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The Order of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
(Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland
Finland
is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
and the Lion of Finland
Finland
have a joint board. The Order of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
was established by Gustaf Mannerheim in his capacity as regent (temporary head of state) on January 28, 1919. The name comes from the nine roses argent in the coat of arms of Finland. The order's rules and regulations were confirmed on May 16, 1919, and its present rules date from June 1, 1940. The revised scale of ranks was confirmed most recently in 1985. The original decorations were designed by Akseli Gallen-Kallela. The swastikas of the collar was replaced by fir crosses in 1963, designed by heraldic artist Gustaf von Numers. The honour can be granted for military as well as civilian merit. The ribbon for all classes is ultramarine. The motto of the Order appears on the medallion and is Isänmaan hyväksi, which means in Finnish: "For [the well-being or benefit or advantage of] the Fatherland". The President of Finland
Finland
wears the Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
with Collar (a neck chain). The Collar is worn four centimetres from either side and hangs at equal distances at the front and back. The Grand Cross and Commander marks are awarded with a breast star.

Contents

1 Classes 2 Recipients

2.1 List 2.2 Special
Special
honors

3 References 4 External links

Classes[edit]

Diploma of White Rose Order

The classes of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
are:

Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
with Collar Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland Commander of the White Rose of Finland First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland Knight (Chevalier) of the White Rose of Finland Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
with golden cross First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland Medal of the White Rose of Finland

Recipients[edit] Generally the Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to foreign heads of state, e.g. to King Fuad I of Egypt
King Fuad I of Egypt
(1935), Charles de Gaulle (1962), Josip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito
(1963) and King Birendra
King Birendra
of Nepal
Nepal
(1988). Prime Ministers of Finland
Finland
customarily receive the Grand Cross. (Certain leftist politicians refused the cross or didn't wear it, and the transient term in office of Anneli Jäätteenmäki
Anneli Jäätteenmäki
did not lead to the President awarding the cross.) List[edit] This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Col. Bernard Aabel, 1951, In 1948 Aabel became the Assistant Military Attaché in Helsinki, Finland[1] Anne, Princess Royal, 1969 Ion Antonescu, 1942 Thomas Beecham, 1955[2] Simon Beresford-Wylie, Chief Executive Officer, Nokia Siemens Networks, Awarded 2008 Leonid Brezhnev, 1976 Ernesto Burzagli, 1926.[3] Carl XVI Gustaf James Cathey, 2007 Arthur J. Collingsworth, 1984 John Fawcett, 1958[4] Charles de Gaulle, 1962 Eduard Dietl, 1941 Dean Driscoll, 1941, Chevalier (Knight) of the White Rose of Finland, for services "toward relieving the civilian population of wartorn Finland".[5] Bob Foster, 2011

Professor, Director – GAP, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 09, 2011[6] "in recognition of his efforts, through the GAP program, to help Finnish technology companies expand into markets abroad, including the United States"[7] and their advancement "further in corporate development."[6]

Jim Gilleran, 2008

Managing Director – Finnforest USA on 2008 September 12.

Maggie Gripenberg, 1961[8] Hirohito, 1942 Pauline Kiltinen, 2016 [9] - Cross of Merit of the Order of the White Rose for the promotion of Finnish culture including the commissioning Rockland the Opera. Zoltán Kodály, 1967 - First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland
Finland
(donated by President Kekkonen, 17 February, Finnish Embassy Budapest) Greta Kukkonen, 1967 Mart Laar, 2009 Jarl Lindfors, 1960 Arthur Lydiard, 1972 Olli Mannermaa, 1979 Norman Cameron Moore, 1941[10] Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan, 2009[11] Erkki Oja, 2006[12] Rajendra Kumar Pachauri, 2010 Koča Popović, 1963 Tim Purcell, 2008

Managing Director, KIX Consulting Group, President and Board Member of Finland
Finland
Australia Chamber of Commerce. Knight 1st Class awarded 3 October 2008, presented in NSW Parliament House 6 Dec 2008 by the Finnish Ambassador Glenn Lindholm for fostering bilateral relationships between Australia and Finland
Finland
Government, Business and Academia in the area of innovation.

