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Overijssel
Overijssel
(Dutch pronunciation: [ˌoːvəˈrɛisəl] ( listen); Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel [ˌoːvəˈrisəɫ]) is a province[1] of the Netherlands
Netherlands
in the central-eastern part of the country. The province's name translates to "Across the IJssel", from the perspective of the Episcopal principality of Utrecht by which it was held until 1528. The capital city of Overijssel
Overijssel
is Zwolle
Zwolle
and the largest city is Enschede. The province has a population of 1,113,529 inhabitants.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Climate

2 History

2.1 Oversticht 2.2 Overijssel

3 Politics 4 Transport 5 Municipalities 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit]

Topographic map of Overijssel, 2012

Overijssel
Overijssel
is bordered by Germany
Germany
to the east, the Achterhoek
Achterhoek
region of Gelderland
Gelderland
to the south, the Veluwe
Veluwe
region of Gelderland
Gelderland
and Flevoland
Flevoland
to the west, and Friesland
Friesland
and the former moors of Drenthe to the north. Overijssel
Overijssel
comprises three regions: Kop van Overijssel in the northwest, Salland
Salland
in the centre of the province, and Twente
Twente
in the east. Besides the capital Zwolle, other major cities are Almelo, Deventer, Enschede, and Hengelo. To the southeast, the province's surface is mostly sandy, interspersed with small rivers such as the Regge and Dinkel
Dinkel
and other brooks. In the northwest, the geology is dominated by sediments from the Overijsselse Vecht and clay. The northern parts were once covered by veen (bogs) which separated the dryer and more arable south from Drenthe
Drenthe
and which have been exploited as fuel to a large degree. Only small patches survive today (Engbertsdijksvenen near Tubbergen, Witteveen (near Haaksbergen), and the Aamsveen (near Enschede). The extreme northwest is dominated by a system of lakes formed by former peat-mining and protected under the De Weerribben-Wieden National Park status, which is a valuable wetland. The highest point in Overijssel
Overijssel
is the summit of the Tankenberg, a hill in the municipality of Losser, at 89 metres (295 ft). The lowest point is in the Mastenbroek Polder
Polder
near Kampen at 2 metres (6 ft) below sea level. Climate[edit] Overijssel
Overijssel
enjoys an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Köppen classification). However, winters tend to be less mild than the rest of the Netherlands, because of its distance from the coast.[2]

Climate data for Twenthe (1981-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 4.8 (40.6) 5.7 (42.3) 9.5 (49.1) 13.9 (57) 18.0 (64.4) 20.5 (68.9) 22.8 (73) 22.5 (72.5) 18.7 (65.7) 14.1 (57.4) 8.9 (48) 5.2 (41.4) 13.7 (56.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 2.6 (36.7) 5.6 (42.1) 8.9 (48) 12.9 (55.2) 15.4 (59.7) 17.6 (63.7) 17.1 (62.8) 14.0 (57.2) 10.2 (50.4) 6.0 (42.8) 2.9 (37.2) 9.6 (49.3)

Average low °C (°F) −0.5 (31.1) −0.6 (30.9) 1.5 (34.7) 3.4 (38.1) 7.1 (44.8) 9.6 (49.3) 12.0 (53.6) 11.5 (52.7) 9.2 (48.6) 6.2 (43.2) 3.0 (37.4) 0.3 (32.5) 5.2 (41.4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.5 (2.815) 51.6 (2.031) 65.1 (2.563) 45.2 (1.78) 62.4 (2.457) 67.7 (2.665) 74.5 (2.933) 71.0 (2.795) 65.4 (2.575) 67.5 (2.657) 68.9 (2.713) 74.1 (2.917) 784.9 (30.902)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.8 82.6 114.0 169.9 202.1 184.6 202.4 184.4 137.4 112.3 58.9 46.0 1,547.3

Source: KNMI [3]

History[edit]

Map of the Archbishopric of Utrecht around 1350, when present-day Overijssel
Overijssel
was part of the region Oversticht

Oversticht[edit] Overijssel
Overijssel
was formerly known as Oversticht and also included most of the modern-day province of Drenthe. In 1336, it was made part of Guelders, though it was ceded to the Bishopric of Utrecht in 1347. The Bishops ceded the Oversticht to the Emperor Charles V in 1528, who styled himself Lord of Overijssel, after the Latin name of Oversticht that was known since 1233: Transysla or Transisalania, or Over-IJssel, i.e. the other side of the river IJssel. The people joined with the other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir Philip II. Overijssel became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the province. After a brief occupation by the forces of the Bishop of Münster (1672–74), Overijssel
Overijssel
received a new form of government which granted the stadtholders more power. Widespread resistance against the increased power throughout the provinces eventually led to the formation of the Batavian Republic
Batavian Republic
in 1795. A centralist government arose and the Netherlands
Netherlands
was organised into a series of départements, based on those used by revolutionary France. Overijssel[edit] At first organised into its own département, it was merged with Drenthe
Drenthe
in 1798 to form Ouden IJssel, which was renamed Overijssel
Overijssel
in 1801. The French annexed the Batavian Republic
Batavian Republic
in 1810, and Overijssel
Overijssel
was organised into the new French département of Bouches-de-l'Yssel. After the defeat of Napoleon
Napoleon
in 1814, the kingdom of the Netherlands and the former province of Overijssel
Overijssel
were recreated. Overijssel
Overijssel
was occupied by Nazi Germany
Germany
during World War II
World War II
from May 1940 until its liberation in April 1945. The Noordoostpolder, a reclaimed territory which had been laid dry in 1942, was part of Overijssel
Overijssel
from 1962 until 1986, when it became part of the newly created province of Flevoland. Politics[edit]

