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Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(French: [pa.tʁis ʃe.ʁo]; 2 November 1944 – 7 October 2013) was a French opera and theatre director, filmmaker, actor and producer. In France he is best known for his work for the theatre, internationally for his films La Reine Margot and Intimacy, and for his staging of the Jahrhundertring, the centenary Ring Cycle at the Bayreuth Festival
Bayreuth Festival
in 1976. Winner of almost twenty movie awards, including the Cannes Jury Prize and the Golden Berlin Bear, Chéreau served as president of the jury at the 2003 Cannes festival. From 1966, he was artistic director of the Public-Theatre in the Parisian suburb of Sartrouville, where in his team were stage designer Richard Peduzzi, costume designer Jacques Schmidt
Jacques Schmidt
and lighting designer André Diot, with whom he collaborated in many later productions. From 1982, he was director of "his own stage" at the Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers
Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers
at Nanterre
Nanterre
where he staged plays by Jean Racine, Marivaux and Shakespeare as well as works by Jean Genet, Heiner Müller
Heiner Müller
and Bernard-Marie Koltès. He accepted selected opera productions, such as: the first performance of the three-act version of Alban Berg's Lulu, completed by Friedrich Cerha, at the Paris
Paris
Opera in 1979; Berg's Wozzeck
Wozzeck
at the Staatsoper Berlin in 1994; Wagner's Tristan und Isolde
Tristan und Isolde
at La Scala
La Scala
in 2007; Janáček's From the House of the Dead, shown at several festivals and the Metropolitan Opera; and, as his last staging, Elektra by Richard Strauss, first performed at the Aix-en-Provence Festival in July 2013. He was awarded the Europe Theatre Prize in 2008.

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 Early life 1.2 1966: Sartrouville 1.3 1976: Bayreuth 1.4 1979: Paris 1.5 1982: Amandiers 1.6 1983: more films 1.7 1993: opera internationally 1.8 Personal life and death

2 Europe Theatre Prize 3 Filmography

3.1 Director 3.2 Producer 3.3 Actor 3.4 Himself 3.5 TV guest appearances 3.6 Film awards and nominations

4 References 5 External links

Life and career[edit] Early life[edit] Chéreau was born in Lézigné, Maine-et-Loire. His father, Jean-Baptiste Chéreau, was a painter, and his mother, Marguerite Pelicier, was a graphic designer. He attended school in Paris. Early on he was taken to the Louvre
Louvre
and became interested in the arts, cinema, theatre and music. At age 12, he designed stage sets for plays.[1] He became well known to Parisian critics as director, actor, and stage manager of his high-school theatre (lycée Louis-le-Grand). At 15, he was enthusiastically celebrated as a theatre prodigy. In 1964, at the age of 19, he began directing for the professional theatre.[2] While studying at the Sorbonne, he professionally staged Victor Hugo's L'Intervention, and subsequently dropped out of the university.[3] 1966: Sartrouville[edit]

Jacques Schmidt, costume designer

In 1966, Chéreau was appointed artistic director of the Public-Theatre in the Parisian suburb of Sartrouville.[4][5] With "idealism and inventiveness", he made the theatre a "municipal commodity", presenting not only theatre but also "cinema, concerts, poetry productions, lectures and debates about everything from politics to pot".[1] His theatrical team included costume designer Jacques Schmidt, stage designer Richard Peduzzi and lighting designer André Diot, with all of whom he collaborated in many later productions.[1] In 1968, he directed The Soldiers by Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz
Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz
at the Festival of Youth Theatre in Nancy.[3] In 1969, he staged his first opera production, Rossini's L'italiana in Algeri
L'italiana in Algeri
for the Spoleto Festival, again with his Sartrouville
Sartrouville
team.[1] The following year he established a close artistic relationship with the leadership of the Piccolo Teatro in Milan, Paolo Grassi and Giorgio Strehler.[3] There, he staged Pablo Neruda's "revolutionary oratorio" The Splendour and Death of Joaquin Murieta.[1] In 1970, he directed Shakespeare's Richard II at the Théâtre de France.[3] His first staging for the Paris
Paris
Opera was in 1974 Offenbach's Les contes d'Hoffmann.[6][7] He showed Hoffmann, sung by Nicolai Gedda, as a "sensitive poet for whom love is beyond reach, ... a drunken loser".[3] In 1975, he worked in Germany
Germany
for the first time directing Edward Bond's Lear,[3] set in an "industrial landscape strewn with piles of slag, with Lear as a Baron Krupp
Krupp
in evening dress and top hat".[1] He commented on the "macabre" production: "Just as some people feed on hope, I feed on despair. For me it is a spur to action."[3] Also in 1975, his directorial debut film was the thriller La Chair de l'orchidée, based on James Hadley Chase's 1948 novel The Flesh of the Orchid, sequel to No Orchids for Miss Blandish (1939). The film assembled a starry cast including Edwige Feuillère, Simone Signoret, Alida Valli
Alida Valli
and Charlotte Rampling[5] "in the [Miss Blandish] role giving a performance of extraordinary intensity. It was an almost operatic version of the misunderstood 1948 British film."[1] 1976: Bayreuth[edit]

