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Ostlegionen
Ostlegionen
("eastern legions"), Ost-Bataillone ("eastern battalions"), Osttruppen ("eastern troops"), Osteinheiten ("eastern units") were military units in the Heer (army) of Nazi Germany, during World War II
World War II
that were made up of personnel from countries comprising the Soviet
Soviet
Union. They represented a major subset within a broader use of non-German forces by the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
(which, apart from the Heer, included the Waffen SS). Some members of these units were conscripted or coerced into serving, whilst others volunteered. Many were former Soviet
Soviet
personnel, recruited from prisoner of war camps. Osttruppen were frequently stationed away from front lines and used for coastal defence or rear-area activities, such as anti-partisan operations, thus freeing up regular Axis forces for front line service. They belonged to two distinct types of units:

Ost-Bataillone were composed of various nationalities, raised mostly amongst POWs captured in Eastern Europe, who had been formed into battalion-sized units, which were integrated individually into German combat formations, and; Ostlegionen
Ostlegionen
were larger foreign legion-type units raised amongst members of a specific ethnic minority or minorities, and comprising multiple battalions.

Members of Osteinheiten usually faced execution or harsh terms of imprisonment, if they were captured by Soviet
Soviet
forces or repatriated to the USSR by the western Allies.

Contents

1 Ost-Bataillone 2 Ostlegionen 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading

Ost-Bataillone[edit] Ost-Bataillone wore German uniforms and equipment and were integrated into larger German formations. They began as the private initiatives of individual military commanders, but eventually became formalized and by late 1943 they contained 427,000 personnel,[citation needed] a force equivalent to 30 German divisions. Most were utilized on the Eastern Front and in the Balkans. During 1944, a number of Ost-Bataillone were stationed in northern France, in anticipation of a western Allied invasion. Units that fought in the Battle of Normandy
Normandy
were part of the German static infantry divisions 243 and 709, positioned in the vicinity of the Utah, Juno and Sword invasion beaches.[1] Ost-Bataillone were also present in southern France, during the Allied landings codenamed Operation Dragoon
Operation Dragoon
(August 1944). Ostlegionen
Ostlegionen
[edit]

Name of unit Size and composition

Armenian Legion 11 battalions consisting of ethnic Armenians.

Azerbaijani Legion/Muslim Caucasus Legion Composed of Azeris, Daghestanis, Chechens, Ingushes, and Lezghins.

1st Cossack
Cossack
Cavalry Division a cavalry division made up of Cossack
Cossack
volunteers; transferred in 1945 from the Heer to the Waffen SS.

Georgian Legion 14 battalions, consisting of ethnic Georgians.

Russian Liberation Army a. k. a. the "Vlasov Army"; a corps-sized formation composed mostly of ethnic Russian volunteers.

Turkestan Legion 34 battalions, composed of Turkmens, Uzbeks, Kazakhs
Kazakhs
and other Central Asian nationalities; they saw action as the 162. (Turkistan) Infanterie-Division, in Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
and Italy.

Ukrainian Liberation Army various Ukrainian units comprised more than 50,000 personnel.

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ostlegionen.

Hiwi (volunteer) Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
foreign volunteers and conscripts

References[edit]

^ Ambrose, Stephen (1997). D-Day: the Battle for the Normandy Beacches. London: Simon & Schuster. p. 34. ISBN 0-7434-4974-6. 

Further reading[edit]

The East Came West: Muslim, Hindu, And Buddhist Volunteers in the German Armed Forces, 1941-1945, edited by Antonio J. Munoz (Axis Europa Books, 2002, ISBN 1-8

.