The Info List - Paranaque

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Parañaque, officially the City of Parañaque
(Filipino: Lungsod ng Parañaque) Tagalog pronunciation: [paɾɐˈɲäke̞], is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila
Metro Manila
in the Philippines. It is bordered to the north by Pasay, to the northeast by Taguig, to the southeast by Muntinlupa, to the southwest by Las Piñas, and to the west by Manila
Bay. Like the rest of Metro Manila, Parañaque
experiences a tropical climate with only two distinct seasons, wet (July to September) and dry (October to June). The city enjoys an annual rainfall of 1,822 millimetres (71.7 in) and an average daily maximum temperature of 34.4 °C (93.9 °F).[5]


1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Early history 2.2 Spanish Period 2.3 American Period 2.4 World War II 2.5 Parañaque
today 2.6 Timeline

3 Geography 4 Local government

4.1 Mayors of Parañaque 4.2 Districts and barangays

5 Demographics

5.1 Religion

6 Economy

6.1 Shopping centers 6.2 Hotels and gambling

7 Culture

7.1 Festivals

8 Transportation

8.1 Railway 8.2 Airport 8.3 Road network

9 Education 10 Notable residents 11 Sister cities 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Etymology[edit] There are several accounts as to how Parañaque
got its name. One such story stated that long ago, at the mouth of what is now known as the Parañaque
River, there stood a balete tree that, when viewed from afar, looked like a majestic ship. This earned it the name Palanyag, taken from the term "palayag", which means “point of navigation”.[6] Another version of the story was that, before the Spanish colonizers came to the Philippines, there were some natives who lived close to the Manila Bay
Manila Bay
whose main livelihood was fishing or paglalayag. On the other hand, the neighboring place from the east called Muntinlupa
had rice farmers who were referred to as taga-Palayan. One day, the fishermen and rice farmers had a feast and many got drunk from tuba or fermented coconut wine. One farmer suggested that they should name the whole place Palayan
as a sign of cooperation and goodwill between them. However, a fisherman protested and stated that they should name it Palalayag instead. As a compromise, they agreed to merge these two words and came up with Palalanyag. However, another drunken guest shouted, “Mabuhay ang Palanyag at ang mga taga-Palanyag!” The rest liked this word better and ever since then, the place was called "Palanyag".[6] In another story handed down to generations, when the Philippines
was conquered by the Spaniards, some soldiers riding a horse-drawn carriage asked to be taken to a certain place. However, the coachman did not understand the Spanish soldier’s pronunciation. When they arrived, one of the soldiers said, “Para aqui, Para aqui” meaning, “Stop here, stop here.” The coachman did not understand and kept going whereas the soldier also repeated his instruction, “Para aqui, Para aqui”. The coachman left the carriage and told the townspeople that, “These Spaniards are repeatedly saying para aniya ake... para aniya ake” to which the townspeople just laughed. The incident circulated and was repeated around for days and the term "Para Aniya Ake" stuck.[6] History[edit]

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The town of Parañaque
around 1898, during the American occupation

