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The Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
(Italian: Ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana) was founded as the senior order of knighthood by the second President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi in 1951.[1] The highest ranking honour of the Republic, it is awarded for "merit acquired by the nation" in the fields of literature, the arts, economy, public service, and social, philanthropic and humanitarian activities and for long and conspicuous service in civilian and military careers. The post-nominal letters for the order are OMRI.[2] The order effectively replaced as national orders the Civil Order of Savoy
Civil Order of Savoy
(1831), the Order of the Crown of Italy
Italy
(1868), the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
(1572) and the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
(1362).[4]

Contents

1 Grades 2 Grand Cross with Collar 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Grades[edit] Investiture takes place biannually on 2 June, anniversary of the foundation of the Republic and on 27 December, anniversary of the promulgation of the Italian Constitution. However, those awards on Presidential motu proprio, related to termination of service or granted to foreigners may be made at any time. The badge, modified in 2001, bears the inscription Al Merito della Repubblica encircling the national coat of arms on the obverse and the Latin Patriæ Unitati (the union of the country) and Civium Libertati (the liberty of the people) encircling the head of Italia Turrita
Italia Turrita
on the reverse.[5] The five degrees with corresponding ribbons are as follows (with numbers to June 2013):

Insignia of a Knight of the Italian Republic, since 2001

Ribbon (1951–2001) Ribbon (since 2001) Class (English) Full title in Italian Awards

Knight Grand Cross with Collar Cavaliere di Gran Croce Decorato di Gran Cordone Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana

1st Class / Knight Grand Cross Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 8,814

2nd Class / Grand Officer Grande Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 24,170

3rd Class / Commander Commendatore Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 45,843

4th Class / Officer Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 29,765

5th Class / Knight Cavaliere Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana 127,654

The order is bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, as head of the orders of knighthood, on the recommendation of the President of the Council of Ministers. Except in exceptional circumstances, no one can be awarded for the first time a rank higher than Knight. The minimum age requirement is normally 35. Grand Cross with Collar[edit] Recipients:

Presidency of President Giorgio Napolitano
Giorgio Napolitano
(15 May 2006–14 January 2015): [6]

11/10/2006 –   Ghana
Ghana
– President John Agyekum Kufour (2001–2009)[7] 20/02/2007 –   Slovakia
Slovakia
– President Ivan Gašparovič (2004–2014)[8] 08/06/2007 –   Austria
Austria
– President Heinz Fischer (2004–2016)[9] 09/10/2007 –   Chile
Chile
– President Michelle Bachelet (2006–2010; 2014–incumbent)[10] 30/10/2007 –   Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
– King Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz al Saud (2005–2015)[11] 01/09/2008 –   Finland
Finland
– President Tarja Halonen (2000–2012)[12] 14/10/2008 –   Lebanon
Lebanon
– President Michel Suleiman (2008–2014)[13] 27/10/2008 – – Prince and Grand Master Fra' Matthew Festing (2008–2017)[14] 02/09/2009 –   South Korea
South Korea
– President Lee Myung-bak (2008–2013)[15] 17/10/2009 –   Turkey
Turkey
– President Abdullah Gül (2007–2014)[16] 11/03/2010 –   Syria
Syria
– President Bashar Al-Assad (2000–incumbent)[17] Revoked by the President of the Republic on 28 September 2012 for "indignity"[18] 26/04/2010 –   Kuwait
Kuwait
– Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (2006–incumbent)[19] 25/06/2010 –   Malta
Malta
– President George Abela (2009–2014)[20] 11/01/2011 –   Slovenia
Slovenia
– President Danilo Türk (2007–2012)[21] 06/07/2011 –   Croatia
Croatia
– President Ivo Josipović (2010–2015)[22] 07/09/2011 –   Romania
Romania
– President Traian Băsescu (2004–2014)[23] 10/06/2012 –   Poland
Poland
– President Bronisław Komorowski (2010–2015)[24] 15/11/2012 –   France
France
– President François Hollande (2012–2017)[25] 20/02/2013 –   Germany
Germany
– President Joachim Gauck (2012–2017)[26] 04/03/2014 –   Albania
Albania
– President Bujar Nishani (2011–incumbent)[27]

Presidency of President Sergio Mattarella
Sergio Mattarella
(3 February 2015––incumbent):

19/06/2017 –   Netherlands
Netherlands
– King Willem-Alexander (2013–incumbent)[28]

See also[edit]

List of Italian orders of knighthood Order of the Most Holy Annunciation Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus

References[edit]

^ Sainty, Guy Stair World Orders of Knighthood and Merit (pp.1233-4) Buckingham: Burke's Peerage and Gentry, 2006 ^ The linguist: Journal of the Institute of Linguists, Volumes 42-44 Institute of Linguists (Great Britain). Institute of Linguists, 2003, pg. 121 ^ LEGGE 3 marzo 1951, n. 178 Istituzione dell'Ordine "Al Merito della Repubblica Italiana" e disciplina del conferimento e dell'uso delle onorificenze ( Gazzetta Ufficiale
Gazzetta Ufficiale
30 marzo 1951, n. 73) ^ Today, these continue merely as dynastic orders of the former Royal House of Savoy. Whilst their bestowal is suppressed by law in Italy, the continued use of those decorations conferred prior to 1951 is permitted, exclusive of any right of precedence in official ceremonies.[3] ^ By Decree of the President of the Republic No. 173 of 30 March 2001 ^ Italian Presidency website searching ^ Italian Presidency website, KUFUOR John Agyekum Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, GASPAROVIC Ivan Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, FISCHER Heinz Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, BACHELET JERIA Verónica Michelle decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, BIN ABDUL AZIZ AL SAUD Abdallah decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, HALONEN Tarja Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, SLEIMAN Michel Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, FESTING Matthew Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, LEE Myung-bak Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Abdullah Gul – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, Al-Assad S.E. Bashar Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ ATTO CAMERA INTERROGAZIONE A RISPOSTA SCRITTA 4/17085 Banchedati.camera.it (in Italian) ^ Italian Presidency website, AL-AHMAD AL-JABER AL-SABAH Sabah Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. George Abela
George Abela
– Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Danilo Türk
Danilo Türk
– Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Ivo Josipovic – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Traian Basescu – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Bronislaw Komorowski – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. François Hollande
François Hollande
– Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, Gauck S.E. Joachim – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.E. Bujar Nishani
Bujar Nishani
– Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana ^ Italian Presidency website, S.M. Willem Alexander Claus George van Oranje-Nassau – Decorato di Gran Cordone – Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.

Presidenza della Repubblica - Le Onorificenze (in Italian) Ordini dinastici della Real Casa di Savoia (in Italian)

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Orders, decorations, and medals of Italy

Republic (1946–present)

Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
(1951) Military Order of Italy
Italy
(1947) Order of Merit for Labour
Order of Merit for Labour
(1923) Order of the Star of Italy
Italy
(2011) Order of Vittorio Veneto
Order of Vittorio Veneto
(1968–2010) Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity
Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity
(1947–2011)

Monarchy (1861–1946)

Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation
(1362) Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
(1572) Order of the Crown of Italy
Italy
(1868–1983) Military Order of Savoy
Military Order of Savoy
(1815–1946) Civil Order of Savoy
Civil Order of Savoy
(1831) Order of Merit for Labour
Order of Merit for Labour
(1901–1923) Colonial Order of the Star of Italy
Italy
(1914–1943) Order of the Roman Eagle
Order of the Roman Eagle
(1942–1944)

See also: Template:Orders of Italian States

.