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A papal coronation was the ceremony of the placing of the papal tiara on a newly elected pope. The first recorded papal coronation was that of Nicholas I in 858.[2] The last was the 1963 coronation of Paul VI, who soon afterwards abandoned the practice of wearing the tiara. None of his successors have used the tiara, and their papal inauguration celebrations have included no coronation ceremony. The papal inauguration celebration, with or without a coronation, has only symbolic significance, as a pope assumes office immediately on giving his consent to a valid election. In Spanish, the term Coronación Pontificia (English: "pontifical coronation") is sometimes used for the canonical coronation of religious images by a Pope.

Contents

1 Ritual

1.1 Coronation
Coronation
Mass 1.2 Coronation 1.3 Taking possession of the cathedral of the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome

2 Location of the ceremony 3 Paul VI
Paul VI
and the coronation 4 John Paul II and the coronation 5 List of papal coronations 1143–1963 6 See also 7 Notes 8 External links

Ritual[edit] When a conclave elects a new pope, he assumes all of the rights and authority of the papacy immediately upon his acceptance of election; however, popes traditionally numbered their regnal years from the date of their coronation.[3] If a newly elected pope is not a bishop, he is consecrated at once. In accordance with tradition, the right of consecration belongs to the Dean of the College of Cardinals, in his absence to the Subdean, and in the absence of both of these, to the senior Cardinal Bishop.[4] If the new pope is already a bishop, as is normally the case, his election is announced immediately to the people gathered in Saint Peter's Square
Saint Peter's Square
and he gives them his blessing. The episcopal enthronement of the pope takes place in his cathedral, the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran. This ceremony was once combined with the coronation. During the Avignon
Avignon
papacy, the pope, being in France, could not be enthroned in his cathedral in Rome. The coronations continued, while enthronements had to await a return to Rome. When Gregory XI
Gregory XI
did return to Rome, the Lateran Palace
Lateran Palace
was badly in need of repair, so the popes made the Vatican their residence and transferred coronations to Saint Peter's Basilica. The Lateran Basilica remains the cathedral of Rome, and the enthronement occurs there.[5] During the "prisoner in the Vatican" period, the enthronement did not take place. Coronation
Coronation
Mass[edit] The coronation took place on the first Sunday or Holy Day following the election. It began with a solemn Papal Mass. During the chanting of Terce, he sat on a throne and all of the cardinals made what was called their "first obeisance" to him, approaching one by one and kissing his hand. Then the archbishops and bishops approached and kissed his feet. Following this, at least from the beginning of the 16th century, the newly elected pope was carried in state through St. Peter's Basilica on the sedia gestatoria, under a white canopy, with the papal flabella (ceremonial fans) to either side. Instead of the papal tiara, he wore a jewelled mitre (the episcopal mitra pretiosa). Three times, the procession was stopped, and a bundle of flax lashed to a gilded staff was burnt before the newly elected pontiff, while a master of ceremonies said: Pater Sancte, sic transit gloria mundi (Holy Father, thus passes the glory of the world) as a symbolic reminder to set aside materialism and vanity.[6] Once at the high altar, he would begin to celebrate Solemn High Mass
Solemn High Mass
with full papal ceremonial. After the Confiteor, the pope was seated on the sedia gestatoria, which was resting on the ground, and the three senior cardinal bishops approached him wearing mitres. Each in turn placed his hands above him and said the prayer, Super electum Pontificem (over the elected pope). First the Cardinal Bishop
Cardinal Bishop
of Albano said:

God, who are present without distinction whenever the devout mind invokes you, be present, we ask you, we and this your servant, __, who to the summit of the apostolic community has been chosen as the judge of your people, infuse with the highest blessings that he experience your gift who has reached this point.[7]

Then the Cardinal Bishop
Cardinal Bishop
of Porto said:

We supplicate you, Almighty God, effect your customary devotion and pour out on this your servant, __, the grace of the Holy Spirit that he who is constituted at the head of our church as the servant of the mystery, you would strengthen with the fullness of virtue.[8]

Finally the Cardinal Bishop
Cardinal Bishop
of Ostia said:

God, who willed your Apostle Peter to hold first place in the inner fellowship of the apostles, that universal Christianity overcome evil, look propitiously we ask on this your servant, __, who from a humble position has suddenly been enthroned with the apostles on this same principal sublimity, that just as he has been raised to this exalted dignity, so may he likewise merit to accumulate virtue; in bearing the burden of the universal church, help him, make him worthy and for thee who are blessed may merits replace vices.[9]

