Pan-Arab colors


180px, Arab Liberation Flag (Egyptian Revolution of 1952, 1952 Egyptian Revolution)The Pan-Arab colours are black, white, green, and red. Individually, each of the four Pan-Arab colours were intended to represent a certain aspect of the Arabs and their history. The black represents the Black Standard used by the Rashidun Caliphate, Rashidun and Abbasid Caliphate, Abbasid caliphates, white was the dynastic colour of the Umayyad and Fatimid caliphates, Green is a colour associated with the primary Arab religion of Islam – and therefore also a color representative of Rashidun Caliphates, and red was the Hashemite dynastic colour. The four colours also derived their potency from a verse by 14th century Iraqi poet Safi al-Din al-Hilli: "White are our acts, black our battles, green our fields, and red our swords". Pan-Arab colours, used individually in the past, were first combined in 1916 in the flag of the Arab Revolt or Flag of Hejaz, designed by the United Kingdom, British diplomat Sir Mark Sykes. Many current flags are based on Arab Revolt colours, such as the flags of Flag of Jordan, Jordan, Flag of Kuwait, Kuwait, Palestinian flag, Palestine, the Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, and the Flag of the United Arab Emirates, United Arab Emirates, and formerly in the flag of the brief (six month) union of the Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan. In the 1950s, a sub-set of the Pan-Arab colours, the Arab Liberation colours, came to prominence. These consist of a Tricolor (flag), tricolour of red, white and black bands, with green given less prominence or not included. The Arab Liberation tricolour was inspired by the use of the ''Arab Liberation Flag'' in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 which became the basis for the current flags of Flag of Egypt, Egypt, Flag of Iraq, Iraq, Flag of Sudan, Sudan, Flag of Syria, Syria and Flag of Yemen, Yemen (and formerly in the flags of the rival states of Yemen Arab Republic, North Yemen and South Yemen), and in the short-lived Pan-Arabism, Arab unions of the United Arab Republic and the Federation of Arab Republics.

Current flags with Pan-Arab colors

UN member states

File:Flag of Egypt.svg, Flag of Egypt, Egypt File:Flag of Iraq.svg, Flag of Iraq, Iraq File:Flag of Jordan.svg, Flag of Jordan, Jordan File:Flag of Kuwait.svg, Flag of Kuwait, Kuwait File:Flag of Sudan.svg, Flag of Sudan, Sudan File:Flag of Syria.svg, Flag of Syria, Syria File:Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg, Flag of the United Arab Emirates, United Arab Emirates File:Flag of Yemen.svg, Flag of Yemen, Yemen File:Flag of Libya.svg, Libya

Unrecognized and partially recognized states

File:Flag of Palestine.svg, Flag of Palestine, Palestine File:Flag of Somaliland.svg, Republic of Somaliland File:Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg, Flag of Western Sahara#Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

Former national flags with the Pan-Arab colors

File:Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg, Flag of Hejaz, Hejaz (1917–20),Kingdom of Hejaz 1915–1925
Occupied Enemy Territory Administration, OET Administration (1918–20),Historical Flags Overview (Syria)
All-Palestine Government, Palestine File:Flag of Kingdom of Syria (1920-03-08 to 1920-07-24).svg, Arab Kingdom of Syria, Syria – File:Flag of Hejaz 1920.svg, Kingdom of Hejaz, Hejaz (1920–26) and Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (1926-1932), Emirate of Transjordan, Transjordan (1921–28) File:Flag of Iraq 1924.svg, Iraq (1921–59) File:Flag of the Emirate of Transjordan.svg, Emirate of Transjordan, Transjordan (1928–39)Historical Flags (Jordan)
File:Syria-flag 1932-58 1961-63.svg, Syria and , used currently (2011 onwards) by the Syrian Interim Government and the Free Syrian Army File:Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg, Egypt (1952–1958, File:Flag of the Arab Federation.svg, Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq – File:Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg, (1958–61), File:Flag of Iraq 1959-1963.svg, Iraqi Republic (1958–68), Iraq (1959–63) File:Flag of North Yemen.svg, Yemen Arab Republic, North Yemen (1962–90) File:Flag of Iraq (1963-1991).svg, Ba'athist Iraq, Iraq (1963–91)Evolution of the Iraqi Flag, 1963–2008
File:Flag of Syria (1963-1972, 1-2).svg, Syria(1963-72) File:Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg, State of Palestine, Palestine (1964–2006)Historical Flags (Palestine)
File:Flag of Arab Republic of Hadhramaut.svg, Flag of Hadhramaut (1967–69) File:Flag of South Yemen.svg, South Yemen (1967–90), used currently (2007 onwards) by the South Yemen Movement File:Flag of Libya (1969–1972).svg, Libya (1969–72) File:Flag of Egypt 1972.svg, Federation of Arab Republics
File:Flag of Lower Yafa.svg, Lower Yafa
File:Mahraflag.svg, Mahra Sultanate (1895–1967) File:Drapeau de la République Arabe Islamique (Union tuniso-libyenne).svg, Arab Islamic Republic (proposed 1974, File:Flag of Iraq, 1991-2004.svg, Iraq (1991–2004) File:Flag of Iraq (2004-2008).svg, Iraq (2004–08)

Flags of Arab political and paramilitary movements using Pan-Arab colors

File:Flag of al-Mountada al-Adabi.PNG, Flag of Ottoman era Istanbul-based autonomist File:Sdsdsd.svg, Flag of Ottoman era autonomist File:Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg, Flag of the Ba'ath Party (1947–present), also used by the National Democratic Front for the Liberation of Oman and the Arabian Gulf (active 1969–71) File:Flag of the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arabian Gulf.svg, Flag of the National Liberation Front (Yemen), National Liberation Front of Yemen (1963–78), the Dhofar Liberation Front (1965–68), and the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arabian Gulf (1968–74) File:Flag of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman.svg, Flag of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman (1974–92) File:Flag of Arabistan.svg, Flag used by Arab separatists and autonomists in Khuzestan, IranAl-Ahwaz (Khuzestan) Political Organizations (Iran)
File:Flag of Al-Ahwaz.svg, Flag used by the separatist organisations the National Council of Ahwaz and the National Liberation Movement of Ahwaz in Khuzestan, Iran File:Flag of the Arab Movement of Azawad.svg, Flag of the Arab Movement of Azawad (2012–present) File:Al-Quds flag.svg, Flag of East Jerusalem, Arab Jerusalem File:Flag of the Syrian Salvation Government.svg, Flag of the Syrian Salvation Government
File:Red flag.svg, Red dynastic color, used by the Hashemites (The Prophet of Islam Muhammad) File:Umayyad Flag.svg, White dynastic color, used by Umayyad Caliphate, Umayyads (661–750) and the Rashidun Caliphate File:Black flag.svg, Black Standard used by the Abbasid Caliphate, Abbasids (750–1258) and the Rashidun Caliphate File:Rectangular green flag.svg, Green dynastic color, used by the Fatimid Caliphate, Fatimids (909–1171)"Green is frequently found in Arab flags because this colour was taken by the Fatimite dynasty, which ruled most of north Africa." ''American Educator'', New York, 1973, 7th vol.
p. 131
and associated with the Rashidun Caliphate

See also

* Black Standard * Islamic flags * List of Arab flags * Pan-African colors * Pan-Arabism * Pan-Slavic colors * Triband (flag), Tricolor


External links

Pan-Arab colors

by Dr. Mahdi Abdul-Hadi (in Arabic) {{Vexillology Arab nationalist symbols Color schemes Flags by colour Pan-Arabism, Colors Vexillology, Colors, Pan-Arab Color in culture