Diagram of the 2007 election results for the States-Provincial
States-Provincial
in Overijssel

The King's Commissioner
King's Commissioner
of Overijssel
Overijssel
is currently a vacant position as previous title holder Ank Bijleveld
Ank Bijleveld
(CDA) was appointed to be Minister of defence on 26 October 2017. The King's Commissioner
King's Commissioner
is the chairman of the Provincial-Executive (executive branch) and the States-Provincial
States-Provincial
(elected legislature) of the province.

2015 election results

Political party Votes in % Seats

Christian Democratic Appeal 22.44 11

People's Party for Freedom
Party for Freedom
and Democracy 12.43 6

Socialist Party 10.70 5

Dutch Labour Party 10.59 5

Democrats 66 10.47 5

Party for Freedom 9.43 5

ChristianUnion 8.37 4

Reformed Political Party 4.31 2

GreenLeft 4.30 2

50PLUS 2.91 1

Party for the Animals 2.24 1

Other parties 0.66 0

Total

47

Transport[edit]

The Enschede
Enschede
railway station.

There are three main motorways in Overijssel, the A1, A28, and the A35. The A32 also runs through the province, but only for a few kilometers.[4] The main railway station in Overijssel
Overijssel
is the Zwolle
Zwolle
railway station, located in the city of Zwolle
Zwolle
which serves as hub between the northern provinces and the rest of The Netherlands. The main airport in Overijssel
Overijssel
is the Enschede
Enschede
Airport Twente, located outside of Enschede. The airport does not currently offer any international flights, though it has historically.[5] Municipalities[edit]

The municipalities of Overijssel

North Overijssel
Overijssel
COROP group

Dalfsen
Dalfsen
(3) Hardenberg
Hardenberg
(8) Kampen (12) Ommen
Ommen
(16) Staphorst
Staphorst
(19) Steenwijkerland
Steenwijkerland
(20) Zwartewaterland
Zwartewaterland
(24) Zwolle
Zwolle
(25)

South West Overijssel
Overijssel
COROP group

Deventer
Deventer
(5) Olst-Wijhe
Olst-Wijhe
(15) Raalte
Raalte
(17)

Twente
Twente
COROP group

Almelo
Almelo
(1) Borne (2) Dinkelland
Dinkelland
(4) Enschede
Enschede
(6) Haaksbergen
Haaksbergen
(7) Hellendoorn
Hellendoorn
(9) Hengelo
Hengelo
(10) Hof van Twente
Twente
(11) Losser
Losser
(13) Oldenzaal
Oldenzaal
(14) Rijssen-Holten
Rijssen-Holten
(18) Tubbergen
Tubbergen
(21) Twenterand
Twenterand
(22) Wierden
Wierden
(23)

See also[edit]

Overisel Township, Michigan, US was named after Overijssel Tanfana

References[edit]

^ The region has a NUTS classification of NL21. ^ http://www.whatstheweatherlike.org/netherlands/overijssel.htm ^ "Twenthe, long-term averages, time period 1981-2010 (in Dutch)" (PDF). Retrieved December 29, 2012.  ^ http://hitchwiki.org/en/Category:Overijssel ^ http://ourairports.com/countries/NL/OV/airports.html?sort=popular

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Overijssel.

Official website Participation platform of Overijssel Overijssel
Overijssel
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Municipalities of Overijssel

Almelo Borne Dalfsen Deventer Dinkelland Enschede Haaksbergen Hardenberg Hellendoorn Hengelo Hof van Twente Kampen Losser Oldenzaal Olst-Wijhe Ommen Raalte Rijssen-Holten Staphorst Steenwijkerland Tubbergen Twenterand Wierden Zwartewaterland Zwolle

See also Netherlands Provinces Municipalities

v t e

Provinces of the Netherlands

Coats of arms Flags

Drenthe Flevoland Friesland Gelderland Groningen Limburg North Brabant North Holland Overijssel South Holland Utrecht Zeeland

v t e

Burgundian Circle
Burgundian Circle
(1512–1797) of the Holy Roman Empire

Seventeen Provinces
Seventeen Provinces
of Habsburg Netherlands

Seceded 1581

Guelders
Guelders
( Veluwe
Veluwe
Quarter, Nijmegen Quarter
Nijmegen Quarter
and Zutphen) Drenthe Friesland Groningen Holland Overijssel Utrecht Zeeland

Remained

Artois2 Brabant Flanders Guelders
Guelders
(Upper Quarter) Hainaut Limburg Luxemburg Mechelen Namur

County

Burgundy3

Imperial City

Besançon3

Dependent territories

Antwerp Breda1

1 until 1648;    2 until 1659;   3 until 1678. Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unencircled territories

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140703482 LCCN: n79006814 ISNI: 0000 0004 0624 7290 GND: 4042934-9 BNF:

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