Early history[edit] Due to their proximity to the sea, the early Parañaqueños traded with the Chinese, Japanese, Indonesians, Indians and Malays. Traditional livelihoods included salt-making, fishing, planting rice, shoemaking, slipper-making and weaving. Spanish Period[edit] Parañaque
was officially founded in the year 1580 by Order of Saint Augustine and it was Fray Diego de Espiñar, O.S.A. who became the first minister of the town. The Council of the Definitors (a conference of chiefs of the religious orders) held on 11 June 1580 (Conquistas delas Islas of Fray Gaspar San Agustin, O.S.A.) accepted the village of Palanyag, as Parañaque
as an independent pueblo. Other towns in the islands which simultaneously established on the same date according to the 1580 chapter of the Augustinians was; Malolos
(in Bulacan) Bulacabe (in Panay) Bantayan (in Cebu). The image of Palanyag's patroness, Nuestra Señora del Buen Suceso, was brought to St. Andrew's Cathedral in La Huerta on August 10, 1625. Nuestra Señora del Buen Suceso is the third oldest Marian Image in the Philippines. Early Spanish census dated 1591 to 1593 also mentioned Longalo (or Don Galo) and Parañaque
as two villages along Manila Bay
Manila Bay
composed of some 800 tribute-payers. Politically, Don Galo and Parañaque
were then under the Encomienda and Provincia de Tondo. The community was headed by cabezas de barangay, a westernized version of datus (chieftains), and the principalia, the local aristocrats, who together justified and moderated the demands of the Spanish colonizers. Education was limited to the principalia as they were the only ones who could afford it. Historical accounts state that the town's strategic location enabled the townspeople to play an important role in Philippine history. Palanyag was located at the crossroads of Manila, between the provinces of Cavite and Batangas. In 1574 during the invasion of the town by the Chinese pirate Limahong, Parañaquenos, particularly those from Barangay
Don Galo, heroically aided in preventing the attack in Manila. This incident became known as the "Red Sea Incident" due to the blood that flowed through the sacrifice of the people of barrio Sta. Monica. With the arrival of Spanish forces led by Captain Juan de Salcedo from Ilocos, Limahong was finally repulsed and the occupation of the town was prevented. When the British invaded Manila
in 1762, the townspeople once again remained loyal to the Spanish colonizers, especially the Augustinians. The invasion however showed that the Spaniards was not invincible and that their rule was not to be permanent. More than a hundred years later, this would prove to be true. During the Philippine Revolution of 1896-1898, the Spaniards realized that the town was a practical gateway to Cavite, the bastion of the revolutionary Katipuneros. Conversely, the Katipuneros based in Cavite saw the town as their gateway to Intramuros, the Spanish seat of government in Manila. Prominent Paraqueños such as Manuel Quiogue and secular priest Father Pedro Dandan y Masangkay became leading revolutionary figures. American Period[edit] During the American Period of the Philippines, Parañaque
became one of the first municipalities in the Metro Manila
Metro Manila
region. World War II[edit]

A burning building along Taft Avenue which was hit during the Japanese air raid in Barrio Parañaque, 13 December 1941.

During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines
in World War II, Parañaque
supplied leadership to guerilla movements such as the ROTC Hunters, as well as food and arms. Parañaque
was one of the first towns to be liberated and its guerillas helped pave the way for the combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces to enter the south of Manila. As can be gleaned from the above, Parañaque
has played and continues to play a strategic role in the Philippines' political and economic progress. After the liberation and the Battle of Parañaque
on 1945 by combined Filipino and American ground troops with local recognized guerrillas, the general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary was rebuilt and stationed in Parañaque
after the war. Parañaque
today[edit] Owing to Parañaque's strategic location, it is an important centre for trade and business in Metro Manila. Baclaran, where a large number of dry goods stores are located, is one of the busiest markets in the country. Small fishing villages called “fisherman’s wharves” are also situated alongside Barangay
La Huerta, where the famous DAMPA, a seaside market with numerous restaurants serving fresh seafood, is found. This has the country’s international airport as well as the Baclaran
Church, one of the most active parishes in Manila, and the Duty Free for imported goods.[citation needed] Although having experienced rapid growth in infrastructure and revenue, Parañaque
has yet to go back to its "subdivision" roots and address the rising reports in crime. Timeline[edit]

November 8, 1975: Parañaque
was a municipality of Rizal, until November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, when Parañaque
became a part of Metropolitan Manila
or the National Capital Region. November 1980: Parañaque
celebrated its 400th anniversary of a former municipality. November 1985: Parañaque
celebrated its 405th anniversary of a former municipality. November 1990: Parañaque
celebrated its 410th anniversary of a former municipality. November 1995: Parañaque
celebrated its 415th anniversary of a former municipality. February 15, 1998: Parañaque
was converted as the 11th city in Metro Manila
(after sister city Las Piñas
Las Piñas
in 1997), and was chartered and urbanized by then President Fidel V. Ramos during the celebration of the city's 418th Founding Anniversary. November 2000: Parañaque
celebrated its 420th anniversary of a former municipality now a city.

