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Commandeur

Officier

Chevalier Ribbon
Ribbon
bars of the order

The Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
(Order of Arts and Letters) is an Order of France, established on 2 May 1957 by the Minister of Culture, and its supplementary status to the Ordre national du Mérite
Ordre national du Mérite
was confirmed by President Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
in 1963. Its purpose is the recognition of significant contributions to the arts, literature, or the propagation of these fields. Its origin is attributed to the Order of Saint-Michel
Order of Saint-Michel
(established 1 August 1469) as acknowledged by French government sources.[1][2][3]

Contents

1 Background 2 Members of the order 3 See also 4 References

Background[edit] French government guidelines stipulate that citizens of France
France
must be at least thirty years old, respect French civil law, and must have, "significantly contributed to the enrichment of the French cultural inheritance" to be considered for award. Membership is not, however, limited to French nationals; recipients include numerous foreign luminaries. Foreign recipients are admitted into the Order, "without condition of age". The Order has three grades:

Commandeur (Commander) — medallion worn on necklet; up to twenty recipients a year. Officier (Officer) — medallion worn on ribbon with rosette on left breast; up to sixty recipients a year. Chevalier (Knight) — medallion worn on ribbon on left breast; up to 200 recipients a year.

The médaille of the Order is an eight-point, green-enameled asterisk, in gilt for Commanders and Officers and in silver for Knights; the obverse central disc has the letters "A" and "L" on a white enamelled background, surrounded by a golden ring emblazoned with the phrase "République Française". The reverse central disc features the head of Marianne
Marianne
on a golden background, surrounded by a golden ring bearing the words "Ordre des Arts et des Lettres". The Commander's badge is topped by a gilt twisted ring. The ribbon of the Order is green with four white stripes. Members of the order[edit] Main article: List of members of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
wearing the Commander's badge in 2009

Majida El Roumi
Majida El Roumi
wearing the Officers badge during her honoring ceremony in Beirut, in February, 2013

Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
wearing the Commander's lapel pin

According to the statutes of the Order, French citizens must wait a minimum of 5 years before they are eligible to be upgraded from Chevalier to Officier, or Officier to Commandeur, and must have displayed additional meritorious deeds than just those which originally made them a Chevalier. However, in the statutes there is a clause saying "Les Officiers et les Commandeurs de la Légion d'honneur peuvent être directement promus à un grade équivalent dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres". (Translation: "The officers and commanders of the Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour
can be promoted directly to an equivalent grade in the Order of Arts and Letters".) This means that were someone to be made a Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters one year, then made an officer of the Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour
the next year, that person can be upgraded to Officier of the Order of Arts and Letters and bypass the five-year rule. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.

Ribbons of the French military and civil awards Ordre des arts et des lettres du Québec, a Quebec order based in part on the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

References[edit]

^ Culture-Acte2 Archived 2012-05-28 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Archives de France, ^ Mémodoc

"Nominations dans l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres". Ministère de la culture, France. 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2009. 

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Orders, decorations and medals of France

Orders

National

Legion of Honour Order of Liberation National Order of Merit National Recognition Medal for Victims of Terrorism

Ministerial

Ordre des Palmes Académiques Order of Agricultural Merit Ordre du Mérite Maritime Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

Civilian decorations

Honour medal for courage and devotion Médaille d'honneur de l'Aéronautique Honour medal of Foreign Affairs Médaille d'honneur agricole Honour medal of railroads Regional, departmental and municipal honour medal Honour medal of customs Médaille d'honneur des Eaux et Forêts Médaille d'honneur de l'Enseignement du 1er degré Médaille d'honneur pénitentiaire Honour medal for civilian personnel of the Defense Ministry Honour medal of the National Police Honour medal for firefighters Medal for internal security Médaille d'honneur de Sociétés musicales et Chorales Médaille d'honneur de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse Honour medal for work Médaille d'honneur des Travaux publics Insignia for wounded civilians Médaille de la Famille française Honour medal for youth, sports and associative engagements Médaille des Mines Médaille du Tourisme Ordre de Tahiti Nui

Military decorations

Military Medal 1914–1918 War Cross 1939–1945 War Cross War Cross for foreign operational theaters Cross for Military Valour Médaille de la Gendarmerie nationale Resistance Medal Escapees' Medal Volunteer combatant's cross
Volunteer combatant's cross
1914–1918 Volunteer combatant's cross Cross of the resistance volunteer combatant Combatant's Cross Aeronautical Medal Overseas Medal National Defence Medal Medal for voluntary military service Medal of the Nation's Recognition Medal for the War Wounded See also: Military Health Service honour medal

Com- memorative medals

19th century

Saint Helena Medal Commemorative medal of the 1859 Italian Campaign Commemorative medal of the 1860 China Expedition Commemorative medal of the Mexico Expedition Commemorative medal of the 1870–1871 War Tonkin Expedition commemorative medal Dahomey Expedition commemorative medal 1892 Madagascar commemorative medal Colonial Medal

1900–1914

1901 China expedition commemorative medal Morocco commemorative medal (1909)

1914–1918: World War I

1914–1918 Inter-Allied Victory medal Dardanelles campaign medal Orient campaign medal 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal Medal of French Gratitude Medal for Victims of the Invasion Medal for civilian prisoners, hostages and prisoners of the 1914-1918 Great War

1918–1939 (Interwar period)

Syria-Cilicia commemorative medal

1939–1945: World War II

Commemorative medal for voluntary service in Free France 1943-1944 Italian Campaign medal Medal for deportation and internment for acts of resistance Political deportation and internment medal Médaille commémorative de la guerre 1939–1945 Medal of a liberated France Recusant's insignia

Since 1945

Commemorative medal for United Nations operations in Korea Indochina Campaign commemorative medal Middle East operations commemorative medal (1956) North Africa Security and Order Operations Commemorative Medal North Africa medal United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon medal French commemorative medal Medal for the Military Protection of the Territory

Defunct orders

Ministry orders

Ordre du Mérite combattant Ordre du Mérite militaire Ordre du Mérite civil Ordre du Mérite social Ordre du Mérite du Travail Ordre du Mérite touristique Ordre de l'Économie nationale Ordre du Mérite commercial et industriel Ordre du Mérite artisanal Ordre de la Santé publique Ordre du Mérite postal Ordre du Mérite sportif

Colonial orders

Ordre du Mérite indochinois Ordre du Mérite saharien Ordre de l'Étoile Noire Ordre de l'Étoile d'Anjouan Ordre du Nichan el Anouar Ordre impérial du Dragon d'Annam Ordre royal du Cambodge

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