Orange Sky Golden Harvest
Orange Sky Golden Harvest (OSGH) (Chinese:
橙天嘉禾娛樂集團有限公司) SEHK: 1132, previously
known as Golden Harvest (Chinese:
嘉禾娛樂事業集團有限公司) from 1970 to 2009, is a film
production, distribution, and exhibition company based in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong box office sales from the 1970s to 1980s and
played a major role in introducing
Hong Kong films to the Western
market, especially those by
Bruce Lee (Concord Production Inc.),
Jackie Chan, and Sammo Hung.
3 Films produced
4 See also
7 External links
Notable names in the company include its founders, the veteran film
Raymond Chow (鄒文懐) and
Leonard Ho (何冠昌). Chow
and Ho were executives with Hong Kong's top studio
Shaw Brothers but
left in 1970 to form their own studio. They succeeded by taking a
different approach from the highly centralized Shaw model. Golden
Harvest contracted with independent producers and gave talent more
generous pay and greater creative freedom. Some filmmakers and actors
Shaw Brothers defected. But what really put the company on the
map was a 1971 deal with soon-to-be martial arts superstar Bruce Lee
with the film The Big Boss, after he had turned down the low-paying
standard contract offered him by the Shaws.
In 1973, Golden Harvest entered into a pioneering co-production with
Hollywood for the English-language
Bruce Lee film, Enter the Dragon
(龍爭虎鬥), a worldwide hit made with the
Warner Brothers studio
and Concord Production Inc.
Golden Harvest supplanted
Shaw Brothers as Hong Kong's dominant studio
by the end of the 1970s and retained that position into the 1990s. Its
greatest asset for years was that from the 1980s until very recently,
it produced almost all of the films of Jackie Chan. Golden Harvest has
also produced a number of films with
Jet Li and Donnie Yen.
Company was listed on the
Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 1994.
Golden Harvest's activity has declined in recent years. In 2003, they
withdrew from film-making to concentrate on film financing,
distribution, and cinema management in
Hong Kong and in Mainland
Li Ka-shing and
EMI became shareholders of the company.
Raymond Chow sold the company to Chinese businessman Wu Kebo,
who owns the China-based Orange Sky Entertainment Group. In early
2009, Golden Harvest merged with Orange Sky and was renamed Orange Sky
Golden Harvest (橙天嘉禾娛樂集團有限公司).
In 2009, Golden Harvest announced their relaunch and previewed a new
trailer set for movies in 2010.[dubious – discuss]
See also: List of cinemas in Hong Kong
Entrance to Grand Ocean Cinema at Harbour City
Orange Sky Golden Harvest
Orange Sky Golden Harvest has cinemas not only in Hong Kong, but also
in Mainland China, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Singapore. Most of these are
Golden Village is a joint venture with Village
Roadshow responsible for the operation of Gold Class cinemas and
Asia's first multiplex. In Malaysia, the group has two brands. One is
Golden Screen Cinemas, a joint venture with Malaysia's PPB group, and
the other is
TGV Cinemas (formerly Tanjong Golden Village), which is a
joint venture between Tanjong plc and GEMS of Malaysia. It has
recently acquired Warner Village in Taiwan.
Main article: List of Golden Harvest productions
Hong Kong portal
Cinema of Hong Kong
Hong Kong action cinema
Mei Ah Entertainment
Bordwell, David. Planet Hong Kong: Popular Cinema and the Art of
Entertainment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000.
Hong Kong Cinema: The Extra Dimensions. London: British
Film Institute, 1997. ISBN 0-85170-514-6
Yang, Jeff. Once Upon a Time in China: A Guide to Hong Kong,
Taiwanese, and Mainland Chinese Cinema. New York: Atria, 2003.
^ Golden Harvest Official website: Contact Us - Office Address
Archived 2009-05-23 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Chu, Yingchi.  (2003).
Hong Kong Cinema: Coloniser, Motherland
and Self. Routledge. ISBN 0700717463
^ Pollard, Mark. "Golden Harvest aims high for studio revival".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Golden Harvest.
Awards and honors
Way of the Dragon
Game of Death
Chinese Gung-Fu: The Philosophical Art of Self Defense
Tao of Jeet Kune Do
Bruce Lee's Fighting Method
Bruce Lee Library
Jeet Kune Do
Bruce Lee: A
Bruce Lee and I
Bruce Lee: The Man, The Myth
Bruce Lee: The Man Only I Knew
Spirit of the Dragon
Bruce Lee Story
Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey
The Legend of Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee, My Brother
I Am Bruce Lee
Birth of the Dragon
Bruce Lee Lives
Bruce Lee Story
Bruce Lee: Quest of the Dragon
Bruce Lee: Return of the Legend
Lee Hoi-chuen (father)
Robert Lee (brother)
Linda Emery Lee (wife)
Brandon Lee (son)
Shannon Lee (daughter)
Statue in Hong Kong
Statue in Los Angeles