The Info List - Oprah Winfrey

Winfrey (born Orpah
Gail Winfrey;[1] January 29, 1954) is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist. She is best known for her talk show The Oprah
Winfrey Show, which was the highest-rated television program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011 in Chicago, Illinois.[6] Dubbed the "Queen of All Media",[7] she is the richest African-American[8] and North America's first multi-billionaire black person[9] and has been ranked the greatest black philanthropist in American history.[10][11] Several assessments rank her as the most influential woman in the world.[12][13] Winfrey was born into poverty in rural Mississippi
to a teenage single mother and later raised in an inner-city Milwaukee
neighborhood. She has stated that she was molested during her childhood and early teens and became pregnant at 14; her son died in infancy.[14] Sent to live with the man she calls her father, Vernon Winfrey, a barber in Tennessee, she landed a job in radio while still in high school and began co-anchoring the local evening news at the age of 19. Her emotional ad-lib delivery eventually got her transferred to the daytime talk show arena, and after boosting a third-rated local Chicago talk show to first place,[15] she launched her own production company and became internationally syndicated. Credited with creating a more intimate confessional form of media communication,[16] she is thought to have popularized and revolutionized[16][17] the tabloid talk show genre pioneered by Phil Donahue,[16] through which, according to a Yale study, she broke 20th-century taboos and allowed LGBT
people to enter the mainstream.[18][19] By the mid-1990s, she had reinvented her show with a focus on literature, self-improvement, and spirituality. Though criticized for unleashing a confession culture, promoting controversial self-help ideas,[20] and having an overly emotion-centered approach,[21] she is often praised for overcoming adversity to become a benefactor to others.[22] From 2006 to 2008, her endorsement of Obama, by one estimate, delivered over a million votes in the close 2008 Democratic primary race.[23] In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama[24] and honorary doctorate degrees from Duke and Harvard.[25][26]


1 Early life 2 Television

2.1 Celebrity interviews

3 Other media

3.1 Film 3.2 Publishing and writing 3.3 Online 3.4 Radio

4 Personal life

4.1 Homes 4.2 Romantic history 4.3 Close friends 4.4 Personal wealth 4.5 Religious views

5 Influence

5.1 Rankings 5.2 "Oprahfication"

5.2.1 Mainstream acceptance of LGBT

5.3 "The Oprah
Effect" 5.4 Politics 5.5 Spiritual leadership 5.6 Fan base 5.7 Philanthropy

5.7.1 Oprah's Angel Network 5.7.2 South Africa

6 Filmography

6.1 As actress 6.2 As herself 6.3 As producer

7 Bibliography 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life Winfrey's first name was spelled "Orpah" on her birth certificate after the biblical figure in the Book of Ruth, but people mispronounced it regularly and "Oprah" stuck.[1] She was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, to an unmarried teenage mother. She later said that her conception was due to a single sexual encounter and the couple broke up not long after.[27] Her mother, Vernita Lee (born c. 1935), was a housemaid. Winfrey's biological father is usually noted as Vernon Winfrey (born c. 1933), a coal miner turned barber turned city councilman who had been in the Armed Forces when she was born. However, Mississippi
farmer and World War II veteran Noah Robinson Sr., (born c. 1925) has claimed to be her biological father.[28] A genetic test in 2006 determined that her matrilineal line originated among the Kpelle ethnic group, in the area that today is Liberia. Her genetic makeup was determined to be 89% Sub-Saharan African, 8% Native American, and 3% East Asian. However, the East Asian may, given the imprecision of genetic testing, actually be Native American markers.[29] After Winfrey's birth, her mother traveled north and Winfrey spent her first six years living in rural poverty with her maternal grandmother, Hattie Mae (Presley) Lee (April 15, 1900 – February 27, 1963), who was so poor that Winfrey often wore dresses made of potato sacks, for which the local children made fun of her.[30][31] Her grandmother taught her to read before the age of three and took her to the local church, where she was nicknamed "The Preacher" for her ability to recite Bible verses. When Winfrey was a child, her grandmother would hit her with a stick when she did not do chores or if she misbehaved in any way.[32] At age six, Winfrey moved to an inner-city neighborhood in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, with her mother, who was less supportive and encouraging than her grandmother had been, largely as a result of the long hours she worked as a maid.[33] Around this time, Lee had given birth to another daughter, Winfrey's younger half-sister, Patricia[34] who later (in February 2003, at age 43) died of causes related to cocaine addiction.[35] By 1962, Lee was having difficulty raising both daughters so Winfrey was temporarily sent to live with Vernon in Nashville, Tennessee.[36] While Winfrey was in Nashville, Lee gave birth to a third daughter[37] who was put up for adoption (in the hope of easing the financial straits that had led to Lee's being on welfare) and later also named Patricia.[38] Winfrey did not learn she had a second half-sister until 2010.[38] By the time Winfrey moved back with her mother, Lee had also given birth to a boy named Jeffrey, Winfrey's half-brother, who died of AIDS-related causes in 1989.[35] Winfrey has stated she was molested by her cousin, uncle, and a family friend, starting when she was nine years old, something she first announced to her viewers on a 1986 episode of her TV show regarding sexual abuse.[39][40] When Winfrey discussed the alleged abuse with family members at age 24, they reportedly refused to believe her account.[41] Winfrey once commented that she had chosen not to be a mother because she had not been mothered well.[42] At 13, after suffering what she described as years of abuse, Winfrey ran away from home.[1] When she was 14, she became pregnant but her son was born prematurely and he died shortly after birth.[43] Winfrey later stated she felt betrayed by the family member who had sold the story of her son to the National Enquirer in 1990.[44] She began attending Lincoln High School, Milwaukee; but after early success in the Upward Bound
Upward Bound
program, was transferred to the affluent suburban Nicolet High School, where she says her poverty was constantly rubbed in her face as she rode the bus to school with fellow African-Americans, some of whom were servants of her classmates' families. She began to steal money from her mother in an effort to keep up with her free-spending peers, to lie to and argue with her mother, and to go out with older boys.[45] Her frustrated mother once again sent her to live with Vernon in Nashville, Tennessee, although this time she did not take her back. Vernon was strict but encouraging, and made her education a priority. Winfrey became an honors student, was voted Most Popular Girl, and joined her high school speech team at East Nashville High School, placing second in the nation in dramatic interpretation.[46] She won an oratory contest, which secured her a full scholarship to Tennessee
State University, a historically black institution, where she studied communication. Her first job as a teenager was working at a local grocery store.[47] At the age of 17, Winfrey won the Miss Black Tennessee
beauty pageant.[48] She also attracted the attention of the local black radio station, WVOL, which hired her to do the news part-time.[39] She worked there during her senior year of high school, and again while in her first two years of college. Winfrey's career choice in media would not have surprised her grandmother, who once said that ever since Winfrey could talk, she was on stage. As a child, she played games interviewing her corncob doll and the crows on the fence of her family's property. Winfrey later acknowledged her grandmother's influence, saying it was Hattie Mae who had encouraged her to speak in public and "gave me a positive sense of myself".[49] Television Main article: The Oprah
Winfrey Show Working in local media, she was both the youngest news anchor and the first black female news anchor at Nashville's WLAC-TV. She moved to Baltimore's WJZ-TV
in 1976 to co-anchor the six o'clock news. In 1977, she was removed as co-anchor and worked lower profile positions at the station. She was then recruited to join Richard Sher as co-host of WJZ's local talk show People Are Talking, which premiered on August 14, 1978. She also hosted the local version of Dialing for Dollars.[50] In 1983, Winfrey relocated to Chicago to host WLS-TV's low-rated half-hour morning talk show, AM Chicago. The first episode aired on January 2, 1984. Within months after Winfrey took over, the show went from last place in the ratings to overtaking Donahue as the highest-rated talk show in Chicago. The movie critic Roger Ebert persuaded her to sign a syndication deal with King World. Ebert predicted that she would generate 40 times as much revenue as his television show, At the Movies.[51] It was renamed The Oprah
Winfrey Show, expanded to a full hour and broadcast nationally beginning September 8, 1986.[52] Winfrey's syndicated show brought in double Donahue's national audience, displacing Donahue as the number-one daytime talk show in America. Their much-publicized contest was the subject of enormous scrutiny. TIME magazine wrote:

“ Few people would have bet on Oprah
Winfrey's swift rise to host of the most popular talk show on TV. In a field dominated by white males, she is a black female of ample bulk. As interviewers go, she is no match for, say, Phil Donahue ... What she lacks in journalistic toughness, she makes up for in plainspoken curiosity, robust humor and, above all empathy. Guests with sad stories to tell are apt to rouse a tear in Oprah's eye ... They, in turn, often find themselves revealing things they would not imagine telling anyone, much less a national TV audience. It is the talk show as a group therapy session.[53] ”