celebrated its 422nd Founding Anniversary as a municipality now turned into a city. February 2003: The City of Parañaque
celebrated its fifth Cityhood Anniversary. November 2005: Parañaque
celebrated its 425th anniversary of a former municipality now a city. February 2008: The City of Parañaque
celebrated its 10th Cityhood Anniversary. February 2009: Speedworld Motorcross Racing Park was formally opened beside SM Bicutan in West Bicutan, Parañaque. November 2010: Parañaque
celebrated its 430th anniversary of a former municipality now a city. February 2013: The City of Parañaque
celebrated its 15th Year Cityhood Anniversary. March 16, 2013: Solaire Resort & Casino was officially launched, marking the 1st casino hotel located in Aseana City, and also the 1st 6-Star Hotel in Parañaque. February 2, 2015: City of Dreams Manila
City of Dreams Manila
was officially launched, marking the 2nd casino hotel located in Aseana City after Solaire Resort & Casino, and also the 2nd 6-Star Hotel in Parañaque. November 2015: Parañaque
celebrated its 435th anniversary of a former municipality now a city. February 2016: The City of Parañaque
celebrated its 18th Year Cityhood Anniversary. December 30, 2016: Okada Manila
Okada Manila
was officially launched, marking the 3rd casino hotel located in Aseana City after Solaire Resort & Casino & City Of Dreams Manila, and also the 3rd 6-Star Hotel in Parañaque. February 2018: The City of Parañaque
celebrated its 20th Cityhood Anniversary.

Geography[edit] Parañaque
is situated in the southern portion of Metro Manila.[7] It is subdivided into two distinct districts, each of which contains eight barangays. District I comprises Baclaran, Tambo, Don Galo, Sto. Niño, La Huerta, San Dionisio, Vitalez and San Isidro, while the District II consists of Barangays BF, San Antonio, Marcelo Green, Sun Valley, Don Bosco, Moonwalk, Merville and San Martin de Porres.[7] Local government[edit]

The facade of the Parañaque
City Hall in Barangay
San Antonio.

Further information: Cities of the Philippines Parañaque
is composed of two congressional districts and two legislative districts which are further subdivided into 16 Barangays. legislative District 1 consists of eight barangays in the western half of the city, whilst legislative District 2 consists of eight barangays in the eastern part of the city. Mayors of Parañaque[edit] Main article: Mayor of Parañaque Districts and barangays[edit] Further information: Legislative districts of Parañaque

Barangays District Population[8] (2010) Area
(km²) Density (/km²) Zip Code

Baclaran 1st 21,332


Don Galo 1st 10,827


La Huerta 1st 8,788

San Dionisio 1st 60,951

San Isidro 1st 69,035

Sto. Niño 1st 28,235


Tambo 1st 26,209


Vitalez 1st 4,518

BF Homes 2nd 83,462


Don Bosco 2nd 47,621

Marcelo Green 2nd 28,772

Merville 2nd 20,391

Moonwalk 2nd 59,614

San Antonio 2nd 59,847

San Martin de Porres 2nd 20,938

Sun Valley 2nd 37,586


Population census of Parañaque

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 6,507 —    

1918 22,121 +8.50%

1939 21,125 −0.22%

1948 28,884 +3.54%

1960 61,898 +6.56%

1970 97,214 +4.61%

1975 158,974 +10.37%

1980 208,552 +5.58%

1990 308,236 +3.98%

1995 391,296 +4.57%

2000 449,811 +3.03%

2007 552,660 +2.88%

2010 588,126 +2.29%

2015 665,822 +2.39%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][9][10][11]

Religion[edit] Most of Parañaque's population are Christians, mainly Roman Catholic. Roman Catholic churches in Parañaque
are under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Parañaque. There are two National Shrines, the National Shrine of Our Mother of Perpetual Help (commonly known as the Baclaran
Church or Redemptorist Church) and the National Shrine of Mary Help of Christians. There are about 20 parishes and 2 sub-parishes. Other Christian denominations include Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
and Ang Dating Daan. There are also a number of non-Catholic (primarily Protestant) churches in Parañaque. El Shaddai is centered in the city. There is also a minority of Muslims, primarily living on Baclaran. There are 2 mosques in Parañaque.

