Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC, CQ, OOnt (August 15, 1925 –
December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer. He was
called the "
of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington, but simply
"O.P." by his friends. He released over 200 recordings, won
eight Grammy Awards, and received numerous other awards and honours.
He is considered one of the greatest jazz pianists, and played
thousands of concerts worldwide in a career lasting more than 60
1.1 Norman Granz
1.5 Further career
1.6 Composer and teacher
1.7 Stroke, later years and death
1.8 Personal life
2 Awards and recognition
2.1 Musical awards and recognition
2.2 Recognition in Canada
2.3 Grammy Awards
2.4 Honorary degrees conferred
5 See also
7 External links
Peterson was born to immigrants from the West Indies; his father
worked as a porter for Canadian Pacific Railway. Peterson grew up
in the neighbourhood of
Little Burgundy in Montreal, Quebec. It was in
this predominantly black neighbourhood that he found himself
surrounded by the jazz culture that flourished in the early 20th
century. At the age of five, Peterson began honing his skills with
the trumpet and piano. However, a bout of tuberculosis when he was
seven prevented him from playing the trumpet again, so he directed all
his attention to the piano. His father, Daniel Peterson, an amateur
trumpeter and pianist, was one of his first music teachers, and his
sister Daisy taught young Oscar classical piano. Peterson was
persistent at practising scales and classical études daily, and
developed his virtuosity thanks to such arduous practice.
As a child, Peterson also studied with Hungarian-born pianist Paul de
Marky, a student of István Thomán, who was himself a pupil of Franz
Liszt, so his early training was predominantly based on classical
piano. Meanwhile, he was captivated by traditional jazz and especially
boogie-woogie, and learned several ragtime pieces. At that time
Peterson was called "the Brown Bomber of the Boogie-Woogie".
At the age of nine Peterson played piano with control that impressed
professional musicians. For many years his piano studies included four
to six hours of daily practice. Only in his later years did he
decrease his practice to just one or two hours daily. In 1940, at
fourteen years of age, Peterson won the national music competition
organized by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. After that
victory, he dropped out of the High School of Montreal, where he
played in a band with Maynard Ferguson, and became a professional
pianist working for a weekly radio show and playing at hotels and
Some of the artists who influenced Peterson's music during the earlier
type of years were Teddy Wilson, Nat "King" Cole, James P. Johnson,
and Art Tatum, to whom many compared Peterson in later years. One
of his earliest exposures to Tatum's musical talents came in his teen
years when his father played a recording of Tatum's "Tiger Rag" for
him. Peterson was so intimidated by what he heard that he became
disillusioned about his own playing, to the extent of refusing to play
the piano at all for several weeks. In his own words, "Tatum scared me
to death", and Peterson was "never cocky again" about his mastery at
the piano. Tatum was a model for Peterson's musicianship during the
1940s and 1950s. Tatum and Peterson eventually became good friends,
although Peterson was always shy about being compared with Tatum and
rarely played the piano in Tatum's presence.
Peterson also credited his sister—a piano teacher in
also taught several other Canadian jazz musicians—with being an
important teacher and influence on his career. Under his sister's
tutelage, Peterson expanded into classical piano training and
broadened his range while mastering the core classical pianism from
scales to preludes and fugues by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Building on Tatum's pianism and aesthetics, Peterson also absorbed
Tatum's musical influences, notably from piano concertos by Sergei
Rachmaninoff. Rachmaninoff's harmonizations, as well as direct
quotations from his 2nd Piano Concerto, are scattered throughout many
recordings by Peterson, including his work with the most familiar
formulation of the
Oscar Peterson Trio, with bassist Ray Brown and
guitarist Herb Ellis. During the 1960s and 1970s Peterson made
numerous trio recordings highlighting his piano performances; they
reveal more of his eclectic style, absorbing influences from various
genres of jazz, popular, and classical music.
An important step in Peterson's career was joining impresario Norman
Granz's labels (especially Verve) and Granz's "
Jazz at the
Philharmonic" project. Granz discovered Peterson in a peculiar manner.
As the impresario was being taken to
Montreal airport by cab, the
radio was playing a live broadcast of Peterson at a local night club.
Granz was so smitten by what he heard that he ordered the driver to
take him to the club so that he could meet the pianist. In 1949, Granz
introduced Peterson in New York City at a
Jazz at the Philharmonic
show at Carnegie Hall.