TV columnist Howard Rosenberg said, "She's a roundhouse, a full course meal, big, brassy, loud, aggressive, hyper, laughable, lovable, soulful, tender, low-down, earthy, and hungry. And she may know the way to Phil Donahue's jugular."[54] Newsday's Les Payne observed, " Oprah
Winfrey is sharper than Donahue, wittier, more genuine, and far better attuned to her audience, if not the world"[54] and Martha Bayles of The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
wrote, "It's a relief to see a gab-monger with a fond but realistic assessment of her own cultural and religious roots."[54] In the early years of The Oprah
Winfrey Show, the program was classified as a tabloid talk show. In the mid-1990s, Winfrey adopted a less tabloid-oriented format, hosting shows on broader topics such as heart disease, geopolitics, spirituality, and meditation, interviewing celebrities on social issues they were directly involved with, such as cancer, charity work, or substance abuse, and hosting televised giveaways including shows where every audience member received a new car (donated by General Motors) or a trip to Australia (donated by Australian tourism bodies).[citation needed] In addition to her talk show, Winfrey also produced and co-starred in the 1989 drama miniseries The Women of Brewster Place, as well as a short-lived spin-off, Brewster Place. As well as hosting and appearing on television shows, Winfrey co-founded the women's cable television network Oxygen. She is also the president of Harpo Productions
Harpo Productions
(Oprah spelled backwards). On January 15, 2008, Winfrey and Discovery Communications
Discovery Communications
announced plans to change Discovery Health Channel
Discovery Health Channel
into a new channel called OWN: Oprah
Winfrey Network. It was scheduled to launch in 2009 but was delayed, and actually launched on January 1, 2011.[55] The series finale of The Oprah Winfrey Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show
aired on May 25, 2011.[56] In January 2017, CBS
announced that Winfrey would join 60 Minutes
60 Minutes
as a special contributor on the Sunday evening news magazine program starting in September 2017.[57] Celebrity interviews In 1993, Winfrey hosted a rare prime-time interview with Michael Jackson, which became the fourth most-watched event in American television history as well as the most watched interview ever, with an audience of 36.5 million.[58] On December 1, 2005, Winfrey appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman
Late Show with David Letterman
to promote the new Broadway musical The Color Purple,[59] of which she was a producer, joining the host for the first time in 16 years. The episode was hailed by some as the "television event of the decade" and helped Letterman attract his largest audience in more than 11 years: 13.45 million viewers.[60] Although a much-rumored feud was said to have been the cause of the rift,[clarification needed] both Winfrey and Letterman balked at such talk. "I want you to know, it's really over, whatever you thought was happening", said Winfrey. On September 10, 2007, Letterman made his first appearance on The Oprah
Winfrey Show, as its season premiere was filmed in New York City.[61] In 2006, rappers Ludacris, 50 Cent
50 Cent
and Ice Cube
Ice Cube
criticized Winfrey for what they perceived as an anti-hip hop bias. In an interview with GQ magazine, Ludacris
said that Winfrey gave him a "hard time" about his lyrics, and edited comments he made during an appearance on her show with the cast of the film Crash. He also said that he wasn't initially invited on the show with the rest of the cast.[62] Winfrey responded by saying that she is opposed to rap lyrics that "marginalize women", but enjoys some artists, including Kanye West, who appeared on her show. She said she spoke with Ludacris
backstage after his appearance to explain her position and said she understood that his music was for entertainment purposes, but that some of his listeners might take it literally. In September 2008, Winfrey received criticism after Matt Drudge of the Drudge Report[63] reported that Winfrey refused to have Sarah Palin
Sarah Palin
on her show, allegedly because of Winfrey's support for Barack Obama.[64] Winfrey denied the report, maintaining that there never was a discussion regarding Palin's appearing on her show. She said that after she made public her support for Obama, she decided that she would not let her show be used as a platform for any of the candidates.[64] Although Obama appeared twice on her show, those appearances were prior to his declaring himself a candidate. Winfrey added that Palin would make a fantastic guest and that she would love to have her on the show after the election, which she did on November 18, 2009.[64] In 2009, Winfrey was criticized for allowing actress Suzanne Somers
Suzanne Somers
to appear on her show to discuss hormone treatments that are not accepted by mainstream medicine.[65] Critics have also suggested that Winfrey is not tough enough when questioning celebrity guests or politicians whom she appears to like.[66] Lisa de Moraes, a media columnist for The Washington Post, stated: " Oprah
doesn't do follow-up questions unless you're an author who's embarrassed her by fabricating portions of a supposed memoir she's plugged for her book club."[67] Other media Film In 1985, Winfrey co-starred in Steven Spielberg's The Color Purple
The Color Purple
as distraught housewife Sofia. She was nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Supporting Actress for her performance. The Alice Walker
Alice Walker
novel went on to become a Broadway musical which opened in late 2005, with Winfrey credited as a producer. In October 1998, Winfrey produced and starred in the film Beloved, based on Toni Morrison's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel of the same name. To prepare for her role as Sethe, the protagonist and former slave, Winfrey experienced a 24-hour simulation of the experience of slavery, which included being tied up and blindfolded and left alone in the woods. Despite major advertising, including two episodes of her talk show dedicated solely to the film, and moderate to good critical reviews, Beloved opened to poor box-office results, losing approximately $30 million. While promoting the movie, co-star Thandie Newton
Thandie Newton
described Winfrey as "a very strong technical actress and it's because she's so smart. She's acute. She's got a mind like a razor blade."[68] In 2005, Harpo Productions released a film adaptation of Zora Neale Hurston's 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. The made-for-television film was based upon a teleplay by Suzan-Lori Parks
Suzan-Lori Parks
and starred Halle Berry
Halle Berry
in the lead female role. In late 2008, Winfrey's company Harpo Films
Harpo Films
signed an exclusive output pact to develop and produce scripted series, documentaries, and movies for HBO.[69] Oprah
voiced Gussie the goose in Charlotte's Web (2006) and voiced Judge Bumbleton in Bee Movie
Bee Movie
(2007), co-starring the voices of Jerry Seinfeld and Renée Zellweger. In 2009, Winfrey provided the voice for the character of Eudora, the mother of Princess Tiana, in Disney's The Princess and the Frog and in 2010, narrated the US version of the BBC nature program Life for Discovery. In 2018, Winfrey starred as Mrs. Which in the film adaptation of Madeleine L'Engle's novel A Wrinkle in Time.[70] Publishing and writing Winfrey has co-authored five books. At the announcement of a weight-loss book in 2005, co-authored with her personal trainer Bob Greene, it was said that her undisclosed advance fee had broken the record for the world's highest book advance fee, previously held by the autobiography of former U.S. President Bill Clinton.[71] Her memoir, The Life You Want, was scheduled for publication in 2017.[72] It did not appear in that year. Winfrey publishes the magazine: O, The Oprah Magazine
O, The Oprah Magazine
and from 2004 to 2008 she also published a magazine called O At Home.[73] In 2002, Fortune called O, the Oprah
Magazine the most successful start-up ever in the industry.[74] Although its circulation had declined by more than 10 percent (to 2.4 million) from 2005 to 2008,[75] the January 2009 issue was the best selling issue since 2006.[76] The audience for her magazine is considerably more upscale than for her TV show, the average reader earning is well above the median for U.S. women.[74] Online Winfrey's company created the Oprah.com website to provide resources and interactive content relating to her shows, magazines, book club, and public charity. Oprah.com averages more than 70 million page views and more than six million users per month, and receives approximately 20,000 e-mails each week.[77] Winfrey initiated "Oprah's Child Predator Watch List", through her show and website, to help track down accused child molesters. Within the first 48 hours, two of the featured men were captured.[78] Radio On February 9, 2006, it was announced that Winfrey had signed a three-year, $55-million contract with XM Satellite Radio
XM Satellite Radio
to establish a new radio channel. The channel, Oprah
Radio, features popular contributors to The Oprah Winfrey Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show
and O, The Oprah
Magazine including Nate Berkus, Dr. Mehmet Oz, Bob Greene, Dr. Robin Smith, and Marianne Williamson. Oprah
& Friends began broadcasting at 11:00 am ET, September 25, 2006, from a new studio at Winfrey's Chicago headquarters. The channel broadcasts 24 hours a day, seven days a week on XM Radio Channel 156. Winfrey's contract requires her to be on the air 30 minutes a week, 39 weeks a year. Personal life Homes

Aerial view of Oprah's Montecito estate

Winfrey currently lives on "The Promised Land", her 42-acre (17-ha) estate with ocean and mountain views in Montecito, California. Winfrey also owns a house in Lavallette, New Jersey; an apartment in Chicago; an estate on Fisher Island, Florida; a ski house in Telluride, Colorado; and properties on Maui, Hawaii
Maui, Hawaii
and Antigua. Romantic history Winfrey's high school sweetheart Anthony Otey recalled an innocent courtship that began in Winfrey's senior year of high school, from which he saved hundreds of love notes; Winfrey conducted herself with dignity and as a model student.[79] The two spoke of getting married, but Otey claimed to have always secretly known that Winfrey was destined for a far greater life than he could ever provide.[80] She broke up with him on Valentine's Day of her senior year.[80][81] In 1971, several months after breaking up with Otey, Winfrey met William "Bubba" Taylor at Tennessee
State University. According to CBS journalist George Mair, Taylor was Winfrey's "first intense, to die for love affair". Winfrey helped get Taylor a job at WVOL, and according to Mair, "did everything to keep him, including literally begging him on her knees to stay with her."[82] Taylor, however, was unwilling to leave Nashville with Winfrey when she moved to Baltimore to work at WJZ-TV
in June 1976. "We really did care for each other", Winfrey would later recall. "We shared a deep love. A love I will never forget."[83] In the 1970s, Winfrey had a romantic relationship with John Tesh. Biographer Kitty Kelley
Kitty Kelley
claims that Tesh split with Winfrey over the pressure of having an interracial relationship.[84] When WJZ-TV
management criticized Winfrey for crying on the air while reporting tragedies and were unhappy with her physical appearance (especially when her hair fell out as the result of a bad perm), Winfrey turned to reporter Lloyd Kramer for comfort. "Lloyd was just the best", Winfrey would later recall. "That man loved me even when I was bald! He was wonderful. He stuck with me through the whole demoralizing experience. That man was the most fun romance I ever had."[85] According to Mair, when Kramer moved to NBC in New York, Winfrey had a love affair with a married man who had no intention of leaving his wife.[86] Winfrey would later recall: "I'd had a relationship with a man for four years. I wasn't living with him. I'd never lived with anyone—and I thought I was worthless without him. The more he rejected me, the more I wanted him. I felt depleted, powerless. At the end, I was down on the floor on my knees groveling and pleading with him".[87] Winfrey became so depressed that on September 8, 1981, she wrote a suicide note to best friend Gayle King
Gayle King
instructing King to water her plants.[87] "That suicide note had been much overplayed" Winfrey told Ms. magazine. "I couldn't kill myself. I would be afraid the minute I did it; something really good would happen and I'd miss it."[88] According to Winfrey, her emotional turmoil gradually led to a weight problem: "The reason I gained so much weight in the first place and the reason I had such a sorry history of abusive relationships with men was I just needed approval so much. I needed everyone to like me, because I didn't like myself much. So I'd end up with these cruel self-absorbed guys who'd tell me how selfish I was, and I'd say 'Oh thank you, you're so right' and be grateful to them. Because I had no sense that I deserved anything else. Which is also why I gained so much weight later on. It was the perfect way of cushioning myself against the world's disapproval."[88] Winfrey later confessed to smoking crack cocaine with a man she was romantically involved with during the same era. She explained on her show: "I always felt that the drug itself is not the problem but that I was addicted to the man." She added: "I can't think of anything I wouldn't have done for that man."[89] Winfrey was allegedly involved in a second drug-related love affair. Self-proclaimed former boyfriend Randolph Cook said they lived together for several months in 1985 and did drugs. In 1997, Cook tried to sue Winfrey for $20 million for allegedly blocking a tell-all book about their alleged relationship.[90][91] Also, in the mid-1980s, Winfrey briefly dated movie critic Roger Ebert, whom she credits with advising her to take her show into syndication.[51] In 1985, before Winfrey's Chicago talk show had gone national, Haitian filmmaker Reginald Chevalier claims he appeared as a guest on a look-alike segment and began a relationship with Winfrey involving romantic evenings at home, candlelit baths, and dinners with Michael Jordan and Danny Glover. Chevalier says Winfrey ended the relationship when she met Stedman Graham.[92] Winfrey and her boyfriend Stedman Graham have been together since 1986. They were engaged to be married in November 1992, but the ceremony never took place.[93] Close friends