Then, the senior cardinal deacon placed the pallium on his shoulders saying:

Accept the pallium, representing the plenitude of the Pontifical office, to the honour of Almighty God, and the most glorious Virgin Mary, his Mother, and the Blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and the Holy Roman Church.[10][11]

In the 11th and 12th centuries, the immantatio, or bestowal of the mantum (a papal vestment consisting of a very long red cope fastened with an elaborate morse) on the newly elected pope was regarded as especially symbolic of investiture with papal authority, and was conferred with the words: "I invest thee with the Roman papacy, that thou rule over the city and the world."[12] After the investiture with the pallium, the pope incensed the high altar and then went to the Throne, placed on the choir side, between the Altar
Altar
of the Confession and the Altar
Altar
of the Chair, and there, during the singing of the Kyrie, he received again the obeisance of the cardinals, archbishops and bishops. Then the Mass continued. After the Gloria in excelsis
Gloria in excelsis
and the Pax vobis, the pope said the Collect for the day and then secretly a prayer for himself.[13] After the pope had returned again to his seat the Papal Laudes were chanted:

Cantors: Response:

Hear, O Christ[14] Life to our lord, __, decreed by God as Supreme Pontiff and Universal Father[15]

Savior of the world[16] Grant him aid.[17]

Savior of the world Grant him aid.

Savior of the world Grant him aid.

Saint Mary[18] Grant him aid.

Saint Mary Grant him aid.

Saint Michael[19] Grant him aid.

Etc. etc.[20]

As with all Papal High Masses, the Epistle and the Gospel were read in both Greek[21] and Latin and the pope communicated at his throne.[22] Coronation[edit]

Photograph showing the moment of the coronation of Pope
Pope
Benedict XV in the Sistine Chapel, 1914 The Humeston New Era (Iowa newspaper)

After the Mass, the new pope was crowned with the papal tiara. This frequently took place on the balcony of St. Peter's Basilica, overlooking the crowds gathered in St. Peter's Square. The pope was seated on a throne with the flabella to either side of him. After the Dean of the College of Cardinals
Dean of the College of Cardinals
recited a few prayers, including the Lord's Prayer
Lord's Prayer
and a collect, the senior cardinal deacon, the protodeacon, removed the pope's mitre and placed the tiara on his head with the words: Accipe tiaram tribus coronis ornatam, et scias te esse patrem principum et regum, rectorem orbis in terra vicarium Salvatoris nostri Jesu Christi, cui est honor et gloria in saecula saeculorum (Receive the tiara adorned with three crowns, and know that you are the father of princes and kings, the ruler of the world, the vicar of our Savior Jesus Christ on earth, to whom is honor and glory, world without end).[23][24] Following his coronation, the pope imparted the solemn papal blessing Urbi et Orbi. Taking possession of the cathedral of the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome[edit]

Procession for the possessio of Pope
Pope
Benedict XIII

The last act of the inauguration of a new pope is still the formal taking possession (possessio) of his cathedra as Bishop
Bishop
of Rome in the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran. This is the final ceremony mentioned in Pope
Pope
John Paul II's Apostolic Constitution
Apostolic Constitution
on the vacancy of the Apostolic See and the election of the Roman Pontiff.[25] The pope is enthroned in the same manner as other bishops. He is solemnly conducted to the episcopal throne, and takes possession by seating himself on it. He receives the kiss of peace and listens to the reading of a passage of Holy Scripture, whereupon he pronounces an address that used to be called the sermo inthronisticus. In ancient times, the letters that the pope sent to the patriarchs in token of being in communion with them in the same faith were called litterae inthronisticae or syllabai enthronistikai.[26] Location of the ceremony[edit]