So was born a lasting relationship: Granz remained Peterson's manager
for most of his career. This was more than a managerial relationship;
Peterson praised Granz for standing up for him and other black jazz
musicians in the segregationist south of the 1950s and 1960s. For
example, in the documentary video Music in the Key of Oscar, Peterson
tells how Granz stood up to a gun-toting southern policeman who wanted
to stop the trio from using "white-only" taxis.
In the course of his career, Peterson developed a reputation as a
technically brilliant and melodically inventive jazz pianist and
became a regular on Canadian radio from the 1940s. His name was
already recognized in the United States. However, his 1949 debut at
Carnegie Hall was uncredited: owing to union restrictions, his
appearance could not be billed. Through Granz's
Jazz at the
Philharmonic, he was able to play with the major jazz artists of the
Peterson made numerous duo performances and recordings with bassists
Ray Brown, Sam Jones, and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, guitarists
Joe Pass, Irving Ashby, Herb Ellis, and Barney Kessel, pianists
Count Basie, Herbie Hancock, Benny Green, and Oliver
Jones, trumpeters Clark Terry and Louis Armstrong, and many
other important jazz players. His 1950s duo recordings with Ray Brown
mark the formation of one of the longest lasting partnerships in the
history of jazz.
According to pianist/educator Mark Eisenman, some of Peterson's best
playing was as an understated accompanist to singer Ella Fitzgerald
and trumpeter Roy Eldridge.
Peterson redefined the jazz trio by bringing the musicianship of all
three members to the highest level. The trio with Ray Brown and Herb
Ellis was, in his own words, "the most stimulating" and productive
setting for public performances as well as in studio recordings. In
the early 1950s, Peterson began performing with Ray Brown and Charlie
Smith as the
Oscar Peterson Trio. Shortly afterward the drummer Smith
was replaced by guitarist Irving Ashby, formerly of the Nat King Cole
Trio. Ashby, who was a swing guitarist, was soon replaced by
Kessel. Kessel tired of touring after a year, and was succeeded by
Ellis. As Ellis was white, Peterson's trios were racially integrated,
a controversial move at the time that was fraught with difficulties
with segregationist whites and blacks.
"The Way You Look Tonight" (1965)
The Way You Look Tonight sample
Problems playing this file? See media help.
Oscar Peterson at the Stratford Shakespearean Festival is widely
regarded as the landmark album in Peterson's career, and one of the
most influential trios in jazz. Their last recording,
On the Town with the
Oscar Peterson Trio, recorded live at the Town
Tavern in Toronto, captured a remarkable degree of emotional as well
as musical understanding between three players. All three
musicians were equal contributors involved in a highly sophisticated
improvisational interplay. When Ellis left the group in 1958, Peterson
and Brown believed they could not adequately replace Ellis. Ellis was
replaced by drummer
Ed Thigpen in 1959. Brown and Thigpen worked with
Peterson on his albums Night Train and Canadiana Suite. Brown and
Thigpen left in 1965 and were replaced by bassist Sam Jones and
Louis Hayes (and later, drummer Bobby Durham). The trio
performed together until 1970. In 1969 Peterson recorded Motions and
Emotions, featuring orchestral arrangements of pop songs such as The
Beatles' "Yesterday" and "Eleanor Rigby". In the fall of 1970,
Peterson's trio released the album Tristeza on Piano. Jones and Durham
left in 1970.
Joe Pass and
Oscar Peterson at Eastman Theatre Rochester, New York, in
In the 1970s Peterson formed another trio with guitarist Pass and
Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen
Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen on bass. This trio emulated the success
of the 1950s trio with Brown and Ellis, gave acclaimed performances at
numerous festivals, and made best-selling recordings—most notably
The Trio, which won the 1974 Grammy for Best
Jazz Performance by a
Group, and the 1978 double album recorded live in Paris. On April 22,
1978, Peterson performed in the interval act for the Eurovision Song
Contest 1978, broadcast live from the Palais des congrès de Paris. In
1974 Oscar added British drummer Martin Drew, and this quartet toured
and recorded extensively worldwide. Pass said in a 1976 interview:
"The only guys I've heard who come close to total mastery of their
Art Tatum and Peterson".