Winfrey celebrating her 50th birthday among friends at her Santa Barbara estate

Winfrey's best friend since their early twenties is Gayle King. King was formerly the host of The Gayle King
Gayle King
Show and is currently an editor of O, the Oprah
Magazine. Since 1997, when Winfrey played the therapist on an episode of the sitcom Ellen in which Ellen DeGeneres came out of the closet, Winfrey and King have been the target of persistent rumors that they were gay. "I understand why people think we're gay", Winfrey says in the August 2006 issue of O magazine. "There isn't a definition in our culture for this kind of bond between women. So I get why people have to label it—how can you be this close without it being sexual?"[94] "I've told nearly everything there is to tell. All my stuff is out there. People think I'd be so ashamed of being gay that I wouldn't admit it? Oh, please."[94] Winfrey has also had a long friendship with Maria Shriver, after they met in Baltimore.[95][96] Winfrey considered Maya Angelou, author of I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, her mentor and close friend; she called Angelou her "mother-sister-friend."[97] Winfrey hosted a week-long Caribbean cruise for Angelou and 150 guests for Angelou's 70th birthday in 1998, and in 2008, threw her "an extravagant 80th birthday celebration" at Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago
club in Palm Beach, Florida.[98] Personal wealth Born in rural poverty, and raised by a mother dependent on government welfare payments in a poor urban neighborhood, Winfrey became a millionaire at the age of 32 when her talk show received national syndication. Winfrey negotiated ownership rights to the television program and started her own production company. At the age of 41, Winfrey had a net worth of $340 million and replaced Bill Cosby as the only African American
African American
on the Forbes 400.[99] With a 2000 net worth of $800 million, Winfrey is believed to be the richest African American
African American
of the 20th century. There has been a course taught at the University of Illinois
University of Illinois
focusing on Winfrey's business acumen, namely: "History 298: Oprah
Winfrey, the Tycoon".[100] Winfrey was the highest paid television entertainer in the United States in 2006, earning an estimated $260 million during the year, five times the sum earned by second-place music executive Simon Cowell.[101] By 2008, her yearly income had increased to $275 million.[102] Forbes' list of The World's Billionaires
The World's Billionaires
has listed Winfrey as the world's only black billionaire from 2004 to 2006 and as the first black woman billionaire in the world that was achieved in 2003.[99] As of 2014, Winfrey has a net worth in excess of 2.9 billion dollars[103] and has overtaken former eBay CEO Meg Whitman
Meg Whitman
as the richest self-made woman in America.[104] Religious views Oprah
was raised a Baptist. In her early life, she would speak at local, mostly African American
African American
congregations of the Southern Baptist Convention that were often deeply religious and familiar with such themes as evangelical Protestantism, the Black church
Black church
and being born-again.[105][106][107] She was quoted as saying: "I have church with myself: I have church walking down the street. I believe in the God force that lives inside all of us, and once you tap into that, you can do anything."[108] Influence Rankings

Winfrey at the White House for the 2010 Kennedy Center Honors

Winfrey was called "arguably the world's most powerful woman" by CNN and Time.com,[109] "arguably the most influential woman in the world" by The American Spectator,[110] "one of the 100 people who most influenced the 20th Century" and "one of the most influential people" from 2004 to 2011 by TIME. Winfrey is the only person in the world to have appeared in the latter list on ten occasions.[111] At the end of the 20th century, Life listed Winfrey as both the most influential woman and the most influential black person of her generation, and in a cover story profile the magazine called her "America's most powerful woman".[112] In 2007, USA Today
USA Today
ranked Winfrey as the most influential woman and most influential black person of the previous quarter-century.[113] Ladies Home Journal also ranked Winfrey number one in their list of the most powerful women in America and Senator Barack Obama
Barack Obama
has said she "may be the most influential woman in the country".[114] In 1998, Winfrey became the first woman and first African American
African American
to top Entertainment Weekly's list of the 101 most powerful people in the entertainment industry.[115] Forbes named her the world's most powerful celebrity in 2005,[116] 2007,[117] 2008,[102] 2010,[118] and 2013.[119] As chairman of Harpo Inc., she was named the most powerful woman in entertainment by The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
in 2008.[120] She has been listed as one of the most powerful 100 women in the world by Forbes, ranking fourteenth in 2014.[121] In 2010, Life magazine named Winfrey one of the 100 people who changed the world, alongside such luminaries as Jesus Christ, Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. Winfrey was the only living woman to make the list.[122] Columnist Maureen Dowd
Maureen Dowd
seems to agree with such assessments: "She is the top alpha female in this country. She has more credibility than the president. Other successful women, such as Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
and Martha Stewart, had to be publicly slapped down before they could move forward. Even Condi has had to play the protegé with Bush. None of this happened to Oprah
– she is a straight ahead success story.[123] Vanity Fair wrote: " Oprah
Winfrey arguably has more influence on the culture than any university president, politician, or religious leader, except perhaps the Pope.[124] Bill O'Reilly said: "this is a woman that came from nothing to rise up to be the most powerful woman, I think, in the world. I think Oprah
Winfrey is the most powerful woman in the world, not just in America. That's – anybody who goes on her program immediately benefits through the roof. I mean, she has a loyal following; she has credibility; she has talent; and she's done it on her own to become fabulously wealthy and fabulously powerful."[125] In 2005, Winfrey was named the greatest woman in American history as part of a public poll as part of The Greatest American. She was ranked No. 9 overall on the list of greatest Americans. However, polls estimating Winfrey's personal popularity have been inconsistent. A November 2003 Gallup poll estimated that 73% of American adults had a favorable view of Winfrey. Another Gallup poll in January 2007 estimated the figure at 74%, although it dropped to 66% when Gallup conducted the same poll in October 2007. A December 2007 Fox News poll put the figure at 55%.[126] According to Gallup's annual most admired poll, Americans consistently rank Winfrey as one of the most admired women in the world. Her highest rating came in 2007[127] when she was statistically tied with Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
for first place.[128] In a list compiled by the British magazine New Statesman
New Statesman
in September 2010, she was voted 38th in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010".[129] In 1989, she was accepted into the NAACP Image Award Hall of Fame.[130] "Oprahfication" The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
coined the term "Oprahfication", meaning public confession as a form of therapy.[131] By confessing intimate details about her weight problems, tumultuous love life, and sexual abuse, and crying alongside her guests, Time magazine credits Winfrey with creating a new form of media communication known as "rapport talk" as distinguished from the "report talk" of Phil Donahue: "Winfrey saw television's power to blend public and private; while it links strangers and conveys information over public airwaves, TV is most often viewed in the privacy of our homes. Like a family member, it sits down to meals with us and talks to us in the lonely afternoons. Grasping this paradox, ... She makes people care because she cares. That is Winfrey's genius, and will be her legacy, as the changes she has wrought in the talk show continue to permeate our culture and shape our lives."[132] Observers have also noted the "Oprahfication" of politics such as "Oprah-style debates" and Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
being described as "the man who brought Oprah-style psychobabble and misty confessions to politics."[133] Newsweek
stated: "Every time a politician lets his lip quiver or a cable anchor 'emotes' on TV, they nod to the cult of confession that Oprah
helped create.[134] The November 1988 Ms. observed that "in a society where fat is taboo, she made it in a medium that worships thin and celebrates a bland, white-bread prettiness of body and personality [...] But Winfrey made fat sexy, elegant – damned near gorgeous – with her drop-dead wardrobe, easy body language, and cheerful sensuality."[135] Mainstream acceptance of LGBT
people While Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
has been credited with pioneering the tabloid talk show genre, Winfrey's warmth, intimacy, and personal confession popularized and changed it.[16][17] Her success at popularizing the tabloid talk show genre opened up a thriving industry that has included Ricki Lake, The Jenny Jones Show, and The Jerry Springer Show. Sociologists such as Vicki Abt criticized tabloid talk shows for redefining social norms. In her book Coming After Oprah: Cultural Fallout in the Age of the TV talk show, Abt warned that the media revolution that followed Winfrey's success was blurring the lines between "normal" and "deviant" behavior. In the book Freaks Talk Back,[18] Yale sociology professor Joshua Gamson credits the tabloid talk show genre with providing much needed high impact media visibility for gay, bisexual, transsexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and doing more to make them mainstream and socially acceptable than any other development of the 20th century. In the book's editorial review, Michael Bronski
Michael Bronski
wrote, "In the recent past, lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and transgendered people had almost no presence on television. With the invention and propagation of tabloid talk shows such as Jerry Springer, Jenny Jones, Oprah, and Geraldo, people outside the sexual mainstream now appear in living rooms across America almost every day of the week."[136] Gamson credits the tabloid talk show with making alternative sexual orientations and identities more acceptable in mainstream society. Examples include a Time magazine article[page needed] on early 21st-century gays coming out of the closet at an increasingly younger age and on plummeting gay suicide rates. Gamson also believes that tabloid talk shows caused gays to be accepted on more traditional forms of media. In April 1997, Winfrey played the therapist in "The Puppy Episode" on the sitcom Ellen to whom the character (and the real-life Ellen DeGeneres) said she was a lesbian. "The Oprah
Effect" The power of Winfrey's opinions and endorsement to influence public opinion, especially consumer purchasing choices, has been dubbed "The Oprah
Effect".[137] The effect has been documented or alleged in domains as diverse as book sales, beef markets, and election voting. Late in 1996,[138] Winfrey introduced the Oprah's Book Club
Oprah's Book Club
segment to her television show. The segment focused on new books and classics and often brought obscure novels to popular attention. The book club became such a powerful force that whenever Winfrey introduced a new book as her book-club selection, it instantly became a best-seller; for example, when she selected the classic John Steinbeck
John Steinbeck
novel East of Eden, it soared to the top of the book charts. Being recognized by Winfrey often means a million additional book sales for an author.[139] In Reading with Oprah: The Book Club that Changed America (2005), Kathleen Rooney describes Winfrey as "a serious American intellectual who pioneered the use of electronic media, specifically television and the Internet, to take reading – a decidedly non-technological and highly individual act – and highlight its social elements and uses in such a way to motivate millions of erstwhile non-readers to pick up books." When author Jonathan Franzen's book was selected for the Book Club, he reportedly "cringed" and said selected books tend to be "schmaltzy".[140] After James Frey's A Million
Little Pieces was found to contain fabrications in 2006, Winfrey confronted him on her show over the breach of trust. In 2009, Winfrey apologized to Frey for the public confrontation.[141] During a show about mad cow disease with Howard Lyman
Howard Lyman
(aired on April 16, 1996), Winfrey said she was stopped cold from eating another burger. Texas cattlemen sued her and Lyman in early 1998 for "false defamation of perishable food" and "business disparagement", claiming that Winfrey's remarks sent cattle prices tumbling, costing beef producers $11 million. Winfrey was represented by attorney Chip Babcock
Chip Babcock
and, on February 26, after a two-month trial in an Amarillo, Texas, court, a jury found Winfrey and Lyman were not liable for damages.[142][143] During the lawsuit, Winfrey hired Phil McGraw's company Courtroom Sciences, Inc. to help her analyze and read the jury.[144] Winfrey's ability to launch other successful talk shows such as Dr. Phil, Dr. Oz, and Rachael Ray
Rachael Ray
has also been cited as examples of "The Oprah
Effect".[145] Politics

Winfrey joins Barack and Michelle Obama
Michelle Obama
on the campaign trail (December 10, 2007).