Consecration of Antipope
Antipope
Benedict XIII at Avignon, September 28, 1394

The earliest papal coronations took place in St. John Lateran, the pope's cathedral. However, for hundreds of years papal coronations have traditionally taken place in the environs of St. Peter's Basilica, though a number of coronations took place in Avignon, during the Avignon
Avignon
papacy. Earlier, Pope
Pope
Celestine V
Celestine V
was twice crowned in L'Aquila.[1] In 1800 Pope
Pope
Pius VII was crowned in the crowded church of the Benedictine
Benedictine
island monastery of San Giorgio, Venice, after his late predecessor, Pope
Pope
Pius VI, had been forced into temporary exile during Napoleon
Napoleon
Bonaparte's capture of Rome. Since the French seized the tiara along with the previous pope, he was crowned with a papier-mâché tiara, for which the ladies of Venice
Venice
gave up their jewels. All coronations after 1800 took place in Rome. Leo XIII was crowned in the Sistine Chapel,[27] due to fears that anti-clerical mobs, inspired by Italian unification, might attack the Basilica and disrupt the ceremony. Benedict XV was also crowned in the chapel in 1914. Pius XI was crowned at the dais in front of the High Altar
Altar
in St. Peter's Basilica. Popes Pius IX, Pius XII, and John XXIII, all were crowned in public on the balcony of the basilica, facing crowds assembled below in St. Peter's Square. Paul VI
Paul VI
was crowned in front of St Peter's on a special dais. The entire coronation ceremony had taken place outdoors as St Peter's was filled with special seating for the Vatican Council sessions and so unavailable for the coronation. Pius XII's 1939 coronation broke new ground by being the first to be filmed and the first coronation to be broadcast live on radio.[28] The ceremony, which lasted for six hours, was attended by leading dignitaries; these included the heir to the Italian throne, the Prince of Piedmont, former kings Ferdinand I of Bulgaria
Ferdinand I of Bulgaria
and Alfonso XIII of Spain, the Duke of Norfolk (representing King
King
George VI
George VI
of the United Kingdom), and the Irish Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Éamon de Valera, the last two being in evening dress (white tie and tails). Paul VI
Paul VI
and the coronation[edit] The last pope to be crowned was Paul VI. Though he decided to cease wearing a papal tiara within weeks of his coronation, and laid his own on the altar of St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica
in a gesture of humility, his 1975 Apostolic Constitution, Romano Pontifici Eligendo, still prescribed that "the new pontiff is to be crowned by the senior cardinal deacon."[29] Nevertheless, his successor, John Paul I, opted not to be crowned and to have a less formal "solemn Mass to mark the start of his ministry as Supreme Pastor" in September 1978.[30][31] John Paul II and the coronation[edit] Main article: Papal inauguration After John Paul I's sudden death following a thirty-three-day reign, the new pope, John Paul II, opted to copy his predecessor's ceremony without coronation. In his homily at his inauguration Mass, he said that Paul VI
Paul VI
had "left his successors free to decide" whether to wear the papal tiara.[32] He went on:

Pope
Pope
John Paul I, whose memory is so vivid in our hearts, did not wish to have the tiara; nor does his Successor wish it today. This is not the time to return to a ceremony and an object considered, wrongly, to be a symbol of the temporal power of the Popes.

John Paul II's 1996 Apostolic Constitution, Universi Dominici gregis, now in force, does not specify the form that the "solemn ceremony of the inauguration of the pontificate"[33] of a new pope should take, whether with or without a coronation. Existing papal tiaras remain available for any future pope who may choose to use one. [34] List of papal coronations 1143–1963[edit]

Date Location Pope Cardinal Deaconry Notes

3 October 1143 Rome Pope
Pope
Celestine II Gregorio Tarquini SS. Sergio e Bacco On September 26 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Alberic de Beauvais bishop of Ostia.

12 March 1144 Rome Pope
Pope
Lucius II Gregorio Tarquini SS. Sergio e Bacco On the same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Alberic de Beauvais, bishop of Ostia.

14 March 1145 Abbey of Farfa Pope
Pope
Eugenius III Odone Bonecase S. Giorgio in Velabro On February 18 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Corrado della Suburra bishop of Sabina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

12 July 1153 Rome Pope
Pope
Anastasius IV Odone Bonecase S. Giorgio in Velabro

5 December 1154 Rome Pope
Pope
Adrian IV Probably by Cardinal Rodolfo S. Lucia in Septisolio Odone Fattiboni was absent (see papal election, 1154)

20 September 1159 Nympha Pope
Pope
Alexander III Odone Bonecase S. Giorgio in Velabro On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ubaldo Allucingoli bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

4 October 1159 Abbey of Farfa Antipope
Antipope
Victor IV (1159-1164) Cardinal Icmar bishop of Tusculum and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals

22 July 1167 Rome Antipope
Antipope
Paschal III

On April 22, 1164 he was consecrated bishop of Rome at Lucca by Henry II of Leez prince-bishop of Liège (not a cardinal).