A quartet was a less permanent setting for Peterson, after the trio or
duo, as it was hard to find equally powerful musicians available for a
tightly knit arrangement with him. After the loss of Ellis his next
trio eventually consisted of a drummer instead of a guitarist—first
Gene Gammage for a brief time, then Thigpen. In this group Peterson
became the dominant soloist. Later members of the group were Louis
Hayes, Bobby Durham, Ray Price, Sam Jones, George Mraz, Martin Drew,
Terry Clarke and Lorne Lofsky.
Peterson often formed a quartet by adding a fourth player to his
existing trios. He was open to experimental collaborations with jazz
stars, such as saxophonist Ben Webster, trumpeter Clark Terry, and
Milt Jackson among others. In 1961, the Peterson trio
with Jackson recorded the album Very Tall.
From the late 1950s, when Peterson gained worldwide recognition as one
of the leading pianists in jazz, he played in a variety of settings:
solo, duo, trio, quartet, small bands, and big bands. However, his
solo piano recitals and recordings were rare, until he chose to make a
series of solo albums titled Exclusively for My Friends. These solo
piano sessions, made for the
Musik Produktion Schwarzwald (MPS) label,
were Peterson's response to the emergence of such stars as Bill Evans
and McCoy Tyner.
Some cognoscenti[who?] assert that Peterson's best recordings were
made for MPS in the late 1960s and early 1970s. For some years
subsequently he recorded for Granz's
Pablo Records after the label was
founded in 1973. In the 1990s and 2000s he recorded several albums
accompanied by a combo for Telarc.
In the 1980s he played successfully in a duo with pianist Herbie
Hancock. In the late 1980s and 1990s, after a stroke, Peterson made
performances and recordings with his protégé Benny Green.
Composer and teacher
Peterson in 1977
Peterson wrote pieces for piano, trio, quartet, and big band. He also
wrote several songs, and made recordings as a singer. His best-known
compositions may be "Canadiana Suite" and "Hymn to Freedom", the
latter composed in the 1960s and inspired by the civil rights movement
in the United States.
Peterson taught piano and improvisation in Canada, mainly in Toronto.
With associates, he started and headed the Advanced School of
Contemporary Music in Toronto for five years during the 1960s, but it
closed because concert touring called him and his associates away, and
it did not have government funding. Later, he mentored the York
University jazz program and was the Chancellor of the entire
university for several years in the early 1990s. He also published his
original jazz piano etudes for practice. He additionally asked his
students to study the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, especially The
Well-Tempered Clavier, the Goldberg Variations, and The Art of Fugue,
considering these piano pieces essential for every serious pianist.
Among his students were pianists Benny Green and Oliver Jones.
Stroke, later years and death
Oscar Peterson at St. Peter's Anglican Church in
Peterson had arthritis since his youth, and in later years could
hardly button his shirt. Never slender, his weight increased to
125 kg (276 lb), hindering his mobility. He had hip
replacement surgery in the early 1990s. Although the surgery was
successful, his mobility was still inhibited. Somewhat later, in 1993,
Peterson suffered a serious stroke that weakened his left side and
sidelined him for two years. Also in 1993, incoming Prime Minister and
longtime Peterson fan and friend
Jean Chrétien offered Peterson the
position of Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, but, according to
Chrétien, he declined, citing the health problems from his recent
After the stroke, Peterson recuperated for about two years. He
gradually regained mobility and some control of his left hand.
However, his virtuosity was never restored to the original level, and
his playing after his stroke relied principally on his right hand.
In 1995 he returned to public performances on a limited basis, and
also made several live and studio recordings for Telarc. In 1997 he
received a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement and an International Jazz
Hall of Fame Award. His friend, Canadian politician and amateur
pianist Bob Rae, said that "a one-handed Oscar was better than just
about anyone with two hands."
In 2003, Peterson recorded the DVD A Night in Vienna for Verve, with
Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen,
Ulf Wakenius and Martin Drew. He
continued to tour the U.S. and Europe, though at most one month a
year, with a couple of days' rest between concerts to recover his
strength. His accompanists were Wakenius (guitar), Pederson or David
Young (bass), and Alvin Queen (drums).
Peterson's health declined rapidly in 2007. He had to cancel his
performance at the 2007 Toronto
Jazz Festival and his attendance at a
June 8, 2007,
Carnegie Hall all-star performance in his honour, owing
to illness. On December 23, 2007, Peterson died of kidney failure at
his home in Mississauga, Ontario.