Winfrey endorsed presidential candidate Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in the 2008 presidential election,[146][147][148] the first time she endorsed a political candidate running for office.[149] Winfrey held a fundraiser for Obama on September 8, 2007, at her Santa Barbara estate. In December 2007, Winfrey joined Obama for a series of rallies in the early primary states of Iowa, New Hampshire, and South Carolina. The Columbia, South Carolina, event on December 9, 2007, drew a crowd of nearly 30,000, the largest for any political event of 2007.[150] An analysis by two economists at the University of Maryland, College Park estimated that Winfrey's endorsement was responsible for between 420,000 and 1,600,000 votes for Obama in the Democratic primary alone, based on a sample of states that did not include Texas, Michigan, North Dakota, Kansas, or Alaska. The results suggest that in the sampled states, Winfrey's endorsement was responsible for the difference in the popular vote between Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Hillary Clinton.[151] The governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, reported being so impressed by Winfrey's endorsement that he considered offering Winfrey Obama's vacant senate seat,describing Winfrey as "the most instrumental person in electing Barack Obama
Barack Obama
president", with "a voice larger than all 100 senators combined".[152] Winfrey responded by stating that although she was absolutely not interested, she did feel she could be a senator.[153] In April 2014, Winfrey spoke for more than 20 minutes at a fundraiser in Arlington, Virginia, for Lavern Chatman, a candidate in a primary to nominate a Democratic Party candidate for election to the U.S. House of Representatives. Winfrey participated in the event even after reports had revealed that Chatman had been found liable in 2001 for her role in a scheme to defraud hundreds of District of Columbia nursing-home employees of at least $1.4 million in owed wages.[154] In 2018, Winfrey donated $500,000 to the March for Our Lives
March for Our Lives
student demonstration in favor of gun control in the United States.[155] Spiritual leadership In 2000, she was awarded the Spingarn Medal
Spingarn Medal
from the NAACP.[156] In 2002, Christianity Today published an article called "The Church of O" in which they concluded that Winfrey had emerged as an influential spiritual leader. "Since 1994, when she abandoned traditional talk-show fare for more edifying content, and 1998, when she began 'Change Your Life TV', Oprah's most significant role has become that of a spiritual leader. To her audience of more than 22 million mostly female viewers, she has become a postmodern priestess—an icon of church-free spirituality."[131] The sentiment was echoed by Marcia Z. Nelson in her book The Gospel According to Oprah.[157] Since the mid-1990s, Winfrey's show has emphasized uplifting and inspirational topics and themes and some viewers say the show has motivated them to perform acts of altruism such as helping Congolese women and building an orphanage.[158] A scientific study by psychological scientists at the University of Cambridge, University of Plymouth, and University of California used an uplifting clip from The Oprah Winfrey Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show
in an experiment that discovered that watching the 'uplifting' clip caused subjects to become twice as helpful as subjects assigned to watch a British comedy or nature documentary.[159][160] In 1998, Winfrey began an ongoing conversation with Gary Zukav, an American spiritual teacher, who appeared on her television show 35 times.[161] Winfrey has said she keeps a copy of Zukav's The Seat of the Soul at her bedside, a book that she says is one of her all-time favorites.[162] On the season premier of Winfrey's 13th season, Roseanne Barr
Roseanne Barr
told Winfrey "you're the African Mother Goddess of us all" inspiring much enthusiasm from the studio audience. The animated series Futurama alluded to her spiritual influence by suggesting that "Oprahism" is a mainstream religion in 3000 AD.[163] Twelve days after the September 11 attacks, New York mayor Rudy Giuliani
Rudy Giuliani
asked Winfrey to serve as host of a Prayer for America service at New York city's Yankee Stadium
Yankee Stadium
which was attended by former president Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
and New York senator Hillary Clinton.[164] Leading up to the U.S.-led 2001 invasion of Afghanistan, less than a month after the September 11 attacks, Winfrey aired a controversial show called "Islam 101" in which she portrayed Islam as a religion of peace, calling it "the most misunderstood of the three major religions".[165] In 2002, George W. Bush invited Winfrey to join a US delegation that included adviser Karen Hughes
Karen Hughes
and Condoleezza Rice, planning to go to Afghanistan to celebrate the return of Afghan girls to school. The " Oprah
strategy" was designed to portray the War on Terror
War on Terror
in a positive light; however, when Winfrey refused to participate, the trip was postponed.[166] Leading up to the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, Winfrey's show received criticism for allegedly having an anti-war bias. Ben Shapiro
Ben Shapiro
of Townhall.com
wrote: " Oprah
Winfrey is the most powerful woman in America. She decides what makes The New York Times
The New York Times
Best Seller lists. Her touchy-feely style sucks in audiences at the rate of 14 million viewers per day. But Oprah
is far more than a cultural force, she's a dangerous political force as well, a woman with unpredictable and mercurial attitudes toward the major issues of the day."[167] In 2006, Winfrey recalled such controversies: "I once did a show titled Is War the Only Answer? In the history of my career, I've never received more hate mail – like 'Go back to Africa' hate mail. I was accused of being un-American for even raising the question."[168] Liberal filmmaker Michael Moore
Michael Moore
came to Winfrey's defence, praising her for showing antiwar footage no other media would show[169] and begging her to run for president.[170] A February 2003 series, in which Winfrey showed clips from people all over the world asking America not to go to war, was interrupted in several east coast markets by network broadcasts of a press conference in which President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
and Colin Powell
Colin Powell
summarized the case for war.[171][172] In 2007, Winfrey began to endorse the self-help program The Secret. The Secret claims that people can change their lives through positive thoughts or 'vibrations', which will then cause them to attract more positive vibrations that result in good things happening to them. Peter Birkenhead of Salon magazine argued that this idea is pseudoscience and psychologically damaging, as it trivializes important decisions and promotes a quick-fix material culture, and suggests Winfrey's promotion of it is irresponsible given her influence.[173] In 2007, skeptic and magician James Randi
James Randi
accused Winfrey of being deliberately deceptive and uncritical in how she handles paranormal claims on her show.[174] In 2008, Winfrey endorsed author and spiritual teacher Eckhart Tolle
Eckhart Tolle
and his book, A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose, which sold several million extra copies after being selected for her book club. During a Webinar class, in which she promoted the book, Winfrey stated "God is a feeling experience and not a believing experience. If your religion is a believing experience [...] then that's not truly God."[175] Frank Pastore, a Christian radio talk show host on KKLA, was among the many Christian leaders who criticized Winfrey's views, saying "if she's a Christian, she's an ignorant one because Christianity is incompatible with New Age
New Age
thought."[175] Winfrey was named as the 2008 Person of the Year by animal-rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
(PETA) for using her fame and listening audience to help the less fortunate, including animals. PETA praised Winfrey for using her talk show to uncover horrific cases of cruelty to animals in puppy mills and on factory farms, and Winfrey even used the show to highlight the cruelty-free vegan diet that she tried.[176] Winfrey also refuses to wear fur or feature it in her magazine.[177]

Winfrey filming in Denmark in 2009

In 2009, Winfrey filmed a series of interviews in Denmark highlighting its citizens as the happiest people in the world. In 2010, Bill O'Reilly of Fox News criticized these shows for promoting a left-wing society.[178] On using the N-word, Winfrey said, "You cannot be my friend and use that word around me. ... I always think of the...people who heard that as their last word as they were hanging from a tree."[179] Fan base The viewership for The Oprah Winfrey Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show
was highest during the 1991–92 season, when about 13.1 million U.S. viewers were watching each day. By 2003, ratings declined to 7.4 million daily viewers.[180] Ratings briefly rebounded to approximately 9 million in 2005 and then declined again to around 7.3 million viewers in 2008, though it remained the highest rated talk show.[181] In 2008, Winfrey's show was airing in 140 countries internationally and seen by an estimated 46 million people in the US weekly.[182][183] According to the Harris poll, Winfrey was America's favorite television personality in 1998, 2000, 2002–06, and 2009. Winfrey was especially popular among women, Democrats, political moderates, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Southern Americans, and East Coast Americans.[184] Outside the U.S., Winfrey has become increasingly popular in the Arab world. The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
reported in 2007 that MBC 4, an Arab satellite channel, centered its entire programming around reruns of her show because it was drawing record numbers of female viewers in Saudi Arabia.[185] In 2008, The New York Times
The New York Times
reported that The Oprah Winfrey Show, with Arabic subtitles, was broadcast twice each weekday on MBC 4. Winfrey's modest dress, combined with her attitude of triumph over adversity and abuse has caused some women in Saudi Arabia to idealize her.[186] Philanthropy

Winfrey visits evacuees from New Orleans
New Orleans
temporarily sheltered at the Reliant center in Houston following Hurricane Katrina.

In 2004, Winfrey became the first black person to rank among the 50 most generous Americans[187] and she remained among the top 50 until 2010.[188] By 2012, she had given away about $400 million to educational causes.[189] As of 2012, Winfrey had also given over 400 scholarships to Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia.[103] Winfrey was the recipient of the first Bob Hope Humanitarian Award at 2002 Emmy Awards
Emmy Awards
for services to television and film. To celebrate two decades on national TV, and to thank her employees for their hard work, Winfrey took her staff and their families (1065 people in total) on vacation to Hawaii
in the summer of 2006.[190] In 2013, Winfrey donated $12 million to the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American
African American
History and Culture.[191] President Barack Obama awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
later that same year.[192] Oprah's Angel Network In 1998, Winfrey created the Oprah's Angel Network, a charity that supported charitable projects and provided grants to nonprofit organizations around the world. Oprah's Angel Network raised more than $80,000,000 ($1 million of which was donated by Jon Bon Jovi). Winfrey personally covered all administrative costs associated with the charity, so 100% of all funds raised went to charity programs. In May 2010, with Oprah's show ending, the charity stopped accepting donations and was shut down.[193] [194] In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, Oprah
created the Oprah
Angel Network Katrina registry which raised more than $11 million for relief efforts. Winfrey personally gave $10 million to the cause.[195] Homes were built in Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama before the one-year anniversary of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.[196] South Africa Main article: Oprah
Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls In 2004, Winfrey and her team filmed an episode of her show, Oprah's Christmas Kindness, in which Winfrey travelled to South Africa to bring attention to the plight of young children affected by poverty and AIDS. During the 21-day trip, Winfrey and her crew visited schools and orphanages in poverty-stricken areas, and distributed Christmas presents to 50,000 children,[197] with dolls for the girls and soccer balls for the boys, and school supplies. Throughout the show, Winfrey appealed to viewers to donate money to Oprah's Angel Network for poor and AIDS-affected children in Africa. From that show alone, viewers around the world donated over $7,000,000. Winfrey invested $40 million and some of her time establishing the Oprah
Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls in Henley on Klip
Henley on Klip
south of Johannesburg, South Africa. The school set over 22 acres, opened in January 2007 with an enrollment of 150 pupils (increasing to 450) and features state-of-the-art classrooms, computer and science laboratories, a library, theatre, and beauty salon. Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
praised Winfrey for overcoming her own disadvantaged youth to become a benefactor for others. Critics considered the school elitist and unnecessarily luxurious.[198] Winfrey rejected the claims, saying: "If you are surrounded by beautiful things and wonderful teachers who inspire you, that beauty brings out the beauty in you."[198] Winfrey, who has no surviving biological children, described maternal feelings towards the girls at Oprah
Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls.[199][200] Winfrey teaches a class at the school via satellite.[199] Filmography

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

As actress

Year Title Role Notes

1985 The Color Purple Sofia Film debut Nominated – Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated – Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress

1986 Native Son Mrs. Thomas

1989 The Women of Brewster Place Mattie Michael Television miniseries

1990 Brewster Place Mattie Michael Television series

1992 Lincoln Elizabeth Keckley Voice role; television movie (ABC)

There Are No Children Here LaJoe Rivers Television movie (ABC)

1997 Ellen Therapist "The Puppy Episode: Part 1" (#4.22) "The Puppy Episode: Part 2" (#4.22)

Before Women Had Wings Zora Willams Also producer Television movie (ABC)

1998 Beloved Sethe Also producer Nominated – NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture

1999 Our Friend, Martin Coretta Scott King Voice role; direct-to-video film

2006 Charlotte's Web Gussy the Goose Voice role

2007 Bee Movie Judge Bumbleton Voice role

2009 The Princess and the Frog Eudora Voice role

2013 The Butler Gloria Gaines African-American Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Santa Barbara International Film Festival
Santa Barbara International Film Festival
— Montecito Award Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Nominated – Black Reel Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated – Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated – NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture Nominated – Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture

2014 Selma Annie Lee Cooper Also producer Women Film Critics Circle Award for Best Female Action Star Nominated – Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Film Nominated – NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture

