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Orville Lothrop Freeman (May 9, 1918 – February 20, 2003) was an American Democratic politician who served as the 29th Governor of Minnesota
Minnesota
from January 5, 1955 to January 2, 1961, and as the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture from 1961 to 1969 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He was one of the founding members of the Minnesota
Minnesota
Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party and strongly influential in the merger of the pre-DFL Minnesota
Minnesota
Democratic and Farmer-Labor Parties. Freeman nominated Kennedy for President at the 1960 Democratic Party national convention.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Military service 3 Political career 4 Later life 5 Legacy 6 Awards and decorations 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Freeman was born on May 9, 1918, in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Freeman was a 1940 graduate of the University of Minnesota, where he met his lifelong friend and political ally, Hubert H. Humphrey. He also met his wife, Jane Charlotte Shields (25 May 1921 – 23 March 2018)[1], in college. They married on May 2, 1942. They had two children: Michael Orville and Constance Jane Freeman. Military service[edit] Figuring that the United States
United States
would eventually become involved in the war, Freeman signed up for the Marine Reserves in late 1940 with the understanding he could finish law school before he fulfilled his required service. The attack on Pearl Harbor ended that arrangement, and on December 31, 1941, he received orders to report to Officer Candidate School at Marine Corps Base Quantico.[2] After graduating and follow training to be an infantry officer, he reported to Camp Elliot, just outside San Diego, California. He was soon assigned to the 9th Marine Regiment, Kilo Company, 3rd Battalion, 9th Marines. His unit eventually shipped out overseas for periods of training in New Zealand
New Zealand
and Guadalcanal.[2] On November 1, 1943, he saw his first combat when his unit came ashore at Torokina on Bougainville in what were the first battles of the Bougainville Campaign. A few days later, while he was leading a patrol, he encountered a group of five or six Japanese soldiers in a clearing. An exchange of gunfire followed, and Freeman was wounded in the jaw and left arm. Eventually, he was evacuated to a US Army hospital on New Caledonia
New Caledonia
and then to a Naval hospital on Nouméa. He returned to the United States
United States
in 1944 but never recovered enough movement in his arm to pass a US Marine Corps
US Marine Corps
physical to return to combat.[2] Political career[edit] He earned his LL.B.
LL.B.
from the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Law School in 1946. Freeman went on to practice law in Minneapolis.[3] He ran unsuccessfully for attorney general of Minnesota
Minnesota
in 1950 and for governor in 1952.[3] Freeman was elected governor in 1954, and was re-elected in 1956 and 1958. He took the unusual action of declaring martial law in the city of Albert Lea on December 11, 1959, to maintain law and order during a strike at the Wilson Packing Company. After twelve days, a federal court ruled that the imposition of martial law was inappropriate.[4] Also, on November 13, 1955, Freeman was a guest on the variety show Toast of the Town, which would later be called The Ed Sullivan Show. In July 1960, Freeman nominated US Senator John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
of Massachusetts for President at the Democratic National Convention. Following his defeat for re-election as governor in 1960, Freeman was appointed as US Secretary of Agriculture by the newly elected President Kennedy, and he was retained in that post by President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
following the Kennedy assassination. Freeman served until January 21, 1969. Later life[edit] Later, Freeman headed two consulting businesses and practiced law in Washington, DC[3] Freeman died from complications of Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease
on February 20, 2003 in Minneapolis.[3] He was buried in that city's Lakewood Cemetery. Legacy[edit] Freeman is remembered for submitting proposed legislation to establish the Food Stamp Program
Food Stamp Program
for the poor, which is still in use today.[5] His son Mike Freeman ran unsuccessfully for Governor in 1998 and has served non-consecutive terms as County Attorney for Hennepin County, Minnesota
Minnesota
(1991 to 1999, and 2007 to the present). Awards and decorations[edit] Known decorations and medals include:

Purple Heart Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
w/ service star World War II
World War II
Victory Medal

See also[edit]

Biography portal World War II
World War II
portal United States
United States
Marine Corps portal

List of notable United States
United States
Marines

Notes[edit]

^ http://m.startribune.com/jane-freeman-mother-of-mike-freeman-and-a-founding-force-of-the-dfl-party-dies-at-96/477785333/ ^ a b c Berry (1982), p.149-162. ^ a b c d Stout, David (February 22, 2003). "Orville Freeman, 84, Dies; 60's Agriculture Secretary". The New York Times. p. B6. Retrieved January 30, 2010.  ^ "Martial Law Ordered in Meat Strike", Oakland Tribune, December 11, 1959, p1; "Court Ends Wilson Closure", December 23, 1959, p4 ^ Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Short History of SNAP, United States
United States
Department of Agriculture.