Peterson was married four times: to Lillie Fraser (1944, two sons,
three daughters, marriage dissolved); Sandra King (marriage 1958,
dissolved 1976); Charlotte Huber (1977, one daughter; marriage
dissolved); and Kelly Green (1987, one
He had seven children, the youngest of whom was Céline (born 1991),
his daughter by Kelly Green.
Peterson was a smoker, both of cigarettes and the pipe, and regularly
tried to break the habit; but each time he stopped smoking he put on
weight. Peterson loved to eat and cook, and remained a very large man
throughout his entire life.
Awards and recognition
Musical awards and recognition
Begone Dull Care is an abstract film presentation of Peterson's music,
Norman McLaren and Evelyn Lambart, and released in 1949 by
the National Film Board of Canada.
In 1984, Peterson received an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee
College of Music.
Peterson's work earned him eight Grammy awards over the years and he
was elected to the
Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1978. He also
belongs to the Juno Awards Hall of Fame and the Canadian
Blues Hall of Fame. In 2013, Peterson was inducted into Canada's Walk
Peterson received the first Martin Luther King Jr. Achievement Award.
Achievement Award from
Black Theatre Workshop
Black Theatre Workshop (1986), Roy Thomson
Award (1987), a Toronto Arts Award for lifetime achievement (1991),
Governor General's Performing Arts Award (1992), the Glenn Gould
Prize (1993), the award of the International Society for Performing
Artists (1995), the
Loyola Medal of Concordia University (1997),
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (1997), the Praemium Imperiale
World Art Award (1999), the UNESCO Music Prize (2000), the Toronto
Musicians' Association Musician of the Year award (2001), and an
honorary LLD from the University of the
West Indies (2006).
In 1999, Concordia University in
Montreal renamed their Loyola-campus
Oscar Peterson Concert Hall in his honour.
In 2005, Peterson celebrated his 80th birthday at the
store in Toronto, where a crowd of about 200 gathered to celebrate
with him. Longtime admirer and fellow Canadian
Diana Krall sang "Happy
Birthday" to him and also performed a vocal version of one of
Peterson's songs, "When Summer Comes". The lyrics for this version
were written by Elvis Costello, Krall's husband.
Canada Post unveiled
a commemorative postage stamp in Peterson's honour. The event was
covered by a live radio broadcast by Toronto jazz station JAZZ.FM.
Peterson received the BBC-Radio Lifetime Achievement Award, London,
"Technique is something you use to make your ideas listenable", he
once told jazz writer Len Lyons. "You learn to play the instrument so
you have a musical vocabulary, and you practice to get your technique
to the point you need to express yourself, depending on how heavy your
"Some may criticize Peterson for not advancing, for finding his niche
and staying with it for an entire career, but while he may not be the
most revolutionary artist in jazz, the documentary Music in the Key of
Oscar demonstrates that breaking down barriers can be accomplished in
more ways than one". "He was a crystallizer, rather than an
"His hands could do things few piano players can do", said pianist
Bill King, who studied with Peterson at his music school. Because
Peterson was a big man, standing six feet, three inches, he could
stretch his hands over a keyboard in a way few musicians can
Ray Charles, in Martin Scorsese Presents the
Blues - Piano Blues
(2003), commented that Peterson was the only other piano player who
could come close to the technical skills of Art Tatum, praising his
abilities with "Oscar could play like a motherfucker!"
Bösendorfer released a limited edition Oscar
Peterson Signature Edition Piano in honour of the 90th anniversary of
Peterson's birth. Each of the 12 pianos of this limited edition has
Disklavier E3 technology that will play 12
compositions recorded by Peterson in 1980. The recordings captured key
and pedal data of those performances and were then remastered for the
Peterson Limited Edition so that the
Disklavier can play one of these
musical compositions as Peterson would have done in 1980.
One of the signature pianos is located in the lobby of the Arts
Commons (formerly, Epcor Centre for the Performing Arts) in Edmonton,
Alberta, Canada, where it will be used by performers and also to play
the 12 recorded performances by Peterson. The piano was inaugurated at
a gala performance on April 2, 2016, by
Tommy Banks and the Peterson
performances. Peterson's widow, Kelly, was in attendance and said that
“tears came to my eyes the first time I heard Oscar’s notes
resonate from the piano”. 