2016–2017 Greenleaf Mavis McCready Television series; also executive producer

2017 The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks[201] Deborah Lacks Television movie; also executive producer Nominated – NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Television Movie

2017 The Star Deborah the Camel Voice role[202]

2018 A Wrinkle in Time Mrs. Which

As herself

Year Title Role Notes

1986 Saturday Night Live Herself (host) Episode: " Oprah
Winfrey/Joe Jackson"

1986–2011 The Oprah
Winfrey Show Herself Television talk show

1987 Throw Momma from the Train Herself

1990 Gabriel's Fire Herself Episode: "Tis the Season"

1992 The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air Herself Episode: "A Night at the Oprah"

1995 All-American Girl Herself Episode: "A Night at the Oprah"

1999 Home Improvement Herself Episode: "Home Alone"

The Hughleys Herself Episode: "Milsap Moves Up"

2005 Desperate Housewives: Oprah
Winfrey Is the New Neighbor Karen Stouffer / Herself Segment shot for The Oprah Winfrey Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show
episode aired on February 3, 2005

2007 Ocean's Thirteen Herself

2008 30 Rock Herself / Pam Episode: "Believe in the Stars"

2010 Sesame Street O Voice role; "The Camouflage Challenge"

2011–present Oprah's Master Class Herself OWN reality show

2011–2014 Oprah's Lifeclass Herself OWN self-help show

2011–present Super Soul Sunday Herself OWN spirituality show

2012–2015 Oprah
Prime Herself OWN interview show

2012–present Oprah: Where Are They Now? Herself OWN reality show

As producer

1989 – The Oprah Winfrey Show
The Oprah Winfrey Show
(supervising producer – 8 episodes, 1989–2011) 1989 – The Women of Brewster Place (TV miniseries) (executive producer) 1992 – Nine (TV documentary) (executive producer) 1992 – Overexposed (TV movie) (executive producer) 1993 – ABC Afterschool Specials (TV series) (producer – 1 episode "Shades of a Single Protein") (producer) 1993 – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
Talks to... Oprah
Live (TV special) (executive producer) 1997 – Before Women Had Wings
Before Women Had Wings
(TV movie) (producer) 1998 – The Wedding (TV miniseries) (executive producer) 1998 – Beloved (producer) 1998 – David and Lisa
David and Lisa
(TV movie) (executive producer) 1999 – Tuesdays with Morrie
Tuesdays with Morrie
(TV movie) (executive producer) 2001 – Amy & Isabelle (TV movie) (executive producer, producer) 2002 – Oprah
After the Show (TV series) (executive producer) 2005 – Their Eyes Were Watching God
Their Eyes Were Watching God
(TV movie) (executive producer) 2006 – Legends Ball (TV documentary) (executive producer) 2007 – Oprah's Big Give (TV series) (executive producer) 2007 – The Oprah
Winfrey Oscar Special
(TV movie) (executive producer) 2007 – Building a Dream: The Oprah
Winfrey Leadership Academy (TV documentary) (executive producer) 2007 – Oprah
Winfrey Presents: Mitch Albom's For One More Day (TV movie) (executive producer) 2007 – The Great Debaters
The Great Debaters
(producer) 2009 – The Dr. Oz
Dr. Oz
Show (TV series) (executive producer) 2009 – Precious (executive producer) 2009 – Christmas at the White House: An Oprah
Primetime Special
(TV special) (executive producer) 2010 – The Oprah
Winfrey Oscar Special
(TV movie) (executive producer) 2011 – Your OWN Show (TV series) (executive producer) 2011 – Extraordinary Mom (TV documentary) (executive producer) 2011 – Serving Life (TV documentary) (executive producer) 2014 – The Hundred-Foot Journey (producer) 2014 – Selma (producer) 2016–present – Queen Sugar[203] (co-creator and executive producer) 2016–present – Greenleaf (executive producer) 2017 – The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
Henrietta Lacks
(TV movie) (executive producer) Untitled Richard Pryor Biopic (executive producer)[204]


Cooper, Irene (2007). Oprah
Winfrey. Viking. ISBN 0-670-06162-X. Mair, George (2001). Oprah
Winfrey: The Real Story. Citadel Press. ISBN 1-55972-250-9. Moore, Michael (2003). Dude, Where's My Country?
Dude, Where's My Country?
Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-53223-1.

See also

African American
African American

List of awards and nominations received by Oprah
Winfrey African Americans in Mississippi


