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Orange Sky Golden Harvest
Orange Sky Golden Harvest
(OSGH) (Chinese: 橙天嘉禾娛樂集團有限公司) SEHK: 1132, previously known as Golden Harvest (Chinese: 嘉禾娛樂事業集團有限公司) from 1970 to 2009, is a film production, distribution, and exhibition company based in Hong Kong. It dominated Hong Kong
Hong Kong
box office sales from the 1970s to 1980s[2] and played a major role in introducing Hong Kong
Hong Kong
films to the Western market, especially those by Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
(Concord Production Inc.), Jackie Chan, and Sammo Hung.

Contents

1 History 2 Cinemas 3 Films produced 4 See also 5 References 6 Notes 7 External links

History[edit] Notable names in the company include its founders, the veteran film producers Raymond Chow
Raymond Chow
(鄒文懐) and Leonard Ho (何冠昌). Chow and Ho were executives with Hong Kong's top studio Shaw Brothers
Shaw Brothers
but left in 1970 to form their own studio. They succeeded by taking a different approach from the highly centralized Shaw model. Golden Harvest contracted with independent producers and gave talent more generous pay and greater creative freedom. Some filmmakers and actors from Shaw Brothers
Shaw Brothers
defected. But what really put the company on the map was a 1971 deal with soon-to-be martial arts superstar Bruce Lee with the film The Big Boss, after he had turned down the low-paying standard contract offered him by the Shaws. In 1973, Golden Harvest entered into a pioneering co-production with Hollywood
Hollywood
for the English-language Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
film, Enter the Dragon (龍爭虎鬥), a worldwide hit made with the Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
studio and Concord Production Inc. Golden Harvest supplanted Shaw Brothers
Shaw Brothers
as Hong Kong's dominant studio by the end of the 1970s and retained that position into the 1990s. Its greatest asset for years was that from the 1980s until very recently, it produced almost all of the films of Jackie Chan. Golden Harvest has also produced a number of films with Jet Li
Jet Li
and Donnie Yen. The Company
Company
was listed on the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Stock Exchange in 1994. Golden Harvest's activity has declined in recent years. In 2003, they withdrew from film-making to concentrate on film financing, distribution, and cinema management in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and in Mainland China. In 2004, Li Ka-shing
Li Ka-shing
and EMI
EMI
became shareholders of the company. In 2007, Raymond Chow
Raymond Chow
sold the company to Chinese businessman Wu Kebo, who owns the China-based Orange Sky Entertainment Group. In early 2009, Golden Harvest merged with Orange Sky and was renamed Orange Sky Golden Harvest (橙天嘉禾娛樂集團有限公司).[3] In 2009, Golden Harvest announced their relaunch and previewed a new trailer set for movies in 2010.[citation needed][dubious – discuss] Cinemas[edit] See also: List of cinemas in Hong Kong

Entrance to Grand Ocean Cinema at Harbour City

Orange Sky Golden Harvest
Orange Sky Golden Harvest
has cinemas not only in Hong Kong, but also in Mainland China, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Singapore. Most of these are joint ventures. Golden Village
Golden Village
is a joint venture with Village Roadshow responsible for the operation of Gold Class cinemas and Asia's first multiplex. In Malaysia, the group has two brands. One is Golden Screen Cinemas, a joint venture with Malaysia's PPB group, and the other is TGV Cinemas
TGV Cinemas
(formerly Tanjong Golden Village), which is a joint venture between Tanjong plc and GEMS of Malaysia. It has recently acquired Warner Village in Taiwan. Films produced[edit] Main article: List of Golden Harvest productions See also[edit]

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
portal Companies portal Film
Film
portal

Cinema of Hong Kong Hong Kong
Hong Kong
action cinema Mei Ah Entertainment

References[edit]

Bordwell, David. Planet Hong Kong: Popular Cinema and the Art of Entertainment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-674-00214-8 Teo, Stephen. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Cinema: The Extra Dimensions. London: British Film
Film
Institute, 1997. ISBN 0-85170-514-6 Yang, Jeff. Once Upon a Time in China: A Guide to Hong Kong, Taiwanese, and Mainland Chinese Cinema. New York: Atria, 2003. ISBN 0-7434-4817-0

Notes[edit]

^ Golden Harvest Official website: Contact Us - Office Address Archived 2009-05-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Chu, Yingchi. [2003] (2003). Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Cinema: Coloniser, Motherland and Self. Routledge. ISBN 0700717463 ^ Pollard, Mark. "Golden Harvest aims high for studio revival". kungfucinema.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Golden Harvest.

http://www.goldenharvest.com

v t e

Bruce Lee

Filmography Awards and honors Media about

Films directed

Way of the Dragon Game of Death

Books written

Chinese Gung-Fu: The Philosophical Art of Self Defense Tao of Jeet Kune Do Bruce Lee's Fighting Method Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
Library

Techniques

Jeet Kune Do One-inch punch Straight blast

Works about

Bruce Lee: A Dragon
Dragon
Story Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
and I Bruce Lee: The Man, The Myth Bruce Lee: The Man Only I Knew Spirit of the Dragon Dragon: The Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
Story Bruce Lee Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey The Legend of Bruce Lee Bruce Lee, My Brother I Am Bruce Lee Birth of the Dragon

Video games

Bruce Lee Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
Lives Dragon: The Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
Story Bruce Lee: Quest of the Dragon Bruce Lee: Return of the Legend

Family

Lee Hoi-chuen
Lee Hoi-chuen
(father) Robert Lee (brother) Linda Emery Lee (wife) Brandon Lee
Brandon Lee
(son) Shannon Lee (daughter)

Related topics

Bruceploitation

Bruce Li

Statue in Hong Kong Statue in Los Angeles Statue in M

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