Economy[edit] Shopping centers[edit] Further information: List of shopping malls in the Philippines

SM City Sucat

also relies on shopping centers as part of its economy. The principal malls include SM City Sucat
SM City Sucat
(opened in July 2001), SM City Bicutan, and SM City BF Parañaque
SM City BF Parañaque
(opened in 2016), all owned and operated by SM Supermalls
SM Supermalls
of SM Prime Holdings. Robinsons operates one mall inside BF Homes
BF Homes
and one supermarket. There are also smaller malls like Jaka Plaza, Pergola Lifestyle Mall, Aseana Square Mall and Noah's Place Mall. Walter Mart has two malls of its franchise inside Parañaque. Duty Free Fiesta Mall is also located in Parañaque. Baclaran
functions as the city's flea market, primarily selling clothing, especially school uniforms and costumes. Hotels and gambling[edit]

Solaire Resort & Casino

See also: List of hotels in Metro Manila
Metro Manila
and Gambling in Manila Hotels and gambling also form part of Parañaque's econonomy. Casinos like Solaire Resort & Casino, City of Dreams Manila
City of Dreams Manila
and Okada Manila
mostly invite foreign gamblers. Closed in 2014, Casino Filipino once served as a casino. Aseana City or Entertainment City, in parts of barangays Tambo and Don Galo, is still being developed Cockfighting is common in the barangays. The Roligon Mega-Cockpit, found in Tambo, is considered as the largest and most modern cockpit in Asia.[citation needed] Culture[edit]

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Festivals[edit] Further information: Public holidays in the Philippines Parañaque
is famous for its lively festivals, such as the caracol, a festival that revolves around boats. Parañaque
has the Sambalilo Festival a festival that showcases different colors, sizes, and designs of the Sambalilo hat. The Sunduan Festival is a tradition in the city that depicts the act of a man fetching the object of his affection from the woman’s home to bring her to church or the town plaza. Both festivals are held around February 13-15 for the cityhood of Parañaque's annual anniversary. The city stages the cenaculo, a reenactment of the passion of Christ, during Holy Week, the Pasko ng Pagkabuhay during Easter, and the Santacruzan, a procession reenacting the search of the True Cross of Christ, in May. Shortly thereafter, the colorful Flores de Mayo, a festival commemorating the discovery of the cross by Queen Elena (mother of St. Constantine) is held. An outstanding feature of this historic town by the bay is the cultivation of its cultural traditions such as the komedya and bati-bati, among others, that continue to attract local and foreign tourists alike, especially during the summer months.[citation needed] Parañaque
is known for sabong, a form of cockfighting constrained in coliseums. Transportation[edit]

Welcome marker over Dr. A. Santos Avenue near SLEX. Dr. A. Santos Avenue, formerly called Sucat Road, functions as Parañaque's main thoroughfare.

Railway[edit] Parañaque
is served by the LRT-1 (via Baclaran
Station which is located in Pasay
City) and the PNR (via Bicutan station). The LRT-1 is to be extended to Bacoor. The actual construction will start in the middle of 2018 because the groundbreaking of LRT Line 1 South Extension Project was held on Thursday, May 4, 2017. The LRT Line 1 South Extension Project will be done in phases. Once the phase 1 is completed, Parañaque
will be served by the LRT-1 (via Redemptorist Station, Manila
International Airport Station, Asia World Station, Ninoy Aquino Station and Dr. A. Santos Station). Airport[edit]

