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This is a list of ancient tribes in the ancient territory of Illyria (Ancient Greek: Ἰλλυρία). The name Illyrians
Illyrians
seems to be the name of a single Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
that was the first to come into contact with the ancient Greeks, causing the name Illyrians
Illyrians
to be applied to all people of similar language and customs.[1] The locations of Illyrian tribes/peoples prior to the Roman conquest are approximate, as sometimes many wholly different locations are given by ancient writers and modern authors (as in the case of the Enchelei). After the Great Illyrian Revolt, the Romans deported,[2] split,[3] and resettled Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
within Illyria
Illyria
itself and to Dacia, sometimes causing whole tribes to vanish and new ones to be formed from their remains, such as the Deraemestae and the Docleatae, some of them mixed with Celtic tribes (see Celticization). Many tribal names are known from Roman civitates and the number of their decuriae,[4] formed of the dispersed tribes in Illyria.

Distribution of Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
in antiquity in the borders with Greeks and Thracians

Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
in antiquity (before Roman conquest)

Tribes in Illyricum and environs in AD 6, the year of the Great Illyrian revolt, post Roman conquest

Contents

1 Tribes

1.1 Illyrian

1.1.1 Albani 1.1.2 Ardiaei 1.1.3 Autariatae 1.1.4 Balaites 1.1.5 Bathiatae 1.1.6 Bylliones 1.1.7 Cavii 1.1.8 Chelidones 1.1.9 Daorsi 1.1.10 Dardani 1.1.11 Dassareti 1.1.12 Deretini 1.1.13 Deuri 1.1.14 Dyestes 1.1.15 Enchelei 1.1.16 Kinambroi 1.1.17 Mazaei 1.1.18 Melcumani 1.1.19 Narensi 1.1.20 Penestae 1.1.21 Sardeates 1.1.22 Selepitani

1.2 Dalmatae

1.2.1 Iapydes 1.2.2 Baridustae

1.3 Docleatae

1.3.1 Pleraei 1.3.2 Endirudini 1.3.3 Sasaei 1.3.4 Grabaei 1.3.5 Labeates

1.4 Deraemestae

1.4.1 Oxuaioi 1.4.2 Hemasini 1.4.3 Arthitae 1.4.4 Armistae

1.5 Taulantii

1.5.1 Abri 1.5.2 Parthini

1.6 Pannonian
Pannonian
tribes

1.6.1 Amantini 1.6.2 Breuci 1.6.3 Colapiani 1.6.4 Daesitiates 1.6.5 Pirustae 1.6.6 Scirtari 1.6.7 Glintidiones 1.6.8 Ceraunii 1.6.9 Siculotae 1.6.10 Segestani 1.6.11 Maezaei 1.6.12 Andizetes 1.6.13 Azali 1.6.14 Ditiones 1.6.15 Jasi 1.6.16 Oseriates

1.7 Illyrii Proprie Dicti 1.8 Thracian–Illyrian 1.9 Atintani 1.10 Phrygian 1.11 Celtic 1.12 Dacian 1.13 Greek 1.14 Liburnian 1.15 Messapic 1.16 Venetic

