McAteer (1901) Elisabeth Moore (1902) Marion Jones (1903) Elisabeth Moore (1904) May Sutton (1905) Elisabeth Moore (1906) Helen Homans (1907) Evelyn Sears (1908) Maud Barger-Wallach (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1912) Mary Browne (1913) Mary Browne (1914) Mary Browne (1915) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1916) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1918) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1919) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (1920) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1921) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1923) Helen Wills (1924) Helen Wills (1925) Helen Wills (1926) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (1927) Helen Wills (1928) Helen Wills (1929) Helen Wills (1930) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
Shoemaker (1931) Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (1932) Helen Jacobs (1933) Helen Jacobs (1934) Helen Jacobs (1935) Helen Jacobs (1936) Alice Marble (1937) Anita Lizana (1938) Alice Marble (1939) Alice Marble (1940) Alice Marble (1941) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1942) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1943) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1944) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1945) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Cooke (1946) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (1947) Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Clapp (1948) Margaret Osborne duPont (1949) Margaret Osborne duPont (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont (1951) Maureen Connolly (1952) Maureen Connolly (1953) Maureen Connolly (1954) Doris Hart (1955) Doris Hart (1956) Shirley Fry
Shirley Fry
Irvin (1957) Althea Gibson (1958) Althea Gibson (1959) Maria Bueno (1960) Darlene Hard (1961) Darlene Hard (1962) Margaret Court (1963) Maria Bueno (1964) Maria Bueno (1965) Margaret Court (1966) Maria Bueno (1967) Billie Jean King

v t e

French Championships mixed doubles champions

(1902) Helene Prevost / Réginald Forbes (1903) Helene Prevost / Réginald Forbes (1904) Kate Gillou / Max Decugis (1905) Yvonne de Pfooffel / Max Decugis (1906) Yvonne de Pfooffel / Max Decugis (1907) A. Péan / Robert Wallet (1908) Kate Gillou / Max Decugis (1909) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Max Decugis (1910) Marguerite Mény / Édouard Mény de Marangue (1911) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
/ Andre Gobert (1912) Daisy Speranza / William Laurentz (1913) Daisy Speranza / William Laurentz (1914) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Max Decugis (1915–1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Max Decugis (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1924) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
/ Jean Borotra (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1926) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1927) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
Bordes / Jean Borotra (1928) Eileen Bennett / Henri Cochet (1929) Eileen Bennett / Henri Cochet (1930) Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
/ Bill Tilden (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
/ Pat Spence (1932) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
/ Fred Perry (1933) Margaret Scriven
Margaret Scriven
/ Jack Crawford (1934) Colette Rosambert / Jean Borotra (1935) Lolette Payot / Marcel Bernard (1936) Billie Yorke / Marcel Bernard (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Yvon Petra (1938) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Dragutin Mitić (1939) Sarah Palfrey
Sarah Palfrey
Fabyan / Elwood Cooke (1940–1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
/ Budge Patty (1947) Sheila Piercey / Eric Sturgess (1948) Patricia Canning Todd / Jaroslav Drobný (1949) Sheila Piercey / Eric Sturgess (1950) Barbara Scofield / Enrique Morea (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1954) Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
/ Lew Hoad (1955) Darlene Hard / Gordon Forbes (1956) Thelma Coyne Long
Thelma Coyne Long
/ Luis Ayala (1957) Věra Pužejová / Jiří Javorský (1958) Shirley Bloomer / Nicola Pietrangeli (1959) Yola Ramírez Ochoa / William Knight (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Robert Howe (1961) Darlene Hard / Rod Laver (1962) Renée Schuurman / Robert Howe (1963) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1964) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1965) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1966) Annette Van Zyl
Annette Van Zyl
/ Frew McMillan (1967) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Owen Davidson

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 43083516 LCCN: n50057544 ISNI: 0000 0003 7417 9114 N

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