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The Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
(French pronunciation: ​[palm(ə) dɔʁ]; English: Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival.[1] It was introduced in 1955 by the festival's organizing committee. Previously, from 1939 to 1954, the highest prize at the festival was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film.[1] In 1964, The Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
was replaced again by the Grand Prix, before being reintroduced in 1975.[1] The Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
is widely considered to be one of the most prestigious awards in the film industry.[2][3][4]

Contents

1 History 2 Award winners 3 Multiple award winners 4 Honorary Palme d'Or 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History

The Commune of Cannes
Cannes
coat of arms

In 1954, the festival decided to present an award annually, titled the Grand Prix of the International Film Festival, with a new design each year from a contemporary artist. The festival's board of directors invited several jewellers to submit designs for a palm, in tribute to the coat of arms of the city of Cannes.[1] The original design by the jeweller Lucienne Lazon had the bevelled lower extremity of the stalk forming a heart, and the pedestal a sculpture in terracotta by the artist Sébastien.[5] In 1955, the first Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
was awarded to Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
for Marty. From 1964 to 1974, the Festival temporarily resumed a Grand Prix.[1] In 1975, the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
was reintroduced and has since remained the symbol of the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival, awarded every year to the director of the winning film, and presented in a case of pure red Morocco leather lined with white suede.[1] As of 2018, Jane Campion
Jane Campion
is the only female director to have won the Palme d'Or, for her work on The Piano. However, in 2013, when Blue Is the Warmest Color won the Palme d'Or, the Steven Spielberg-headed jury awarded it to the film's director Abdellatif Kechiche, as well as the film's actresses Adèle Exarchopoulos
Adèle Exarchopoulos
and Léa Seydoux.[6] This marks the first time multiple Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
trophies were given out in the festival's history.[7]

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
awarded to Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
at the 1979 Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival

The jury decided to award the actresses alongside the director due to a Cannes
Cannes
policy that forbids the Palme d'Or-winning film from receiving any additional awards, thereby preventing the jury from rewarding both the film and the film's actresses separately.[8] Of the unorthodox decision, Spielberg said that "had the casting been 3% wrong, it wouldn't have worked like it did for us".[9] Kechiche later auctioned off his Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
trophy to fund his new feature film, and expressed mixed feelings about the festival having given out multiple trophies in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter.[10] Since its reintroduction, the prize has been redesigned several times. At the beginning of the 1980s, the rounded shape of the pedestal, bearing the palm, gradually transformed to become pyramidal in 1984. In 1992, Thierry de Bourqueney redesigned the Palme and its pedestal in hand-cut crystal. In 1997, a new design, created by Caroline Scheufele from Chopard, was created; a single piece of cut crystal forms a cushion for the 24-carat gold palm, which was hand-cast into a wax mould and presented in a case of blue Morocco leather.[11] The winner of the 2014 Palme d'Or, Winter Sleep—a Turkish film by Nuri Bilge Ceylan—occurred during the same year as the 100th anniversary of Turkish cinema. Upon receiving the award, Ceylan dedicated the prize to both the "young people" involved in the ongoing political unrest in Turkey and the workers who were killed in the Soma mine disaster, which occurred on the day prior to the commencement of the awards event.[12] In 2017, the award was re-designed to celebrate the festival's 70th anniversary.[1] The diamonds were provided by an ethical supplier certified by the Responsible Jewellery Council.[1] Award winners

Year Film Original Title Director(s) Nationality of Director *

1930s

Awarded as "Grand Prix du Festival International du Film"

1939 ‡ Union Pacific Cecil B. DeMille United States

1940s

1940–1945 No awards due to World War II.

1946 The Turning Point Velikij perelom / Великий перелом Fridrikh Ermler Soviet Union

Men Without Wings Muži bez křídel František Čáp Czechoslovakia

The Last Chance Die Letzte Chance Leopold Lindtberg Switzerland

Torment Hets Alf Sjöberg Sweden

Portrait of Maria María Candelaria Emilio Fernández Mexico

Rome, Open City Roma, città aperta Roberto Rossellini Italy

Neecha Nagar (Lowly City) Nīcā nagar / नीचा नगर Chetan Anand India

Brief Encounter David Lean United Kingdom

Pastoral Symphony La symphonie pastorale Jean Delannoy France

The Lost Weekend Billy Wilder United States

The Red Meadows De røde enge Bodil Ipsen
Bodil Ipsen
and Lau Lauritzen, Jr. Denmark