A scene from Götterdämmerung
Götterdämmerung
in the 1976 centenary Ring Cycle at the Bayreuth Festival, with Gwyneth Jones as Brünnhilde

In 1976, Chéreau staged Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen
Der Ring des Nibelungen
at the Bayreuth Festival[8] to celebrate the festival's centenary, termed the Jahrhundertring.[2] The production, celebrating 100 years after Wagner's work had been performed for the first time as a cycle at the first Bayreuth Festival, became known as the Jahrhundertring (Centenary Ring). Chéreau collaborated with conductor Pierre Boulez,[8] who had recommended him to the festival direction. The French team revolutionised the understanding of Wagner in Germany, as music critic Eleonore Büning wrote in her obituary in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.[9] Chéreau set the scene in the time of the composition, with a critical view of the time's capitalism, industrialism and spiritual background. As Büning and others pointed out, the staging left a standard for productions of the Ring Cycle to follow.[9][10] Gerhard R. Koch mentioned in his obituary that the unity of direction, scene and light was new for Bayreuth and suggested a critical view on capitalism heading towards fascism.[7] In 1977, when heldentenor René Kollo
René Kollo
had broken his leg, Chereau acted the role of Siegfried on stage while Kollo sang from the wings.[11] The Ring production, filmed for television in 1980,[12] initially provoked controversy,[13] but was celebrated after its final performance in 1980 with a 45-minute standing ovation.[2][11] Chéreau disliked grand opera, but said: "After Bayreuth, I felt the need to work on a theatrical project of some breadth ... I have never put on little things. I am interested only in spectacles that rise above themselves". He first considered Goethe's Faust
Goethe's Faust
but then directed in 1981 Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt
Peer Gynt
for Villeurbane and Paris, aiming at "an incandescence of theatrical experience, a global spectacle".[1] 1979: Paris[edit] Chéreau directed the first performance of the three-act version of Alban Berg's Lulu, completed by Friedrich Cerha, at the Paris
Paris
Opera on 24 February 1979, again conducted by Boulez and with sets by Peduzzi, with Teresa Stratas
Teresa Stratas
singing the title role.[14] The scene is set in the time of the composition, around 1930. Koch observes frequent topics of hunt, and love colder than death (Verfolger und Verfolgte, und Liebe ... kälter als der Tod).[7] Dr. Schön, a powerful newspaper manager, is reminiscent of supporters of Hitler.[7] 1982: Amandiers[edit] From 1982, Chéreau was director of "his own stage" at the Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers at Nanterre.[1] In 1981 already he staged there Ibsen's Peer Gynt. He was the first to show several plays by Bernard-Marie Koltès, including Combat de nègre et de chiens (fr) and Quai Ouest (fr) (1985), Dans la solitude des champs de coton (fr) (1986) and Le Retour au désert (fr) (1988). He directed Marivaux' La Fausse suivante
La Fausse suivante
in 1985 and Shakespeare's Hamlet
Hamlet
in 1989, also works by Jean Genet, Heiner Müller and Jean Racine.[6] He staged Mozart's Lucio Silla
Lucio Silla
in 1984, for Amandiers, but also for La Monnaie
La Monnaie
and La Scala. At the Odéon
Odéon
he staged in 1992 Le Temps et la Chambre by Botho Strauss. He directed Dans la solitude des champs de coton again in 1995, shown at Ivry, the Wiener Festwochen
Wiener Festwochen
and the Brooklyn Academy of Music. He staged in 2011 Jon Fosse's Je suis le vent in an English version, I Am the Wind, by Simon Stephens at the Young Vic Theatre, with Tom Brooke and Jack Laskey. 1983: more films[edit] In 1983, Chéreau directed the film The Wounded Man (L'Homme Blessé), a more personal project for him. He and his co-writer, Hervé Guibert, worked for six years on the scenario, which tells of a love affair between an older man involved in prostitution and a teenage boy, a dark view in the context of HIV/AIDS.[5] His 1994 film was La Reine Margot, based on the 1845 historical novel of the same name by Alexandre Dumas. It won the Jury Prize and Best Actress Award (Virna Lisi) at Cannes, as well as five César Awards. Set in the 16th-century, depicting the conflict between Catholics and Protestants in France, it shows battles and the St Bartholomew's day massacre. A scene of the queen with the head of her lover is reminiscent of the opera Salome, uniting cult and obsession ("Einheit von Kult und Obsession"), as Koch remarks.[7] The film was Chéreau's longest, most expensive production, and his greatest financial success.[5] "[I]t was erotic and violent, and offers poured in from Hollywood," but, he said, "I was always being offered films based in the Renaissance
Renaissance
and involving a massacre. I even had an offer from the UK to do a film about Guy Fawkes."[1] He refused similar offers: "It's useless to repeat something you already did."[3] 1993: opera internationally[edit] Chéreau's staging of Berg's Wozzeck
Wozzeck
was shown from 1993 to 1999 at the Théâtre du Châtelet
Théâtre du Châtelet
and the Staatsoper Berlin, conducted by Daniel Barenboim, with Franz Grundheber
Franz Grundheber
in the title role and Waltraud Meier as Marie. It was filmed in 1994. A review notes the "presentation of even the smallest roles as deeply-considered characters".[12] His staging of Mozart's Don Giovanni
Don Giovanni
was shown from 1994 to 1996 at the Salzburg Festival.