2 See also 3 References

Tribes[edit] Illyrian[edit] Albani[edit] Main article: Albanoi Albani or Albanoi
Albanoi
(Greek: Ἀλβανοί) were an Illyrian tribe whose first historical account appears in a work of Ptolemy.[5] They were the citizens of Albanopolis
Albanopolis
(Ἀλβανόπολις), located in the center of modern Albania, in the Zgërdhesh hill fort, near the city of Krujë. The national ethnonym of the Albanians
Albanians
is derived from this tribe.[6][7][8] Ardiaei[edit] Main article: Ardiaei Ardiaei or Ouardiaei (Greek Ἀρδιαῖοι or Οὐαρδαῖοι; Latin
Latin
Vardiaei[9]), was an Illyrian tribe, residing inland,[10] that eventually settled[11] on the Adriatic coast. The Ardiaei had 20 decuriae. The Ardiaean dynasty ruled over the Illyrian Kingdom. Autariatae[edit] Main article: Autariatae Autariatae or Autariates (Greek Αὐταριάται) was an Illyrian tribe that became prominent between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. The tribe had been Celticized.[12] Balaites[edit] Main article: Balaites The Balaites were an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
known from epigraphical findings only who were organizing themselves in a koinon, and it is likely that they lived in the vicinity of Apollonia.[13][14] Bathiatae[edit] Bathiatae[15] was an Illyrian tribe. Bylliones[edit] Bylliones (Greek Βυλλίονες) was an Illyrian tribe[16] They were affected by a partial cultural Hellenisation.[17] According to Robert Elsie, the tribe was Illyrian.[18] Cavii[edit] Cavii ( Latin
Latin
Cavi) was an Illyrian tribe.[19] They lived close to Lake Shkodër. Their main settlement was Epicaria.[20] They are mentioned rarely by ancient writers.[21] Chelidones[edit] Chelidones (Greek Χελιδόνες) was an Illyrian tribe[22] whose name in Greek meant 'snail-men'. They lived in the Mat or Drin valleys. Daorsi[edit] Main article: Daorson Daorsi or Duersi or Daorsii or Daorsei (Greek Δαόριζοι, Δαούρσιοι) was an Illyrian tribe.[23] Another name of the tribe was Daversi.[24] The Daorsi had suffered attacks[25] from the Delmatae
Delmatae
that made them along with Issa[26] seek the aid of the Roman state. The Daorsi fought on the Roman side, providing them with their strong navy abandoning Caravantius. After the Illyrian Wars, the Daorsi were given immunity. Their most important city was Daorson. They had 17 decuriae. Dardani[edit] Main article: Dardani Dardani
Dardani
or Dardanians were located at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone and their identification is uncertain. Dassareti[edit] Dassareti[27] (Greek Δασσαρῆται) was an Illyrian tribe. They were located between the Dardani
Dardani
and the Ardiaei.[28] Appian of Alexandria wrote in his Illyrian wars that according to the Ancient Greeks, Illyrius, the ancestor of the Illyrians, had a daughter, Dassaro, from whom sprang the Dassareti.[29] They are not to be confused with the ancient Greek Dassaretae
Dassaretae
or Dexaroi of the Lake Ohrid region. Deretini[edit] Deretini or Derriopes (Greek Δερρίοπες) was an Illyrian tribe[30] in Narona conventus with 14 decuriae. Deuri[edit] Deuri (Greek Δερβανοί)[31] was an Illyrian tribe.[32] Other possible names are Derrioi and Derbanoi.[33] The Deuri had 25 decuriae. Dyestes[edit] Dyestes or Dyestae (Greek Δυέσται[34]) was an Illyrian tribe[35] located around the silver mines of Damastion. Only Strabo passingly mentions this tribe. Enchelei[edit] Main article: Enchele The Enchelei or Sesarethii[36] (Greek Ἐγχελεῖς, Σεσαρηθίους (accusative of *Σεσαρήθιοι)[37]) were an Illyrian tribe.[38] Their name, given by the Greeks, meant "eel-men". In Greek mythology,[39] Cadmus
Cadmus
and Harmonia ruled over them. Several locations are hypothesized for the Encheleans: around Lake Ohrid;[40] above Lake Ohrid
Lake Ohrid
or the region of Lynkestis
Lynkestis
south of the Taulantii.[41] Kinambroi[edit] Kinambroi (Greek Κινάμβροι) was an Illyrian tribe.They surrendered to Octavian
Octavian
in 33 BC.[33] Mazaei[edit] Main article: Mazaei Mazaei
Mazaei
or Maezaei (Μαζαῖοι) was a tribal group, including 269 decuriae.[42][43] Melcumani[edit] Melcumani or Merromenoi or Melkomenioi (Greek Μελκομένιοι) was an Illyrian tribe.[44] The Melcumani had 24 decuriae. Narensi[edit] Narensi or Narensii or Narensioi (Greek Ναρήνσιοι[45]) or Naresioi or Naresii (Greek Ναρήσιοι) was the name of a newly[46] formed Illyrian tribe[47] from various peoples at the river Naron. The Narensi had 102 decuriae. Penestae[edit] Penestae (Greek: Πενέσται) was the name of an Illyrian tribe.[48] Their chief town was Uscana. Sardeates[edit] Sardeates or Sardiotai ( Latin
Latin
Sardeates) was an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
close to Jajce.[32] Sardeates were later settled in Dacia.[49] The Sardeates had 52 decuriae. Selepitani[edit] Selepitani ( Latin
Latin
Selepitani) was an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
located below the Lake Scutari. Dalmatae[edit] Main article: Dalmatae Dalmatae
Dalmatae
were an ancient Illyrian tribe. They were later Celticized.[50][51] The Delmatae
Delmatae
had 342 decuriae. Iapydes[edit] The Iapydes
Iapydes
(or Iapodes, Japodes) [Greek,"Ιάποδες"] were an ancient people who dwelt north of and inland from the Liburnians, off the Adriatic coast
Adriatic coast
and eastwards of the Istrian peninsula. The first written mention of an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
known as "Iapydes" is by Hecataeus of Miletus. Baridustae[edit] Baridustae were an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
that was later settled in Dacia[49] along with Pirustae and Sardeates.The Baridustae was a Dalmatian tribe.[52] Docleatae[edit] Docleatae
Docleatae
or Dokleatai (Greek: Δοκλεάται) were an Illyrian tribe that lived in what is now Montenegro. Their capital was Doclea[53] (or Dioclea), and they are called after the town. They had settled west of the Morača river, up to Montenegro's present-day borders with Herzegovina. The Docleatae
Docleatae
were prominent for their cheese, which was exported to various Roman provinces within the Roman Empire.[54] They were composed of parts of the Taulantii, the Pleraei or Pyraei, Endirudini, Sasaei, Grabaei, Labeatae[33] that came together after the Great Illyrian revolt. The Docleatae
Docleatae
had 33 decuriae. Pleraei[edit] Pleraei
Pleraei
or Pyraei
Pyraei
or Palarioi (Greek: Παλάριοι) was the name of an Illyrian tribe.[55] Endirudini[edit] Endirudini
Endirudini
or Interphrourinoi (Greek: Ἰντερφρουρῖνοι[56]) was the name of an Illyrian tribe that became part of the Docleatae.[33] They were located on the east of lake Scodra
Scodra
at Enderon near Niksic.[contradictory] Sasaei[edit] Sasaei
Sasaei
was the name of an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
that became part of the Docleatae.[33] Grabaei[edit] The Grabaei or Kambaioi (Greek: Καμβαῖοι)[56] were a minor Illyrian group that lived around Lake Scutari.[57] Labeates[edit] Labeates or Labeatae
Labeatae
(Greek: Λαβεάται) was an Illyrian tribe that lived (after being defeated by Parmenio) around Scodra.[58] Deraemestae[edit] Deraemestae or Deraemistae ( Latin
Latin
Deraemistae) was the name of an Illyrian tribe.[59] The Deraemestae was composed of parts[60] of several other tribes such as the Ozuaei, Taulantii, Partheni, Hemasini, Arthitae
Arthitae
and Armistae. The Deramestae had 30 decuriae. Oxuaioi[edit] Ozuaei
Ozuaei
or Oxuaioi (Greek: Ὀξυαῖοι[56]) was the name of one of the tribes comprising the Deramestae.[60] Hemasini[edit] Hippasinoi or Hemasini
Hemasini
(Greek: Ἱππασῖνοι)[61] was the name of one of the tribes comprising the Deramestae.[60] Arthitae[edit] Arthitae
Arthitae
was the name of one of the tribes comprising the Deramestae.[60] Armistae[edit] Armistae
Armistae
was the name of one of the tribes comprising the Deramestae.[60] Taulantii[edit]

Tribes in southern Illyris and Epirus.