1949 The Third Man Carol Reed United Kingdom

1950s

1951 Miss Julie Fröken Julie Alf Sjöberg Sweden

Miracle in Milan Miracolo a Milano Vittorio De Sica Italy

1952 The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice Orson Welles United States

Two Cents Worth of Hope Due soldi di speranza Renato Castellani Italy

1953 The Wages of Fear Le salaire de la peur Henri-Georges Clouzot France

1954 Gate of Hell Jigoku-mon / 地獄門 Teinosuke Kinugasa Japan

Awarded as "Palme d'Or"

1955 Marty § Delbert Mann United States

1956 The Silent World Le monde du silence Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
and Louis Malle France

1957 Friendly Persuasion William Wyler United States

1958 The Cranes Are Flying Letyat zhuravli / Летят журавли Mikhail Kalatozov Soviet Union

1959 Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
§ Orfeu Negro Marcel Camus France

1960s

1960 The Sweet Life § La dolce vita Federico Fellini Italy

1961 The Long Absence
The Long Absence
§ Une aussi longue absence Henri Colpi France

Viridiana
Viridiana
§ Luis Buñuel Mexico

1962 Keeper of Promises § O Pagador de Promessas Anselmo Duarte Brazil

1963 The Leopard § Il gattopardo Luchino Visconti Italy

Awarded as "Grand Prix du Festival International du Film"

1964 The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Les parapluies de Cherbourg Jacques Demy France

1965 The Knack …and How to Get It Richard Lester United Kingdom

1966 A Man and a Woman Un homme et une femme Claude Lelouch France

The Birds, the Bees and the Italians Signore e signori Pietro Germi Italy

1967 Blowup Michelangelo Antonioni Italy

1968 No awards this year because of the May 1968 events in France.

1969 If.... Lindsay Anderson United Kingdom

1970s

1970 MASH Robert Altman United States

1971 The Go-Between Joseph Losey United Kingdom

1972 The Working Class Goes to Heaven
The Working Class Goes to Heaven
§ La classe operaia va in paradiso Elio Petri Italy

The Mattei Affair
The Mattei Affair
§ Il caso Mattei Francesco Rosi Italy

1973 The Hireling Alan Bridges United Kingdom

Scarecrow Jerry Schatzberg United States

1974 The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola United States

Awarded as "Palme d'Or"

1975 Chronicle of the Years of Fire Chronique des années de braise Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina Algeria

1976 Taxi Driver Martin Scorsese United States

1977 Padre Padrone Paolo and Vittorio Taviani Italy

1978 The Tree of Wooden Clogs
The Tree of Wooden Clogs
§ L'albero degli zoccoli Ermanno Olmi Italy

1979 Apocalypse Now Francis Ford Coppola United States

The Tin Drum Die Blechtrommel Volker Schlöndorff West Germany

1980s

1980 All That Jazz Bob Fosse United States

Kagemusha Kagemusha
Kagemusha
/ 影武者 Akira Kurosawa Japan

1981 Man of Iron Człowiek z żelaza Andrzej Wajda Poland

1982 Missing § Costa-Gavras Greece

The Way § Yol Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
and Şerif Gören Turkey

1983 The Ballad of Narayama Narayama bushikō / 楢山節考 Shohei Imamura Japan

1984 Paris, Texas § Wim Wenders West Germany

1985 When Father Was Away on Business § Otats na službenom putu / Отац на службеном путу Emir Kusturica Yugoslavia

1986 The Mission Roland Joffé United Kingdom

1987 Under the Sun of Satan § Sous le soleil de Satan Maurice Pialat France

1988 Pelle the Conqueror Pelle erobreren Bille August Denmark

1989 Sex, Lies, and Videotape Steven Soderbergh United States

1990s

1990 Wild at Heart David Lynch United States

1991 Barton Fink
Barton Fink
§ Coen brothers United States

1992 The Best Intentions Den goda viljan Bille August Denmark

1993 Farewell My Concubine Bàwáng bié jī / 霸王別姬 Chen Kaige China

The Piano Jane Campion New Zealand

1994 Pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino United States

1995 Underground Podzemlje / Подземље Emir Kusturica Serbia and Montenegro

1996 Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh United Kingdom

1997 Taste of Cherry Ta'm-e gīlās / طعم گيلاس Abbas Kiarostami Iran

The Eel Unagi / うなぎ Shohei Imamura Japan

1998 Eternity and a Day
Eternity and a Day
§ Mia aio̱nióti̱ta kai mia méra / Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα Theodoros Angelopoulos Greece