Romain Duris, Chéreau and Jean-Hugues Anglade
Jean-Hugues Anglade
at the Venice Film Festival, 2009

In 1998, he directed the film Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train, a "melodramatic, sentimental and emptily wordy ... about the interplay of assorted characters on their way to the funeral of a misanthropic, bisexual minor painter (Jean-Louis Trintignant)."[5] The final scene reflects the cemetery of Limoges to the music of Mahler's Tenth Symphony.[7] Chéreau's only English-language film, Intimacy (2001), based on short stories by Hanif Kureishi[5] (who also wrote a novel of the same title in 1998), was played by English actors, including Timothy Spall
Timothy Spall
and Marianne Faithfull, and deals with "the possessiveness of a musician from London who regularly meets a woman for sexual encounters".[3] It "was a tale of sexual obsession which sparked a debate about unsimulated sex on screen.[1] But, Chéreau said, 'It is not like a porno film, not at all erotic sometimes, but it is beautiful because it is life.'"[1] In 2003, he directed His Brother (Son frère), centred "on the relationship between two estranged brothers, one gay, the other straight. They come together when the latter suffers from a potentially fatal blood disease. The hospital processes are shot unflinchingly, without sentimentality, which makes this meditation on mortality even more moving."[5] Koch notes the similarity of a scene when the moribund is shaved for a last futile surgery he lies on a table similar to Mantegna's Dead Christ.[7] In 2003 Chéreau served at Cannes as president of the jury.[3] His staging of Mozart's Così fan tutte
Così fan tutte
was shown in 2005 and 2006 in Aix-en-Provence, the Opéra National de Paris
Paris
and the Wiener Festwochen. In 2007, he staged Wagner's Tristan und Isolde
Tristan und Isolde
at La Scala, conducted by Daniel Barenboim. He had stayed away from the opera because he regarded it as "predominantly a musical rather than a theatrical work", but his "sombre, subtle direction – with Waltraud Meier an acutely vulnerable Isolde – was intensely moving".[11] He directed Leoš Janáček's From the House of the Dead, again conducted by Boulez, first shown at the Vienna Festival
Vienna Festival
in 2007, and later at the Holland Festival, the Aix-en-Provence
Aix-en-Provence
Festival, the Metropolitan Opera
Metropolitan Opera
(his debut there in 2009)[1] and La Scala.[11] Chéreau's last film was Persécution
Persécution
(2009), "a gloomy, episodic film"[5] about a man who is "haunted by a love-hate relationship with his girlfriend".[3] His last production was Elektra by Richard Strauss, conducted by Esa-Pekka Salonen, shown at the Aix-en-Provence Festival in July 2013[15][16] and scheduled for the MET's 2015–16 season.[1] A review noted: "The clichés of Fascist brutality and expressionist exaggeration are astutely avoided: this is a situation that involves human beings, not caricatures, in a visually neutral environment of bare walls, windows and doors (designed by Richard Peduzzi) which is also blackly portentous in atmosphere."[17] Personal life and death[edit] Chéreau was in a long-term relationship with his lover and favorite actor Pascal Greggory.[3][18] He was not interested in gay topics, saying: "I never wanted to specialise in gay stories, and gay newspapers have criticised me for that. Everywhere love stories are exactly the same. The game of desire, and how you live with desire, are the same."[1] Chéreau died in Paris
