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Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company is the trading name of The City of Oxford
Oxford
Motor Services Ltd.[1] It is a bus operator serving the city and surrounding area of Oxford, England. It is a subsidiary of the Go-Ahead Group.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Horse trams and horse buses 1.2 Motor buses

2 Bus location technology 3 Brands 4 Fleet 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

History[edit] Horse trams and horse buses[edit] The City of Oxford
Oxford
and District Tramway Company served Oxford
Oxford
with horse-drawn trams from 1881.[2][3] By 1898 its network served Abingdon Road, Banbury Road, Cowley Road, Walton Street
Walton Street
and both Oxford
Oxford
and Oxford
Oxford
Rewley Road railway stations.[4] Horse bus services developed to complement the tramway network. By the early 20th century both Iffley Road
Iffley Road
and Woodstock Road were horse bus routes. On Saturdays only there were horse buses from Headington
Headington
to the city centre and from Cowley village to the tram terminus in Cowley Road.[5] In 1906 the City of Oxford
Oxford
Electric Traction Company took over from the City of Oxford
Oxford
and District Tramway Company.[1][5] It planned to electrify and expand the network, but was defeated by local opposition.[6] Motor buses[edit] In 1913–14, and under threat of competition from William Morris and Frank Gray, the tram company replaced its trams and horse buses with Daimler motor buses.[7][8] In 1921 the company was renamed City of Oxford
Oxford
Motor Services Limited (COMS). It continued to expand its operations into the surrounding countryside. From the 1930s COMS was controlled by British Electric Traction, with the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
having a minority shareholding. The fleet livery was red with maroon and pale green relief. Most of its buses were built on AEC chassis and running gear. Numerous former COMS buses have been preserved, including a large and notable collection at the Oxford
Oxford
Bus Museum in Long Hanborough
Long Hanborough
in Oxfordshire.

Preserved 1967 AEC Renown in City of Oxford
Oxford
Motor Services livery

In 1969 COMS became a subsidiary of the National Bus Company. Greater integration of city and country services began. In 1971 the Oxford
Oxford
London
London
coach operator South Midland, which had been controlled by the neighbouring Thames Valley Traction
Thames Valley Traction
company, was transferred to COMS and the fleet name for the entire operation became Oxford
Oxford
South Midland. An acute problem for the operator was the competition for staff with Morris Motors
Morris Motors
whose Cowley factory was near the Oxford
Oxford
garage. One response was to move to one person operation of buses in the 1970s.[9] After some trials, the Oxford
Oxford
company established the city’s pioneering park and ride bus services in 1978. In the same year the London
London
express service began using its present route. In 1983 COMS was split into separate Oxford
Oxford
and South Midland units. The Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company was allocated the Oxford
Oxford
city services and the London
London
routes, and South Midland was allocated the remainder of the network. Both companies were subject to management buyouts. The South Midland company was soon resold to Thames Transit
Thames Transit
(later Stagecoach South Midlands), which introduced minibus competition. Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company tried to counter this with minibuses under the Oxford
Oxford
City Nipper brand name.

In 1990 the Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company acquired the High Wycombe operations of the Bee Line, and ran them under the Wycombe Bus brand name. In March 1994 the Go-Ahead Group
Go-Ahead Group
bought Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company. In 2000 Go-Ahead sold the High Wycombe operation to Arriva. The company's long-established main depot in Cowley Road, Oxford
Oxford
was closed in 2004, replaced by a new depot opened in Watlington Road.[10] In July 2009 Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company took over Oxford
Oxford
Brookes University's BrookesBus contract.[11][12] Go-Ahead bought Thames Travel
Thames Travel
in 2011 and Carousel Buses
Carousel Buses
in 2012. They now share Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company management but retain their separate identities.[13][14][15][16] Bus location technology[edit]

A Mercedes-Benz Citaro
Mercedes-Benz Citaro
O530 on Woodstock Road, Oxford
Oxford
on route City6 from Wolvercote
Wolvercote
to Magdalen Street. The bus's bright green livery is specific to that route.

All Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company buses and coaches have automatic vehicle location (AVL) equipment installed which works via GPS
GPS
technology.[17] The AVL equipment installed on each bus or coach gives geographical location to within a few metres and is updating central control room every few seconds. This information technology can therefore be seen in real time at the central control room, which helps in managing the fleet.[18] The AVL equipment is also coupled to a real-time passenger information system at over 250 bus stop display screens around Oxford
Oxford
City and surrounding towns, and via a smartphone app. This coupled information technology system gives the public "predicted times" of bus and coach services around Oxford
Oxford
City and surrounding towns.[18][19][20] Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
County Council also uses this information technology to provide traffic-light priority for buses at some road junctions.[19] The real-time passenger information system is managed by OxonTime, which is a partnership between various bus companies and Oxfordshire County Council.[18][19][needs update] Brands[edit] Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company currently operates services under five brands:

Brand Used for Services Image

Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company / "City" Local buses in and around Oxford. Most are branded with a livery and graphics specific to their usual route. City 2/2A/2B/2C/2D (light blue), City 3/3A/3B (yellow), City 4/4A/4B/4C (purple), City 5 (pink), City 6/6C (light green), City 8/9 (orange), City 13/X3/X13 (bright red), City 35/35A (dark red)

Park & Ride Limited stop buses from five peripheral park and ride car parks around the city 300, 400, 500

X90 London Express coaches between Oxford
Oxford
and London
London
Victoria Coach Station X90

Airline Express coaches linking Oxford
Oxford
with Heathrow and Gatwick airports LHR, LGW, OXF

BROOKESbus Local buses linking campuses and halls of Oxford
Oxford
Brookes University, but open to all passengers U1 (NU1), U1X, U4, U5 (NU5), U5X

Fleet[edit]

A Volvo B5LH
Volvo B5LH
hybrid electric bus with Wright Eclipse Gemini 2 body at Summertown Parade on Banbury Road, Oxford
Oxford
on route 2A from Kidlington to Magdalen Street. The bus's pale blue livery is specific to the City2 set of routes.

As of May 2017 the fleet consisted of 167 buses and coaches, of which at least 36 are hybrid buses.[21] See also[edit]

List of bus operators of the United Kingdom

References[edit]

^ a b "The City of Oxford
Oxford
Motor Services Limited". Companies House. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  Company Number 91106 ^ Crossley, Alan; Elrington, CR (eds.); Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, CJ; Hassall, TG; Selwyn, Nesta (1979). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 4: The City of Oxford. pp. 350–364. ISBN 978-019722714-5. Retrieved 6 August 2017. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Hart 1972, p. 222. ^ Hart 1972, p. 223. ^ a b Hart 1972, p. 224. ^ Hart 1972, p. 225. ^ Chipperfield, John (15 March 2010). "Postcard marked passing of Oxford's trams". Oxford
Oxford
Mail. Newsquest
Newsquest
Oxfordshire. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ " Oxford
Oxford
and District Tramways Bill". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: House of Commons. 22 July 1914. col. 591–599. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ Jolly, Stephen; Taylor, Nick (2003). The Book of Oxford
Oxford
Buses and Trams. Oxford
Oxford
Bus Museum Trust. ISBN 0-9506739-2-7. [page needed] ^ Ashworth, Phil (2006). The Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company – the first 125 years. Oxford: Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company. [page needed] ^ " Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company wins Brooks bus contract from rivals Stagecoach". TransportXtra. Landor Associates. 6 November 2008. [dead link] ^ Crowe, Malcolm (3 July 2009). "Issue 292". The Oxford
Oxford
& Chilterns Bus Page. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ " Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company". Go-Ahead Group. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012.  ^ Smith, Andrew (29 May 2011). "No changes at Thames Travel
Thames Travel
says outgoing boss". Oxford
Oxford
Mail. Newsquest
Newsquest
Oxfordshire. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ "Go-Ahead buys 35-vehicle Thames Travel". Bus and Coach. Plum Publishing. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2017. [permanent dead link] ^ "Go-Ahead Acquires Carousel Buses
Carousel Buses
Limited". Go-Ahead Group. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ " Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company". Go-Ahead Group. 1 May 2015. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012.  ^ a b c "About Us". OxonTime. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ a b c "Real-time bus information". Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
County Council. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ "Travel Map". Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
County Council. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ " Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company Fleet List" (PDF). Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company. May 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