References[edit] Bibliography

Berry, Henry (1982). Semper Fi, Mac – Living Memories of the U.S. Marines in World War II. New York, N.Y.: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0-688-14956-1. 

Web

Minnesota
Minnesota
Historical Society

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Orville Freeman.

The personal papers of Orville Freeman
Orville Freeman
are available for research use at the Minnesota
Minnesota
Historical Society. Oral History Interviews with Orville Freeman, Lyndon Baines Johnson Library Orville Freeman
Orville Freeman
at Find a Grave

Party political offices

Preceded by Harry H. Peterson Democratic nominee for Governor of Minnesota 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1960 Succeeded by Karl Rolvaag

Political offices

Preceded by C. Elmer Anderson Governor of Minnesota 1955–1961 Succeeded by Elmer L. Andersen

Preceded by Ezra Taft Benson United States
United States
Secretary of Agriculture 1961–1969 Succeeded by Clifford M. Hardin

v t e

Governors of Minnesota

Territorial (1849–58)

Ramsey Gorman Medary

State (since 1858)

Sibley Ramsey Swift Miller Marshall Austin Davis Pillsbury Hubbard McGill Merriam Nelson Clough Lind Van Sant Johnson Eberhart Hammond Burnquist Preus Christianson Olson Petersen Benson Stassen Thye Youngdahl E. Anderson Freeman Andersen Rolvaag LeVander W. Anderson Perpich Quie Perpich Carlson Ventura Pawlenty Dayton

v t e

United States
United States
Secretaries of Agriculture

Coleman Rusk Morton Wilson Houston Meredith HC Wallace Gore Jardine Hyde HA Wallace Wickard Anderson Brannan Benson Freeman Hardin Butz Knebel Bergland Block Lyng Yeutter Madigan Espy Glickman Veneman Johanns Schafer Vilsack Perdue

v t e

Cabinet of President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(1961–63)

Vice President

Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1961–63)

Secretary of State

Dean Rusk
Dean Rusk
(1961–63)

Secretary of the Treasury

C. Douglas Dillon
C. Douglas Dillon
(1961–63)

Secretary of Defense

Robert McNamara
Robert McNamara
(1961–63)

Attorney General

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(1961–63)

Postmaster General

J. Edward Day
J. Edward Day
(1961–63) John A. Gronouski
John A. Gronouski
(1963)

Secretary of the Interior

Stewart Udall
Stewart Udall
(1961–1963)

Secretary of Agriculture

Orville Freeman
Orville Freeman
(1961–63)

Secretary of Commerce

Luther H. Hodges
Luther H. Hodges
(1961–63)

Secretary of Labor

Arthur Goldberg
Arthur Goldberg
(1961–62) W. Willard Wirtz
W. Willard Wirtz
(1962–63)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Abraham A. Ribicoff
Abraham A. Ribicoff
(1961–62) Anthony J. Celebrezze
Anthony J. Celebrezze
(1962–63)

v t e

Cabinet of President Lyndon B. Johnson (1963–69)

Vice President

None (1963–65) Hubert H. Humphrey (1965–69)

Secretary of State

Dean Rusk (1963–69)

Secretary of the Treasury

C. Douglas Dillon (1963–65) Henry H. Fowler (1965–68) Joseph W. Barr (1968–69)

Secretary of Defense

Robert S. McNamara (1963–68) Clark M. Clifford (1968–69)

Attorney General

Robert F. Kennedy (1963–64) Nicholas deB. Katzenbach (1964–67) Ramsey Clark (1967–69)

Postmaster General

John Austin Gronouski (1963–65) Lawrence F. O'Brien (1965–68) W. Marvin Watson (1968–69)

Secretary of the Interior

Stewart L. Udall (1963–69)

Secretary of Agriculture

Orville L. Freeman (1963–69)

Secretary of Commerce

Luther H. Hodges (1963–65) John T. Connor (1965–67) Alexander B. Trowbridge (1967–68) Cyrus R. Smith (1968–69)

Secretary of Labor

W. Willard Wirtz (1963–69)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Anthony J. Celebrezze (1963–65) John W. Gardner (1965–68) Wilbur J. Cohen (1968–69)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Robert C. Weaver (1966–68) Robert C. Wood (1969)

Secretary of Transportation

Alan S. Boyd (1967–69)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40682506 LCCN: n80137613 ISNI: 0000 0001 1490 7015 GND: 17005148X SUDOC: 081675569 SN

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