1999 Rosetta § Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne Belgium

2000s

2000 Dancer in the Dark Lars von Trier Denmark

2001 The Son's Room La stanza del figlio Nanni Moretti Italy

2002 The Pianist Roman Polanski France, Poland

2003 Elephant Gus Van Sant United States

2004 Fahrenheit 9/11 Michael Moore United States

2005 The Child L'enfant Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne Belgium

2006 The Wind That Shakes the Barley § Ken Loach United Kingdom

2007 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days 4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile Cristian Mungiu Romania

2008 The Class § Entre les murs Laurent Cantet France

2009 The White Ribbon Das weiße Band, Eine deutsche Kindergeschichte Michael Haneke Austria

2010s

2010 Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives Lung Bunmi Raluek Chat / ลุงบุญมีระลึกชาติ Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand

2011 The Tree of Life Terrence Malick United States

2012 Amour Michael Haneke Austria

2013 Blue Is the Warmest Colour
Blue Is the Warmest Colour
§ La Vie d'Adèle: Chapitres 1 et 2 Abdellatif Kechiche France, Tunisia

2014 Winter Sleep Kış Uykusu Nuri Bilge Ceylan Turkey

2015 Dheepan Jacques Audiard France

2016 I, Daniel Blake Ken Loach United Kingdom

2017 The Square Ruben Östlund Sweden

* Director's nationality given at time of film's release. § Denotes unanimous win ‡ The Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for Union Pacific was awarded in retrospect at the 2002 festival. The festival's debut was to take place in 1939, but it was cancelled due to World War II. The organisers of the 2002 festival presented part of the original 1939 selection to a professional jury of six members. The films were: Goodbye Mr. Chips, La Piste du Nord, Lenin in 1918, The Four Feathers, The Wizard of Oz, Union Pacific, and Boefje.

Multiple award winners Eight directors or co-directors have won the award twice:[13]

1946 & 1951 Alf Sjöberg
Alf Sjöberg
(Sweden) 1974 & 1979 Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(United States) 1988 & 1992 Bille August
Bille August
(Denmark) 1985 & 1995 Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(Serbia) 1983 & 1997 Shohei Imamura (Japan) 1999 & 2005 Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne (Belgium) 2009 & 2012 Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(Austria) 2006 & 2016 Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(Great Britain)

Honorary Palme d'Or In 2002 the festival began to sporadically award a non-competitive Honorary Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
to directors who had achieved a notable body of work but who had never won a competitive Palme d'Or. In 2011 the festival announced that the award would be given out annually, however plans for this fell through and it was not awarded again until four years later in 2015.[14] American director Woody Allen
Woody Allen
was the inaugural recipient while pioneering French filmmaker Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
was the first woman to receive the award in 2015.[15][16] In 2016, Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
became the first person to be awarded solely for acting.[17]

Year Recipient Profession Nationality of Recipient

2002 Woody Allen Director United States

2008 Manoel de Oliveira Director Portugal

2009 Clint Eastwood Actor/Director United States

2011 Bernardo Bertolucci Director Italy

2015 Agnès Varda Director France

2016 Jean-Pierre Léaud Actor France

2017 Jeffrey Katzenberg[18] Producer United States

See also

Film portal

Golden Bear, the highest prize awarded at the Berlin Film Festival Golden Lion, the highest prize awarded at the Venice Film Festival