Main article: Taulantii See also: Galaurus Taulantii (Greek Ταυλάντιοι) was the name of a cluster[62] of Illyrian tribes. According to Greek mythology
Greek mythology
Taulas (Tαύλας), one of the six sons of Illyrius, was the eponymous ancestor of the Taulantii.[63] They lived on the Adriatic coast
Adriatic coast
of Illyria
Illyria
(modern Albania), between to the vicinity[64] of the city of Epidamnus
Epidamnus
(modern Durrës). This tribe played an important role in Illyrian history of the 4th-3rd centuries BC, when King Glaukias
King Glaukias
(335 BC- 302 BC) ruled over them. This tribe had become bilingual being under the effects of an early Hellenisation.[17] Taulantii could prepare mead, wine from honey like the Abri.[65] Abri[edit] Abri (Greek: Ἄβροι) were an Illyrian tribe.[66] They could prepare mead, a wine from honey, and were known to the Greeks for that method. They were Taulantii and affected by Hellenisation.[17] Parthini[edit] The Parthini or Partheni
Partheni
or Peerthenetai (Greek Παρθῖνοι, Παρθηνοί) [67] were Illyrians, part of the Taulantii[68] who may be placed to the north in the mountainous[69] neighborhood of Epidamnus, and thus, next to the Taulantii. After the death of Philip, king of Macedon, they appear to have been added to the dominions of Pleuratus, an Illyrian prince allied to the Romans.[70] Their principal town was Parthus[71] which was taken by Caesar in the course of his campaign with Pompeius.[72] The double-hilled Dimale, the strongest among the Illyrian places, with two citadels on two heights, connected by a wall,[73] was within their territory. There is no indication, however, of its precise situation, which was probably between Lissus
Lissus
and Epidamnus. Livy
Livy
(59 BC – 17 AD), mentions[74] two other fortesses: Eugenium and Bargulum. They had been affected by Hellenisation.[17] According to Robert Elsie, the tribe lived in modern day Albania, between Durres and Lezha, in the upper valley of the Shkumbin valley.[18] Pannonian
Pannonian
tribes[edit]

Dalmatians, Liburni, Venetic groups, Pannonian
Pannonian
groups and Celts
Celts
in Pannonia

