Oswald "Ozzie", "Jake" Jacoby (December 8, 1902 – June 27, 1984) was an American contract bridge player and author, considered one of the greatest bridge players of all time. He also excelled at, and wrote about, other games including backgammon, gin rummy, and poker. He was from Dallas, Texas and an uncle of activist and author Susan Jacoby.
1 Early life 2 Bridge career 3 Bridge accomplishments
3.1 Honors 3.2 Awards 3.3 Wins 3.4 Runners-up
4 Other games 5 Publications 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links
ACBL Hall of Fame, 1965[b]
ACBL Honorary Member of the Year 1967
World Bridge Federation
Charles H. Goren Award (Personality of the Year), 1983, from the International Bridge Press Association McKenney Trophy 1959, 1961, 1962, 1963 Herman Trophy 1960
IBL World Championship (1) 1935 North American Bridge Championships (31)
Vanderbilt (7) 1931, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1946, 1965 Asbury Park Trophy (now Spingold) (4) 1931, 1932, 1933, 1937 Masters Teams-of-Four (now Spingold) (2) 1934, 1936 Spingold (5) 1938, 1939, 1945, 1950, 1959 Chicago (now Reisinger) (1) 1955 Reisinger (1) 1983 Men's Board-a-Match Teams (2) 1952, 1959 Master Mixed Teams (1) 1968 Life Master Pairs (1) 1936 Fall National Open Pairs (2) 1935, 1960 Open Pairs (1) 1964 Men's Pairs (3) 1934, 1939, 1949 Master Individual (1) 1935
United States Bridge Association (5)
Grand National Open Teams (3) 1934, 1935, 1937 Open Pairs (2) 1936, 1937
American Bridge League (2)
Men's Teams (2) 1931, 1932
Vanderbilt (3) 1930, 1941, 1949 Spingold (4) 1941, 1948, 1949, 1957 Chicago (now Reisinger) (5) 1931, 1932, 1939, 1956, 1960 Men's Board-a-Match Teams (2) 1954, 1956 Master Mixed Teams (2) 1935, 1941 Life Master Pairs (2) 1939, 1941 Fall National Open Pairs (1) 1932 Hilliard Mixed Pairs (2) 1931, 1939
A poker player and author on the subject, Jacoby was convicted of a
gambling charge in 1944 while in the navy but acquitted of a charge of
conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman. Although he did not
pursue a career in competitive chess and did not write on the game, he
was nevertheless a strong player. When in college, Jacoby beat US
chess champion Frank Marshall, and in 1963, in a rapid-transit game,
he played a draw with Tigran Petrosian, the then world champion.
Jacoby was also an expert backgammon player, and in 1972 he was
Famous hands of the Culbertson-Lenz match, 1932 Watson on the play of the hand at contract bridge, 1934. Foreword by Oswald Jacoby. The four aces system of contract bridge, 1935 Five-suit bridge, 1938 What's new in bridge, 1954 Hear how to play winning bridge, 1960 The complete book of duplicate bridge, 1965 Win at bridge with Jacoby & son, 1966 Jacoby transfer bids, 1981 Major suit raises, 1981 Improve Your Bridge With Oswald Jacoby: 125 Bridge Hands from the Master, 1983, ISBN 0-07-032238-4 Win at bridge with Oswald Jacoby : America's winningest bridge champion, 1963 Win at bridge with Jacoby modern, 1973
Oswald Jacoby's Complete Canasta, 1950 How to win at canasta, 1951
Other card games
The book of card game rules and strategies, 1989 The fireside book of cards, 1957 Oswald Jacoby on Gambling, 1963, New Recreations with Magic Squares (with William H. Benson), 1976 Jacoby on card games, 1986 Magic cubes : new recreations, 1981
Intriguing Mathematical Problems (with William H. Benson), 1996 How to figure the odds, 1947 Mathematics for pleasure, 1962
^ Jacoby and nine others were named Life Masters by the American Bridge League in 1936. The ACBL was established by mergers of competing organizations, completed late in 1937, and it continued the ABL Life Master title and master points program. ^ a b The Bridge World monthly magazine, established by Ely Culbertson in 1929, named nine members of its bridge hall of fame including Culbertson from 1964 to 1966, but it never named another. Almost thirty years later, the ACBL established its hall of fame with the Bridge World nine as founding members. It named eight new members in 1995 and has inducted others annually since then.