1168 Rome Antipope
Antipope
Callistus III (?)[35]

6 September 1181 Velletri Pope
Pope
Lucius III Teodino de Arrone bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina.[36]

1 December 1185 Verona Pope
Pope
Urban III (?) (probably by Cardinal Ardicio Rivoltella deacon of S. Teodoro[37])

25 October 1187 Ferrara Pope
Pope
Gregory VIII Giacinto Bobone Orsini S. Maria in Cosmedin On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome, probably by Cardinal Thibaud bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
(?).

January 7, 1188 Pisa Pope
Pope
Clement III Giacinto Bobone Orsini S. Maria in Cosmedin

April 14, 1191 Rome Pope
Pope
Celestine III Graziano da Pisa SS. Cosma e Damiano On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ottaviano di Paoli bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals

February 22, 1198 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent III Graziano da Pisa SS. Cosma e Damiano On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ottaviano di Paoli, bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals

August 31, 1216 Rome Pope
Pope
Honorius III Guido Pierleone S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano On July 24, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Ugolino Conti di Segni bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

April 11, 1227 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory IX Ottaviano dei Conti di Segni SS. Sergio e Bacco

June 28, 1243 Anagni Pope
Pope
Innocent IV Rainiero Capocci S. Maria in Cosmedin On that same day, he was consectrated bishop of Rome, probably by Cardinal Rinaldo Conti di Segni bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals (?).

December 20, 1254 Naples Pope
Pope
Alexander IV Riccardo Annibaldeschi S. Angelo in Pescheria

September 4, 1261 Viterbo Pope
Pope
Urban IV Riccardo Annibaldeschi S. Angelo in Pescheria

September 20, 1265 Viterbo Pope
Pope
Clement IV Riccardo Annibaldeschi S. Angelo in Pescheria

March 23, 1272 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory X Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Deacon
Deacon
of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano On March 19 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by (?) (possibly by Cardinal Odo of Châteauroux
Odo of Châteauroux
bishop of Frascati and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals).

February 22, 1276 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent V Giovanni Gaetano Orsini S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano

September 20, 1276 Viterbo Pope
Pope
John XXI Giovanni Gaetano Orsini S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano

December 26, 1277 Rome Pope
Pope
Nicholas III Giacomo Savelli S. Maria in Cosmedin On December 19 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by (?) (possibly by Cardinal Bertrand de Saint-Martin bishop of Sabina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals).

March 23, 1281 Orvieto Pope
Pope
Martin IV Giacomo Savelli S. Maria in Cosmedin On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

May 19, 1285 Rome Pope
Pope
Honorius IV Goffredo da Alatri S. Giorgio in Velabro On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini, bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

February 22, 1288 Rome Pope
Pope
Nicholas IV Matteo Orsini Rosso S. Maria in Portico

August 29, 1294 Aquila Pope
Pope
Celestine V Probably by Cardinal Matteo Orsini Rosso S. Maria in Portico On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome probably by Cardinal Hugh Aycelin bishop of Ostia e Velletri. He was crowned again a few days later (the only instance of a double papal coronation).[1]

January 23, 1295 Rome Pope
Pope
Boniface VIII Matteo Orsini Rosso S. Maria in Portico On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Hugh Aycelin, bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

October 27, 1303 Rome Pope
Pope
Benedict XI Matteo Orsini Rosso S. Maria in Portico

November 14, 1305 Lyon Pope
Pope
Clement V Napoleone Orsini Frangipani S. Adriano

September 5, 1316 Lyon Pope
Pope
John XXII Napoleone Orsini Frangipani S. Adriano

May 15, 1328 Rome Antipope
Antipope
Nicholas V Giacomo Alberti pseudocardinal-bishop of Ostia e Velletri On May 12 he was consecrated bishop of Rome also by Giacomo Alberti, at that time bishop of Castello.