In 2008, Peterson was awarded, posthumously, the
Award at the
SOCAN Awards in Toronto.
Recognition in Canada
The Statue of Peterson at the
National Arts Centre
National Arts Centre in Ottawa, unveiled
in June 2010 by the reigning sovereign of Canada, Queen Elizabeth
While Peterson was recognized as a great jazz pianist both at home in
Canada and internationally, he was also regarded in
Canada as a
distinguished public figure. His notable personage is evident in the
acclaim and awards he received, particularly in the latter two decades
of his life.
He was made an Officer of the
Order of Canada
Order of Canada (the country's highest
civilian state order for talent and service) in 1972, and promoted to
Companion of the order (the highest degree of merit and humanity), in
1984. He was also a member of the Order of Ontario, a Chevalier of the
National Order of Quebec, and an officer of the Ordre des Arts et des
Lettres of France.
From 1991 to 1994, Peterson was chancellor of
York University in
Toronto. The chancellor is the titular head of the university. Weeks
after his death, the Province of
Ontario announced a C$4 million
scholarship for the "
Oscar Peterson Chair" for
Jazz Performance at
York University with an additional C$1 million to be awarded
annually in music scholarships to underprivileged York students in
tribute to Peterson.
Peterson's niece, television journalist Sylvia Sweeney, produced a
documentary film, In the Key of Oscar, about Peterson in 1992.
Unlike most other jazz musicians, Peterson was networked with Canadian
elites in the later years of his life. For example, former Ontario
Bob Rae recalled that in 2007, himself,
Ontario Chief Justice
Roy McMurtry, and former
Bill Davis celebrated
McMurtry's retirement with Peterson, his wife, and their wives.
Peterson received honorary doctorates from many Canadian universities:
Carleton University, Queen's University, Concordia University,
McMaster University, Mount Allison University, the University of
Victoria, the University of Western Ontario, York University, the
University of Toronto, and the Université Laval, as well as from
Northwestern University and
Niagara University in the United States.
Concordia University's main concert hall and performing arts venue is
named after Peterson.
In 2004, the City of Toronto named the courtyard of the
Oscar Peterson Square. In 2005, the Peel
District School Board in suburban Toronto opened the Oscar Peterson
school in Mississauga, Ontario, two miles from his home. Peterson
said, "This is a most unexpected and moving tribute". He visited
the school several times and donated electronic musical equipment to
it. Soon after Peterson's death, the University of Toronto
Mississauga opened a major student residence in March 2008 as "Oscar
Peterson Hall". He won the Civic Award of Merit, the City of
Mississauga's highest honour, in 2003. He moved to Mississauga
Former Canadian prime minister
Jean Chrétien wanted in 1993 to put
Peterson forward to the Governor General of
Canada for appointment to
the post of Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, but Peterson felt that his
health could not stand up to the many ceremonial duties that this
position would require. "He was the most famous Canadian in the
world", said Chrétien. Chrétien also said that
Nelson Mandela glowed
when meeting Peterson. "It was very emotional. They were both moved to
meet each other. These were two men with humble beginnings who rose to
very illustrious levels".
A memorial concert, held on January 12, 2008, filled the 2500-seat Roy
Thomson Hall in Toronto. People had queued for more than three hours
to get in. Governor General
Michaëlle Jean reported at the concert
that "thousands" more could not get in. Among the performers were
Grégory Charles, Herbie Hancock, Quincy Jones,
Phil Nimmons and
Audrey Morris and Nancy Wilson. The "Oscar Peterson" quartet
played key pieces; they were Monty Alexander, Jeff Hamilton, Ulf
Wakenius and Dave Young. All toured with Peterson during his late
"one-handed" period, except Alexander. The Nathaniel Dett Chorale,
University of Toronto
University of Toronto Gospel Choir and Sharon Riley & the
Faith Chorale, under the direction of Andrew Craid along with opera
Measha Brueggergosman closed the show, singing an excerpt from
Peterson's "Hymn to Freedom".
A movement was begun on
Facebook to rename the Lionel-Groulx Metro
station, a transfer station between Montreal's Green Line and Orange
Line, in honour of Oscar Peterson. The
Montreal Transit Corporation,
however, refused to end its moratorium on renaming Metro stations. The
city's policy on landmark tributes is to wait at least a year after a
public figure's death.
