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Palghar
Palghar
 pronunciation (help·info)) is a town in Konkan division of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
state and a Municipal Council
Municipal Council
located about 87 kilometres north off Mumbai. Palghar
Palghar
lies on the Western Line of the Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway on the busy Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail corridor. It is the administrative capital of the newly formed Palghar
Palghar
district. The town is located around 35 kilometers north of Virar
Virar
and about 15 kilometres west of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highway (NH 8) exit at Manor, India.

Contents

1 Demographics 2 Transport 3 History 4 Culture 5 Economy 6 Education 7 Sports 8 References

Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update] India
India
census,[2] Palghar
Palghar
had a population of 68,930. Males numbered 36,523, i.e. 52.9% of the population, and females 32,407, i.e. 47.1% of the population. Palghar
Palghar
has an average literacy rate of 77.52%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81.2%, and female literacy is 73.35%. In Palghar, 11.8% of the population is under 6 years of age. The majority of population follows the Hindu religion with a sizable portion of Jains, Buddhists and Muslims. There is also a small Christian and Sikh community. Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Varli, Vadvali and Vanjari dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively. Transport[edit] Palghar
Palghar
is well connected via road and rail transport. Palghar
Palghar
acts as a divisional head of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Road Transport Corporation. MSRTC provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra including Miraj, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Kalyan, Alibag, Nandurbar, Bhusaval, Shirdi, and Nashik. Palghar
Palghar
is an important railway station on the Western Railway line of the Mumbai
Mumbai
Suburban Railway. Along with shuttle/Memu/EMU (local trains) services, many long distance trains also stop here. History[edit] On 1 August 2014, Palghar
Palghar
became the 36th district of Maharashtra. Its history is alternate with its old district Thane. From Palghar district Jawhar, Vasai and Palghar
Palghar
tehsils had a golden history legacy. Vasai ( then known as Bassein ) was under the Portuguese empire. After that Chimaji Aappa captured Vasai fort from the Portuguese and embedded the Maratha
Maratha
flag on Vasai. Palghar
Palghar
was the one of the important points in 1942 of the Chalejav campaign. On 14 August 1942, there was an uprising in Palghar, in which Kashinath Hari Pagdhare, Govind Ganesh Thakur, Ramchandra Bhimashankar Tiwari, Ramchandra Mahadev Churi, and Sukur Govind More were martyrs. The main circle of Palghar
Palghar
is known as "Paachbatti" ( Meaning ' five lights ' ) in honor of these martyrs. The Paachbatti is situated very close to the Palghar
Palghar
Railway Station, which also serves as the Palghar Bus Stand. 14 August has been declared as Palghar
Palghar
day. Culture[edit] Warli
Warli
(Adivasi), Katkari, Malhar Koli, Vanjari, Vadval are the predominant castes in Palghar. The Vanjaris have their roots in Chittodgad, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and its said that they migrated for trade and to escape the Muslim invasions into Rajputana
Rajputana
via sea routes to Murbe and then spread all over Palghar district. Their language is quite distinct from standard Marathi as it has high influence of Rajasthani and Gujarati. Vadwal is the most numerous community present in Palghar. They are said to be the descendants of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri who escaped from the Muslims and established themselves here. They form one of the very few Marathi-speaking communities which belong to Kshatriya varna but not the traditional 96-clan ( 96 - Kuli) Maratha
Maratha
caste. Warli
Warli
Painting and famous Tarapa dance features contribution towards art by the Warli
Warli
community. Warli
Warli
painting and art stretch back to a millennium. Warli
Warli
art is also appreciated in foreign countries. Warlis represent the earliest settlers of the Land around the present times and their culture has largely influenced the later cultures in and around the area. The Koli (fishermen) community of Palghar
Palghar
is a reminder of the city's links with the Arabian sea. Fisheries form a large part of trade and diet of Palghar
Palghar
and also takes up major role in cultural events. The Kolis are further divided into subcastes such as Vaiti, Mangele, Bari, etc. Economy[edit] The economy of Palghar
Palghar
is largely primary and tertiary sector. The emergence of Boisar
Boisar
as an industrial town meant reduced industrialization of Palghar. Palghar
Palghar
being the seat of Taluka, has lots of government offices and people working there. Also the creation of Palghar district
Palghar district
in 2014 magnified this. Agriculture, animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries are practiced in abundance in the rural areas around the city and fuel the economy of the city. Due to cheaper property as compared to Boisar, many people commute daily to the sister city since they're very well connected. It is also seen to happen vice versa. Palghar
Palghar
had also been a hub for wood smuggling in post independence era, a practice which has been largely curbed by the Forest department and police. Other than wood, the secluded beaches were known to attract smugglers trying to offshore their goods and enter Mumbai
Mumbai
by road to avoid customs. Education[edit] The town has a number of schools and colleges. A number of construction projects have recently been started in the region. There is tremendous scope to set up new schools and colleges for increasing staying population.

Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science College Palghar[3] St. John College of Engineering and Technology[4] St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research[5] St. John Institute of Management and Research[6] St. John International school Palghar Anand Ashram English High School Palghar Sundaram Central School & Junior College [CBSE] Palghar Kenam English High School Palghar Holy Spirit English High School Palghar Twinkle Star English High School Palghar Aryan High School Plaghar Jeevan Vikas High School Palghar Bhagini Samaj High School Sir JP international school [ICSE] Aryan English high school Surya valley School, sports and interactive learning English medium school, 10 minutes from Plaghar Char Rasta Yashwantrao Chafekar Jr.College of Art's, Commerece & Science Sacred head English high school, palghar

Sports[edit] Cricket is the most popular sport in Palghar. Local tournaments are organized at various locations across the district. Shardul Thakur is a cricketer from Palghar
Palghar
(Mahim) who plays for Indian Cricket team and for Chennai Super Kings
Chennai Super Kings
in IPL and for Mumbai
Mumbai
in Ranji Trophy. Aditya Tare is a cricketeer from Palghar
Palghar
(Satpati village). He is associated with IPL T20 matches. He is a wicket-keeper and a right-hand batsman for Delhi Daredevils. Aditya is a well-known batsman as well as a wicket keeper. He started his professional career in 2008 when he got a chance to play for Mumbai’s domestic team. He is still associated with the same team. In 2010, Aditya was selected by Mumbai
Mumbai
Indians for IPL and he played for Mumbai
Mumbai
Indians till 2015 before Sunrisers Hyderabad bought him in 2016. In 2017, Aditya was bought by Delhi Daredevils. He has an impressive record of his name for most dismissals by a wicket keeper. He made this record in Ranji Trophy when he dismissed 41 batsmen while wicket keeping. Aditya has also been honored by the award of Best Mumbai
Mumbai
Ranji trophy Cricketer. He was given this award in 2012. On numerous occasions, he also won the award for Man of the Match due to his brilliant performance during various matches. References[edit]

^ " Shiv Sena
Shiv Sena
Retains Palghar
Palghar
Assembly Seat".  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science College Palghar ^ St. John College of Engineering and Technology ^ St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research Archived 21 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ^ St. John Institute of Manag

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