References

^ a b c d e f g h "A brief history of the Palme d'or". Festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "Why the Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival matters (and how to pronounce it)". Vox. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ " Cannes
Cannes
2017: Sweden's Ruben Östlund
Ruben Östlund
wins Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for 'The Square' - France
France
24". France
France
24. 2017-05-28. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ Hammond, Pete (2016-05-11). " Cannes
Cannes
Vs Oscar: Why The Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
And Best Picture Academy Award Don't Make A Perfect Match". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ "Histoire de la Palme d'or, de Lucienne Lazon à Chopard" (in French). Retrieved 2017-05-31.  ^ "Cannes: 5 unforgettable Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
winners". 2015-05-24. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ "Director Abdellatif Kechiche: Why I'm Selling My Palme d'Or (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ "Festival de Cannes
Cannes
- Regulations". Festival-cannes.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.  ^ "Conference of the Jury of 66th Festival de Cannes". Festival de Cannes. 2013. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013. (video unavailable) ^ "Director Abdellatif Kechiche: Why I'm Selling My Palme d'Or (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-01-21.  ^ "A brief history of the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
- Festival de Cannes
Cannes
2013 (International Film Festival)". Festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.  ^ Xan Brooks (25 May 2014). " Cannes
Cannes
festival ready for shut-eye after Winter Sleep wins Palme d'Or". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 1 June 2014.  ^ Lodge, Guy; Gleiberman, Owen (22 May 2016). "Cannes: Ken Loach
Ken Loach
Wins His Second Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
for 'I, Daniel Blake'". Variety. Retrieved 27 June 2017.  ^ "A Honorary Palme at the opening ceremony of the Festival de Cannes". Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ "Director Agnes Varda to receive honorary Palme d'Or". Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ "AGNÈS VARDA TO RECEIVE HONORARY PALME D'OR". Retrieved 3 September 2015.  ^ Szalai, Georg. "Cannes: Jean-Pierre Leaud to Get Honorary Palme d'Or". Retrieved 31 May 2016.  ^ Richford, Rhonda (19 May 2017). "Cannes: Jeffrey Katzenberg
Jeffrey Katzenberg
Feted With Honorary Palme d'Or". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 

External links

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
Winners, 1976 to present, by gross box-office Festival-cannes.com Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival IMDB

v t e

Cannes
Cannes
Film Festival

Awards

Palme d'Or Grand Prix Best Director Award Best Actor Award Best Actress Award Best Screenplay Award Jury Prize Short Film Palme d'Or Un Certain Regard Cinéfondation Caméra d'Or

Awards given by independent entities

Prix de la FIPRESCI François Chalais Prize Trophée Chopard Vulcan Award L'Œil d'or France
France
4 Visionary Award Prize of the Ecumenical Jury Palm Dog Award Queer Palm Cannes
Cannes
Soundtrack Award

By year

1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Directors' Fortnight International Critics' Week Marché du Film List of jury presidents List of jury members

v t e

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
winning films

Union Pacific (1939) Torment (Hets) (1946) The Lost Weekend (1946) The Red Meadows (1946) Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(1946) María Candelaria
María Candelaria
(1946) Neecha Nagar (1946) The Turning Point (1946) La Symphonie pastorale (1946) The Last Chance (1946) Men Without Wings (1946) Rome, Open City
Rome, Open City
(1946) The Third Man
The Third Man
(1949) Miss Julie (1951) Miracle in Milan
Miracle in Milan
(1951) The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice (1951) Two Cents Worth of Hope
Two Cents Worth of Hope
(1952) The Wages of Fear
The Wages of Fear
(1953) Gate of Hell (1954) Marty (1955) The Silent World
The Silent World
(1956) Friendly Persuasion (1957) The Cranes Are Flying
The Cranes Are Flying
(1958) Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
(1959) La Dolce Vita
La Dolce Vita
(1960) The Long Absence
The Long Absence
(1961) Viridiana
Viridiana
(1961) O Pagador de Promessas
O Pagador de Promessas
(1962) The Leopard (1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
(1964) The Knack ...and How to Get It
The Knack ...and How to Get It
(1965) A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
(1966) The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
(1966) Blowup
Blowup
(1967) if.... (1969) MASH (1970) The Go-Between (1971) The Working Class Goes to Heaven
The Working Class Goes to Heaven
(1972) The Mattei Affair
The Mattei Affair
(1972) The Hireling (1973) Scarecrow (1973) The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) Chronicle of the Years of Fire
Chronicle of the Years of Fire
(1975) Taxi Driver
Taxi Driver
(1976) Padre Padrone
Padre Padrone
(1977) The Tree of Wooden Clogs
The Tree of Wooden Clogs
(1978) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979) The Tin Drum (1979) All That Jazz (1980) Kagemusha
Kagemusha
(1980) Man of Iron (1981) Missing (1982) Yol
Yol
(1982) The Ballad of Narayama (1983) Paris, Texas (1984) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) The Mission (1986) Under the Sun of Satan (1987) Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
(1988) Sex, Lies, and Videotape
Sex, Lies, and Videotape
(1989) Wild at Heart (1990) Barton Fink
Barton Fink
(1991) The Best Intentions
The Best Intentions
(1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Piano
The Piano
(1993) Pulp Fiction
Pulp Fiction
(1994) Underground (1995) Secrets & Lies (1996) Taste of Cherry
Taste of Cherry
(1997) The Eel (1997) Eternity and a Day
Eternity and a Day
(1998) Rosetta (1999) Dancer in the Dark
Dancer in the Dark
(2000) The Son's Room
The Son's Room
(2001) The Pianist (2002) Elephant (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11
Fahrenheit 9/11
(2004) The Child (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
(2007) The Class (2008) The White Ribbon
The White Ribbon
(2009) Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
(2010) The Tree of Life (2011) Amour (2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour
Blue Is the Warmest Colour
(2013) Winter Sleep (2014) Dheepan
Dheepan
(2015) I, Daniel Blake (2016) The Square (2017)

