Overijssel (Dutch pronunciation:
[ˌoːvəˈrɛisəl] ( listen); Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel
[ˌoːvəˈrisəɫ]) is a province of the
Netherlands in the
central-eastern part of the country. The province's name translates to
"Across the IJssel", from the perspective of the Episcopal
principality of Utrecht by which it was held until 1528. The capital
Zwolle and the largest city is Enschede. The
province has a population of 1,113,529 inhabitants.
6 See also
8 External links
Topographic map of Overijssel, 2012
Overijssel is bordered by
Germany to the east, the
Gelderland to the south, the
Veluwe region of
Flevoland to the west, and
Friesland and the former moors of Drenthe
to the north.
Overijssel comprises three regions: Kop van Overijssel
in the northwest,
Salland in the centre of the province, and
the east. Besides the capital Zwolle, other major cities are Almelo,
Deventer, Enschede, and Hengelo.
To the southeast, the province's surface is mostly sandy, interspersed
with small rivers such as the Regge and
Dinkel and other brooks. In
the northwest, the geology is dominated by sediments from the
Overijsselse Vecht and clay. The northern parts were once covered by
veen (bogs) which separated the dryer and more arable south from
Drenthe and which have been exploited as fuel to a large degree. Only
small patches survive today (Engbertsdijksvenen near Tubbergen,
Witteveen (near Haaksbergen), and the Aamsveen (near Enschede). The
extreme northwest is dominated by a system of lakes formed by former
peat-mining and protected under the De Weerribben-Wieden National Park
status, which is a valuable wetland.
The highest point in
Overijssel is the summit of the Tankenberg, a
hill in the municipality of Losser, at 89 metres (295 ft). The
lowest point is in the Mastenbroek
Polder near Kampen at 2 metres
(6 ft) below sea level.
Overijssel enjoys an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Köppen
classification). However, winters tend to be less mild than the rest
of the Netherlands, because of its distance from the coast.
Climate data for Twenthe (1981-2010)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source: KNMI 
Map of the Archbishopric of Utrecht around 1350, when present-day
Overijssel was part of the region Oversticht
Overijssel was formerly known as Oversticht and also included most of
the modern-day province of Drenthe. In 1336, it was made part of
Guelders, though it was ceded to the Bishopric of Utrecht in 1347. The
Bishops ceded the Oversticht to the Emperor Charles V in 1528, who
styled himself Lord of Overijssel, after the Latin name of Oversticht
that was known since 1233: Transysla or Transisalania, or Over-IJssel,
i.e. the other side of the river IJssel. The people joined with the
other Dutch and rebelled against Charles' heir Philip II. Overijssel
became governed by the most powerful mayors and lords in the province.
After a brief occupation by the forces of the Bishop of Münster
Overijssel received a new form of government which
granted the stadtholders more power. Widespread resistance against the
increased power throughout the provinces eventually led to the
formation of the
Batavian Republic in 1795. A centralist government
arose and the
Netherlands was organised into a series of
départements, based on those used by revolutionary France.
At first organised into its own département, it was merged with
Drenthe in 1798 to form Ouden IJssel, which was renamed
The French annexed the
Batavian Republic in 1810, and
organised into the new French département of Bouches-de-l'Yssel.
After the defeat of
Napoleon in 1814, the kingdom of the Netherlands
and the former province of
Overijssel were recreated.
Overijssel was occupied by Nazi
World War II
World War II from May
1940 until its liberation in April 1945. The Noordoostpolder, a
reclaimed territory which had been laid dry in 1942, was part of
Overijssel from 1962 until 1986, when it became part of the newly
created province of Flevoland.
Diagram of the 2007 election results for the
King's Commissioner of
Overijssel is currently a vacant position
as previous title holder
Ank Bijleveld (CDA) was appointed to be
Minister of defence on 26 October 2017. The
King's Commissioner is the
chairman of the Provincial-Executive (executive branch) and the
States-Provincial (elected legislature) of the province.
2015 election results
Votes in %
Christian Democratic Appeal
Party for Freedom
Party for Freedom and Democracy
Dutch Labour Party
Party for Freedom
Reformed Political Party
Party for the Animals
Enschede railway station.
There are three main motorways in Overijssel, the A1, A28, and the
A35. The A32 also runs through the province, but only for a few
The main railway station in
Overijssel is the
Zwolle railway station,
located in the city of
Zwolle which serves as hub between the northern
provinces and the rest of The Netherlands.
The main airport in
Overijssel is the
Enschede Airport Twente, located
outside of Enschede. The airport does not currently offer any
international flights, though it has historically.
The municipalities of Overijssel
Overijssel COROP group
Overijssel COROP group
Twente COROP group
Overisel Township, Michigan, US was named after Overijssel
^ The region has a NUTS classification of NL21.
^ "Twenthe, long-term averages, time period 1981-2010 (in Dutch)"
(PDF). Retrieved December 29, 2012.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Overijssel.
Participation platform of Overijssel
Overijssel travel guide from Wikivoyage
Municipalities of Overijssel
Hof van Twente
Provinces of the Netherlands
Coats of arms
Burgundian Circle (1512–1797) of the Holy Roman Empire
Seventeen Provinces of
Nijmegen Quarter and Zutphen)
Guelders (Upper Quarter)
1 until 1648; 2 until 1659; 3 until
1678. Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower
Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon
Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral
Rhenish · Unencircled
ISNI: 0000 0004 0624 7290