January 8, 1335 Avignon Pope
Pope
Benedict XII Napoleone Orsini Frangipani S. Adriano

May 19, 1342 Avignon Pope
Pope
Clement VI Raymond Guillaume des Farges S. Maria Nuova

December 30, 1352 Avignon Pope
Pope
Innocent VI Gaillard de la Mothe S. Lucia in Septisolio

November 6, 1362 Avignon Pope
Pope
Urban V Probably by Cardinal Guillaume de la Jugié S. Maria in Cosmedin On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Andouin Aubert bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

January 3, 1371 Avignon Pope
Pope
Gregory XI Cardinal Rinaldo Orsini S. Adriano On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Guy de Boulogne bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

April 18, 1378 Rome Pope
Pope
Urban VI Giacomo Orsini S. Giorgio in Velabro

October 31, 1378 Fondi Antipope
Antipope
Clement VII Count Onorato I Caetani (not a Cardinal)

November 9, 1389 Rome Pope
Pope
Boniface IX Tommaso Orsini S. Maria in Domnica On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Francesco Moricotti Prignano bishop of Palestrina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

October 11, 1394 Avignon Antipope
Antipope
Benedict XIII Hugues de Saint-Martial S. Maria in Portico On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Jean de Neufchâtel bishop of Ostia e Velletri.

November 11, 1404 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent VII Rinaldo Brancaccio SS. Vito e Modesto

December 19, 1406 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory XII Probably by Cardinal Rinaldo Brancaccio SS. Vito e Modesto

July 7, 1409 Pisa Antipope
Antipope
Alexander V Amedeo Saluzzo S. Maria Nuova

May 25, 1410 Bologna Antipope
Antipope
John XXIII Rinaldo Brancaccio SS. Vito e Modesto On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Jean Allarmet de Brogny bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

November 21, 1417 Constance Pope
Pope
Martin V Amedeo Saluzzo S. Maria Nuova On November 14 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Jean Allarmet de Brogny, bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

May 19, 1426 Peñíscola Antipope
Antipope
Clement VIII crowned by (?)

March 11, 1431 Rome Pope
Pope
Eugenius IV Alfonso Carillo de Albornoz S. Eustachio

June 24, 1440 Basle Antipope
Antipope
Felix V Cardinal Louis Aleman S. Cecilia

March 19, 1447 Rome Pope
Pope
Nicholas V Prospero Colonna S. Giorgio in Velabro

April 20, 1455 Rome Pope
Pope
Callistus III Prospero Colonna S. Giorgio in Velabro

September 3, 1458 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius II Prospero Colonna S. Giorgio in Velabro

September 16, 1464 Rome Pope
Pope
Paul II Niccolò Fortiguerra S. Cecilia

August 25, 1471 Rome Pope
Pope
Sixtus IV Rodrigo Borgia S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Guillaume d'Estouteville
Guillaume d'Estouteville
bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

September 12, 1484 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent VIII Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini S. Eustachio

August 26, 1492 Rome Pope
Pope
Alexander VI Francesco Todeschini-Piccolomini S. Eustachio

October 8, 1503 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius III Raffaele Riario S. Giorgio in Velabro On October 1 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

November 26, 1503 Rome Pope
Pope
Julius II Raffaele Riario S. Giorgio in Velabro

March 19, 1513 Rome Pope
Pope
Leo X Alessandro Farnese S. Eustachio On March 17 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Raffaele Riario, bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

August 31, 1522 Rome Pope
Pope
Adrian VI Marco Cornaro S. Maria in Via Lata

November 26, 1523 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement VII Marco Cornaro S. Maria in Via Lata

November 3, 1534 Rome Pope
Pope
Paul III Innocenzo Cibo S. Maria in Domnica

February 22, 1550 Rome Pope
Pope
Julius III Innocenzo Cibo S. Maria in Domnica

April 10, 1555 Rome Pope
Pope
Marcellus II Jean du Bellay
Jean du Bellay
bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina

On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Gian Pietro Carafa, bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

May 26, 1555 Rome Pope
Pope
Paul IV Francesco Pisani S. Marco

January 6, 1560 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius IV Alessandro Farnese S. Lorenzo in Damaso

January 17, 1566 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius V Giulio Feltre della Rovere S. Pietro in Vincoli

May 25, 1572 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory XIII Girolamo Simoncelli SS. Cosma e Damiano

May 1, 1585 Rome Pope
Pope
Sixtus V Ferdinando de' Medici S. Maria in Domnica

December 8, 1590 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory XIV Andreas von Austria S. Maria Nuova

November 3, 1591 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent IX Andreas von Austria S. Maria Nuova

February 9, 1592 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement VIII Francesco Sforza di Santa Fiora S. Maria in Via Lata On February 2 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Alfonso Gesualdo bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