Paris
on 7 October 2013 from lung cancer. He was 68 years old.[2] Europe Theatre Prize[edit] Chéreau was awarded the Europe Theatre Prize in 2008, in the Edition XII of the prize. The "Reason for award" noted:

A natural-born artist with a clear calling, Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
is one of those rare examples of a person who manages to succeed in all the expressive arts. ... Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
is an actor himself with the indispensable support of a team of creative collaborators, including the great set designer Richard Peduzzi, costume designer Jacques Schmidt and lighting designer André Diot. Drawn through his analysis of Brecht towards a correct naturalism, Chéreau has discovered and revived a number of little known texts, not least thanks to the many languages he has mastered. His extraordinary critical interpretation of Marivaux broke through the playwright’s sunny surface to reveal him as a forward-looking, harsh social critic. ... Meanwhile, Chéreau shifted from theatre to opera, ... a scandalous reinterpretation of Wagner’s Ring at Bayreuth ... He reached the height of his career during his many years at the Théâtre des Amandiers in Nanterre, where he developed a new model of expression, discovered and launched one of the great dramatists of our time, Bernard Marie Koltès, whose major works he directed, including Combat de nègre et de chiens and Solitude des champs de coton, as well as Shakespeare, Peer Gynt, Heiner Müller, and the historic revival of Les paravents by Genet. Chéreau eventually turned to cinema, which he found more expressive of the truth of life that he so values.[19]

Filmography[edit] Director[edit]

La Chair de l'orchidée (1975) Judith Therpauve (1978) L'Homme blessé (1983) Hôtel de France
Hôtel de France
(1986) Contre l'oubli (1991) Queen Margot Dans la solitude des champs de coton (1996, TV version) Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
(1998) Intimacy (2001) His Brother (2003) Gabrielle (2005) Persécution
Persécution
(2009)

Producer[edit] (for his company "Azor Films")

L'Homme blessé (1983) Chéreau – L'envers du théâtre (1986, TV documentary) Patrice Chéreau, Pascal Greggory, une autre solitude (1995, TV documentary) Intimacy (2001) Son frère (2003) Gabrielle (2005) Così fan tutte
Così fan tutte
(2005, TV)

Actor[edit]

Danton (1982) by Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
– Camille Desmoulins Adieu Bonaparte
Adieu Bonaparte
(1985) by Youssef Chahine, as Napoléon Bonaparte The Last of the Mohicans (1992) by Michael Mann, as General Montcalm Bête de scène (1994, short) by Bernard Nissille – Le metteur en scène Dans la solitude des champs de coton (1996, TV version) – Le dealer Lucie Aubrac (1997) by Claude Berri, as Max Time Regained (1999) by Raoul Ruiz, as Voice of Marcel Proust Nearest to Heaven (2002) by Tonie Marshall, as Pierre Time of the Wolf (2003) by Michael Haneke, as Thomas Brandt