^ a b c d e f g Jacoby, James (1987). Jacoby on Bridge. New York:
Pharos Books. pp. Preface. ISBN 0-88687-305-3.
^ Francis, Henry G., Editor-in-Chief; Truscott, Alan F., Executive
Editor; Francis, Dorthy A., Editor, Fifth Edition (1994). The Official
Encyclopedia of Bridge (5th ed.). Memphis, TN: American Contract
Bridge League. p. 654–55. ISBN 0-943855-48-9.
LCCN 96188639. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
^ a b "Unraveling the Past: A journalist digs deep into her family's
roots -- and religious wounds". Jewish World Review. 8 August
^ "Oswald Jacoby" (PDF). Obituary. Transactions of the Society of
Actuaries. Society of Actuaries. 36: 616. October 1984. Retrieved
March 5, 2016.
^ a b Wolff, Bobby (2008). The Lone Wolff. Toronto: Master Point
Press. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-1-897106-37-2.
^ Reese, Terence, "The bridge battle of the century". British Bridge
World, August 1963, pp. 38-43. The rest of the match was described in
^ Francis, Henry G., Editor-in-Chief; Truscott, Alan F., Executive
Editor; Francis, Dorthy A., Editor, Sixth Edition (2001). The Official
Encyclopedia of Bridge (6th ed.). Memphis, TN: American Contract
Bridge League. p. 165. ISBN 0-943855-44-6.
OCLC 49606900. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
Oswald Jacoby Dies at Age 81". Logansport Pharos-Tribune.
Logansport, Indiana. 28 Jun 1984. p. 8 – via
^ a b Hall of Fame (top page). ACBL. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
^ a b c "Induction by Year". Hall of Fame. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
^ "Jacoby, Oswald". Hall of Fame. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
^ "Oswald Jacoby's Court Martial". Myron L. Gordon. Unknown origin.
Copy at Bridge Ace (bridgeace.com). Retrieved 2014-05-15.
Copy at Better Bridge. Archived October 12, 2011, at the Wayback
^ "Jacoby Rule".
Citation at the ACBL Hall of Fame
"International record for Oswald Jacoby". World Bridge
Biography at Bridge Bum
Biographical information at the
v t e
Bridge Murder case
Cheating in bridge
Balanced hand Balancing (bridge) Bidding box Bidding system Board (bridge) Bridge convention Brown sticker Convention card Cue bid Five-card majors Forcing bid Forcing pass Game try Hand evaluation Honor point count Inverted minors Law of total tricks Losing-Trick Count Major suit Minor suit Optimum contract and par contract Overcall Preempt Prepared opening bid Principle of fast arrival Psychic bid Quantitative no trump bids Reverse (bridge) Sacrifice (bridge) Shooting (bridge) Single suiter Strong pass Takeout double Three suiter Two suiter Useful space principle Void (cards) Weak two bid Zar Points
List of bidding systems 2/1 game forcing Acol Bidding system Blue Club Boring Club Bridge Base Basic Bridge World Standard Canapé (bridge) Carrot Club EHAA Fantunes Highly unusual method Kaplan–Sheinwold Little Major Moscito OKbridge 2/1 Polish Club Precision Club Roman Club Romex system Säffle Spade Standard American Strong club system
List of bidding conventions
List of play techniques Avoidance play Beer card Caddy Card reading Duck Endplay Entry Grosvenor gambit Hold up Percentage play Pin (bridge) Principle of restricted choice Probabilities Revoke Ruff Shooting Smother play Tempo Trump promotion Uppercut Vacant Places
Basic: Finesse Safety play Coups: Alcatraz coup Bath coup Belladonna coup Coup Coup en passant Crocodile coup Deschapelles coup Devil's coup Loser on loser Merrimac coup Morton's fork coup Scissors coup Trump coup Vienna coup Squeezes: Backwash squeeze Cannibal squeeze Clash squeeze Compound squeeze Criss-cross squeeze Double squeeze Entry squeeze Entry-shifting squeeze Guard squeeze Knockout squeeze Non-simultaneous double squeeze Progressive squeeze Pseudo-squeeze Saturated squeeze Simple squeeze Simultaneous double squeeze Single-suit squeeze Squeeze play Stepping-stone squeeze Strip squeeze Triple squeeze Trump squeeze Vice squeeze Winkle squeeze Suit combinations: Suit combination Suit combination – J missing Suit combination – 10 missing Suit combinations – K10 missing