^ a b c d Winfrey has said in interviews that "my name had been chosen from the Bible. My Aunt Ida had chosen the name, but nobody really knew how to spell it, so it went down as "Orpah" on my birth certificate, but people didn't know how to pronounce it, so they put the "P" before the "R" in every place else other than the birth certificate. On the birth certificate it is Orpah, but then it got translated to Oprah, so here we are." " Oprah
Winfrey Interview". Academy of Achievement. January 21, 1991. Archived from the original on January 19, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey". IMDb. Retrieved March 28, 2015.  ^ "The World's Most Powerful Celebrities List". Forbes. Retrieved May 21, 2013.  ^ "#184 Oprah
Winfrey". Forbes. Retrieved May 10, 2017.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey in Melbourne for Australian tour 2015 spreads a message of love, reveals lost child". News.com.au. Retrieved September 25, 2017.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey signs with King World
King World
Productions for new three-year contract to continue as host and producer of "The Oprah
Winfrey Show" through 2010–2011" (Press release). King World
King World
Productions. August 4, 2004. Archived from the original on February 10, 2007. Retrieved September 24, 2009.  ^ Oswald, Brad (January 26, 2010). "Yes, she's Queen of all Media, but to Discovery, she's Life itself". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Miller, Matthew (May 6, 2009). "The Wealthiest Black Americans". Forbes. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Nsehe, Mfonobong. "The Black Billionaires 2015". Forbes.  ^ "Biography.com". Biography.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey Debuts as First African-American On BusinessWeek's Annual Ranking of 'Americas Top Philanthropists'" (Press release). Urban Mecca. November 19, 2004. Archived from the original on November 20, 2004. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Meldrum Henley-on-Klip, Andrew (January 3, 2007). "'Their story is my story' Oprah
opens $40m school for South African girls". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved March 4, 2007.  ^ "The most influential US liberals: 1–20". The Daily Telegraph. London. October 31, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2010.  ^ Mowbray, Nicole (March 2, 2003). "Oprah's path to power". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ "#562 Oprah
Winfrey". Forbes Special
Report: The World's Billionaires (2006). October 2006. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ a b c d Tannen, Deborah (June 8, 1998). "The TIME 100: Oprah Winfrey". TIME. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ a b "Coming After Oprah" (Press release). Dr. Leonard Mustazza. Archived from the original on June 25, 2003. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ a b "An interview and excerpt from Freaks Talk
Back". University of Chicago Press. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ "It's Another Beginning!". Deccan Herald. India. 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Tacopino, Joe (January 25, 2010). "Oprah, Glenn Beck are America's favorite TV personalities: poll". Daily News. New York. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Chapman, Roger (2010). Culture wars: an encyclopedia of issues, viewpoints, and voices. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 619–620. ISBN 978-0-7656-1761-3. Retrieved May 31, 2011.  ^ Mandela, Nelson (May 3, 2007). " Oprah
Winfrey". The TIME 100. Retrieved February 1, 2008.  ^ Steven, By (August 6, 2008). "So Much for One Person, One Vote – Freakonomics Blog". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2018.  ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2013). " Oprah
Winfrey, Ernie Banks awarded Medals of Freedom". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 20, 2013. [dead link] ^ " Oprah
Winfrey Receives Honorary Degree at Harvard, Tells Graduates to Max Out Your Humanity". Ca.eonline.com. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Jarmul, David. " Oprah
Winfrey Urges Duke Graduates to Help Others Move to 'Higher Ground'". Duke Tuday. Duke University
Duke University
Office of News & Communications. Retrieved April 1, 2015.  ^ Jill Nelson, "The Man Who Saved Oprah
Winfrey", The Washington Post, December 14, 1981; p. W30. ^ "Poor Mississippi
Farmer Claims He's Oprah's Dad". Fox News. April 17, 2010.  ^ [1] Finding Oprah's Roots: Finding Your Own, by Henry Louis Gates, page 154, at Google Books. ^ "You go, girl" "The Observer Profile: Oprah
Winfrey", The Observer (UK), November 20, 2005. ^ "Ancestry of Oprah
Winfrey". Genealogy.about.com. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Krohn, Katherine E, Oprah
Winfrey: Global Media Leader (USA Today) (Krohn, 2002); ISBN 978-1-58013-571-9, pg. 9. ^ Jill Nelson. "The Man Who Saved Oprah
Winfrey", The Washington Post, December 14, 1986, p. W30. ^ Mair (1999) p. 12. ^ a b Garson, Helen S. Oprah
Winfrey: A Biography (Greenwood, 2004), ISBN 978-0-313-32339-3, p. 20. ^ Mair (1999), pp. 13–14. ^ Collins, Leah (January 24, 2011). "Oprah's Big Secret? She Has a Half-Sister". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on January 27, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ a b Oldenburg, Ann. "Oprah's Secret Is Out!", USA Today, January 24, 2011. WebCitation archive. ^ a b Lee Winfrey, "Praise from All Corners for New Talk
Show Host", Syracuse Herald Journal, September 9, 1986, p. 44. ^ Thomas Morgan. "Troubled Girl's Evolution into an Oscar Nominee". The New York Times, March 4, 1986, p. C17. ^ Garson, Helen S. Oprah
Winfrey: A Biography, (Greenwood, 2004), ISBN 978-0-313-32339-3, p. 22 ^ " Oprah
Winfrey: It's good to talk". BBC
News. November 20, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey". The Biography Channel. Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey: I Was 'Devastated' by Relative's Betrayal". People. February 20, 2007. Archived from the original on September 4, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Nagle, Jeanne M. Oprah
Winfrey: Profile of a Media Mogul, Rosen Publishing, 2007; p. 12. ^ "Biography.com". Biography.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2012.  ^ "Before They Were Stars". Msn.careerbuilder.com. January 22, 2010. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey Biography". People. Retrieved March 13, 2008.  ^ Mel Novit. "Oprah: Talk
Show Dynamo Treats the Audience Like a Friend", Syracuse Post-Standard, September 14, 1986, p. A9. ^ Alchin, L.K. " Oprah
Winfrey Timeline". History Timelines. Retrieved February 8, 2008.  ^ a b Ebert, Roger (November 16, 2005). "How I gave Oprah
her start". Roger Ebert's Journal. Chicago. Retrieved January 15, 2017.  Formerly appeared as Ebert, Roger (November 16, 2005). "How I gave Oprah
her start". Chicago Sun-Times
Chicago Sun-Times
(online ed.). Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Meredith Vieira, host (July 19, 2006). Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?. Buena Vista Television.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey: Lady with a Calling", Time Magazine, August 8, 1988. Accessed September 17, 2010. ^ a b c Mair, George (2001) p. 97 ^ "What is OWN". Oprah.com. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "This Is It: Oprah's Final Show". etonline.com. Archived from the original on May 28, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2011.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey to join 60 Minutes
60 Minutes
as Special
Contributor" NBC News, January 31, 2017; retrieved February 9, 2018. ^ Company, Johnson Publishing (March 8, 1993). "Alex Haley's 'Queen' Lifts CBS
To No. 1". Jet: 37. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ People Magazine (US)[dead link] ^ Huff, Richard; Christena Coleman (December 3, 2005). "It's Win-Winfrey situation for Dave as ratings soar". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on December 5, 2005. Retrieved March 5, 2007.  ^ "Letterman to Appear on 'Oprah'". The Washington Post. Associated Press. August 29, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2010.  ^ " Ice Cube
Ice Cube
Says Oprah
Has 'a Problem With Hip-Hop". Fox News. May 28, 2006. Accessed September 17, 2010 ^ Bercovici, Jeff (September 7, 2008). " Oprah
and Sarah: Anatomy of a Non-troversy". Portfolio.com. Retrieved November 30, 2008.  ^ a b c Friedman, Emily (September 5, 2008). "Is Oprah
Biased? Host Won't Interview Palin". ABC News. Retrieved September 5, 2008.  ^ Noveck, Jocelyn (October 19, 2009). "Somers' New Target: Conventional Cancer Treatment". ABC News. Archived from the original on October 29, 2009.  ^ Poniewozik, James (October 27, 1998). " Oprah
Winfrey, Journalist?". Salon. Archived from the original on April 12, 2000. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ de Moraes, Lisa (February 4, 2006). "Dave Chappelle, Rematerializing Guy". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2008.  ^ Vogue October 1998 ^ Frankel, Daniel (December 16, 2008). " Oprah
Winfrey pacts with HBO". Variety.  ^ "Why A Wrinkle in Time
A Wrinkle in Time
Will Change Hollywood". TIME.com. Retrieved 2018-03-13.  ^ Glaister, Dan (May 22, 2006). " Oprah
Winfrey book deal tops Clinton's m". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Alter, Alexandra (December 3, 2015). " Oprah
Winfrey to Release Memoir in 2017". The New York Times. Retrieved December 9, 2015.  ^ Richard Pérez-Peña (November 7, 2008). "Hearst to Close O at Home, Oprah
Magazine Spinoff". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2011.  ^ a b Sellers, Patricia (April 8, 2002). "The Business of Being Oprah". Fortune. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Wyatt, Edward (May 26, 2008). "A Few Tremors in Oprahland". The New York Times. Retrieved September 25, 2008.  ^ "Memo Pad: Oprah
Boosts Sales... AMI's New Deal... Boodro Departs..." WWD.com. February 2, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "About Oprah". Harpo, Inc. Retrieved January 8, 2018.  ^ Presenter: Oprah
Winfrey (October 11, 2005). "The Oprah
Show Captures Accused Child Molesters!". The Oprah
Winfrey Show.  ^ Mair (1999), pp. 28–29. ^ a b Mair (1999) p. 30 ^ Mair (1999), p. 31. ^ Mair (1999) p. 33 ^ Mair (1999), p. 43. ^ " Oprah
and John Tesh
John Tesh
Briefly Dated, Lived Together, New Book Claims". Fox News. April 12, 2010.  ^ Mair, George (1995). Oprah
Winfrey: The Real Story. Carol Pub. Group. p. 47. ISBN 1-55972-250-9.  ^ Mair (1999), p. 49: "the major problem with this intense love affair arose from her lover's being married, with no plans to leave his wife". ^ a b Mair (1999), p. 49. ^ a b Mair (1999), p. 50. ^ " Oprah
reveals on her show she smoked crack cocaine during her 20s". Jet. January 30, 1995. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  Archived at FindArticles in 2004. ^ Randolph L. Cook v Oprah
Winfrey, 7th FindLaw 973403 (7th Cir. April 8, 1998). ^ "Representative Matters". Jackson Walker L.L.P. Archived from the original on October 19, 2003. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ "EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Stedman Stole Oprah
From Me, Secret Lover Tells Radar". radaronline.com. February 17, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ "A Look Into the Personal Life of Oprah
Winfrey". Oprah.about.com. November 14, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ a b Lehner, Marla (July 18, 2006). "Oprah: Gayle and I Are Not Gay". People. Archived from the original on April 21, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Hernandez, Greg (May 2004). "Balancing Act". Orange Coast Magazine: 55.  ^ "ABC News: Shriver Struggles With Kennedy Legacy". Abcnews.go.com. October 23, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Winfrey, Oprah. "Oprah's cut with Maya Angelou". Oprah.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018.  ^ Article from USA Today. Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
official website. Accessed September 18, 2010. ^ a b Fletcher, Dan (May 25, 2010). "7. Oprah
The Billionaire". TIME. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Mills, Marja (March 7, 2001). " Oprah
College Course". Race Matters. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ July, Reuters (July 25, 2007). " Oprah
tops list of highest paid TV stars". Canada.com (Reuters). Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ a b "Forbes "#1 Oprah
Winfrey"". Forbes.com. June 11, 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ a b " Oprah
Winfrey". Forbes. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Forbes magazine March 26, 2007, p. 160, says there are only 10 self-made women billionaires in the world and Winfrey is the richest of the 4 listed as U.S. billionaires. ^ Oprah
Winfrey and the Glamour of Misery: An Essay on Popular Culture by Eva Illou, THE ROLE OF THE BLACK CHURCH ^ Oprah
Winfrey: Global Media Leader by Katherine E. Krohn, pg. 14 ^ Oprah
Winfrey: A Biography, Second Edition by Helen S. Garson, pg. 34 ^ Lowe, Janet (January 22, 2001). Oprah
Winfrey Speaks: Insights from the World's Most Influential Voice. John Wiley & Sons. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-471-39994-0.  ^ "2001 Global Influentials: 19. Oprah
Winfrey". TIME. March 12, 2001. Archived from the original on May 10, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Tamny, John. "The American Spectator". Spectator.org. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Obama, Michelle (April 30, 2009). "Time.com". Oprah
Winfrey. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "The 50 Most Influential Boomers". LIFE. Archived from the original on January 27, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2007.  ^ "USAtoday.com". USA Today. September 3, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "Interview With Barack Obama". Larry King Live. CNN. October 19, 2006. Retrieved March 6, 2007.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey named most powerful person in entertainment industry". Jet. 1998. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
Tops Powerful Celebs List". CBS
News. Associated Press. June 17, 2005. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
'most powerful celebrity'". BBC
News. June 14, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2010.  ^ " Oprah
Back Atop the Forbes Celebrity 100 List". TV Guide.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey, célébrité la plus puissante de l'année 2013". Lefigaro.fr. June 26, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Dobuzinskis, Alex; Serjeant, Jill (December 7, 2008). " Oprah
named entertainment's most powerful woman". Reuters. Retrieved January 31, 2015.  ^ "The world's 100 most powerful women". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2011.  ^ Life: "100 people who changed the world", August 20, 2010. ^ Mackensie, Susie (March 11, 2006). "Woman of mass derision". The Guardian. London, UK. Retrieved March 12, 2007.  ^ Harrow, Susan. "Inside the Book... The Ultimate Guide to Getting Booked on Oprah". PRSecrets.com. Retrieved March 12, 2007.  ^ Westwood One's The Radio Factor with Bill O'Reilly, October 17, 2006. ^ Panagopoulos, Costas. "Obama supporter Oprah
takes a big dive – Costas Panagopoulos". Politico.com. Retrieved January 8, 2018.  ^ "Obama, Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
Share "Most Admired" Billing". Gallup.com. December 26, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2009.  ^ "Clinton Closes Gap with Bush As Nation's 'Most Admired Man'". CNN. December 26, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ "38. Oprah
Winfrey – 50 People Who Matter 2010". New Statesman. UK. Retrieved October 8, 2010.  ^ McDougal, Dennis (November 8, 1989). "Winfrey accepted into Hall of Fame". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 5, 2016.  ^ a b "The Church of O", Christianity Today April 1, 2002. Accessed August 26, 2010. ^ "The TV Host", Time, June 8, 1998. Accessed September 17, 2010. ^ "Clinton as TV host? The thought doesn't rate". The Sydney Morning Herald. May 7, 2002.  ^ Darman, Jonathan. "The Story Behind Oprah's Riveting Show – Newsweek
National News". MSNBC. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Kelley, Kitty. Oprah: A Biography (Crown Archetype, New York, 2010); ISBN 978-0-307-39486-6. ^ Gamson, Joshua (1999) University Of Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-28065-9 ^ Quintanilla, Carlos. "The Oprah
Effect". CNBC. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ " Oprah's Book Club
Oprah's Book Club
Archive". Oprah.com. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ " Oprah's Book Club
Oprah's Book Club
to Add Contemporary Writers" The New York Times article. September 23, 2005. Accessed September 18, 2010. ^ Elliot, Jane. " Jonathan Franzen
Jonathan Franzen
and Oprah". Bitchmagazine.org. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ " Oprah
Apologizes to Author James Frey". TVGuide.com. Retrieved May 14, 2009.  ^ "Oprah: 'Free speech rocks'". CNN. February 26, 1998. Archived from the original on October 6, 2009.  ^ Snyder, Susan; Jeremy Roebuck (June 9, 2012). "Sandusky jury has strong Penn State ties". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2014.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey Net Worth – From Abused Little Girl to a Powerful Woman", NetWorthCity.com. Retrieved May 25, 2014. ^ "'The Oprah
Effect' – How Oprah's Endorsement Helps Companies". Access Hollywood. May 27, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ "Can the Oprah
Effect Make Obama President?". ABC News. September 6, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ "The Oprah
Effect on Obama". ABC News. August 6, 2008. Archived from the original on October 11, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ "The Oprah
Effect: One Million
Votes, Study Says". The Huffington Post. August 8, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ Zeleny, Jeff (May 3, 2007). " Oprah
Endorses Obama". The New York Times.  ^ Anburajan, Aswini (December 9, 2007). "About 30,000 see Obama-Oprah In SC". NBC News. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "The Role of Celebrity Endorsements in Politics: Oprah, Obama, and the 2008 Democratic Primary" (PDF). Retrieved January 8, 2018.  ^ "Blagojevich on 'Glenn Beck'". Fox News. January 29, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "I Think I Could Be Senator Too". January 26, 2009. Huffington Post article. Accessed September 17, 2010 ^ (1) Andrews, Helena; Heil, Emily (April 7, 2014). " Oprah
attends fundraiser for Arlington candidate Lavern Chatman". The Washington Post. The Reliable Source. Archived from the original on April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  (2) "Lavern J. Chapman v. James L. Lawler" (PDF). District of Columbia Court of Appeals. December 4, 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ Gonzalez, Sandra (February 21, 2018). "Oprah, Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
also donating to March For Our Lives, following George Clooney's pledge". CNN. Retrieved March 29, 2018.  ^ " NAACP
Spingarn Medal". Naacp.org. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ "Books – Marcia Z. Nelson: 'The Gospel According to Oprah'". Cbn.com. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "From 'Oprah' to Building a Sisterhood in Congo", The New York Times. February 3, 2010. Accessed September 18, 2010. ^ "A positive 'elevating' emotion". The Times of India. February 4, 2010. Archived from the original on February 14, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "Emaxhealth.com". Emaxhealth.com. February 4, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "Zukav Rides Oprah's Spiritual Wave". Publishers Weekly. October 26, 1998.  ^ "Forging a Spiritual Relationship". Harpo Productions. January 24, 2007.  ^ Pinsky, Mark (2007) [2003]. The Gospel According to the Simpsons. Bigger and possibly even Better! edition. Gardners Books. pp. 229–235. ISBN 978-0-664-23265-8.  ^ Anderson, Porter (September 23, 2011). "Prayer service: 'We shall not be moved'". CNN. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ Dreher, Rod (October 8, 2001). "Islam According to Oprah: Is Oprah Winfrey a threat to national security?". National Review. Archived from the original on May 28, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.  ^ "No thanks, Oprah
tells Bush". News24. March 30, 2002. Retrieved May 27, 2011.  ^ Shapiro, Ben (March 19, 2003). "The Oprah
schnook club". Townhall.com.  ^ O, The Oprah
Magazine, October 2006 pg. 367 ^ Moore (2003) pg. 87 ^ Moore (2003) pp. 255–58 ^ Fletcher, Dan (November 13, 2009). "Time.com". TIME. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "President Bush: "World Can Rise to This Moment"" (Press release). Office of the White House Press Secretary. February 6, 2003. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ Birkenhead, Peter.Oprah's ugly secret, Salon Life, March 5, 2007. Accessed May 15, 2008. ^ Randi, James (March 2, 2007). "An Oprah
Fiasco". Swift. Randi.org. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ a b "Oprah's 'Church' Video Draws Over 5 Million
to YouTube". The Christian Post. April 23, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2008.  ^ 05.20 pm IST, AGENCIES (December 20, 2008). "IndiaTimes.com". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved August 26, 2010. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ www.peta.org (December 29, 2009). "Peta.org". Peta.org. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "Foxnews.com". Fox News. January 15, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey, Forest Whitaker Talk
Lee Daniels' The Butler, Racism, and the N-word", Parade, July 31, 2013. ^ "Jane Pauley to Go Head-to-Head With Oprah". Fox News. December 1, 2011.  ^ Cockcroft, Lucy (May 27, 2008). " Oprah
Winfrey Show suffers ratings slump – Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. UK. Retrieved November 30, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
throws party for U.S. Olympic medalists". Reuters. September 3, 2008. Retrieved November 30, 2008.  ^ MacIntyre, James (September 29, 2007). " Oprah
earns £128m to lead TV earnings". The Independent. UK. Retrieved November 30, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
Regains Her Position as America's Favorite Television Personality" (PDF). Harris Interactive. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 17, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ NewsMax, May 2007, p. 65. ^ Zoepf, Katherine (September 18, 2008). "Dammam Journal – Saudi Women Find an Unlikely Role Model – Oprah". The New York Times. Retrieved November 30, 2008.  ^ "Online Extra: A Talk
with Oprah
Winfrey". Businessweek. November 28, 2004. Archived from the original on August 30, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Top 50 2010, January 11, 2012. ^ O'Connor, Clare. "The Education Of Oprah
Winfrey: How She Saved Her South African School". Forbes.  ^ Boykin, Keith (September 19, 2006). "Oprah's Back". keithboykin.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2006. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey donates $12 million to Smithsonian". The Washington Post. June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2013.  ^ Jackson, David (November 20, 2013). "Obama awards Medal of Freedom to Clinton, Oprah, others". USA Today. Retrieved November 20, 2013.  ^ " Oprah
Winfrey's Angel Network Charity To Close Down". The Huffington Post. May 26, 2010. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2016.  ^ " Oprah's Angel Network – How to Help – Thank You to Our Donors". Opera's Angel Network. May 24, 2010. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2016.  ^ Mirabella, Linda. "Cash Donations, Benefit Concerts, Celebrity Auctions and Celectrity Volunteers to Benefit Victims of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita". LAStarz. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2008.  ^ "Building Oprah
Katrina Homes". Oprah.com. January 15, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ "Christmas Kindness". Harpo Productions. Retrieved September 18, 2010.  ^ a b McLaren, Elsa (January 2, 2007). " Oprah
Winfrey opens school for poor South African girls". The Times. London.  ^ a b Samuels, A. (January 8, 2007), " Oprah
goes to school", Newsweek; retrieved October 31, 2012. ^ Jeff Koinange CNN
(January 8, 2007). "CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved August 26, 2010.  ^ Stanhope, Kate (May 2, 2016). " Oprah
Winfrey to Star in HBO
Films' 'The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 3, 2016.  ^ "Studios' 2017 Forecast: Big Bets, Franchise Fears and Executive Intrigue". Retrieved January 11, 2017.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie. " Oprah
Winfrey To Co-Star In & Co-Create With 'Selma' Filmmaker Ava DuVernay 'Queen Sugar' OWN Drama Series". Deadline. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ "Lee Daniels' Richard Pryor biopic to star Mike Epps". BBC
News. Retrieved August 28, 2014. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oprah