Hart, Harold W (1972). "The Horse-Trams of Oxford, 1881–1914" (PDF). Oxoniensia. Oxford: Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
Architectural and Historical Society. XXXVII: 221–225. ISSN 0308-5562. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company.

Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company official website " Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company". The UK Midlands Bus Image Gallery. Showbus.  "The Oxford
Oxford
& Chilterns Bus Page". Malcolm Crowe.  – weekly local bus news, archived from October 2002 onward

v t e

Go-Ahead Group

United Kingdom bus companies

Brighton & Hove Carousel Buses Go-Ahead London

Blue Triangle Docklands Buses London
London
Central London
London
General

Go North East Go South Coast

Bluestar Damory Coaches Marchwood Motorways Southern Vectis Thamesdown Transport Tourist Group Unilink Wilts & Dorset

Hedingham

Chambers

Konectbus Metrobus Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company Plymouth Citybus Thames Travel

Overseas bus companies

Go-Ahead Dublin Go-Ahead Singapore

United Kingdom railway companies (through 65% share in Govia)

Govia
Govia
Thameslink Railway

Gatwick Express Great Northern Southern Thameslink

Southeastern

European railway companies

Go-Ahead Germany

Former operations

Anglian Bus Aviance UK

Plane Handling

East Thames Buses Go West Midlands London
London
Midland (65% Govia) Meteor Parking Thames Trains Thameslink (65% Govia)

v t e

Bus operators in South East England

Berkshire

Arriva Shires & Essex Bath Bus Company Courtney Buses First Berkshire
Berkshire
& The Thames Valley Fleet Buzz Reading Buses Stagecoach South Thamesdown Transport Thames Travel The Green Bus Wilts & Dorset

Buckinghamshire

Arriva Shires & Essex Carousel Buses First Berkshire
Berkshire
& The Thames Valley Stagecoach East

East Sussex

Arriva Southern Counties Bath Bus Company Brighton & Hove Compass Travel Cuckmere Buses Metrobus Renown Coaches Southdown PSV Stagecoach South
Stagecoach South
East

Hampshire

AMK Group Bluestar Damory First Hampshire
Hampshire
& Dorset Reading Buses Stagecoach South Unilink Wilts & Dorset Xelabus

Isle of Wight

Southern Vectis

Island Breezers

Kent

Arriva Southern Counties Chalkwell Coaches The Kings Ferry Metrobus Nu-Venture Stagecoach South
Stagecoach South
East

Stagecoach in East Kent

Sullivan Buses Southdown PSV

Oxfordshire

Arriva Shires & Essex Oxford
Oxford
Bus Company Reading Buses Stagecoach Oxfordshire

Oxford
Oxford
Tube

Thamesdown Transport Thames Travel

Surrey

Abellio Surrey Arriva Guildford & West Surrey Arriva London Compass Travel First Berkshire
Berkshire
& The Thames Valley London
London
General Metrobus Safeguard Coaches Southdown PSV Stagecoach South Sullivan Buses The Green Bus

West Sussex

Arriva Southern Counties

Arriva Guildford & West Surrey New Enterprise Coaches

Brighton & Hove Compass Travel Tellings-Golden Miller Minerva Accord Metrobus Southdown PSV Stagecoach South The Big Lemon

National

Megabu

.