Pannonians
Pannonians
(Latin: Pannonii, Ancient Greek: Παννόνιοι) was an Illyrian tribe, who inhabited the southern part of what was later known as Roman province of Pannonia, south of the river Drava (Dravus), and the northern part of the future Roman province of Dalmatia. The Pannonian
Pannonian
tribes appear to have been Celticized.[75][76] Later, a number of Pannonians
Pannonians
settled in Dacia.[77] The Pannonians
Pannonians
were not definitely subdued within the province of Illyricum until the Great Illyrian Revolt, which started in 6 AD when the Pannonians, together with the Dalmatians and other Illyrian tribes, revolted, and engaged the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in a hard-fought campaign that lasted for three years, when they were finally overcome by the future emperor Tiberius
Tiberius
and Germanicus
Germanicus
in 9 AD. At that point, the province of Illyricum was dissolved, and its lands were divided between the new provinces of Pannonia
Pannonia
in the north and Dalmatia
Dalmatia
in the south. The date of the division is unknown, most certainly after 20 AD but before 50 AD. The Pannonian
Pannonian
tribes inhabited the area between the river Drava
Drava
and the Dalmatian coast. Early archaeology and onomastics show that they were culturally different from southern Illyrians, Iapodes, and the La Tene peoples commonly known as the Celts, though they were later Celticized. However, there are some cultural similarities between the Pannonians
Pannonians
and Dalmatians. Many of the Pannonians
Pannonians
lived in areas with rich iron ore deposits, so that iron mining and production was an important part of their economy before and after the Roman conquest. Apart from Segestica, the Pannonians
Pannonians
did not have settlements of importance in pre-Roman times[78] that were actually Celtic. Ancient sources (Strabo, Pliny the Elder, Appian of Alexandria) mention few of the Pannonian[79] tribes by name, and historians and archaeologists have located some of them. Those tribes were: Amantini[edit] Main article: Amantini Amantini (Greek Ἄμαντες) was the name of a Pannonian[80] Illyrian tribe.[81] They greatly resisted the Romans but were sold as slaves after their defeat.[82] The Amantini were close to Sirmium.[83] In a similar case to the Illyrian Atintani
Atintani
and the ancient Greek Atintanes
Atintanes
or Atintanians, the Amantes were ancient Greeks whilst the Amantini Illyrians, from Pannonia
Pannonia
[84] An ancient Greek polis with the name Amantia
Amantia
existed.[85] Breuci[edit] Breuci
Breuci
(Greek Βρεῦκοι) were Illyrians
Illyrians
of the subtribe of Pannonians.[79] They greatly resisted the Romans but were sold as slaves after their defeat.[82] They started receiving Roman citizenship during Trajan's rule. It is likely that the name of the north-eastern Bosnian city Brčko is derived from the name of this tribe.[86] A number of Breuci
Breuci
settled in Dacia.[87] Bato the Breucian
Bato the Breucian
of the Breuci
Breuci
tribe and Pinnes from Pannonia
Pannonia
were among the leaders of the Great Illyrian Revolt, together with Bato the Daesitiate of the Daesitiates from Dalmatia.[88] Colapiani[edit] Colapiani
Colapiani
was the name of an Illyrian tribe.[89] The Colapiani
Colapiani
were created from the Pannonian
Pannonian
Breuci[90] along with the Osseriates and the Celtic Varciani.[citation needed] They lived in the central and southern White Carniola, along the Kupa
Kupa
river, and were mentioned by Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
and Ptolemy.[91] The archeologists Jaro Šašel and Dragan Božič have attributed the Vinica material culture to Colapiani,[92] but opinions are divided.[93] Daesitiates[edit] Daesitiates were an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
that lived in what is today central Bosnia and Herzegovina[94] during the time of the Roman Republic. Along with the Maezaei, the Daesitiates were part of the western group of Pannonians
Pannonians
in Roman Dalmatia.[95] They were prominent from the end of the 4th century BC up until the beginning of the 3rd century AD. Evidence of their daily activities can be found in literary sources, as well as in the rich material finds that belong to the autochthonous Middle-Bosna cultural group. Because the Daesitiates were present during Roman rule in the western Balkans, their name can be found in many inscriptions and historical works of ancient writers. During the 19th century, scientific interest in the Daesitiates materialized whereby research was focused in parts of Upper Bosnia. However, all research efforts have yet to provide a complete analysis of the Daesitiates. They were one of the main components of the Illyrian ethno-cultural complex that stretched from the southern Adriatic
Adriatic
to the Danube
Danube
in the north. The capital of the tribe was the modern day town of Breza located in Bosnia. After nearly three centuries of political independence, the Daesitiates (and their polity) were conquered by Roman Emperor Augustus. Afterwards, the Daesitiates were incorporated into the province of Illyricum with a low total of 103 decuriae.[96] Ultimately, the widening gap between the Roman government and its subjects in Illyricum led to the Great Illyrian revolt, which began in the spring of 6 AD. The Daesitiates were the first to revolt under the leadership of Bato the Daesitiate
Bato the Daesitiate
and were soon joined by the Breuci. Other natives were recruited to fight against the Marcomanni
Marcomanni
while the rebellion swiftly overtook enormous areas of the western Balkans and the Danube
Danube
region.[94] The role of the Daesitiates in the rebellion was immense, which contributed to their ultimate disappearance. Pirustae[edit] Pirustae or Peiroustai or Pyrissaioi or Piroustai[97] (Greek Πειροῦσται[98] or Πυρισσαῖοι[56]) were an Pannonian
Pannonian
Illyrian[99] tribe that lived in modern Montenegro. According to some sources, they had also lived in territories outside of modern-day Montenegro, but the majority of archaeologists, including the famous British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans, say that the Pirustae had lived in northern Montenegro, around present-day Pljevlja
Pljevlja
and that they were prominent miners. Their prominence in mining has been seen in epigraphic monuments from Dacia's mining regions.[100] Pirustae along with other Pannonians
Pannonians
and Illyrians
Illyrians
like the Sardeates were later settled in Dacia
Dacia
(modern-day Romania).[49][101] Scirtari[edit] Scirtari or Scirtones were an Illyrian tribe.[102] Scirtari were part of the Pirustae.[46] The Scirtari had 72 decuriae. Glintidiones[edit] Glintidiones or Glinditiones (Greek Γλιντιδίωνες) were an Illyrian[103] tribe. The Glintidiones may have been part of the Pirustae.[46] The Glintidiones had 44 decuriae. Ceraunii[edit] Ceraunii or Keraunioi (Greek Κεραύνιοι) was the name of an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
that lived close to the Pirustae[104] in modern Montenegro. The Ceraunii were part of the Pirustae.[46] They had 24 decuriae.[105] Siculotae[edit] Siculotae or Sikoulotai ( Latin
Latin
Siculotae) were an Illyrian tribe.[106] The Siculotae were part of the Pirustae.[46] The Siculotae had 24 decuriae. Segestani[edit] Segestani (Greek Σεγεστανοί) were Illyrians
Illyrians
of the subtribe of Pannonians
Pannonians
who inhabited the area around Segestica
Segestica
(modern-day Sisak
Sisak
in Croatia).[107] In the 2nd century BC, the Segestani were attacked without lasting success by consuls Lucius Aurelius Cotta and an unidentified Cornelius. In 35 BC, the Segestani were attacked by Augustus, who conquered and occupied Siscia. Maezaei[edit] Maezaei or Maizaioi or Mazaioi (Greek Μαζαῖοι) were Illyrians of the subtribe of Pannonians.[108] The Maezaeis
Maezaeis
had 269 decuriae. Andizetes[edit] Andizetes, also referred to as Andisetes (Greek Ἀνδιζήτιοι), was a small Pannonian[109][110] tribe that lived in the territory of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. Not much is known about this tribe except that it is found on the list of Illyrian tribes
Illyrian tribes
made by ancient Romans, against whom the Illyrians
Illyrians
put up a heroic resistance, perhaps best portrayed during the Great Illyrian Revolt for freedom-the legendary Baton's uprising. The personal name of Andes, popular among the Illyrians
Illyrians
of southern Pannonia
Pannonia
and much of northern Dalmatia
Dalmatia
(corresponding roughly with modern Bosnia and Herzegovina), as it seems, derived from the name of this tribe. Another variant of this widespread personal Illyrian name is Andis.[111] They started receiving Roman citizenship during Trajan's rule.[86] Azali[edit] Azali (Greek: Ἄζαλοι) was a tribe that inhabited Brigetio (now Szőny) in Noricum, transported there during the Roman conquest from southern Pannonia.[112] They had been deported after the 6–9 AD rebellion.[113] They, along with the Eravisci, inhabited the Fejér County during the Marcomannic Wars
Marcomannic Wars
(166–180).[114] The civitas azaliorum included the Brigetio legionary fortress and surrounding settlements.[115] Ditiones[edit] Ditiones (Greek: Διτίωνες) were Illyrians
Illyrians
of the subtribe of Pannonians.[79] The Ditiones had 239 decuriae. Jasi[edit] Jasi was the name of an Illyrian tribe[81][116] subtribe of Pannonians. Oseriates[edit] Osseriates[117] ( Latin
Latin
Oseriates), along with the Celtic Varciani and the Colapiani, were created from the Pannonian
Pannonian
Breuci. Illyrii Proprie Dicti[edit] Illyrii Proprie Dicti[118] were the Illyrians
Illyrians
proper, so called by Pliny (23–79 AD) in his Natural History. They later formed the Docleatae. They were the Taulantii, the Pleraei
Pleraei
or Pyraei, the Endirudini, Sasaei, Grabaei, Labeatae.[citation needed] Illyrians proper were also some of the native communities of Roman Dalmatia.[119] Thracian–Illyrian[edit]

Dardanians prior to Roman conquest

Dardanii
Dardanii
were Illyrians
Illyrians
that may have had Thracian
Thracian
origin

Galabri subtribe of the Dardani Thunatae subtribe of the Dardani

Paeonians
Paeonians
were closer to the Thracians

Atintani[edit] Main article: Atintanians Atintani
Atintani
were a tribe in Illyria, north of Via Egnatia. Appian (95 – 165 AD) mentions them close to Epidamnus.[120] During the Illyrian Wars, the Atintani
Atintani
went over to the Romans and, according to Appian, Demetrius of Pharos
Demetrius of Pharos
tried to detach them from Roman authority. The Atintani
Atintani
seem to have originated from the obscure, perhaps Thracian Tynteni, only attested in coins.[121] The Atintani
Atintani
were ruled by the Thracian
Thracian
dynasty of the Peresadyes.[122] Phrygian[edit]

Bryges[123]

Celtic[edit]