April 10, 1605 Rome Pope
Pope
Leo XI Francesco Sforza di Santa Fiora S. Maria in Via Lata

May 29, 1605 Rome Pope
Pope
Paul V Francesco Sforza di Santa Fiora S. Maria in Via Lata

February 14, 1621 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory XV Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto S. Maria in Via Lata

September 29, 1623 Rome Pope
Pope
Urban VIII Alessandro d'Este S. Maria in Via Lata

October 4, 1644 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent X Carlo de Medici S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano

April 16, 1655 Rome Pope
Pope
Alexander VII Gian Giacomo Teodoro Trivulzio S. Maria in Via Lata

June 26, 1667 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement IX Rinaldo d'Este S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano

May 11, 1670 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement X Francesco Maidalchini S. Maria in Via Lata

October 4, 1676 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent XI Francesco Maidalchini S. Maria in Via Lata

October 16, 1689 Rome Pope
Pope
Alexander VIII Francesco Maidalchini S. Maria in Via Lata

July 15, 1691 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent XII Urbano Sacchetti S. Maria in Via Lata

December 8, 1700 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement XI Benedetto Pamphilj S. Maria in Via Lata On November 30 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal de Bouillon bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

May 18, 1721 Rome Pope
Pope
Innocent XIII Benedetto Pamphilj S. Maria in Via Lata

June 4, 1724 Rome Pope
Pope
Benedict XIII Benedetto Pamphilj S. Maria in Via Lata

July 16, 1730 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement XII Lorenzo Altieri S. Maria in Via Lata

August 21, 1740 Rome Pope
Pope
Benedict XIV Carlo Maria Marini S. Maria in Via Lata

July 16, 1758 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement XIII Alessandro Albani S. Maria in Via Lata

June 4, 1769 Rome Pope
Pope
Clement XIV Alessandro Albani S. Maria in Via Lata On May 28 he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Federico Marcello Lante bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

February 22, 1775 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius VI Alessandro Albani S. Maria in Via Lata On that same day, he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Albani, bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

March 21, 1800 Venice Pope
Pope
Pius VII Antonio Doria Pamphili S. Maria ad Martyres

October 5, 1823 Rome Pope
Pope
Leo XII Fabrizio Ruffo S. Maria in Via Lata

April 5, 1829 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius VIII Giuseppe Albani S. Maria in Via Lata

February 6, 1831 Rome Pope
Pope
Gregory XVI Giuseppe Albani S. Maria in Via Lata On that same day he was consecrated bishop of Rome by Cardinal Bartolomeo Pacca
Bartolomeo Pacca
bishop of Ostia e Velletri
Velletri
and dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

June 21, 1846 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius IX Tommaso Riario Sforza S. Maria in Via Lata

March 3, 1878 Rome Pope
Pope
Leo XIII Teodolfo Mertel S. Eustachio Teodolfo Mertel
Teodolfo Mertel
as the second senior cardinal-deacon, assumed the protodeacon's responsibilities at the coronation due to the illness of Prospero Caterini
Prospero Caterini
the incumbent protodeacon.[38][39]

August 9, 1903 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius X Luigi Macchi S. Maria in Via Lata

September 6, 1914 Rome Pope
Pope
Benedict XV Francesco Salesio Della Volpe S. Maria in Aquiro

February 12, 1922 Rome Pope
Pope
Pius XI Gaetano Bisleti S. Agata in Suburra

March 12, 1939 Rome, Vatican City Pope
Pope
Pius XII Camillo Caccia-Dominioni S. Maria in Domnica

November 4, 1958 Rome, Vatican City Pope
Pope
John XXIII Nicola Canali S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano

June 30, 1963 Rome, Vatican City Pope
Pope
Paul VI Alfredo Ottaviani S. Maria in Domnica

See also[edit]

Index of Vatican City-related articles

Notes[edit]