Ontario school named
Oscar Peterson Public School was opened in
Stouffville in the
Regional Municipality of York
Regional Municipality of York on April 30,
2009, and commenced operation in the 2009–10 school year. In
June 2010 a life size bronze statue of Peterson was unveiled in Ottawa
Elizabeth II during her royal tour of Canada.
Jazz Performance by a Group The Trio - Oscar Peterson, Joe
Pass and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen
Jazz Performance by a Soloist The Giants - Oscar Peterson
Jazz Instrumental Performance, Soloist
Oscar Peterson Jam
– Montreux '77
Jazz Instrumental Performance, Soloist
Oscar Peterson and
The Trumpet Kings – Jousts - Oscar Peterson
Jazz Instrumental Performance, Group The Legendary Oscar
Peterson Trio Live at the Blue Note
Jazz Instrumental Performance, Soloist The Legendary Oscar
Peterson Trio Live at the Blue Note
Jazz Instrumental Performance, Group Saturday Night at the
1997 Lifetime Achievement Award Instrumental Soloist Lifetime
Honorary degrees conferred
Carleton University - Doctor of Laws
Queen's University - Doctor of Laws
1979 Concordia University - Doctor of Laws
1980 Mount Alison, Sackville N.B. - Doctor of Music
McMaster University - Doctor of Laws
1981 University of Victoria, B.C. - Doctor of Laws
York University - Doctor of Letters
1983 Northwestern University, Illinois - Doctor of Fine Arts
University of Toronto
University of Toronto - Doctor of Laws
1985 Laval University - Doctor of Music
1991 York University: Installed as Chancellor by the Board of
1994 York University: Chancellor Emeritus
Ontario Conservatory of Music - Licentiate in Music
1994 University of British Columbia - Doctor of Laws
1996 Niagara University, New York - Doctor of Fine Arts
1999 University of Western
Ontario - Doctor of Laws
Bösendorfer pianos - 1990s and 2000s, some performances from the 70s
Yamaha - Acoustic and Disklavier- 1998-2006 in
Canada (Touring and
Steinway & Sons Model A (which currently resides at Village
Studios in Hollywood) - most performances from the 1940s through the
1980s, some recordings.
Baldwin pianos - some performances in the USA, some recordings.
C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik
C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik pianos - some performances and
recordings in Europe.
Petrof pianos - some performances in Europe.
Clavichord - on album Porgy and Bess with Joe Pass
Fender Rhodes electric piano - several recordings.
Synthesizer - several recordings.
Hammond organ - some live performances and several recordings.
Vocals - some live performances and several recordings.
Oscar Peterson discography
Music of Canada
List of jazz pianists
^ Remarks by Herbie Hancock,
Quincy Jones and Bob Rae, Oscar Peterson
Tribute - Simply The Best. Concerts On Demand. CBC Radio Two (January
12, 2008). Retrieved on January 13, 2008.
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Virtuoso pianist - among jazz world's giants". The San Francisco
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Oscar Peterson Biography". allmusic. Retrieved
January 28, 2007. . With typical modesty, Peterson hailed Art
Tatum as the greatest jazz pianist, declaring: "Musically speaking, he
was and is my musical God, and I feel honored to remain one of his
humbly devoted disciples." Journal, Oscar Peterson, March 7, 2004;
Jazz Professional, 1962, "Archived copy". Archived from the original
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^ View Video, 2004.
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^ "Basie, Count Grove Music".
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Oscar Peterson Trio + One".. 2017-11-12.
Louis Armstrong Meets Oscar Peterson".. 2017-08-23.
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^ Nat Hentoff. Co-editor, The
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Oscar Peterson at free
concert". The Canadian Press. January 12, 2008. Archived from the
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Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved December
^ a b c CBC Radio 2, Tonic:"About Oscar's Legacy," Part 8.
^ a b "
Oscar Peterson Tribute - Simply The Best". Concerts On Demand.
CBC Radio Two. January 12, 2008. Archived from the original on January
15, 2008. Retrieved January 13, 2008.
^ "Canadian jazz great
Oscar Peterson dies". CBC News. December 24,
2007. Retrieved December 24, 2007.
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Jazz World Mourns Oscar
Peterson". VOA News. Voice of America. Archived from the original on
January 29, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2008.