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Oprah

Official website Oprah
Winfrey at Encyclopædia Britannica Oprah
Winfrey on IMDb NPR "Oprah: The Billionaire Everywoman". Audio file, video and biography. Accessed September 17, 2010 Works by Oprah
Winfrey at Open Library
Open Library
Winfrey Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America Appearances on C-SPAN

v t e


Media works

The Oprah
Winfrey Show

Oprah's Book Club Oprah's Favorite Things No Phone Zone Oprah
After the Show

O, The Oprah
Magazine Oprah
Radio Oprah
Winfrey Network

Canada Oprah's Lifeclass Oprah's Master Class

Prime Oprah's Book Club
Oprah's Book Club
2.0 The Life You Want


Endorsement of Barack Obama Harpo Productions Awards and nominations Oprahization The Oprah
Effect Oprah
Winfrey Foundation Oprah's Angel Network Oprah
Winfrey Leadership Academy for Girls


Stedman Graham

Awards for Oprah

v t e

Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award

Y. Frank Freeman (1956) Samuel Goldwyn (1957) Bob Hope (1959) Sol Lesser (1960) George Seaton (1961) Steve Broidy (1962) Edmond L. DePatie (1965) George Bagnall (1966) Gregory Peck (1967) Martha Raye (1968) George Jessel (1969) Frank Sinatra (1970) Rosalind Russell (1972) Lew Wasserman (1973) Arthur B. Krim (1974) Jules C. Stein (1975) Charlton Heston (1977) Leo Jaffe (1978) Robert Benjamin (1979) Danny Kaye (1981) Walter Mirisch (1982) M. J. Frankovich (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) Charles "Buddy" Rogers (1985) Howard W. Koch (1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
/ Elizabeth Taylor (1992) Paul Newman (1993) Quincy Jones (1994) Arthur Hiller (2001) Roger Mayer (2005) Sherry Lansing (2007) Jerry Lewis (2009) Oprah
Winfrey (2011) Jeffrey Katzenberg (2012) Angelina Jolie (2013) Harry Belafonte (2014) Debbie Reynolds (2015)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah
Winfrey (2018)

v t e

International Emmy Founders Award

Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1980) Shaun Sutton / Roone Arledge (1981) Michael Landon
Michael Landon
(1982) Herbert Brodkin (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1985) Donald L. Taffner (1986) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1987) Goar Mestre (1988) Paul Fox (1989) Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
(1990) Adrian Cowell (1991) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1992) Richard Dunn (1993) Film on Four (1994) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(1995) Reg Grundy
Reg Grundy
(1996) Jac Venza
Jac Venza
(1997) Robert Halmi Sr. (1998) Hisashi Hieda
Hisashi Hieda
(1999) John Hendricks (2000) Pierre Lescure
Pierre Lescure
(2001) Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2002) HBO
(2003) MTV International
MTV International
(2004) Oprah
Winfrey (2005) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2006) Al Gore
Al Gore
(2007) Dick Wolf
Dick Wolf
(2008) David Frost
David Frost
(2009) Simon Cowell
Simon Cowell
(2010) Nigel Lythgoe
Nigel Lythgoe
(2011) Ryan Murphy / Norman Lear
Norman Lear
/ Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(2012) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2013) Matthew Weiner
Matthew Weiner
(2014) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2015) Shonda Rhimes
Shonda Rhimes

v t e

Daytime Emmy Award Lifetime Achievement

Charita Bauer, Larry Haines, Mary Stuart (1985) Pamela Ilott (1986) Mark Goodson
Mark Goodson
(1990) William J. Bell
William J. Bell
(1992) Douglas Marland (1993) Dick Clark
Dick Clark
(1994) Betty Corday, Ted Corday
Ted Corday
(1995) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1996) Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers
(1997) Oprah
Winfrey (1998) Bob Barker
Bob Barker
(1999) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2000) Ralph Edwards
Ralph Edwards
(2001) John Cannon (2002) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
(2003) Rachel Ames, John Clark, Jeanne Cooper, Eileen Fulton, Don Hastings, Anna Lee, Ray MacDonnell, Frances Reid, Helen Wagner, Ruth Warrick (2004) Merv Griffin
Merv Griffin
(2005) Caroll Spinney
Caroll Spinney
(2006) Lee Phillip Bell, James Lipton
James Lipton
(2007) Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
(2008) Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(2009) Agnes Nixon
Agnes Nixon
(2010) Pat Sajak, Alex Trebek
Alex Trebek
(2011) Bill Geddie (2012) Monty Hall, Bob Stewart (2013) Russell Morash (2014) Betty White
Betty White
(2015) Sonia Manzano
Sonia Manzano
(2016) Mary Hart
Mary Hart

v t e

Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk
Show Host


Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1974) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(1975) Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1976) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1977) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1978) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1979) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1980) Hugh Downs
Hugh Downs
(1981) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1982) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1983) Gary Collins (1984) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1985) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1986) Oprah
Winfrey (1987) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1988) Sally Jessy Raphael
Sally Jessy Raphael
(1989) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1990) Oprah
Winfrey (1991) Oprah
Winfrey (1992) Oprah
Winfrey (1993) Oprah
Winfrey (1994)


Winfrey (1995) Montel Williams
Montel Williams
(1996) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(1997) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
/ Oprah
Winfrey (1998) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(1999) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(2000) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
/ Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
(2001) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(2002) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2003) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2004) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2005) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2006) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2007) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2008) Whoopi Goldberg, Joy Behar, Sherri Shepherd, Elisabeth Hasselbeck, Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2009) Mehmet Oz
Mehmet Oz
(2010) Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
and Kelly Ripa
Kelly Ripa
/ Mehmet Oz
Mehmet Oz
(2011) Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
and Kelly Ripa
Kelly Ripa
(2012) Ricki Lake
Ricki Lake
(2013) Katie Couric
Katie Couric
/ Mehmet Oz
Mehmet Oz

v t e

Jefferson Award for Public Service

U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Outstanding Public Service By An Elected or Appointed Official

Henry A. Kissinger Elliot Richardson Peter W. Rodino, Jr. Arthur F. Burns, Alan Greenspan, William E. Simon Michael Mansfield Hubert H. Humphrey Kenneth A. Gibson, William Donald Schaefer, Coleman A. Young Cyrus R. Vance Warren Christopher Howard H. Baker Paul A. Volcker William H. Webster James A. Baker, III George P. Shultz William J. Brennan C. Everett Koop Paul Nitze Colin Powell Dick Cheney Thurgood Marshall Carla Hills George J. Mitchell, Bob Michel Harry Blackmun Sam Nunn Robert Dole Robert Rubin Daniel Patrick Moynihan John Glenn Madeleine Albright Rudolph Giuliani Condoleezza Rice Sandra Day O'Connor Lee H. Hamilton, Thomas H. Kean John Lewis Richard M. Daley Joe Lieberman Edward Kennedy Michael R. Bloomberg, Cory A. Booker Ruth Bader Ginsburg David H. Petraeus Tom Coburn, Patrick Leahy Gabrielle Giffords Sonia Sotomayor Arne Duncan Deval Patrick