Himself[edit]

Chéreau – L'envers du théâtre (1986) Il était une fois dix neuf acteurs (1987, TV) Patrice Chéreau, Pascal Greggory, une autre solitude (1995, TV) Freedom to speak (2004)

TV guest appearances[edit]

Bleu, blanc, rose (2002, TV) Claude Berri, le dernier nabab (2003, TV) Thé ou café 14 September 2003

Film awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Title Result

2003 7 d'Or Screenwriting (shared with Anne-Louise Trividic) His Brother (2003) Nominated

1996 BAFTA Awards BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language
BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language
(shared with Pierre Grunstein) Queen Margot (1994) Nominated

2003 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear His Brother (2003) Nominated

Silver Bear for Best Director Won

2001 Golden Bear Intimacy (2001) Won

Silver Bear for Best Actress
Silver Bear for Best Actress
(Kerry Fox) Won

Blue Angel Won

1998 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
(1998) Nominated

1994 Jury Prize Queen Margot (1994)[20] Won

Best Actress Award (Virna Lisi) Won

Palme d'Or Nominated

1983 Palme d'Or The Wounded Man (1983) Nominated

2006 César Awards César Award
César Award
for Best Adapted Screenplay (shared with Anne-Louise Trividic) Gabrielle (2005) Nominated

2002 César Award
César Award
for Best Director Intimacy (2001) Nominated

1999 César Award
César Award
for Best Director Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
(1998) Won

César Award
César Award
for Best Original Screenplay (shared with Danièle Thompson and Pierre Trividic) Nominated

1995 César Award
César Award
for Best Film Queen Margot (1994) Nominated

César Award
César Award
for Best Director Nominated

César for Best Original Screenplay (shared with Danièle Thompson) Nominated

César Award
César Award
for Best Actress (Isabelle Adjani) Won

César Award
César Award
for Best Cinematography Won

César Award
César Award
for Best Costume Design Won

César Award
César Award
for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Jean-Hugues Anglade) Won

César Award
César Award
for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Virna Lisi) Won

César Award
César Award
for Best Editing Nominated

César Award
César Award
for Best Music Written for a Film Nominated

César Award
César Award
for Best Production Design Nominated

César Award
César Award
for Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Dominique Blanc) Nominated

1983 César Award
César Award
for Best Original Screenplay (shared with Hervé Guibert) The Wounded Man (1983) Won

2009 Chicago International Film Festival Career Achievement Award

Won

2005 Gold Hugo Gabrielle (2005) Nominated

1998 Gold Hugo Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
(1998) Nominated

1983 Gold Hugo The Wounded Man (1983) Nominated

1999 Étoiles d'Or Étoiles d'Or for Best Director Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train
(1998) Won

2001 European Film Awards Audience Award for Best Director Intimacy (2001) Nominated

2001 Louis Delluc Prize Prix Louis-Delluc Intimacy (2001) Won

2002 Lumières Award Best Director Intimacy (2001) Won

2001 Rio de Janeiro International Film Festival FIPRESCI Prize for Best European Film Intimacy (2001) Won

2008 SACD Awards

Won

2009 Venice Film Festival Golden Lion Persécution
Persécution
(2009) Nominated

2005 Golden Lion Gabrielle (2005) Nominated

Main sources:

Patrice Chéreau. Awards at the Internet Movie Database. Patrice Chéreau. Awards at Allmovie.