Boii[124] Arabiates: migrated to Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria.[125] Cornacates: migrated to Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria.[126] Belgites: migrated to Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria.[127] Tricornenses[128] Serretes: migrated to Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria.[129] It is possible that they held the town Serota (possibly Virovitica), mentioned by Pliny.[130] Serrapilli[131] were a tribe that migrated to Upper Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria. They together with the Serretes
Serretes
lived on both sides of the Drava.[132] Hercuniates: migrated to Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria.[133] By the middle of the first century BC, the Hercuniates were a minor tribe that was located along a narrow band of Celtic settlement close to the Danube, on the western side of the river a little way west of modern Budapest. Their name comes from an ancient proto-Indo-European word for an oak. The tribe is referred to by Pliny and Ptolemy
Ptolemy
as a civitas peregrina, a wandering tribe that had travelled to Pannonia
Pannonia
from foreign parts. Little else is known of them save that they were issuing their own coins by the second century BC.[134] By AD 40 the tribe was eventually subdued by Rome. Latobici[135] Scordisci[136] Dindari or Dindarii (Greek Δινδάριοι)[137] a tribe that was a branch of the Scordisci.[138] Celegeri[2] Varciani[135] Posenoi: migrated to Pannonia
Pannonia
in Illyria.[139] They were a community of the Iapodes.[citation needed] Japodes[140][141]

Dacian[edit]

See Dacian cities in Illyria

Greek[edit]

See Greek colonies in Illyria

Liburnian[edit] In the early historical sources from the 8th century BC, the Liburnians
Liburnians
were recorded by name or as separate ethnic groups; and as early as the 6th century BC, Hecateus noted that the Liburnians
Liburnians
were also composed of Caulici, Mentores, Syopii and Hythmitae, probably narrow tribal communities. Later, in the 3rd century BC, Callimachus mentioned Mentores, Hymanes, Enchealae and Peucetias as those who once had been a part of them, Ismeni were also recorded as one of their communities.[142] Messapic[edit] These tribes (Iapygian or Messapic tribes) did not dwell in Illyria, but in the heel of southern Italy. They could have had Illyrian origins[143] or some sort of link with Illyria.

Messapii Dauni Peucetii
Peucetii
linked to the Liburnian Peucetias Iapyges
Iapyges
linked to the Iapodes, who were sometimes also called Iapyges

Venetic[edit]

Histri[144] Carni[144] Catari[145] Catali[146] Secusses[147] Lopsi[148]

See also[edit]

List of ancient Cities in Illyria List of ancient Cities in Thrace List of ancient tribes in Thrace List of rulers of Illyria List of rulers of Thrace List of Celtic tribes

References[edit]