Edward Rydz-Śmigły Ensio Seppänen, 1998, First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland Birendra Bir Bikram Shah,1988 Late king of Nepal Margareta Steinby 1991[13] Elwin Svenson, 2004

Executive Director – International Programs, FEMBA/GAP programs, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 11, 2004[14] "for assisting the expansion of Finnish start-up companies through the UCLA Anderson's Global Access Program."[14]

Dr. Henry Tirri, 2011 – First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland

Former Executive Vice President and CTO of Nokia. Henry was a tenured Professor of Computer Science at the University of Helsinki. Henry holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Helsinki, Finland
Finland
and an Honorary Doctorate from University of Tampere, Finland.

Josip Broz Tito, 1963 Earl Wagner Twitchell, 1947 Dmitriy Ustinov, 1978, Marshal of the Soviet Union Josef Veltjens, 1941 Walther von Brauchitsch, 1939 Andrew Wilkinson, 2003, Knight, 1st Class, Order of the White Rose of Finland

Special
Special
honors[edit]

Grand Cross with collar, jewels and swords was awarded only once, to Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
4 June 1944. Grand Cross with jewels, to three Finns: Senator Otto Stenroth
Otto Stenroth
1938, Foreign Minister Carl Enckell
Carl Enckell
1946 and Jean Sibelius
Jean Sibelius
1950.[15] Grand Cross with swords has been awarded to three Finnish Lieutenant Generals: Hjalmar Siilasvuo, Edvard Hanell and Aksel Airo. The decoration has also been awarded to a number of foreign high officers, such as the German Colonel General Eduard Dietl.[15]

References[edit]

^ http://www.campforrest.com/email_call/brian_aabel.htm ^ Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham : an obsession with music. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. p. 330. ISBN 1843834022.  ^ Order of White Rose of Finland: diploma ^ For services to Finland, acting as manager Finnish Athletics Team Melbourne Centenary Games 1935 and Olympic Attache for Finland
Finland
at Melbourne Olympic Games 1958 ^ "Letter transmitting Order of White Rose", www.ancestry.com, accessed 22 Sep 2015 [1] ^ a b Bensley, Lucas, "From 'professor' to knighted 'sir': Finnish government honors Bob Foster for his work with country's technological companies", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2012 January 12, pp. 1 & 4. ^ Press release, UCLA Anderson School of Management, 2011 December 20. ^ Ambegaokar, Saga Mirjam Vuori (2004). "Gripenberg, Maggie". In Cohen, Selma Jeanne. International Encyclopedia of Dance (1st paperback ed.). New York, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-17369-7.   – via Oxford University Press's Reference Online (subscription required) ^ http://www.miningjournal.net/opinion/editorial/2016/01/kiltinens-are-well-deserving-of-many-honors-received/.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ For services to the Finnish Government as Naval Adviser 1934-39 ^ [2] ^ Hasani, Ilire; Hoffmann, Robert. "Oja Erkki". Academy of Europe. Retrieved 25 July 2017.  ^ https://archive.is/20141115140230/http://www.debretts.com/people-of-today/profile/8459/Eva-Margareta-STEINBY. Archived from the original on 2014-11-15.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ a b Carrillo, Sandybeth, "Vice chancellor emeritus receives recognition overseas: Finland
Finland
awards Svenson for work with international Anderson program", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2005 January 10. ^ a b Juha E. Tetri (2003). Kunniamerkkikirja (in Finnish) (3. täyd. p. ed.). Ajatus. p. 52. ISBN 978-951-20-6404-5. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of the White Rose of Finland.

Pictures of decorations The Office of the President of the Republic of Finland: Order of the Whi

.