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Kirkup, James (9 October 2013). "Patrice Chéreau: Film, theatre and opera director hailed for his Bayreuth Ring Cycle and for La Reine Margot". The Independent. London. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ a b c d Kozinn, Allan (7 October 2013). "Patrice Chéreau, Opera, Stage and Film Director, Dies at 68". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 October 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Patrice Chéreau". The Daily Telegraph (obituary). London. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ "L'homme de théâtre Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
est mort" [Dramatist Patrice Chéreau dead]. Le Figaro
Le Figaro
(in French). Paris. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g h Bergan, Ronald (8 October 2013). "Patrice Chéreau obituary / Film, opera and stage director known for La Reine Margot and his Ring cycle at Bayreuth in 1976". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 October 2013.  ^ a b "Patrice Chéreau" (in French). Théâtre Nanterre-Amandiers. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g Koch, Gerhard R. (9 October 2013). "Der Jäger, der über Grenzen ging". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
(in German). Frankfurt.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b "French Director Patrice Chéreau, Revered for Wagner's Ring, Dead at 68". Classicalite. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ a b Büning, Eleonore (8 October 2013). "Nachruf auf Patrice Chéreau / Erschütterer der Opernwelt". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). Frankfurt. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ Wise, Brian (7 October 2013). "Patrice Chéreau, Iconoclastic Opera Director, Dies at 68". New York City: WQXR-FM. Retrieved 8 October 2013.  ^ a b c d Millington, Barry (8 October 2013). " Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
and the bringing of dramatic conviction to the opera house". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ a b Braun, William R. "Berg: Wozzeck". operanews.com. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ "Der Ring-Kampf von Bayreuth". Der Spiegel
Der Spiegel
(in German). Hamburg. 2 August 1976. Retrieved 13 October 2013.  ^ Jarman, Douglas, ed. (1991). Alban Berg. Lulu. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-521-28480-6.  ^ " Richard Strauss
Richard Strauss
(1864–1949) Elektra". Aix-en-Provence
Aix-en-Provence
Festival. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.  ^ Ng, David (8 October 2013). "Patrice Chereau, 68, was a major operatic and theatrical force". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 October 2013.  ^ Christiansen, Rupert (18 July 2013). "Elektra, Aix Festival, review / Evelyn Herlitzius is mesmerising in the title role of Patrice Chéreau's Elektra, says Rupert Christiansen". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 12 October 2013.  ^ Moss, Stephen (25 April 2011). "Patrice Chéreau: 'It's OK to be hated'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 October 2013.  ^ " Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
/ Reason for award". Europe Theatre Prize. 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2013.  ^ "Queen Margot". Festival de Cannes. 1994. Retrieved 27 August 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Patrice Chéreau.

Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
on IMDb Literature by and about Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
in the German National Library catalogue Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
film biography at AllMovie
AllMovie
by Jason Buchanan "Patrice Chéreau. The 1976 Bayreuth Centenary Ring". wagneroperas.com. 1976.  Kienbaum, Jochen (1990). Der Ring des Nibelungen. Bayreuth 1976–1980 / Eine Betrachtung der Inszenierung von Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
und eine Annäherung an das Gesamtkunstwerk (in German). Erlangen-Nürnberg: thesis, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg.  " Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
production of classical music for audiovisual media". Unitel Classica. DE.  "Hommage à Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(with slideshow)" (in French). Opéra national de Paris. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. 

v t e

Films directed by Patrice Chéreau

La Chair de l'orchidée (1975) Judith Therpauve (1978) L'Homme blessé (1983) Hôtel de France
Hôtel de France
(1986) Contre l'oubli (1991) Queen Margot (1994) Dans la solitude des champs de coton (1996, TV version). * Those Who Love Me Can Take the Train (1998) Intimacy (2001) Son frère (2003) Gabrielle (2005) Persécution
Persécution
(2009)

v t e

César Award
César Award
for Best Director

1976 Bertrand Tavernier 1977 Joseph Losey 1978 Alain Resnais 1979 Christian de Chalonge 1980 Roman Polanski 1981 François Truffaut 1982 Jean-Jacques Annaud 1983 Andrzej Wajda 1984 Ettore Scola 1985 Claude Zidi 1986 Michel Deville 1987 Alain Cavalier 1988 Louis Malle 1989 Jean-Jacques Annaud 1990 Bertrand Blier 1991 Jean-Paul Rappeneau 1992 Alain Corneau 1993 Claude Sautet 1994 Alain Resnais 1995 André Téchiné 1996 Claude Sautet 1997 Patrice Leconte
Patrice Leconte
/ Bertrand Tavernier 1998 Luc Besson 1999 Patrice Chéreau 2000 Tonie Marshall 2001 Dominik Moll 2002 Jean-Pierre Jeunet 2003 Roman Polanski 2004 Denys Arcand 2005 Abdellatif Kechiche 2006 Jacques Audiard 2007 Guillaume Canet 2008 Abdellatif Kechiche 2009 Jean-François Richet 2010 Jacques Audiard 2011 Roman Polanski 2012 Michel Hazanavicius 2013 Michael Haneke 2014 Roman Polanski 2015 Abderrahmane Sissako 2016 Arnaud Desplechin 2017 Xavier Dolan 2018 Albert Dupontel