^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 92 ^ a b J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 217. ^ Alan Bowman, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC – AD 69, ISBN 0-521-26430-8, 1996, p. 579. ^ Decuriae was a Roman term used by Elder Pliny in his Natural History completed in 70 AD based on official registers. Each civitas had a number of decuriae assigned to it as an indication of its size. A Roman division of native peoples. (J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 215.) ^ William Smith, LLD, Ed., Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, 1854 ^ History of the Byzantine Empire, 324–1453 By Alexander A. Vasiliev Edition: 2, illustrated Published by Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1958 ISBN 0-299-80926-9, ISBN 978-0-299-80926-3 (page 613) ^ History of the Balkans: Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries By Barbara Jelavich Edition: reprint, illustrated Published by Cambridge University Press, 1983 ISBN 0-521-27458-3, ISBN 978-0-521-27458-6 (page 25) ^ The Indo-European languages By Anna Giacalone Ramat, Paolo Ramat Edition: illustrated Published by Taylor & Francis, 1998 ISBN 0-415-06449-X, 9780415064491 (page 481) ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 216, "The Ardiaei, or Vardaei as they were known to the Romans, `once the ravagers of Italy' and now reduced to a mere" ^ Appian and Illyricum by Marjeta Šašel Kos, " The Ardiaei were certainly also settled in the hinterland, along the Naro River at least as far as the Konjic region..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 188, "probably the result of pressure from new Illyrian groups, including the Ardiaei and Delmatae, moving towards the Adriatic..." ^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Tome 2 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by J. J. Wilkes, 1969, page 400 ^ Pierre Cabanes: Les illyriens de Bardulis à Genthios (IVe–IIe siècles avant J.-C.). Paris: SEDES. 1988. p. 301. ^ Neritan Ceka: The Illyrians
Illyrians
to the Albanians. Tirana: Migjeni. 2013. pp. 229., 422. ^ Appian: Roman History, Vol. IV, The Civil Wars, Books 3.27-5 (Loeb Classical Library No. 5) by Appian and Horace White, 1979, Index: 69, 71; IL 4, 22. Bastitani, Spanish tribe, Sp. Mi. Bathiatae, Illyrian tribe ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 97, "Beginning in the south the first Illyrians
Illyrians
near the coast were the Bylliones beyond the river Aous in the hinterland of Apollonia. Their hill-settlement developed later into the town of Byllis..." ^ a b c d The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 6: The Fourth Century BC by D. M. Lewis (Editor), John Boardman (Editor), Simon Hornblower (Editor), M. Ostwald (Editor), ISBN 0-521-23348-8, 1994, page 423, "Through contact with their Greek neighbors some Illyrian tribe became bilingual ( Strabo
Strabo
Vii.7.8.Diglottoi) in particular the Bylliones and the Taulantian tribes close to Epidamnus..." ^ a b Elsie, Robert. "Early History of Albania" (PDF). www.albanianhistory.net. Robert Elsie.  ^ The central Balkan tribes in pre-Roman times: Triballi, Autariatae, Dardanians, Scordisci
Scordisci
and Moesians by Fanula Papazoglu, 1978, ISBN 90-256-0793-4, page 247, "...which appears in the name of the Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
of the Cavii..." ^ The classical gazetteer: a dictionary of ancient geography, sacred and profane by William Hazlitt, 1851, " Epicaria
Epicaria
a town of the Cavii in Illyria..." ^ Rome and the Mediterranean: books XXXI-XLV of The history of Rome from its foundation by Livy, Henry Bettenson, ISBN 0-14-044318-5, 1976, page 580 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 98, "...named by the sixth-century writer Hecataeus as neighbours of the Chelidones, the 'snail-men', who may have lived on their northern borders towards the Mat or Drin valleys." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, From back matter: "Surveys of ships on coins of the Daors tribe..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 216, "...to the Romans, 'once the ravagers of Italy' and now reduced to a mere 20 decuriae, and the Daorsi or Daversi..." ^ I greci in Adriatico, Volume 2 by Lorenzo Braccesi, Mario Luni, page 152, "The Daorsi suffered directly from the attacks of the Delmatae and were understandably one of the first peoples to have left Gentius' half brother Caravantius and sought protection from the Roman state, placing their armed forces at the disposal of the Romans. After the war, they were rewarded by having been given immunity..." ^ The magistrates of the Roman Republic. Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, 1960:446, "Head of a commission sent, after the receipt of complaints from Issa and the Daorsi, to observe conditions in Illyria and Dalmatia..." ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 6: The Fourth Century BC by D. M. Lewis (Editor), John Boardman (Editor), Simon Hornblower (Editor), M. Ostwald (Editor), 1994, ISBN 0-521-23348-8, page 423, "These Dassareti
Dassareti
not to be confused with the Greek speaking Dexari or Dessaretae..." ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 6: The Fourth Century BC by D. M. Lewis (Editor), John Boardman (Editor), Simon Hornblower (Editor), M. Ostwald (Editor), 1994, ISBN 0-521-23348-8, page 423, "These Dassareti
Dassareti
not to be confused with the Greek speaking Dexari or Dessaretae lay between the Dardani
Dardani
and the coastal people of the Ardiaei..." ^ Appian's History of Rome: The Illyrian Wars
Illyrian Wars
§2 ^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Tome 2 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by J. J. Wilkes, 1969, page 157 ^ Appianus, Illyrica, "...και Δερβανοί προσιόντα τον Καίσαρα συγγνώμην..." ^ a b Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 216, "...of southwest Bosnia, the Maezaei (269) of the Sana and Vrbas valleys, and the Sardeates (52) around Jajce
Jajce
and the Deuri (25) around Bugojno, both in the Vrbas valley." ^ a b c d e The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69 (Volume 10) by Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, 1996, page 577 ^ VII.7.5, "...περί α Δυέσται συνεστήσαντο την δυναστείαν και Εγχέλειοι ους και Σεσαρέθιους καλούσι..." ^ Macedonia, Thrace and Illyria: their relations to Greece from the earliest... by Stanley Casson, page 321 ^ Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.), book 7, chapter 7: "...had established their sway, and Enchelii, who are also called Sesarethii. Then come the Lyncestæ, the territory Deuriopus, Pelagonia-Tripolitis..." ^ Strabo
Strabo
Geography, Book 7.7 ^ John J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1996, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 96: "The Enchelei [sic] are an Illyrian people, who inhabit the land after Rhizon. From Bouthoe to Epidamnus, a Greek city...". ^ Cadmus: "After having many children, Cadmus
Cadmus
and Harmonia left Thebes in order to defend the Encheleans, a people living in southern Illyria, which is the region north of Epirus, and there defeated the Illyrian intruders..." ^ John J. Wilkes, The Illyrians; 1996, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 98. ^ John J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1996, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 99. ^ Benac A., Ed. (1986): Bosna i Herzegovina
Herzegovina
/ Bosnia and Herzegovia / Bosnien und Herzegowina. Svjetlost, Sarajevo. ^ Šentija J., Ed. (1977): Opća enciklopedija Jugoslavenskog leksikografskog zavoda, 3: Foc-Iw. Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History by John Boardman, ISBN 0-521-26430-8, 1923, page 578, "Since they are listed among those peoples who submitted in 33 B.C. the Melcumani (24) are not likely to have lived any great distance from the coast. It has been suggested that they may..." ^ Gaius Plinius Secundus' Historiae naturalis, Liber 3 ^ a b c d e The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69 (Volume 10) by Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, 1996, page 578 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 page 216, "...destination of one of the military roads constructed from Salona after the end of the war in AD 9. The Narensi (102) of the same conventus are likely to be named from the river Naron/Narenta..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 page 172 ^ a b c ALBURNUS MAIOR (Roşia Montană) Alba, Romania., "An important settlement, center of gold mining in Roman Dacia
