Panchamakara, also known as the Five Ms, is a Tantric term referring to the five substances used in a Tantric practice.
madya (wine) māṃsa (meat) matsya (fish) mudrā (parched grain) maithuna (sexual intercourse)
Taboo-breaking elements are only practiced literally by "left-hand path" tantrics (vāmācārins), whereas "right-hand path" tantrics (dakṣiṇācārins) oppose these.(Rawson, 1978).
1 Interpretations of the Panchamakaras
2 See also 3 Notes 4 References
Interpretations of the Panchamakaras
There are, as already stated, three classes of men: Pashu, Vira and
Divya. The operation of the Guna which produce these types affect, on
the gross material plane, the animal tendencies; manifesting in the
three chief physical functions: eating and drinking, whereby the
Annamayakosha is maintained; and sexual intercourse, by which it is
reproduced. These functions are the subject of the Panchatattva or
Panchamakara ("five Ms"), as they are vulgarly called--viz.: Madya
(wine), Mangsa (meat), Matsya (fish), Mudra (parched grain), and
Maithuna. In ordinary parlance, Mudra means ritual gestures or
positions of the body in worship and Hatha
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar According to the spiritual leader Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, also named Shrii Shrii Anandamurti, the five M's have dual meanings, one crude and one subtle.
Madya - crude meaning: wine; allegorical or subtle meaning: the divine
Mamsa - crude meaning: meat; allegorical or subtle meaning: control of
Matsya - crude meaning: fish; allegorical or subtle meaning: the ida
and pingala nadi, which are controlled through pranayama.
Mudra - crude meaning: the use of certain foods; allegorical or subtle
meaning: spiritual company (satsang) and avoiding negative company.
Dakṣiṇācāra The Panchamakaras have deep Esoteric meanings in the Dakshinachara or Right-handed path of Tantra.
Madya means the heavenly Amrit that drips from the glands in brain onto the tip of tongue when it touches the interiors in Khechari Mudra. Mamsa means swallowing the tongue (eating meat). It symbolizes the Khechari Mudra in which the tongue is swallowed back simulating eating meat. Matsya (twin fish) is the activation of Ida and Pingala Nadis in the backbone. They are like 8-shaped structure intertwining like two fish. Mudra is the different gestures the hands and body take when the Kundalini is activated and pass up through the central channel. Maithuna
^ Anandamurti (1985) and Anandamurti (1993)
Anandamurti, Shrii Shrii (1993). Discourses on Tantra. Ananda Marga. Anandamurti, Shrii Shrii (1985). Namah Shiváya Shántáya. Ananda Press. Avalon, Arthur (Sir John Woodroffe). Mahanirvana Tantra. online text Rawson, Philip (1978). The Art of Tantra. Thames & Hudson Ltd.
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