Forcing defense Journalist leads Opening lead Rule of 10-12 Rule of 11 Rusinow leads Signal Smith signal
People and organizations
ACBL Youngest Life Master List of contract bridge people List of nationality transfers in sport
Players by country
Australia Austria Brazil Britain Bulgaria Canada China Denmark Netherlands Egypt Fiction France Germany Hungary India Ireland Israel Italy Jewish players Mexico Monaco New Zealand Norway Pakistan Poland Russia Sweden Switzerland Taiwan United States
Alphabetical list of contract bridge people with (english) articles List of bridge administrators List of bridge writers
Blue Team Dallas Aces Four Aces
Bridge Club Brașov Cavendish Club Crockford's Galatasaray Bridge Team Melville Bridge Club Portland Club (London) Savoy Club Young Chelsea Bridge Club
American Bridge Association American Contract Bridge League Austrian Bridge Federation Brazilian Bridge Federation British Bridge League Canadian Bridge Federation Dutch Bridge Federation English Bridge Union European Bridge League Hungarian Bridge Federation International Mind Sports Association List of bridge governing bodies Norwegian Bridge Federation South African Bridge Federation United States Bridge Federation World Bridge Federation
List of bridge competitions and awards
Bermuda Bowl Bridge at the 2008 World Mind Sports Games Bridge at the 2012 World Mind Sports Games Cavendish Invitational Computer Olympiad McConnell Cup Rosenblum Cup Senior Bowl (bridge) Triple crown of bridge Venice Cup WBF Youth Award World Bridge Championships World IMP Pairs Championship World Junior Pairs Championship World Junior Teams Championship World Mind Sports Games World Mixed Pairs Championship World Mixed Teams Championship World Open Pairs Championship World Senior Pairs Championship World Senior Teams Championship World Team Olympiad World Transnational Open Teams Championship World Women Pairs Championship
National and Zonal
Buffett Cup Camrose Trophy Commonwealth Nations Bridge Championships European Universities Bridge Championships Gold Cup (bridge) North American bridge Championships: ACBL King or Queen of Bridge Blue Ribbon Pairs Bruce LM-5000 Pairs Chicago Mixed Board-a-Match Fall National Open Pairs Fast Open Pairs Fishbein Trophy Goren Trophy Grand National Teams Hilliard Mixed Pairs Jacoby Open Swiss Teams Keohane North American Swiss Teams Lebhar IMP Pairs Leventritt Silver Ribbon Pairs Machlin Women's Swiss Teams Manfield Non-Life Master Pairs Marcus Cup Master Individual Mini-Blue Ribbon Pairs Mini-Spingold Mitchell Board-a-Match Teams Mott-Smith Trophy Nail Life Master Open Pairs National 199er Pairs National 49er Pairs National 99er Pairs Non-Life Master Swiss Teams Norman Kay Platinum Pairs North American Bridge Championships North American Pairs Red Ribbon Pairs Reisinger Rockwell Mixed Pairs Roth Open Swiss Teams Senior Knockout Teams Silodor Open Pairs Smith Life Master Women's Pairs Spingold Sternberg Women's Board-a-Match Teams Truscott Senior Swiss Teams Vanderbilt Trophy Von Zedtwitz Life Master Pairs Wagar Women's Knockout Teams Wernher Open Pairs Whitehead Women's Pairs Young LM-1500 Pairs
Publications and resources
List of contract bridge books
25 Bridge Conventions You Should Know
Bridge Squeezes Complete
Design for Bidding
Contract Bridge for Beginners
Edwin Kantar bibliography
Master Point Press
Planning the Play of a Bridge Hand
List of bridge magazines Bridge d'Italia Bridge Magazine The Bridge World
Bridge Base Basic Bridge Base Inc. OK bridge 2/1
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 20222864 LCCN: n50028048 ISNI: 0000 0000 8099 6987 SN