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Papuan people
Papuan people
are the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea
New Guinea
and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages. They are often distinguished ethnically and linguistically from Austronesians, speakers of a language family introduced into New Guinea
New Guinea
about 3,000 years ago.

Contents

1 Genetics 2 Papuan ethnic groups

2.1 Indonesia
Indonesia
territory 2.2 Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
territory

3 Notable people 4 Data tables 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Genetics[edit]

A Papuan sailboat

In a 2005 study of ASPM gene variants, Mekel-Bobrov et al. found that the Papuan people
Papuan people
have among the highest rate of the newly evolved ASPM haplogroup D, at 59.4% occurrence of the approximately 6,000-year-old allele.[2] While it is not yet known exactly what selective advantage is provided by this gene variant, the haplogroup D allele is thought to be positively selected in populations and to confer some substantial advantage that has caused its frequency to rapidly increase. Main Y-DNA
Y-DNA
haplogroups of Papuan people
Papuan people
are haplogroup K2b1 (Y-DNA) and Haplogroup C1b2a.[3] Papuan ethnic groups[edit] Indonesia
Indonesia
territory[edit]

Amung Arfak Asmat Bauzi Dani Ekari Fayu Kamoro Kombai Koteka Korowai Lani Marind Mek Moni Sawi Sempan Wolani Yali

Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
territory[edit]

Abelam Angu Baining Baruya Bilibil Chambri Enga Etoro Fore Gadsup Gogodala Haroli Hewa Huli Iatmul Kaluli Kwoma Koteka Maisin Melpa Mian Min Motuan Mundugumor Ogea Orokaiva Sambia Swagap Tairora Takia Telefol Tsembaga Urapmin Wiru Wopkaimin Yimas Zia

Papuan girls

Papuan people
Papuan people
in folk costume in Jakarta, Indonesia

Notable people[edit]

Frans Kaisiepo, the 4th Governor of Papua and a National Hero of Indonesia. Freddy Numberi, politician and former Indonesian minister. Heather Watson, an English female tennis player. Michael Somare, former Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. Boaz Solossa, an Indonesian professional footballer. Peter O'Neill, the 7th Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. Nitya Krishinda Maheswari, an Indonesian badminton player and 2014 Asian Games women's doubles gold medalist. Raema Lisa Rumbewas, an Indonesian weightlifter and silver medalist at 2000 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics. Abba Bina, a notable businessman.

Data tables[edit]

Papuan (Papua New Guinea) Reference Population

2% 77% 21%

     Eastern Asia      Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
& Oceania      Southern Asia

"This reference population is based on people native to the highlands and lowlands of Papua New Guinea. In addition to the Oceania/Southeast Asia component that defines this population and others in the Melanesian region, the small East Asian component was likely introduced over the past several thousand years by the seafaring Austronesians, who hailed from Southeast Asia. These were the ancestors of the Polynesians, who settled on the northern coast of New Guinea before heading out into the open waters of the Pacific."

Source: Geno 2.0 Next Generation (2018)[4]

See also[edit]

Indonesia
Indonesia
portal Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
portal

Koteka Tribal Assembly People of New Guinea Proto-Australoids Papua conflict Stéphane Breton (filmmaker)

References[edit]

^ "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, Dan Bahasa Sehari-Hari Penduduk Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Retrieved 2017-07-18.  ^ "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens", Science, 9 September 2005: Vol. 309. no. 5741, pp. 1720–1722. ^ 崎谷満『DNA・考古・言語の学際研究が示す新・日本列島史』(勉誠出版 2009年)(in Japanese) ^ The Genographic Project. (2018). Reference Populations – Geno 2.0 Next Generation. March 11, 2018, archived web page at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

W. G. Lawes (1882), " New Guinea
New Guinea
and Its People", Popular Science Monthly 

External links[edit]

Media related to People of Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
at Wikimedia Commons

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Papuan peoples

Indonesia

Amung Asmat Bauzi Dani Ekari Fayu Kombai Koteka Korowai Lani Marind Mek Moni Sawi Wolani Yali

Papua New Guinea

Abelam Angu Baining Baruya Bilibil Chambri Etoro Fore Gadsup Gogodala Haroli Hewa Huli Iatmul Kaluli Kwoma Koteka Maisin Mian Mundugumor Ogea Orokaiva Sambia Swagap Tairora Telefol Tsembaga Urapmin Wiru Wopkaimin Zia

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Culture of indigenous Oceania

List of resources about traditional arts and culture of Oceania

Art

Ahu Australia Austronesia Cook Islands Hawaiʻi kapa (Hawaiʻi) Lei magimagi moai New Zealand

Māori

nguzu nguzu Oceania Papua New Guinea reimiro tā moko tabua ta'ovala tapa ["masi" (Fiji), "ngatu" (Tonga), "siapo" (Sāmoa), " ʻuha" (Rotuma)] tattoo tēfui tivaevae

Broad culture

areca nut kava, " ʻawa" (Hawaii), "yaqona" (Fiji), or "sakau" (Pohnpei) Kava
Kava
culture Lapita Māori Polynesia Polynesian navigation Sāmoa 'ava ceremony wood carving