Dacia
Superior, in the Apuseni mountains. In the hills of Cetatea Mare and Cetatea Mică, traces are preserved of ancient Roman mines. Under Trajan, Dalinatian colonists (Pirustae, Baridustae, Sardeates) settled here, each tribe dwelling in a separate village or quarter." ^ The Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, 2003, page 426 ^ A dictionary of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
Oxford paperback reference, ISBN 0-19-510233-9, 1995, page 202, "...contact with the peoples of the Illyrian kingdom and at the Celticized tribes of the Delmatae..." ^ Roman Dacia: the making of a provincial society by W. S. Hanson, Ian Haynes, 2004, page 22, "Outside the main urban centres, the best attested group of civilian immigrants is members of the Dalmatian tribes such as the Baridustae..." ^ DOCLEA (Duklja) Crna Gora, Yugoslavia. ^ Istorijski leksion Crne Gore: Č-J ISBN 86-7706-167-3 ^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Tome 2 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by J. J. Wilkes, 1969, page 32 ^ a b c d Appianus, Illyrica, "Οξυαίους μεν δη και Περθεηνάτας, και Βαθιάτας και Ταυλαντίους, και Καμβαίους, και Κινάμβρους, και Μερρομένους, και Πυρισσαίους, είλε δι’ όλης πείρας, έργω δε μείζονι ελήφθησαν, και φόρους όσους εξέλιπον ηναγκάσθησαν αποδουναι, Δοκλεάται τε και Κάρνοι και Ιντερεφρουρίνοι και Ναρήσιοι και Γλιντιδίωνες και Ταυρίσκοι." ^ Wilkes 1992, p. 121. ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 172, "...area, including Oaneum on a river Aratus, which controlled the route leading west to the kingdom of Gentius among the Labeates around Vlora (Valona)here is in real the Labeates not in Shkodra, this part these pieces of land are called again today Labëria (Labeati)." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 257: "In Popovopolje the Deraemestae may have been incorporated within the new municipium at Diluntum (Ljubinje). Several cities were created in the more remote regions" ^ a b c d e Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC – AD 69, 1996, p. 577: "...figure in the warfare of the second century B.C. The Deraemestae (30) were a new formation from several smaller peoples in the hinterland of Epidaurum including the Ozuaei, Partheni, Hemasini, Arthitae
Arthitae
and Armistae." ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, p. 482. ^ The Cambridge ancient history, Tome 6 by John Boardman, ISBN 0-521-85073-8, 1994, page 423 ^ Appian, The Foreign Wars, III, 1.2 ^ Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, 1.24.1, "The city of Epidamnus stands on the right of the entrance of the Ionic gulf. Its vicinity is inhabited by the Taulantians, an Illyrian people. The place is a colony from Corcyra, founded by Phalius, son of Eratocleides, of the family of the Heraclids, who had according to ancient usage been summoned for the purpose from Corinth, the mother country..." ^ Food in the Ancient World (Food through History) by Joan P. Alcock, ISBN 0-313-33003-4, 2005, page 91, "Aristotle described the process of making it by the Taulantii of Illyria, and Pliny commented on hydromeli made in Phrygia." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 98, "...who may have belonged to the Taulantii, known to Greeks for their method of preparing mead from honey, were the Abri..." ^ Greek: Παρθηνοί, Παρθινοί, Παρθῖνοι, Strabo vii; Appian, Illyr. 1; Dio Cassius xli. 49; Cicero
Cicero
in Pis. 40; Pomponius Mela, ii. 3. § 11; Pliny iii. 26) ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 98, "North of Dassaretis in the middle and upper valley of the Genusus was the territory of the Illyrian Parthini, likely to have been part of the Taulantii until they first appear as Roman allies late in the third century..." ^ ugustus: The Life of Rome's First Emperor by Anthony Everitt,2006, page 144, "...he faced two challenges The first was posed by the Parthini an Illyrian tribe
Illyrian tribe
that occupied rough and mountain ous country..." ^ Polybius xviii. 30; Livy
Livy
xxx. 34, xliv. 30. ^ Πάρθος, Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v.. ^ ( Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
Commentarii de Bello Civili
Commentarii de Bello Civili
iii. 41. ^ Polybius iii. 18, vii. 9. ^ Liv. 29 12 ^ Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, The Oxford Classical Dictionary, 2003, p. 1106. ^ A. Mocsy, S. Frere, " Pannonia
Pannonia
and Upper Moesia", A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire, p. 152: "As already seen on Chapter 3 the Celtic and Celticized natives of Pannonia." ^ Ion Grumeza, Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe, ISBN 0-7618-4465-1, 2009, p. 51: "In a short time the Dacians imposed their conditions on the Anerati, Boii, Eravisci, Pannoni, Scordisci..." ^ John T. Koch (2006). Celtic Culture. p. 1662. ISBN 1-85109-440-7. ^ a b c Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 203, "Papirius Carbo. Strabo
Strabo
(7.5, 3) identifies the Pannonian peoples as Breuci, Andizetes, Ditiones, Pirustae, Maezaei and Daesitiates." ^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Tome 2 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by J. J. Wilkes, 1969, page 534 ^ a b Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 218, "Except for the Latobici and Varciani, whose names are Celtic, the civitates of Colapiani, Jasi, Breuci, Amantini and Scordisci
Scordisci
were Illyrian." ^ a b Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 207, "The war was a savage affair and the main resistance to the Romans came from the Breuci
Breuci
and Amantini in the Sava valley. The young males were rounded up and sold as slaves in Italy, a quite exceptional action" ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 81, "the Breuci
Breuci
with Scilus Bato, Blaedarus, Dasmenus, Dasius, Surco, Sassaius, Liccaius and Lensus, and the Amantini and Scordisci
Scordisci
around Sirmium
Sirmium
with Terco and Precio, Dases and Dasmenus" ^ (See The Illyrian Atintani, the Epirotic Atintanes
Atintanes
and the Roman Protectorate N. G. L. Hammond, The Journal of Roman Studies Vol. 79 (1989), pp. 11-25 "There were Illyrian Amantini in Pannonia
Pannonia
and Greek Amantes in North Epirus") ^ In An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman, ISBN 0-19-814099-1, 2004, page 342 ^ a b Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 256, "...reign of Trajan (AD 98-117), does the Roman citizenship begin to appear among the Illyrian communities of southeast Pannonia, the Andizetes, Scordisci
Scordisci
and Breuci." ^ Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe by Ion Grumeza, ISBN 0-7618-4465-1,2009, page 51, "Many Scordisci and Breuci
Breuci
settled in Dacia
Dacia
nevertheless and were eventually absorbed into the local population." ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69 (Volume 10) by Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, 1996, page 176, "Daesitiates was soon matched by rebellion of the Breuci
Breuci
