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The Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
(PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO
NATO
and other states in Europe
Europe
and the former Soviet Union; 21 states are members.[1] It was first discussed by the Bulgarian Society Novae, after being proposed as an American initiative at the meeting of NATO defense ministers in Travemünde, Germany, on 20–21 October 1993, and formally launched on 10–11 January 1994 NATO
NATO
summit in Brussels, Belgium.[2]

Contents

1 Activities 2 Membership

2.1 Current members

2.1.1 Former republics of the Soviet Union 2.1.2 Former republics of Yugoslavia 2.1.3 European Union
European Union
members 2.1.4 European Free Trade Association member

2.2 Membership history 2.3 Aspiring members 2.4 Former members

2.4.1 Countries that became full NATO
NATO
members on March 12, 1999 2.4.2 Countries that became full NATO
NATO
members on March 29, 2004 2.4.3 Countries that became full NATO
NATO
members on April 1, 2009 2.4.4 Country that became full NATO
NATO
member on June 5, 2017

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Activities[edit] NATO
NATO
builds relationships with partners through military-to-military cooperation on training, exercises, disaster planning and response, science and environmental issues, professionalization, policy planning, and relations with civilian government.[3] Membership[edit]

  European NATO
NATO
members (1994)   present NATO
NATO
members which were formerly PfP members

   Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
members   States which aspire to PfP membership

Wörner and Snegur signing PfP on March 16, 1994

Current members[edit] Former republics of the Soviet Union[edit]

  Armenia
Armenia
(October 5, 1994)[4]   Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
(May 4, 1994)[4]   Belarus
Belarus
(January 11, 1995)[4]  Georgia (March 23, 1994)[4]   Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(May 27, 1994)[4]   Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
(June 1, 1994)[4]   Moldova
Moldova
(March 16, 1994)[4]   Russia
Russia
(June 22, 1994)[4]   Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(February 20, 2002)[4]   Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
(May 10, 1994)[4]   Ukraine
Ukraine
(February 8, 1994)[4]   Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
(July 13, 1994)[4]

Former republics of Yugoslavia[edit]

  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(December 14, 2006)[4]   Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
(November 15, 1995)[4]   Serbia
Serbia
(December 14, 2006)[4]

European Union
European Union
members[edit]

  Austria
Austria
(February 10, 1995)[4]   Finland
Finland
(May 9, 1994)[4]  Ireland (December 1, 1999)[4]   Malta
Malta
(joined April 26, 1995;[4][5] withdrew on October 27, 1996;[6] reactivated its membership on March 20, 2008;[7] this was accepted by NATO
NATO
on April 3, 2008.[8])   Sweden
Sweden
(May 9, 1994)[4]

European Free Trade Association member[edit]

   Switzerland
Switzerland
(December 11, 1996)[4]

Membership history[edit] Thirteen former member states of the PfP (namely Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia), have subsequently joined NATO. On April 26, 1995 Malta
Malta
became a member of PfP;[5] it left on October 27, 1996 in order to maintain its neutrality.[6] On March 20, 2008 Malta
Malta
decided to reactivate their PfP membership;[7] this was accepted by NATO
NATO
at the summit in Bucharest
Bucharest
on April 3, 2008.[8] During the NATO
NATO
summit in Riga
Riga
on November 29, 2006, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia
Serbia
were invited to join PfP,[9] which they did[4] on December 14, 2006.[10] Aspiring members[edit]

  Cyprus
Cyprus
is the only European Union
European Union
member state that is neither a NATO
NATO
member state nor a member of the PfP program. The Parliament of Cyprus
Cyprus
adopted a resolution in February 2011 that Cyprus
Cyprus
should seek membership in the program, but President Demetris Christofias
Demetris Christofias
did not act on it, saying it would hamper his attempts to negotiate an end to the nation's dispute with the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Cyprus
and demilitarize the island.[11][12] Turkey, a full member of NATO, is likely to veto any attempt by Cyprus
Cyprus
to engage with NATO
NATO
until the dispute is resolved.[13] Christofias' successor, Nicos Anastasiades, has publicly supported PfP membership for Cyprus,[14] but no headway has occurred since.  Kosovo[a] has described PfP membership as a strategic objective of the government.[15] Kosovo
Kosovo
submitted an application to join the PfP program in July 2012. However, four NATO
NATO
member states, Greece, Romania, Spain
Spain
and Slovakia, do not recognize Kosovo's independence and have threatened to block their participation in the program.[16][17] To be eligible to join, the Kosovan Armed Forces
Kosovan Armed Forces
must be established.[18]