Geo-specific, general

Australia

Australian Aboriginal astronomy)

Austronesia Caroline Islands, -Pwo Chatham Islands Cook Islands Easter Island Fiji

Lau Islands traditions and ceremonies

Guam Hawaiʻi

Lomilomi massage

Kiribati French Polynesia's Marquesas Islands Marshall Islands

Stick charts of

Federated States of Micronesia Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Norfolk Island Palau Papua New Guinea Pitcairn Islands Sāmoa Solomon Islands Tonga Torres Strait Islands Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna Yap

navigation Weriyeng navigation school

Canoes

Aboriginal Dugout Alingano Maisu Bangka Drua Dugout (boat) Hawaiʻiloa Hōkūleʻa Kaep Karakoa Malia (Hawaiian) Māori migration Outrigger Paraw Polynesian sailing Proa Vinta Waka

list

Walap

Dance

'Aparima cibi fara fire dancing firewalking haka hivinau hula kailao kapa haka Kiribati meke 'ote'a pa'o'a poi Rotuma siva Tahiti tāmūrē tautoga Tonga 'upa'upa

Festivals

Australia

Garma Festival

Hawaiʻi

Aloha Festivals Merrie Monarch Festival World Invitational Hula
Hula
Festival

Fiji New Zealand

Pasifika Festival

The Pacific Community

Festival of Pacific Arts

Papua New Guinea

Languages

by area

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Languages of Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

by category

Languages of Oceania

Literature

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Literature of Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

Music

Austral Islands (French Polynesia) Australia Austronesia Cook Islands Easter Island Fiji Guam Hawaiʻi Kiribati Lali Melanesia Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand

Māori

Niue Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Polynesia Sāmoa Slit drum Solomon Islands Tahiti Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna

Mythology

Australian Aboriginal Fijian Hawaiian Mangarevan Maohi Māori Melanesian Menehune Micronesian Oceanian legendary creatures Polynesian Rapa Nui Samoan Tuvaluan Vanuatuan

Research

Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Research Consortium Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

People

Indigneous Australian Austronesian Bajau Chamorro Chatham Islander (Moriori or Rekohu) Fijian (iTaukei) Igorot Hawaiian (kānaka maoli) Māori Marshallese Melanesian Micronesian Negrito Norfolk Islander Papuan Polynesian Indigenous Polynesian (Mā’ohi) Rapa Nui Rotuman Ryukyuan Samoan (Tagata Māo‘i) Tahitian Taiwanese aborigines Tongan Torres Strait Islander Yami

Religion

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Religion in Oceania

Sovereign states

Australia Federated States of Micronesia Fiji Kiribati Marshall Islands Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

Associated states of New Zealand

Cook Islands Niue

Dependencies and other territories

American Samoa Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Easter Island French Polynesia Guam Hawaii New Caledonia Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Pitcairn Islands Tokelau Wallis and Futuna

Not included: Oceanian: cinema, (indigenous) currency, dress, folkore, cuisine. Also see Category:Oceanian culture.

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Ethnic groups in Indonesia
Indonesia
by region

Indonesians

Sumatra

Acehnese Batak

Angkola Karo Mandailing Pakpak Simalungun Toba Alas Kluet Singkil

Enggano Gayo Kubu Lampung Lubu Malay

Batin

Mentawai (Sakuddei) Minangkabau

Aneuk Jamee Sakai

Nias Rejangese Orang laut

Orang Kuala

Simeulue

Java

Betawi Cirebonese Javanese

Banyumasan Osing Tenggerese

Madurese Sundanese

Baduy Bantenese

Kalimantan

Banjarese Dayak

Apo Duat

Kelabit Lun Bawang Sa'ban

Apo Kayan

Bahau Kayan Kenyah

Lebbo' Uma Baka'

Bidayuh

Kendayan Selako

Iban

Mualang

Murut

Tidung

Ot Danum

Dusun

Kwijau

Lawangan Ma'anyan Ngaju

Bakumpai Meratus

Punan Bah

Bukitan Krio

Malay

Berau

Orang laut

Bajau Suluk

Sulawesi

Buginese Butonese Bonerate Gorontaloan Lindu Makassarese Mandarese Minahasan Mongondow Muna Pamona Sangirese Tau Taa Wana Toraja

Papua

Melanesians

Papuan

Asmat Bauzi Dani Fayu Kombai Korowai Koteka

Amungme Ekari Lani Moni Yali

Marind Mek Sawi Wolani

Lesser Sunda Islands

Abui Atoni Bali Aga Balinese Bunak Kemak Lamaholot Manggarai Nage Sasak Savu Sika Sumba Sumbawa

Maluku Islands

Moluccans Alfur Alune Manusela Nuaulu Ambelau Ambonese Buru Kayeli Lisela Tanimbarese Tobelo Togutil Wemale

Non-indigenous

African Arab Chinese

Benteng Peranakan

Eurasian

Indo

Filipino Indian

Tamil

Jewish Korean Pakistani Totok

Authority control

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