in Pannonia, headed by Pinnes and another Bato." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 81, "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of the Colapis (Kulpa) valley were Illyrians..." ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69 (Volume 10) by Alan Bowman, ISBN 0-521-26430-8, 1996, page 579 ^ Oto Luthar (2008). "Prehistory: History Created by Archaeology". The Land Between: A History of Slovenia. Peter Lang. p. 36. ISBN 978-3-631-57011-1.  ^ "Ljudje ob Krki in Kolpi v latenski dobi" [People Along Krka and Kolpa in the La Tène Period]. Arheološki vestnik (in Slovenian, German, and English). Institute of Archaeology, Slovenian Academy of Arts and Sciences. 52: 181–198. 2001.  ^ Weiss, Janez (2007). "Sprehod po zgodovini Črnomlja od konca bronaste dobe do novega veka" [The Walk Through the History of Črnomelj from the End of the Bronze Age to the Modern Era]. Črnomelj.si (in Slovenian). Municipality of Črnomelj. Archived from the original on 31 May 2013.  ^ a b Wilkes 1992, p. 207. ^ Wilkes 1992, p. 80. ^ Wilkes 1992, p. 216. ^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Tome 2 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by J. J. Wilkes, 1969, page 155 ^ Strabo's Geography 4.3 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 207, "...the imperial triumphs over individual peoples. Among the several Illyrian groups singled out were Japodes, Dardanians, Pannonian
Pannonian
Andizetes and Pirustae." ^ Istorijski Leksilon Crne Gore: Č-J ISBN 86-7706-167-3 ^ The Cambridge Ancient History Part 1 The Prehistory of the Balkans, the Middle East and the Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries BC, 2nd Edition, by John Boardman ISBN 978-0-521-22496-3 ISBN 0-521-22496-9 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 page 217, "... whose name deriving from the Greek for`thunderbolt' links them with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 217, "...with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 217, "Pirustae, who inhabited the high valleys of southeast Bosnia and northern Montenegro, seem to have been divided between the Ceraunii (24 decuriae)..." ^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
Tome 2 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by J. J. Wilkes, 1969, page 485 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5 page 217, "...whose name deriving from the Greek for`thunderbolt' links them with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of ..." ^ Rome and the Barbarians, 100 B.C.--A.D. 400 by Thomas S. Burns, ISBN 0-8018-7306-1, 2003, page 200, "... Appian's account depicts a situation in which the inhabitants of Siscia (Σεγεστική Segestike, therefore "the Segestani") appealed in vain for aid from fellow Pannonians
Pannonians
in their vicinity, but these people were reluctant to get involved, preferring..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 80, "Among the Pannonians
Pannonians
within Roman Dalmatia
Dalmatia
the western groups, including the Maezaei and Daesitiates, exhibit few outside connections, and those are with Delmatae
Delmatae
immediately to the south, though in Alföldy's view the two groups..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 207 ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 203: "...Papirius Carbo. Strabo
Strabo
(7.5, 3) identifies the Pannonian peoples as Breuci, Andizetes, Ditiones, Pirustae, Maezaei and Daesitiates" ^ Wilkes, John; The Illyrians, Oxford ^ Wilkes 1992, p. 81. ^ Wilkes 1992, p. 217. ^ András Mócsy (1959). Die Bevölkerung von Pannonien: bis zu den Markomannenkriegen. Verlag der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. pp. 54–.  ^ Jane Fejfer; Mette Moltesen; Annette Rathje (9 April 2015). Tradition: Transmission of Culture in the Ancient World. Museum Tusculanum Press. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-87-635-4258-6.  ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 257, " Pannonian
Pannonian
Illyrians
Illyrians
include that of the Jasi..." ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69 (Volume 10) by Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, 1996, page 579, ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 216. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 92. ^ Appian, Illyrian Wars, App. Ill. 2. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History: Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean ... by John Boardman, 1988, ISBN 0-521-22804-2, page 496, "The issuing authorities were tribes as far afield as the 'Tynteni' (later Atintani)... " ^ A History of Macedonia: 550-336 B.C ^ The Illyrians
Illyrians
(The Peoples of Europe) by John Wilkes, 1996, ISBN 978-0-631-19807-9, page 111. ^ A. Mocsy and S. Frere, Pannonia
Pannonia
and Upper Moesia. A History of the Middle Danube
Danube
Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14. ^ Körpergräber des 1.-3. Jahrhunderts in der römischen Welt: internationales Kolloquium, Frankfurt am Main, 19.-20. November 2004 by Andrea Faber, ISBN 3-88270-501-9, p. 144. ^ Rimska vojska u Sremu by Velika Dautova-Ruševljan, Miroslav Vujović, 2006, p. 131: "...extended as far as Ruma whence continued the territory of another community named after the Celtic tribe of Cornacates..." ^ Noricum
Noricum
Tome 3 of History of the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
by Géza Alföldy, 1974, p. 69. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69 (Volume 10) by Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, 1996, page 580, "...580 I3h. DANUBIAN AND BALKAN PROVINCES Tricornenses
Tricornenses
of Tricornium (Ritopek) replaced the Celegeri, the Picensii of Pincum..." ^ Dubravka Balen-Letunič, 40 godina arheoloških istraživanja u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj, 1986, p. 52: "...and the Celtic Serretes..." ^ Smith, p. 969 ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography
(1854) William Smith, LLD, Ed., The following are the principal tribes noticed by the ancients in Pannonia; some of them, it must be observed, are decidedly Celtic. In Upper Pannonia
Pannonia
we meet with the AZALI, CYTNI, BOII, COLETIANI, OSERIATES, SERRETES, SERRAPILLI ^ Bostock, J.; Riley, H.T. (1855). The Natural History
Natural History
of Pliny. 1. Henry G. Bohn. Retrieved 2015-04-03.  ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, ISBN 1-85109-440-7, 2006, p. 907. ^ Hercuniates (Gauls) – The History files ^ a b J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 81: "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of ..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci
Scordisci
in the early third century..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 217, "...with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley..." ^ Population and economy of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, 2002, ISBN 1-84171-440-2, p. 24, "...the Dindari were a branch of the Scordisci..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, pp. 154 and 482. ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing The Principal Proper Names Mentioned In Ancient Authors, Part One, 2005, p. 539, "...elevated, a mountain. (Strabo, 293)"; "the Iapodes
Iapodes
(Strabo, 313), a Gallo-Illyrian race occupying the valleys of..." ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, p. 79: "...along with the evidence of name formulae, a Venetic element among the Japodes. A group of names identified by Alföldy as of Celtic origin: Ammida, Andes, Iaritus, Matera, Maxa,..." ^ Š. Batović, Liburnska kultura, Matica Hrvatska i Arheološki muzej Zadar, Zadar, 2005, UDK: 904 (398 Liburnija), ISBN 953-6419-50-5, pages 64-66 ^ The Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower, ISBN 0-19-860641-9, 2003, page 431 ^ a b Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 183, "We may begin with the Venetic peoples, Veneti, Carni, Histri and Liburni, whose language set them apart from the rest of the Illyrians..." ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 81, "In Roman Pannonia
Pannonia
the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of the Colapis (Kulpa) valley were Illyrians..." ^ Structure and Scale in the Roman Economy by Richard Duncan-Jones,2002, page 164, "This allowed the city to draw on the Carni and Catali (tribes `attributed' to Tergeste by Augustus) for new supplies of..." ^ The classical gazetteer: a dictionary of ancient geography, sacred and profane by William Hazlitt, 1851, page 311, "SECUSSES, a people of Histria" ^ The Cambridge Ancient History by Alan K. Bowman, ISBN 0-521-26430-8, page 575

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. 

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