Former members[edit] Countries that became full NATO
NATO
members on March 12, 1999[edit]

  Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(March 10, 1994)[4]   Hungary
Hungary
(February 8, 1994)[4]   Poland
Poland
(February 2, 1994)[4]

Countries that became full NATO
NATO
members on March 29, 2004[edit]

  Bulgaria
Bulgaria
(February 14, 1994)[4]   Estonia
Estonia
(February 3, 1994)[4]   Latvia
Latvia
(February 14, 1994)[4]   Lithuania
Lithuania
(January 27, 1994)[4]   Romania
Romania
(January 26, 1994)[4]   Slovakia
Slovakia
(February 9, 1994)[4]   Slovenia
Slovenia
(March 30, 1994)[4]

Countries that became full NATO
NATO
members on April 1, 2009[edit]

  Albania
Albania
(February 23, 1994)[4]   Croatia
Croatia
(May 25, 2000)[4]

Country that became full NATO
NATO
member on June 5, 2017[edit]

  Montenegro
Montenegro
(December 14, 2006)[4]

See also[edit]

Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council Individual Partnership Action Plan Foreign relations of NATO Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
Information Management System

References[edit]

^ Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels
Brussels
Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

^ North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (2009-12-03). "Partner countries". Retrieved 2009-12-23.  ^ Borawski, John (April 1995). " Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
and beyond". International Affairs. Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-. 71 (2): 233–246. JSTOR 2623432.  ^ http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/topics_50349.htm ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2006-10-05). "Signatures of Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
Framework Document". Retrieved 2006-11-30.  ^ a b North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (1995-04-26). "Secretary General's Council Welcoming Remarks, Visit by Maltese Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor Guido de Marco, Wednesday, April 26, 1995". Retrieved 2006-11-30.  ^ a b Bohlen, Celestine (1996-11-12). "New Malta
Malta
Chief Focuses on Neutrality". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-05. Within hours of taking office, Mr. Sant withdrew Malta's membership in Partnership for Peace, a NATO
NATO
military cooperation program that is so loosely defined that its sign-up list now spans the spectrum from Russia
Russia
to Switzerland. [...] Mr. Sant says none of those moves should be interpreted as anti-European or anti-American, but simply as the best way of insuring Malta's security.  ^ a b Gambin, Karl (2008-04-03). " Malta
Malta
reactivates Partnership for Peace membership". DI-VE. Retrieved 2008-04-03. The cabinet has agreed to reactivate its membership in the Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
which was withdrawn in 1996, the government said on Thursday.  ^ a b North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2008-04-03). "Malta re-engages in the Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
Programme". Retrieved 2008-04-03. At the Bucharest
Bucharest
Summit, NATO
NATO
Heads of State and Government welcomed Malta’s return to the Partnership for Peace Programme. At Malta's request, the Allies have re-activated Malta's participation in the Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
Programme (PfP).  ^ North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2006-11-29). "Alliance offers partnership to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro
Montenegro
and Serbia". Retrieved 2006-11-30.  ^ Associated Press (2006-12-14). " Serbia
Serbia
inducted into NATO". Retrieved 2006-12-14.  ^ "Cypriot parliament votes to join NATO's Partnership for Peace". SETimes. 2011-02-25. Retrieved 2012-07-19.  ^ " Cyprus
Cyprus
- Vouli Antiprosopon (House of Representatives)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 2013-02-24.  ^ Dempsey, Judy (2012-11-24). "Between the European Union
European Union
and NATO, Many Walls". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-19.  ^ Kambas, Michele; Babington, Deepa (2013-02-24). "Cypriot conservative romps to presidential victory". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-02-24.  ^ "Hoxhaj në Lituani, merr përkrahje për MSA-në dhe vizat (Video)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2014-04-03.  ^ " Kosovo
Kosovo
seeks to join international organisations". Turkish Weekly. 2012-07-19. Archived from the original on 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2012-07-19.  ^ " Kosovo
Kosovo
looking to join the Adriatic Charter". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2013-11-11.  ^ Thaçi, Hashim. "Prioritetet e reja të Politikës së Jashtme të Kosovës". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kosovo. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
(PfP).

The Partnership for Peace
Partnership for Peace
programme Partnership for Peace Information Management System (PIMS) Building a Partnership for Peace

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Internal relations

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Multilateral relations

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Bilateral relations

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