v t e

Lumières Award for Best Director

Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1996) Cédric Klapisch
Cédric Klapisch
(1997) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(1998) Erick Zonca (1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000) Agnès Jaoui
Agnès Jaoui
(2001) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2002) François Ozon
François Ozon
(2003) Alain Resnais (2004) Jean-Pierre Jeunet
Jean-Pierre Jeunet
(2005) Philippe Garrel
Philippe Garrel
(2006) Pascale Ferran (2007) Abdellatif Kechiche
Abdellatif Kechiche
(2008) François Dupeyron
François Dupeyron
(2009) Jacques Audiard
Jacques Audiard
(2010) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2011) Maïwenn
Maïwenn
(2012) Jacques Audiard
Jacques Audiard
(2013) Abdellatif Kechiche
Abdellatif Kechiche
(2014) Abderrahmane Sissako
Abderrahmane Sissako
(2015) Arnaud Desplechin
Arnaud Desplechin
(2016) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(2017) Robin Campillo
Robin Campillo
(2018)

v t e

Silver Bear for Best Director

1956-1979

Robert Aldrich (1956) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1957) Tadashi Imai (1958) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1959) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1960) Bernhard Wicki (1961) Francesco Rosi
Francesco Rosi
(1962) Nikos Koundouros (1963) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1964) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1965) Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(1966) Živojin Pavlović (1967) Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(1968) Jean-Pierre Blanc
Jean-Pierre Blanc
(1972) Sergei Solovyov
Sergei Solovyov
(1975) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1976) Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón
(1977) Georgi Djulgerov (1978) Astrid Henning-Jensen (1979)

1980-1989

István Szabó
István Szabó
(1980) Mario Monicelli
Mario Monicelli
(1982) Éric Rohmer
Éric Rohmer
(1983) Costas Ferris / Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1984) Robert Benton (1985) Georgiy Shengelaya (1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1988) Dušan Hanák (1989)

1990-1999

Michael Verhoeven
Michael Verhoeven
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
/ Ricky Tognazzi
Ricky Tognazzi
(1991) Jan Troell
Jan Troell
(1992) Andrew Birkin (1993) Krzysztof Kieślowski
Krzysztof Kieślowski
(1994) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(1995) Yim Ho / Richard Loncraine (1996) Eric Heumann (1997) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1998) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(1999)

2000-2009

Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(2000) Lin Cheng-sheng (2001) Otar Iosseliani
Otar Iosseliani
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Kim Ki-duk
Kim Ki-duk
(2004) Marc Rothemund
Marc Rothemund
(2005) Michael Winterbottom
Michael Winterbottom
/ Mat Whitecross (2006) Joseph Cedar (2007) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2008) Asghar Farhadi
Asghar Farhadi
(2009)

2010-2019

Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2010) Ulrich Köhler (2011) Christian Petzold (2012) David Gordon Green
David Gordon Green
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Radu Jude / Malgorzata Szumowska (2015) Mia Hansen-Løve
Mia Hansen-Løve
(2016) Aki Kaurismäki
Aki Kaurismäki
(2017) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
(2018)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56579407 LCCN: n83042582 ISNI: 0000 0001 2133 9458 GND: 118520342 SELIBR: 181480 SUDOC: 026785129 BNF: cb11896550x (data) ULAN: 500333163 MusicBrainz: 9a3e21e5-cf4f-4b55-b212-224402aa05f8 NKC: js20051128017 ICCU: ITICCURAVV93938 BNE: XX1173750 SN

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