S. Roger Horchow Award for Outstanding Public Service by A Private Citizen

John W. Gardner Ralph Nader Katharine Graham John D. Rockefeller, III Art Buchwald Paul Mellon Howard Jarvis Norman Borlaug Walter Cronkite Bob Hope Kirk Douglas J. Peter Grace Lee Iacocca H. Ross Perot Irving Brown James W. Rouse Leo Cherne Jimmy Carter Robert C. Macauley Faye Wattleton James Burke Jim Brady, Sarah Brady Walter H. Annenberg Brian Lamb Nancy Brinker Oprah
Winfrey Elizabeth Dole Elayne Bennett Ted Benna Lilly Tartikoff Anne Douglas Ken Burns Vartan Gregorian Michael Feinberg, David Levin Jeffrey Sachs Edward Jagen Greg Mortenson, Pamela Hawley Paul Farmer Bill Shore Harry Connick, Jr., Branford Marsalis Elie Wiesel Andrew Shue, Charles Best Jeff Skoll, Ivan Hageman Sean Parker Peter Diamandis, Sheila Johnson

Outstanding Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged

Cesar Chavez Thomas Szasz Leon Sullivan Theodore Hesburgh Howard Rusk Jerry Lewis Jesse Jackson Allard Lowenstein Marva Collins Claude Pepper Helen Hayes Maude E. Callen Betty Ford Eugene Lang Ginetta Sagan Bruce Ritter Kimi Gray Jaime Escalante Marian Wright Edelman Eunice Shriver Arthur Ashe Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward Barbara Bush Rosalynn Carter Oseola McCarty Thaddeus S. Lott, Sr. Millard Fuller Benjamin Carson Dorothy Height Bill Gates, Melinda Gates Mathilde Krim Fred L. Shuttlesworth Dave Pelzer I. King Jordan Geoffrey Canada Darell Hammond William E. Milliken Jim Gibbons Jerry M. Reinsdorf Richard Proudfit Dolores Huerta Pedro José Greer Adam Braun Kyle Zimmer

Samuel S. Beard Award for Outstanding Public Service by An Individual 35 Years or Under

Joseph A. Yablonski Maynard Jackson Emmett Tyrrell Vilma S. Martinez Max Cleland Bernard Powell Denis Hayes 1980 US Olympic Hockey Team David Stockman Henry Cisneros Jan Scruggs Sally Ride Trevor Ferrell Robert Hayes Steve Jobs Marlee Matlin Marc Buoniconti Anne Donahue Wendy Kopp Michael Brown, Alan Khazei Mary Taylor Wayne Meisel Stacey Bess Andrea Jaeger Michael Danziger Bobby Jindal Anthony Shriver Faith Hill Lance Armstrong Chad Pregracke Matthew Meyer Kirsten Lodal, Brian Kreiter Benjamin Shuldiner Peyton Manning Lindsay Hyde Ocean Robbins Jennifer Staple Tad Skylar Agoglia Brittany Bergquist, Robbie Bergquist Amber Lynn Coffman Dr. Neilesh Patel Jack Andraka Lauren Bush Lauren The Young American Soldier Patrisse Cullors, Alicia Garza, Opal Tometi

Outstanding Public Service in Professional Sports

Nnamdi Asomugha, Tyrus Thomas, Curtis Granderson, Stuart Holden, Dwight Howard, Dirk Nowitzki, Justin Tuck, Lauryn Williams, Venus Williams, Ryan Zimmerman Drew Brees, Tamika Catchings, Stephen Curry, Warrick Dunn, Brad Davis, Ernie Els, Ryan Hall, Paul Pierce, CC Sabathia, Brian Westbrook Jeremy Affeldt, Dereck Faulkner, Julie Foudy, Jeff Karstens, Jim Kelly, Charlie Kimball, Pat LaFontaine, Hannibal Naives, Jeff Saturday, Troy Vincent, Marty Lyons Mark Ein Mariano Rivera, James Thrash Fred Jackson Eric Decker Joe Torre

Lifetime Achievement in Public Service

Ray Chambers Marlo Thomas Craig Hatkoff, Jane Rosenthal, Robert De Niro The Robin Hood Foundation Tom Brokaw Billie Jean King Harry Belafonte

Outstanding National or Global Service by a Young American 25 Years or Under

Ellie Duke, Katherine Foronda, Ted Gonder, Dallas Jessup, Emma Lindle, Tristan Love, Jessie Mintz, Zoe Ridolfi-Starr, Joe Togani, Kelly Voigt Sicomac Elementary School Student Council, Sashin Choksh, Morgan Harley, Greg Nance, Nick Hebert, Patrick Ip, Talia Lemon, Sarah Nuss, Mordecai Scott, Jessica Singer, Tyrone Stevenson, Vanessa Strickland Lillian Pravda, Maria Keller Corinne Hindes, Katrine Krisebom, Kid President Sophia Sánchez-Maes Laurie Hernandez

Outstanding Public Service by a Corporation

Prudential, Starkey Laboratories Pfizer General Electric Weyerhaeuser Target Corporation Salesforce Warby Parker

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (2010s)


Merle Haggard Jerry Herman Bill T. Jones Paul McCartney Oprah


Barbara Cook Neil Diamond Yo-Yo Ma Sonny Rollins Meryl Streep


Buddy Guy Dustin Hoffman David Letterman Led Zeppelin Natalia Makarova


Martina Arroyo Herbie Hancock Billy Joel Shirley MacLaine Carlos Santana


Al Green Tom Hanks Patricia McBride Sting Lily Tomlin


Carole King George Lucas Rita Moreno Seiji Ozawa Cicely Tyson


Martha Argerich Eagles Al Pacino Mavis Staples James Taylor


Carmen de Lavallade Gloria Estefan LL Cool J Norman Lear Lionel Richie

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

TCA Career Achievement Award

Grant Tinker
Grant Tinker
(1985) Walter Cronkite
Walter Cronkite
(1986) Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues
(1987) David Brinkley
David Brinkley
(1988) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1989) Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
(1991) Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
(1992) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1993) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
(1994) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1995) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1996) Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers
(1997) Roone Arledge (1998) Norman Lear
Norman Lear
(1999) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2000) Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
(2001) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(2002) Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
(2003) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(2004) Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(2005) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(2006) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(2007) Lorne Michaels
Lorne Michaels
(2008) Betty White
Betty White
(2009) James Garner
James Garner
(2010) Oprah
Winfrey (2011) David Letterman
David Letterman
(2012) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2013) James Burrows (2014) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(2015) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(2016) Ken Burns
Ken Burns

v t e

Television Hall of Fame Class of 1994

Alan Alda Howard Cosell Barry Diller Fred W. Friendly William Hanna
William Hanna
and Joseph Barbera Oprah

v t e

Inductees to the National Women's Hall of Fame



Jane Addams Marian Anderson Susan B. Anthony Clara Barton Mary McLeod Bethune Elizabeth Blackwell Pearl S. Buck Rachel Carson Mary Cassatt Emily Dickinson Amelia Earhart Alice Hamilton Helen Hayes Helen Keller Eleanor Roosevelt Florence Sabin Margaret Chase Smith Elizabeth Cady Stanton Helen Brooke Taussig Harriet Tubman


Abigail Adams Margaret Mead Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias


Dorothea Dix Juliette Gordon Low Alice Paul Elizabeth Bayley Seton



Margaret Sanger Sojourner Truth


Carrie Chapman Catt Frances Perkins


Belva Lockwood Lucretia Mott


Mary "Mother" Harris Jones Bessie Smith


Barbara McClintock Lucy Stone Harriet Beecher Stowe


Gwendolyn Brooks Willa Cather Sally Ride Ida B. Wells-Barnett



Margaret Bourke-White Barbara Jordan Billie Jean King Florence B. Seibert


Gertrude Belle Elion


Ethel Percy Andrus Antoinette Blackwell Emily Blackwell Shirley Chisholm Jacqueline Cochran Ruth Colvin Marian Wright Edelman Alice Evans Betty Friedan Ella Grasso Martha Wright Griffiths Fannie Lou Hamer Dorothy Height Dolores Huerta Mary Jacobi Mae Jemison Mary Lyon Mary Mahoney Wilma Mankiller Constance Baker Motley Georgia O'Keeffe Annie Oakley Rosa Parks Esther Peterson Jeannette Rankin Ellen Swallow Richards Elaine Roulet Katherine Siva Saubel Gloria Steinem Helen Stephens Lillian Wald Madam C. J. Walker Faye Wattleton Rosalyn S. Yalow Gloria Yerkovich


Bella Abzug Ella Baker Myra Bradwell Annie Jump Cannon Jane Cunningham Croly Catherine East Geraldine Ferraro Charlotte Perkins Gilman Grace Hopper Helen LaKelly Hunt Zora Neale Hurston Anne Hutchinson Frances Wisebart Jacobs Susette La Flesche Louise McManus Maria Mitchell Antonia Novello Linda Richards Wilma Rudolph Betty Bone Schiess Muriel Siebert Nettie Stevens Oprah
Winfrey Sarah Winnemucca Fanny Wright


Virginia Apgar Ann Bancroft Amelia Bloomer Mary Breckinridge Eileen Collins Elizabeth Hanford Dole Anne Dallas Dudley Mary Baker Eddy Ella Fitzgerald Margaret Fuller Matilda Joslyn Gage Lillian Moller Gilbreth Nannerl O. Keohane Maggie Kuhn Sandra Day O'Connor Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Pat Schroeder Hannah Greenebaum Solomon


Louisa May Alcott Charlotte Anne Bunch Frances Xavier Cabrini Mary A. Hallaren Oveta Culp Hobby Wilhelmina Cole Holladay Anne Morrow Lindbergh Maria Goeppert-Mayer Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose Maria Tallchief Edith Wharton


Madeleine Albright Maya Angelou Nellie Bly Lydia Moss Bradley Mary Steichen Calderone Mary Ann Shadd
Mary Ann Shadd
Cary Joan Ganz Cooney Gerty Cori Sarah Grimké Julia Ward Howe Shirley Ann Jackson Shannon Lucid Katharine Dexter McCormick Rozanne L. Ridgway Edith Nourse Rogers Felice Schwartz Eunice Kennedy Shriver Beverly Sills Florence Wald Angelina Grimké
Angelina Grimké
Weld Chien-Shiung Wu



Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L. Vaught Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Willard


Dorothy H. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily Howell Warner Victoria Woodhull


Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren


Linda G. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L. Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Widnall


Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Lin Patricia A. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert


Eleanor K. Baum Julia Child Martha Coffin Pelham Wright Swanee Hunt Winona LaDuke Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Judith L. Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold


Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Susan Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman



St. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley
Abby Kelley
Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A. Mikulski Donna E. Shalala Kathrine Switzer


Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard


Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal


Matilda Cuomo Temple Grandin Lorraine Hansberry Victoria Jackson Sherry Lansing Clare Boothe Luce Aimee Mullins Carol Mutter Janet Rowley Alice Waters

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 27226716 LCCN: n86057994 ISNI: 0000 0001 1489 1842 GND: 119248387 SELIBR: 334840 SUDOC: 050428012 BNF: cb13529332g (data) BNE: XX1491148 SN