is the location of Terminal 1 of Ninoy Aquino International Airport, as the airport complex sits on the Pasay- Parañaque
border. It is located along Ninoy Aquino Avenue
Ninoy Aquino Avenue
and many major international airlines operate flights from the terminal. Road network[edit] Parañaque
is served by a network of expressways and arterial roads. Expressways, like Manila-Cavite Expressway, and Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Skyway connects the city with the rest of Metro Manila
Metro Manila
and Calabarzon. The at-grade portion of Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Skyway in Parañaque
has two service roads, namely the West Service Road and East Service Road, which both serves the communities and businesses lying near the expressway. The NAIA Expressway
NAIA Expressway
is the airport expressway that connects NAIA Terminal 1, Manila-Cavite Expressway, Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Skyway and also the Entertainment City
Entertainment City
under development on the reclaimed area. Dr. Santos Avenue
Dr. Santos Avenue
(formerly Sucat Road), Roxas Boulevard, Doña Soledad Avenue and Elpidio Quirino Avenue
Elpidio Quirino Avenue
functions as the city's principal arterial roads. Carlos P. Garcia Avenue (C-5 South Extension), which has been involved in land ownership controversies involving then Senator Manny Villar, and C-6 Road, which is proposed to be an expressway, serves as secondary arterial roads. BF Homes Parañaque
BF Homes Parañaque
is served also by a network of arterial roads, serving residential and commercial areas within it. Education[edit]

City Science High School in Barangay
Sto. Niño.

Main article: Education in Parañaque Parañaque
has a diverse educational system with specializations in various academic and technical fields and is home to many schools and colleges such as Philippine Air Transport Training Services (PATTS College of Aeronautics) which focuses on producing students specialized in the realm of Aviation around the world, Olivarez College, the only school accredited with both the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU) and the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities - Commission on Accreditation (PACUCOA) which specializes in Health Related Sciences such as Nursing, Radiologic Technology, Physical Therapy, and Midwifery, Parañaque
Science High School, St. Andrew's School (oldest private school in Parañaque, established 1917), St. Paul College of Paranaque, Manresa School, Sacred Heart School and Ann Arbor Learning Center amongst many others. Notable residents[edit]

Karen Davila - broadcaster, TV host, reporter Dolphy
- late actor, comedian Andrew E. - rapper, TV host, comedian Geoff Eigenmann - actor, TV host, former MYX VJ Ted Failon - broadcaster, TV host Gerphil Flores
Gerphil Flores
- singer Enrique Gil
Enrique Gil
- actor, dancer, model Bianca Gonzalez-Intal - TV host, Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition 3rd Celebrity Placer Rita De Guzman - actress, singer Most Rev. Francisco De Leon - Bishop of Antipolo, former Parish Priest of Holy Eucharist Parish Bianca Manalo - Binibining Pilipinas-Universe 2009, actress, TV host Val Sotto - actor, comedian, former City Councilor Joey Marquez - actor, comedian, TV host, then Mayor Norman Mitchell - actor, comedian Alma Moreno - actress, Councilor (1st District) Roselle Nava - singer, actress, Councilor (1st District) Loisa Andalio - ex-PBB Housemate & actress Henry Omaga-Diaz - broadcaster, TV host, reporter Daphne Osena-Paez - TV host Chloe Dauden - former beauty queen, actress, TV host, model Japs Sergio -former bassist/vocals of Rivermaya Gina Pareño - actress AJ Perez - blogger, motivational speaker Sam Pinto - actress Stef Prescott - actress, StarStruck Batch 4 Avenger Alumni Sue Ramirez - actress, model Khalil Ramos
Khalil Ramos
- singer, actor Ram Revilla - late actor Biboy Rivera - bowler Mariel Rodriguez-Padilla - actress, TV host, former MTV VJ Bianca Umali - actress, endorser Dimples Romana - actress, TV host Jake Roxas - actor RJ Padilla - actor & Former PBB Housemate Gabbi Garcia
Gabbi Garcia
- actress Korina Sanchez-Roxas - broadcaster, TV host Freddie Webb - actor, radio host, former PBA player and Senator Pinky Webb - broadcaster, TV host, reporter Jason Webb - former basketball player, sportscaster and Councilor (1st District), current Purefoods Star Hotshots
Purefoods Star Hotshots
coach Anjo Yllana - actor, comedian, TV host, then Councilor and Vice Mayor Wendell Ramos
Wendell Ramos
- actor Sheldon Gellada - Bassist of the Hale Band Jondan Salvador - PBA Basketball Player for Barako Bull Reynante Jamili - former Filipino Boxer Richard Hwan
Richard Hwan
- ex PBB Housemate & Model Leila de Lima
Leila de Lima
- Senator and Former Secretary of the Philippine Department of Justice JC de Vera - actor Ricky Davao - actor Yam Concepcion - model, actress, dancer Jomari Yllana - actor, Councilor (1st District) Andi Manzano - TV host, model, former MTV VJ Lugilyn Pedro - Taekwondo Athlete, Teacher Christian Vasquez
Christian Vasquez
- actor Martijn Gerard Garritsen
Martijn Gerard Garritsen
- International DJ/Producer