^ Obituary The Independent (UK)
Oscar Peterson Biography - Challenged by Tatum Disc, Founded School
in Toronto, Suffered Stroke, Selected works". biography.jrank.org.
Retrieved 20 January 2018.
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Begone Dull Care • Senses of Cinema". sensesofcinema.com.
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Oscar Peterson concert hall". Concordia University. Retrieved
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^ "BBC - Error 404 : Not Found". Retrieved 20 January 2018.
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^ a b "'I don't think we'll ever see another Oscar Peterson': Oliver
Jones". CBC News. January 11, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2008.
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^ Nick Lees. "Music history was made in
Edmonton with limited edition
Edmonton Journal. Retrieved April 25, 2016.
SOCAN AWARDS - SOCAN". www.socan.ca. Retrieved 20 January
Oscar Peterson sculpture awaits Queen's hand". CBC News. June 16,
2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
^ Rick Salutin's column[permanent dead link], Toronto Globe and Mail,
January 18, 2007.
Oscar Peterson in concert at
Mississauga public school". CNW
newswire.ca. October 11, 2005. Archived from the original on June 14,
2006. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
^  Archived May 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
Jazz Pianist to Receive City's Highest Award",
Mississauga – Newsroom, September 8, 2003.
^ "Chrétien recalls Mandela, Peterson meeting". CTV.ca. December 24,
2007. Archived from the original on January 1, 2008. Retrieved January
University of Toronto
University of Toronto Gospel Choir". Utgc.org. Retrieved
^  Archived August 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Armstrong, Natalie (March 6, 2008). "No
Montreal Metro tribute for
jazz great Peterson". Reuteurs.
^ "Put his name on the map, not a métro station".
2008-03-06. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16.
^ Peritz, Ingrid (March 6, 2008). "Peterson tribute proposal hits sour
note". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on
March 12, 2008.
^ Van Gelder, Lawrence (March 7, 2008). "
Oscar Peterson Proposal in
Montreal Causes Flap". The New York Times.
^ ""Celebrate the Jazz" -
Oscar Peterson Public School Official
Opening". York Region District School Board. Archived from the
original on April 27, 2009. Retrieved November 3, 2009.
^ Martin Knelman (June 29, 2010). "Knelman: Oscar Peterson's piano
lives on in Ottawa". Toronto Star. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
^ King, Betty Nygaard. "Oscar Peterson". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
^ "Honorary Degree Citation - Oscar Peterson* Concordia University
Archives". archives.concordia.ca. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
^ a b "YFile » Ron Westray appointed as
Oscar Peterson Chair".
yfile-archive.news.yorku.ca. Retrieved 2017-02-28.
Oscar Peterson on IMDb
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oscar Peterson.
Alan Hustak, "
Jazz Legend, Oscar Peterson, dies at 82", The Montreal
Gazette, December 24, 2007.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation full obituary, December 24, 2007.
CBC Digital Archives: Oscar Peterson: A
Oscar Peterson postage stamp
Jazz Giant The
Oscar Peterson Discography
John Fordham, "
Oscar Peterson (obituary)", The Guardian, December 25,
Oscar Peterson at Find a Grave
Marian McPartland and
Oscar Peterson on NPR
Oscar Peterson video interview in which his passion for photography is
Oscar Peterson, A Portrait, 2002
Oscar Peterson on
Oscar Peterson's Concert Hall
Oscar Peterson entry at the
Jazz Discography Project
Oscar Peterson: A
Jazz Sensation—A Virtual Exhibition from Library
and Archives Canada
Oscar Peterson Tribute: Feelings from the Heart". From The Living
Arts Centre, February 14, 2008.
Steve Voce, "Oscar Peterson: Virtuoso pianist who dominated jazz piano
in the second half of the 20th century (obituary)", The Independent,
December 26, 2007.
Oscar Peterson transcriptions, December 2010.
Chancellor of York University
Glenn Gould Prize laureates
1987 R. Murray Schafer
1990 Yehudi Menuhin
1993 Oscar Peterson
1996 Toru Takemitsu
1999 Yo-Yo Ma
2002 Pierre Boulez
2005 André Previn
2008 José Antonio Abreu
2011 Leonard Cohen
2013 Robert Lepage
2015 Philip Glass
ISNI: 0000 0001 1580 5141
BNF: cb138984136 (data)