v t e

Major film awards by countries

Africa

Ghana Movie Awards (Ghana) Africa Movie Academy Awards
Africa Movie Academy Awards
(Nigeria) South African Film and Television Awards (South Africa)

Asia

Central

Didor International Film Festival (Tajikistan)

East

Golden Rooster Awards, Hong Kong Film Award, Hundred Flowers Awards and Huabiao Awards (China) Japan Academy Prize (Japan) Grand Bell Awards
Grand Bell Awards
and Blue Dragon Film Awards (South Korea) Golden Horse Awards (Taiwan)

South

National Film Awards, Meril Prothom Alo Awards, Bachsas Awards (Bangladesh) Filmfare Awards, Filmfare Awards South, Filmfare Awards East, National Film Awards (India) Lux Style Awards, ARY Film Awards
ARY Film Awards
and Nigar Awards
Nigar Awards
(Pakistan)

Southeast

Myanmar Motion Picture Awards (Burma) Indonesian Film Festival and Indonesian Movie Actor Awards (Indonesia) Malaysia Film Festival (Malaysia) FAMAS Award, Gawad Urian and Luna Award
Luna Award
(Philippines) Suphannahong Awards (Thailand) Golden Lotus Awards and Golden Kite Prize (Vietnam)

West

Fajr International Film Festival
Fajr International Film Festival
(Iran) Ophir Award (Israel) International Antalya Film Festival
International Antalya Film Festival
(Turkey)

Europe

East

Czech Lion Awards (Czech Republic) Polish Film Awards
Polish Film Awards
(Poland) Nika Award (Russia) Sun in a Net Awards (Slovakia) Golden Dzyga (Ukraine)

North

Robert Awards and Bodil Awards (Denmark) Jussi Awards
Jussi Awards
(Finland) Irish Film & Television Awards (Ireland) Amanda Award
Amanda Award
(Norway) Guldbagge Awards
Guldbagge Awards
(Sweden) British Academy Film Awards
British Academy Film Awards
(United Kingdom)

South

Heart of Sarajevo
Heart of Sarajevo
(Bosnia and Herzegovina) Golden Arena Awards (Croatia) Hellenic Film Academy Awards (Greece) David di Donatello
David di Donatello
and Nastro d'Argento (Italy) Golden Camera Awards (Macedonia) Sophia Awards (Portugal) Goya Awards (Spain)

West

Magritte Award (Belgium) César Award
César Award
and Lumières Award (France) Deutscher Filmpreis (Germany) Golden Calf (Netherlands) Swiss Film Award (Switzerland)

North America

Canadian Screen Awards
Canadian Screen Awards
(Canada) Ariel Award (Mexico) Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(United States)

Oceania

AACTA Awards
AACTA Awards
(Australia) New Zealand film and television awards (New Zealand)

South America

Argentine Academy of Cinematography Arts and Sciences Awards (Argentina) Grande Prêmio do Cinema Brasileiro (Brazil) Golden Precolumbian Circl

.