Mark "Batas" Rodriguez - Fliptop Emcee, Tattoo Artist and Rapper. Teresita Senn "Wynwyn" Marquez - Actress, Dancer, Ms. Hispano Americana 2017 Michael Christian Martinez
Michael Christian Martinez
- Filipino figure skater who represented the Philippines
at the 2014 Winter Olympics
2014 Winter Olympics
and the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Sister cities[edit] Further information: List of sister cities in the Philippines


Cebu City, Cebu Panabo, Davao del Norte Tagum, Davao del Norte Iloilo City, Iloilo Malabon, Metro Manila Las Piñas, Metro Manila Pasay, Metro Manila Navotas, Metro Manila Tangub, Misamis Oriental Bacolod, Negros Occidental


Haeundae, South Korea Carson, California, USA

See also[edit]

Roman Catholic Diocese of Parañaque Cathedral Parish of St. Andrew Nuestra Señora del Buen Suceso de Parañaque Parañaque


^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 9 March 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2012.  ^ "An Update on the Earthquake Hazards and Risk Assessment of Greater Metropolitan Manila
Area" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. November 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2016. [permanent dead link] ^ "Enhancing Risk Analysis Capacities for Flood, Tropical Cyclone Severe Wind and Earthquake for the Greater Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Component 5 – Earthquake Risk Analysis" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology and Geoscience Australia. Retrieved May 16, 2016.  ^ a b Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ "Physical Profile". About the City. Parañaque
City. p. 15. Retrieved 7 March 2013.  ^ a b c Baybay, D. F. & Marquez-De Guzman, A. (2001). "Palanyag to Parañaque: A History". City of Parañaque. Retrieved 25 April 2014. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ a b " Parañaque
City Official Website". paranaque.gov.ph. Archived from the original on 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ [1] ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Province of Metro Manila, 4th (Not a Province)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration
Local Water Utilities Administration
Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

New Paranaque Website as of 2017 - http://paranaquecity.gov.ph External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Parañaque.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Parañaque.

City Official Website 2017 Diocese of Parañaque
Diocese of Parañaque
Official Website Geographic data related to Parañaque
at OpenStreetMap

Places adjacent to Parañaque

Pasay Taguig



Las Piñas


Articles related to Parañaque

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Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop.

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Manila 1 Quezon City National Capital Region 2,936,116 11 Parañaque National Capital Region 665,822

Davao City


2 Manila National Capital Region 1,780,148 12 Dasmariñas Calabarzon 659,019

3 Davao City Davao Region 1,632,991 13 Valenzuela National Capital Region 620,422

4 Caloocan National Capital Region 1,583,978 14 Bacoor Calabarzon 600,609

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6 Zamboanga City Zamboanga Peninsula 861,799 16 Las Piñas National Capital Region 588,894

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8 Antipolo Calabarzon 776,386 18 San Jose del Monte Central Luzon 574,089

9 Pasig National Capital Region 755,300 19 Bacolod Western Visayas 561,875

10 Cagayan de Oro Northern Mindanao 675,950 20 Muntinlupa National Capi