^ a b c Catholic Encyclopedia, " Pope
Pope
Celestine V, Saint" ^ Kazimierz Dopierała, Księga Papieży, Poznań 1996, p. 104. ^ Dowling, Austin (1908), "Conclave", The Catholic Encyclopedia, IV, New York: Robert Appleton Company  ^ Universi Dominici gregis, 90 ^ Universi Dominici gregis, 91 ^ Oliger, Livarius (1912), "Sedia Gestatoria", The Catholic Encyclopedia, XIII, New York: Robert Appleton Company  ^ ”Deus qui adesse non delignaris ubicumque devota mente invocaris, adesto quaesumus invocationibus nostris et huic famulo tuo N. quem ad culmen apostolicum commune iudicium tuae plebis elegit ubertatem supernae benedictionis infunde, ut sentiat se tuo munere ad hunc apicem pervenisse.” Coronation
Coronation
Rites, Reginald Maxwell Woolley, B.D. (Cambridge: at the University Press, 1915), pp. 160-161. ^ “Supplicationibus, omnipotens Deus, effectum consuetae pietatis impende, et gratia Spiritus Sancti hunc famulum tuum N. perfunde; ut qui in capite ecclesiarum nostrae servitutis mysterio constituitur, tuae virtutis soliditate roboretur.” Ibid., p. 161. ^ ”Deus qui Apostolum tuum Petrum inter caeteros coapostolos primatum tenere voluisti, eique universae Christianitatis molem superimpostuisti; respice propitius quaesumus hunc famulum tuum N. quem de humili cathedra violenter sublimatum in thronum eiusdem apostolorum principis sublimamus: ut sicut profectibus tantae dignitatis augetur, ita virtutum meritis cumuletur; quatenus ecclesiasticae universitatis onus, te adiuvante, digne ferat, et a te qui es beatitudo tuorum meritam vicem recipiat.” Ibid. ^ Papal Coronation ^ “Accipe pallium, plenitudinem scilicet pontificalis officii, ad honorem omnipotentis Dei et gloriosissimae Virginis eius genitricis et beatorum apostolorum Petri et Pauli et sanctae Romanae ecclesiae.” ^ Thurston, Herbert (1908), "Cope", The Catholic Encyclopedia, IV, New York: Robert Appleton Company  ^ This prayer is from the form for the Consecration of a bishop. Woolley. p. 163. ^ "Exaudi Christe" ^ ”Domino Nostro __ a Deo decreto summo Pontifici et universali Papae vita.” ^ "Salvador mundi" ^ "Tu illum adiuva" ^ "Sancta Maria" ^ "Sancte Michael" ^ Woolley, p. 163. The Papal Laudes were most recently chanted during the opening procession of the inauguration Mass of Pope
Pope
Benedict XVI on April 24, 2005. ^ The Greek Epistle and Gospel were traditionally read by a subdeacon and a deacon from the Byzantine monastery of Grottaferrata
Grottaferrata
east of Rome ^ I.e., the Sacrament was brought to the Pope
Pope
by the deacon and the subdeacon at his throne and he consumed a portion of the Host and drank from the Chalice by means of a narrow gold or silver-gilt tube called a fistula. ^ Francis Patrick Henrick, The Primacy of the Apostolic See Vindicated (Baltimore, London and Pittsburgh 1857), p. 252 ^ According to the Encyclopaedia Americana, article "Tiara", the words were "... scias te esse patrem, principem et regem ... (know that you are a father, a prince and a king). ^ Universi Dominici gregis, 92 ^ Van Hove, A. (1909), "Enthronization", The Catholic Encyclopedia, V, New York: Robert Appleton Company  ^ Contemporary description of the coronation of Pope
Pope
Leo XIII ^ John Cornwell, Hitler's Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII (Viking, 1999) pp. 211-212. ^ Romano Pontifici Eligendo
Romano Pontifici Eligendo
Section 92. ^ Time Magazine: How Pope
Pope
John Paul I Won ^ National Catholic Register: 33 Days of the Smiling Pope ^ Papal Inauguration
Papal Inauguration
Homily of Pope
Pope
John Paul II, L'Osservatore Romano (Text of the Homily) ^ Universi Dominici gregis, 92 ^ OSV's encyclopedia of Catholic history, Tiara
Tiara
(p. 900) ^ No information has been found about his coronation ^ Regesta Imperii[permanent dead link] ^ S. Miranda: Cardinal Uberto Crivelli ( Pope
Pope
Urban III) says that Urban III was crowned by protodeacon Giacinto Bobone Orsini but this is unlikely because this cardinal was absent from the papal court at that time (see papal election, 1185). Cardinal Rivoltella was the most senior cardinal-deacon present. ^ "The Coronation
Coronation
of Pope
Pope
Leo XIII". Catholic World Volume 27, Issue 158 pp. 280-285.  ^ "Caterini, Prospero". Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. 

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